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REKONSTRUKSI KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN KONSERVASI BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL SEBAGAI KONTRIBUSI MENUJU PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA ALAM YANG INDONESIA Negara, Purnawan Dwikora
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 4, No 2: November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Konstitusi

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Abstract

The management of conservation areas in Indonesia is important not due to the fact that Indonesia is  a mega biodiversity country,  to its close relationship with is local cultural diversity. The policy in managing the conservation areas is applied for those where the community, in terms of local wisdom, has applied the conservation values themselves. But it is the community  possesing the local wisdom values that is not protected  or marginalized. Viewed from the analysis of legal substance, there are some aspects that may result in  why any policies on  the management of conservation areas of the natural resources  haven’t given any legal protection  for reservation and the continuation of the functions of the natural resources:   biocentrism of the management of conservation areas, too dominant roles of the government/country, no recognition and protection of access to conservation areas and rights to master and to make use of the natural resources for local people; quasi roles of the people; prerequisite to  regulate the state’s rights. Phylosophically, juridically, and sociologically, local wisdoms posses important (strategic) values as a base for making policies on conservation in an unique way in Indonesia.  In order to reach a policy with a local wisdom-based conservation management , legal regulations accommodating local wisdoms and   bureaucrats  (managers of National Parks) have bravery in positioning themselves to solve any hindrances in formal legality to create substantive justice are needed.
PERLINDUNGAN PENGETAHUAN TRADISIONAL (TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE) DALAM DIMENSI HAM : UPAYA HARMONISASI HUKUM DALAM KERANGKA PEMBANGUNAN HUKUM DI INDONESIA Hakim, Lukman; Negara, Purnawan Dwikora
Conference on Innovation and Application of Science and Technology (CIASTECH) CIASTECH 2018 "Inovasi IPTEKS untuk mendukung Pembangunan Berkelanjutan"
Publisher : Universitas Widyagama Malang

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Abstract

Permasalahan perlindungan pengetahuan tradisional merupakan hal yang cukup pelik. Disatu sisi negara menganggap bahwa pengetahuan tradisional sebagai suatu economic asset/capital untuk menjawab tantangan kompetisi perdagangan internasional. Di sisi lain terdapat fakta bahwa banyak masyarakat asli (indigenous people) maupun masyarakat non urban di tingkat lokal merupakan masyarakat yang termarjinalisasi dari sistem pembangunan ekonomi. Untuk itu bagaimana konsep perlindungan pengetahuantradisional (traditional knowledge) dalam dimensi Hak Asasi Manusia untuk menganalisis upaya harmonisasi hukum dalam kerangka pembangunan hukum di Indonesia. Pokok permasalahan dalam penelitian ini dikaji secara yuridis-normatif dan yuridis-filosofis. Dilengkapi juga dengan pendekatan yuridis-empiris, pendekatan historis, dan pendekatan yuridis-komparatif. Data dan informasi yang diperoleh dianalisis secara kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif-analitis dan preskriptifanalitis. Hasilnya adalah Pembangunan hukum yang mencakup perencanaan, pembentukan, dan pembaharuan hukum nasional secara ideal dilaksanakan dengan berorientasi pada sistem. Dengan demikian pembangunan sistem hukum nasional di dalamnya terletak harmonisasi hukum dalam rangka mengintegrasikan berbagai sistem hukum sehingga tersusun dalam satu tatanan yang harmonis, selaras, serasi, seimbang dalam kerangka sistem hukum nasional.
BUDAYA MALU PADA MASYARAKAT TENGGER DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP BUDAYA HUKUM PENGHINDARAN KONFLIK Negara, Purnawan Dwikora
Widya Yuridika Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Widya Yuridika: Jurnal Hukum, Desember 2018
Publisher : Universitas Widyagama Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (586.054 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/wy.v1i2.743

