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I Nengah Suwastika
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KEANEKARAGAMAN KUMBANG CERAMBYCID (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) PADA PERKEBUNAN KAKAO DI TIGA TIPE HABITAT rahmat rahmat; I Nengah suwastika; fahri fahri
Biocelebes Vol. 13 No. 3 (2019)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.56 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/bioceb.v13i3.10509

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman kumbang Cerambycid (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) pada perkebunan kakao di tiga tipe habitat. Penelitian telah dilakukan mulai bulan Juni 2017 hingga April 2018. Koleksi sampel dilakukan menggunakan Atrocarpus trap pada 3 tipe habitat perkebunan kakao yaitu habitat kakao pinggiran hutan (KPH), habitat kakao yang tidak terawat (KTT) dan habitat kakao terawat (KT). Total diperoleh sebanyak 381 individu, yang tergolong dalam 5 tribe, 7 genus dan 13 spesies. Nilai indeks keanekaragaman (H') dan kemerataan (E) tertinggi pada habitat kebun kakao tidak terawat (KTT). Indeks kesamaan Bray-Curtis (IBC), menunjukkan kesamaan antara kebun kakao di pinggiran hutan (KPH) dengan kebun kakao terawat (KT). Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tiga jenis perkebunan kakao pada penelitian ini, sangat mendukung keberadaan kumbang cerambycid dan tidak memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kehidupan mereka.
UJIVIABILTAS INOKULUM JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH ( PLEUROTUS OSTREATUS ( JACQ) P. KUMM) DALAM BENTUK SEDIAAN CAIR Siti Fatmawati; Umrah Umrah; I Nengah Suwastika
Biocelebes Vol. 11 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

The research aimed to know the best formulations of basic substrate inoculums  white oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq) P. Kumm) in the best liquid forms and their viability on production media. The research was conducted at Laboratory  Biotekchnology of Depertement of Biology Faculty of Matematics and Natural Sciences, starting from March until July 2015. The experimental designed used was a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) which consisted of seven treatment and three replications. The compositions of the treatment were the ratio among wood sawdust, rice brain, corn starch and calcium (g) in successive sequences as follows : P0 (0 : 50: 50 : 3); (P1 10 : 45 : 45 : 3); (P2 20 : 40 : 40 : 3); (P3 30 : 35 : 35 : 3); (P4 40 : 30 : 30 : 3); (P5 50 : 25 : 25 : 3); (P6 60 : 20 : 20 : 3). The planting media used  in this research were production media. The observation parameters namely the ability fungal  growth  of inoculums  that meets surface the media with viability a high. The result of the research showed that P6 was the best treatment among. In the viability of the inoculums grew well on media production surface with good viability at 8 days of incubation. 
INDUKSI KALUS JARAK PAGAR (Jatropha curcas L.) PADA MEDIA MS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI BAP (Benzyl Amino Purin) DAN 2,4-D (Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid) Haryati Baktiar; Muslimin Muslimin; I Nengah Suwastika
Biocelebes Vol. 11 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

This research was conducted from January to June 2015 at the Tissue Culture Laboratory, Faculty of Forestry, Tadulako University. The explant used in this study was the stem of seedling. Experimental was based on a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments, and 3 replication, with 3 explants on each unit. Growth Medias as treatments were  H1 = MS0 + 0.5ppm BAP + 1.5 ppm 2.4-D; H2 = MS0 +0.5 ppm BAP + 2 ppm 2.4-D, H3 = MS0 + 0.5 ppm BAP + 2.5ppm 2.4-D, andH4 = MS0 + 0.5 ppm BAP + 3ppm 2.4-D. Parameters observation were time in callus appear, type of callus,  color of callus, the weight of callus, morphology of callus cells. Callus was induched on those medium under dark condition at  26-280 C. The result of the research showed that all treatments can induced the callus. The Medium of  ms0 + 0,5ppm BAP + 1.5 ppm of 2,4-D (H1) was the best media for callus induction, as it showed  in short period of  callus induction, the appearance of yellowish-white colors, highest in mass and volume of the callus cell, and showed uniform and active cell in proliferation.
INDUKSI KALUS TANAMAN KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) KLON SULAWESI 1 (S1) PADA MEDIUM MS DENGAN KOMBINASI HORMON 2,4-D, BAP DAN AIR KELAPA Wilma Wilma; Muslimin Muslimin; I Nengah Suwastika
Biocelebes Vol. 8 No. 1 (2014)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

