Yuniarti
Bagian Anatomi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Islam Bandung, Bandung

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Gambaran dan Derajat Disfungsi Sendi Temporomandibula pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Bandung Tahun Akademik 2013–2014 Rachman, Randika; Wagiono, Caecielia; , Yuniarti
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstrak   Disfungsi sendi temporomandibula merupakan kelainan yang melibatkan sendi temoromandibula, otot-otot pengunyahan, dan berbagai struktur jaringan yang bersangkutan, ditandai dengan gejala utama berupa nyeri pada otot-otot pengunyahan dari sendi temporomandibula, suara sendi seperti clicking (keletuk sendi) dan krepitasi, serta keterbatasan dan deviasi pergerakan rahang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran dan derajat disfungsi sendi temporomandibula pada mahasiswa FK Unisba tahun akademik 2013–2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pemilihan subjek secara simple random sampling periode April–Juli 2014, didapatkan jumlah sampel sebesar 70 orang. Penelitian ini diperoleh dari hasil kuesioner dan pemeriksaan fisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa angka kejadian disfungsi sendi temporomandibula pada mahasiswa FK Unisba tahun akademik 2013–2014 adalah 61%. Derajat ringan 49%, derajat sedang 8%, dan derajat berat 4%. Gambaran manifestasi klinis untuk bunyi sendi 61%, nyeri mengunyah 6%, nyeri membuka mulut 7%, dan trismus 4%. Kebiasan buruk terjadi pada 46%, pola pengunyahan 37%, dan maloklusi 29%. Angka kejadian disfungsi sendi temporomandibula pada mahasiswa FK Unisba tahun akademik 2013–2014 sebesar 61%, manifestasi klinis berupa clicking yang disebabkan oleh pola pengunyahan satu sisi.   Kata kunci: Derajat, disfungsi, gambaran, mahasiswa, sendi temporomandibula     Description and Degree of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction in Medical Students of Universitas Islam Bandung Academic Year 2013–2014   Abstract   Temporomandibular joint dysfunction is a disorder that involves temporomandibula joints, muscles of mastication, and a range of relevant network structures, characterized by major symptoms of pain in the masticatory muscles of the temporomandibular joint, the joint sound like clicking and crepitation, and limitations and deviation of the jaw movement. This study  aimed  to  determine  the  description  and  degrees   of  temporomandibular  joint dysfunction in medical students of Unisba academic year 2013–2014. This study used a descriptive method and the selection of subjects by simple random sampling in April–July 2014. The number of samples need 70 participants. This research was obtained from the questionnaire and physical examination. The results showed that the incidence of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in medical students in Unisba academic year 2013–2014 was 61%, with 49% mild degree, 8% moderate degree and 4% severe degree. Overview of the clinical manifestations were 61% for joints sound, chewing pain 6%, open mouth pain 7%, and trismus 4%. Description cause of parafunctional habit was 46%, mastication patterns 37%, and malocclusion 29%. In conclusions, incidence of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in medical students of Unisba academic year 2013–2014 is 61% with mild degree, clicking is clinical manifestation caused by one-side mastication patterns.   Key words: Degree, description, dysfunction, student, temporomandibular joints
An Overview of Knowledge Levels about Organ Topography and Structure among Grade IV Medical Students Yuniarti Yuniarti; Rizki Perdana; Ariko Rahmat Putra; Fajar Awalia Yulianto; Muhammad Agie Najibullah Wijaya; Wendy Darmawan
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 9, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v9i1.4440

Abstract

One of the competencies the students of the graduate medical education is to apply the basic principles of the science of biomedicine, epidemiology, clinical, and behavior in the practice of medicine. Anatomy is one of the biomedicine sciences learned in medical education, including learning about the body's structure and organ topography. This research aims to describe the organ's structure and topography knowledge among the faculty of medicine students. This survey with 88 students was conducted in a faculty of medicine in Bandung city from October to December 2018 using a random sampling method. Statistical analysis using frequency distribution, percentage proportions, and Wald's statistics in the 95% confidence interval. The instrument for validity analysis is Pearsons's correlation, and the instrument for reliability analysis is Kappa's percent agreement. The results showed the average level of knowledge on organ structure and topography. It shows anatomical teaching and learning about the organ's structure, and the topography still needs to be optimized. GAMBARAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG STRUKTUR DAN TOPOGRAFI ORGAN PADA MAHASISWA TINGKAT IV KEDOKTERANSalah satu kompetensi lulusan mahasiswa pendidikan kedokteran adalah mampu mengaplikasikan prinsip ilmu dasar biomedik, epidemiologi, klinis, dan perilaku dalam praktik profesi kedokteran. Anatomi merupakan salah satu ilmu biomedik dalam pendidikan kedokteran yang mempelajari struktur dan topografi organ. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui tingkat pengetahuan mahasiswa tingkat IV fakultas kedokteran mengenai struktur dan topografi organ. Survei terhadap 88 mahasiswa ini dilaksanakan di sebuah fakultas kedokteran di Kota Bandung dari bulan Oktober hingga Desember 2018 menggunakan metode random sampling. Analisis statistik menggunakan distribusi frekuensi, persentase proporsi, dan Wald’s statistic dalam 95% interval kepercayaan. Analisis validitas menggunakan Pearson’s correlation, sedangkan analisis reliabilitas menggunakan Kappa’s percent agreement. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat pengetahuan rerata tentang struktur organ dan topografi dalam kategori cukup. Hal ini menunjukkan pembelajaran anatomi tentang struktur organ dan topografi masih perlu dioptimalkan.
Friedman Tongue Position with the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) Correlation on Patient with Ischemic Stroke Yuniarti Yuniarti; Alya Tursina; Shenny Dianathasari Santoso; Ahda Febiyanti; Putri Adinie Esca Nissa
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v7i2.3359