Abstract

This shame culture is developed and maintained to serve as a means of traditional social control / social control so that the Tengger people always behave in accordance with Tengger norms and customs so as to avoid conflict. Culture of shame in Tengger society greatly influences its legal culture, that influence can be seen / manifested in never conflicts. The efforts of the Tengger people to maintain their shame culture through a social control system in the form of: (a) religious education; (b) Education in the Family by developing the paugeran-paugeran Tengger; (c) Advice, namely advice given by the elderly to the young or fellow, and; (d) Social suggestion, namely instilling the values of fun through folklore and legends around Tengger.Kata Kunci: Budaya Malu, Tengger, Budaya Hukum, Konflik
The Planning And The Development Of The Ecotourism And Tourism Village In Indonesia: A Policy Review Nugroho, Iwan; Negara, Purnawan Dwikora; Yuniar, Hefifa Rhesa
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.007 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.532

Abstract

Developing tourism village or ecotourism requires a carefully integrated planning. The village shows its role and functions as the source of inspiration for environmental and cultural conservation.  However, it is not easy to carry out. Developing the tourism village is a great work, multi-sector and requires collaboration.  Planning of ecotourism requires the integration of macro, ecosystem and local level. Planning at the macro level gives a legal management basis in the ecosystem and local level. Planning at the ecosystem level devises environmental and cultural vision and coordinates the regional management of a destination. Planning at the local level develops a quality management service, participation, and empowerment of the local people.  The development of ecotourism services in the village includes efforts of (i) developing the local empowerment, (ii) developing of infrastructure to meet environmental conservation, (iii) building governance to gain a positive experience and well-being, (iv)integrating the tourism promotion through the product development and market segmentation, and (v) interpreting and educating to offer the education of cultural and environmental conservation. JEL Classification: Q01, Q20, Z38
REKONSTRUKSI KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN TENGGER BERBASIS NILAI-NILAI KOMUNAL EKOLOGIS Negara, Purnawan Dwikora
Legal Spirit Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Legal Spirit Juni 2017
Publisher : Pascasarjana Ilmu Hukum, Universitas Widyagama Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/ls.v1i1.575

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to uncover and describe the policy of protecting the existence of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples and find the ideal development policy in Tengger region management reflected through Tengger?s Indigenous and Tribal Peoples. The findings show that: 1) the policy has provided protection for the existence of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, including the Tenggerese people, as well as the philosophy of Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, the MPR Decree, international arrangements, and national legislation. 2) In fact, although there are policies that ensure respect and protection, Indigenous Peoples are not fully protected, if this is reflected from the Tenggerese society, the main thing that keeps its existence unprotected is the conditional recognition in the constitution, sectoral laws and also the contribution to good conditional recognition, there is also a gap between the value of the policy and Tengger society in Tengger cultural space with different interests; 3) The alternative constructs that can be given to reduce the problem are: a) Carrying out the policy of the Principle of Recognition of Unconditional Meaning in the Constitution; b) Policy which is Based on Tengger Local Wisdom c) Policy prioritizing Principles of Participation d) Policies to strengthen community autonomy; e) Policy for the Establishment of National Commission on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples. Keywords: Policy Reconstruction, Tengger, Ecological Communal
Social Capital and Social Capacity in Rural Ecotourism Development Nugroho, Iwan; Hanafie, Rita; Negara, Purnawan Dwikora; Sudiyono, Sudiyono; Yuniar, Hefifa Rhesa
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 53, No 1 (2021): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.55662

Abstract

The participation of rural people in ecotourism activity remains the question, whether they genuinely carry the vision of conservation or are forced to engage in meeting economic needs only. This question is fundamental for building better participation and management of ecotourism in rural areas. The research aims to discuss social capital and social capacities to empower ecotourism in rural areas. The study was carried out in the villages of Ngadas and Gombengsari using a survey approach, and employing descriptive and path analysis methods. The results show that social capital for managing ecotourism services demonstrated the functioning of institutions, networking capabilities, monitoring, evaluation, and innovation.  Social capacity is related to the regulation of institutional, social, economic, and environmental resources.  Social capacity was found more substantial in Gombengsari than Ngadas village.  The research is expected to strengthen the study of social capital as a stock/sink and its relationship with sustainability.