Kakao's seed that can result same plant better with it superior parent indispensable. One of alternative is with utilize vegetative organ origin seed that resulting through network culture tech by processes embriogenesis somatik. This research constitute startup phase in embriogenesis which is plant callus induction kakao. Research was performed on month of March until August 2013 at Network culture Laboratory, kehutanan's faculty. Tadulako's university. Eksplan who is utilized as staminodia of kakao's flower part Sulawesi clone 1. attempt it is arranged bases fledged Random Design (RAL) with 4 conducts and 3 time replicate. Each one unit experimentaling to utilize 10 eksplan. Conduct that dicobakan which is MS0 + 1ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,1ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 1 ), MS0 + 1 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,2ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 2 ), MS0 + 2 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,1ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 3 ) and MS0'S medium + 2 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,2ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 4 ). Observed parameter is while its appearance callus, eksplan's percentage that results callus, and callus morphology. Preserve is done at dark place on temperature 26 ºC. Result observationaling to point out all conduct that dicobakan that menginduksi can kakao's callus. MS0'S medium + 2 ppm 2,4 - D. + 0,1ppm BAP + Coconut Water 15% (KW 3 ) constituting best media for menginduksi callus that marked by its appearance chromatic callus turns white, get intermediet's type, greater relative callus mass, uniform and active clefts to begin 14 days culture afterses. Keywords: MS, 2,4 - D., BAP, Coconut water, Callus induction, Staminodia, Theobroma cacao L.
KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI TUMBUHAN PANGAN PADA MASYARAKAT SUKU SEKO DI DESA TANAH HARAPAN KECAMATAN PALOLO KABUPATEN SIGI SULAWESI TENGAH Bill Yorsan Yonathan; I Nengah Suwastika; Ramadhanil Pitopang
Biocelebes Vol. 10 No. 1 (2016)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

A research entitled “Ethnobotanical Study of food Plant in the Seko ethnic group in Tanah Harapan Village, Sigi Regency, District Central Sulawesi” has been carried out from March to April 2015. The research objective was to obtain the information of Plant diversity, part of the plant used as food and how to use as food. The research was done by methods that is using interview technique to 40 respondents with quisioner sheet. The result showed that there were fifty five (55) plants species that used by the Seko ethnic group in Tanah Harapan Village. The highest percentage that used in the part of plants were 40% of fruit. The Seko ethnic group in Tanah Harapan village utilize plants as food in a way that it can be consumed directly or to go through the first processing is cooked, boiled, fried, baked and coconut milk added.   Key word : Seko Ethnic, Tanah Harapan Village, Sigi Central Sulawesi, Ethnobotanical Food Plant.
GAMBARAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH PENDERITA TUBERKULOSIS (TB) POSITIF YANG MELAKUKAN PENGOBATAN DI GERDUNAS TB PARU RUMAH SAKIT UNDATA PALU SULAWESI TENGAH Fadhalna Fadhalna; Ihwan Ihwan; I Nengah Suwastika
Biocelebes Vol. 11 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Abstract

Research on the description of the patient's BMI (body mass index) of tuberculosis (TB) in the positive treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis at the unit of integrated movement prevention of tuberculosis Undata Hospital Palu has been implemented since April until September 2015. This research aimed to look at the dynamics of BMI of patients during treatment. The method used was the retrospective design patients who present within 2014, which qualified as research sample. There are 45 respondents of eligible subjects complete data up to the end of treatment. The results showed a changeof each category of BMI from the early phase to the final phase of treatment. In theearly phase of treatment, is very thin and thin BMI were 30 respondents fromcategory 1 and category 2, its hows that most patients with early diagnosis of tuberculosis have a BMI below normal. While in the early phase until the end of treatment showed a significant frequency changes in norma lBMI reaches 24.5% categorized 1 and 0.1% incategory 2. This is due to irregular treatment undergone by the patient from the early phase to the final phase of treatment. This indicates that the category 1 more treatment success which is marked by the increasing quality of BMI’s Patients return to normal. While in Category 2 does not show the amount of success, because with drawing treatment.