Abstract

Stroke is the number one cause of disability in the world. Sleep disturbances exacerbate post-stroke disabilities in addition to physical disorders. Sleep disorder breathing (SDB), especially obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the most commonly found in stroke patients (more than 50%). Sleep disorders in patients with ischemic stroke may occur because of obstruction in the upper airway. To facilitate the assessment of the upper airway, Friedman set up a standard naso-velo-oropharyngeal examination area. There are four degrees of Friedman tongue position. This check can predict the presence or absence of OSAS. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome can be assessed using STOP-BANG questionnaire, an instrument designed to rapidly detect obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) disorder, with an indication of score 5–8 is high-risk, 3–4 is moderate-risk, and 0–2 is low-risk. The method of this study was observational with cross-sectional design in acute phase ischemic stroke patient based on head CT-scan in RSAU dr. M. Salamun Bandung from August–December 2016. Statistical analysis using non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman's rank correlation test. The total subjects of this study were 38 people. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between Friedman tongue position and OSAS in stroke patients at RSAU dr. M. Salamun with p value=0.007. In conclusion, the tongue is an important anatomical structure in OSA patients, so evaluation of the position of the tongue is important to predict the severity of OSA. HUBUNGAN DERAJAT FRIEDMAN TONGUE POSITION DENGAN KEJADIAN OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME (OSAS) PADA PENDERITA STROK ISKEMIKStrok merupakan penyebab disabilitas nomor satu di dunia. Disabilitas pascastrok selain gangguan fisik diperburuk dengan gangguan tidur. Sleep disorder breathing (SDB) terutama obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) paling sering ditemukan pada pasien strok (lebih dari 50%). Gangguan tidur pada penderita strok iskemik dapat terjadi karena obstruksi pada saluran napas atas. Untuk memudahkan penilaian saluran napas atas, Friedman membuat standar pemeriksaan daerah naso-velo-orofaring. Terdapat empat derajat Friedman tongue position. Pemeriksaan ini dapat memprediksi ada tidaknya OSAS. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome dapat dinilai menggunakan STOP-BANG questionnaire, suatu instrumen yang dibuat untuk dapat secara cepat mendeteksi obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), dengan indikasi skor 5–8 risiko tinggi, 3–4 risiko sedang, dan 0–2 risiko rendah. Metode penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan rancangan cross-sectional pada pasien strok iskemik fase akut berdasar atas hasil CT-scan kepala di RSAU dr. M. Salamun pada Agustus–Desember 2016. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji nonparametrik Kruskal-Wallis dan uji korelasi rank Spearman’s. Total subjek penelitian 38 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan bermakna antara derajat Friedman tongue position dan kejadian OSAS pada pasien strok di RSAU dr. M. Salamun dengan nilai p=0,007. Simpulan, lidah merupakan struktur anatomi yang penting pada pasien OSA sehingga evaluasi posisi lidah penting untuk memprediksi tingkat keparahan OSA.
Penggunaan Pemutih Gigi Mengandung Hidrogen Peroksida 40% Dibanding dengan Strawberry (Fragaria X ananassa) terhadap Ketebalan Email, Kadar Kalsium, dan Kekuatan Tekan Gigi Yuniarti Yuniarti; Achadiyani Achadiyani; Nani Murniati
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v4i1.1855

