Dion Krismashogi Dharmawan
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Risk Factor Analysis of Recurrent Diarrhea on Toddlers in Sumberjambe Health Center Jember Regency Anita Margaret Wibisono; Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchianti; Dion Krismashogi Dharmawan
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i1.9657

Abstract

Recurrent diarrhea is diarrhea that occurs repeatedly within one to three months. Toddler is the highest group suffering of diarrhea. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death on toddler. This research aims to analyze the effect of risk factors of recurrent diarrhea on toddler in Sumberjambe Health Center Jember Regency. This type of research is observational analytic with case control design. The sample is 50 cases and 50 controls. The sampling technique used consecutive sampling method. The research was conducted in December 2018 to January 2019 using a questionnaire. Data analysis using Chi Square test and Logistic Regression test. Chi Square analysis results are child’s age (p= 0.003), gender (p= 1,000), exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.044), measles immunization (p= 0.387), nutritional status (p= 0.840), hand nail hygiene (p= 0.395), mother’s age (p= 0.435), mother’s education level (p= 0.263), mother’s knowledge (p= 0.494), hand washing habit (p= 0.684), and family income (p= 0.773). Logistic Regression analysis results are child’s age (p= 0.002) and exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.499). The conclusions of this study are child’s age and exclusive breastfeeding have influence of recurrent diarrhea on toddler and child's age is the most influential risk factor of recurrent diarrhea on toddler. The suggestion of this research is that it needs to research other risk factors and mothers are required to give exclusive breastfeeding. Keywords: risk factors, recurrent diarrhea, toddler
Antibiotic Sensitivity Test on Staphylococcus Aureus Detected in Sputum of Patients with Pneumonia Treated in Hospitals Dini Agustina; Diana Chusna Mufida; Hanifa Rizki A.S.; Dion Krismashogi Dharmawan
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i1.9267

Abstract

Pneumonia is a respiratory tract infection that attacks the pulmonary parenchyma. This disease can be caused by bacteria, one of which is Staphylococcus aureus. Antibiotics have an important role to play in reducing the morbidity and mortality incidence of pneumonia, but currently, the incidence of resistance antibiotics is increased. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity of antibiotics Staphylococcus aureus in pneumatic sputum patients. The design of this study was observational descriptive, using sputum samples from pneumonia patients in Subandi and Paru Jember hospitals in November to December 2018. The identification of bacteria in sputum was continued by testing the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics. The antibiotics used in this study were chloramphenicol, gentamicin, amikacin, levofloxacin, ampicillin-sulbactam, cotrimoxazole, and ciprofloxacin — data obtained in the frequency distribution table. Of the ten sputum that was successfully cultured, four Gram-negative bacilli bacteria and six Gram-positive coccus bacteria were obtained. The results approved the six Gram-positive coccus bacteria, detected as Staphylococcus aureus. The antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus to ampicillin-sulbactam was high. Keywords: antibiotic sensitivity, bacteria, pneumonia
The Effectiveness of Vitamin C Addition to Blood Glucose Levels of Hyperglycemic Mice with Glimepiride Treatment Indi Kamilia Fitri; Cholis Abrori; Dion Krismashogi Dharmawan
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 6 No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v6i3.9994

Abstract

In people with diabetes mellitus (DM) there is a decrease in basal vitamin C levels which is thought to be a result of oxidative stress in the condition of hyperglycemia that it needs to increase vitamin C as an antioxidant. Hyperglycemia in DM needs to be lowered by pharmacological therapy, named glimepirid so the purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of vitamin C addition to the reduction of KGD hyperglycemic mice with glimepirid treatment. This study is true experimental with a sample of 25 mice 20-30 grams and divided into five groups, first the control group (K0); STZ induction group (K1); STZ induction group with glimepirid treatment (K2); STZ induction group with the treatment of vitamin C (K3); STZ induction group by treatment of a combination of glimepirid and vitamin C (K4). STZ is injected intraperitonially 150 mg / kgBB. All groups were measured for KGD 1 after induction of STZ and KGD 2 after treatment for fourteen days. The results of the STZ induction group with the treatment of a combination of glimepirid and vitamin C (K4) experienced a smaller and not significant decrease in BSL in the STZ induction group with a single glimepirid (K2) treatment. These results are thought to have an influence from interactions between drugs that cause one drug to not work optimally. The conclusion of this study is that administration of glimepirid, vitamin C, or both can reduce blood glucose levels in hyperglycemic mice with the greatest decrease occurring in the glimepirid group.