Abstract

Estetik gigi adalah hal yang penting bagi seseorang. Salah satu hal yang memengaruhi estetik gigi adalah warna gigi. Perubahan warna gigi dapat diperbaiki dengan pemutihan gigi hidrogen peroksida 40% dan strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa). Penelitian eksperimental laboratoris membandingkan gigi kelompok kontrol dengan dua kelompok perlakuan gigi yang diolesi bahan pemutih gigi hidrogen peroksida 40% atau direndam dalam strawberry. Penelitian dilakukan di Laboratorium Histologi Fakultas Kedokteran dan Laboratorium Kimia Universitas Padjadjaran, serta Laboratorium ITMKG Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran periode Agustus 2012–Mei 2013. Kelompok masing-masing memakai sembilan buah gigi premolar permanen yang diukur ketebalan email secara mikroskopis, kadar kalsium memakai spektrofotometer, dan kekuatan tekan memakai universal testing machine. Uji statistik pengukuran ketebalan email adalah uji-t, pengukuran kadar kalsium memakai Wilcoxon dan Mann Whitney, sedangkan hasil pengukuran kekuatan gigi diuji dengan Kruskal Wallis dan Post Hoc Mann Whitney. Hasil uji penurunan ketebalan email kedua kelompok perlakuan dibandingkan dengan kontrol (uji dependent t, p=0,002 dan p=0,0001) dan perbedaan penurunan ketebalan email antara kedua kelompok (uji independent p=0,0375) adalah signifikan. Penurunan kadar kalsium kedua kelompok dibandingkan dengan kontrol (uji Wilcoxon p=0,173 dan p=0,441) dan perbedaan kadar kalsium antara kedua kelompok tersebut (uji Mann Whitney p=0,480) tidak signifikan. Uji kekuatan tekan gigi signifikan antara kontrol dan dua kelompok perlakuan (uji Kruskall Wallis p=0,014), namun bila memakai uji Post Hoc Mann Whitney hanya penurunan kekuatan tekan gigi antara kontrol dan hidrogen peroksida yang berbeda signifikan (p=0,02). Simpulan, hidrogen peroksida 40% menurunkan ketebalan email dan kekuatan tekan gigi lebih besar dibanding dengan strawberry, tetapi tidak menurunkan kadar kalsium lebih besar dibanding dengan strawberry. TEETH BLEACHING HYDROGEN PEROXIDE 40% COMPARED WITH STRAWBERRY (FRAGARIA X ANANASSA) TO ENAMEL THICKNESS, CALCIUM LEVEL AND COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF TEETHTeeth esthetics is important for someone. One thing influence teeth estheticsis is colour. Dental bleaching using hydrogen peroxide 40% and strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) is conservative alternative to restore the esthetics of either stained teeth. This study was an experimental laboratory by comparing control group with  two treatment groups were teeth smeared hydrogen peroxide 40% or soaked in strawberry. This study was done in Histology Laboratory Faculty of Medicine and Chemical Laboratory Universitas Padjadjaran, and ITMKG Laboratory Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran period August 2012–May 2013. Each group used nine permanent premolars, which will be measured email thickness microscopically, calcium levels using spectrophotometer, and compressive stregth using universal testing machine. The statistical test used for thickness measurement results email was the t-test, for measurement of calcium levels using Wilcoxon test and Mann Whitney while for tooth strength measurements were tested using Kruskal Wallis and Post Hoc Mann Whitney. The results obtained for the test email thickness reduction of both treatment groups compared with the control (test dependent t, p=0.002 and p=0.0001) and a decrease in the thickness difference between the two treatment groups email (independent test, p=0.0375) were significant. The results of the impairment test calcium levels both treatment groups compared with controls (Wilcoxon p=0.173 and p=0.441), and the difference in calcium levels between the two groups (Mann Whitney test, p=0480) was not significant. The results of compressive strength test teeth showed significant gains between the control group and two treatment groups (Kruskall Wallis test, p=0.014), However when using Post Hoc Mann Whitney test only decrease the compressive strength of the teeth between the control group and the treatment group were significant hydrogen peroxide (p=0.02). In conclusions, 40% hydrogen peroxide causes a decrease in the thickness of the email and the compressive strength is greater than strawberry but do not cause a decrease in blood calcium level greater than strawberry.
Gambaran Postur Kerja dan Keluhan Muskuloskeletal pada Pegawai Tata Laksana di Universitas Islam Bandung Luthfianisa Rayyani; Yuniarti Yuniarti; Caecielia Wagiono; Susan Fitriyana; Budiman Budiman
Jurnal Integrasi Kesehatan dan Sains Vol 2, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Integrasi Kesehatan dan Sains
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/jiks.v2i1.4342

Abstract

Ketidaksesuaian faktor ergonomi akan mengakibatkan kesalahan dalam postur kerja dan umumnya disertai gejala kelainan/keluhan musculoskeletal yang merupakan gangguan pada sendi, otot, tendon, kerangka, tulang rawan, ligamen, dan saraf yang umumnya berupa rasa nyeri. Tujuan penelitian mengetahui gambaran postur kerja dan keluhan muskuloskeletal pada pegawai tata laksana di Universitas Islam Bandung. Jenis penelitian merupakan observasional deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Subjek penelitian sebanyak 50 orang pegawai tata laksana di Universitas Islam Bandung yang berada di bawah naungan Kopsyakardos dan sudah bekerja lebih dari 1 tahun. Sampel penelitian diambil dengan cara melakukan observasi mengggunakan employee rapid entire body assessment (REBA) working sheet untuk menilai postur kerja, kemudian melakukan pengisian kuesioner dengan menggunakan nordic body map (NBM) untuk menilai keluhan muskuloskeletal. Penelitian dilakukan Maret–Mei 2018. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar postur kerja responden berada pada kelompok risiko sedang sebanyak 39 orang (78%), kelompok risiko tinggi sebanyak 6 orang (12%), dan kelompok risiko rendah sebanyak 5 orang (10%). Keluhan muskuloskeletal paling banyak mengeluh sakit pada bahu kanan, bahu kiri, dan pinggang. Kesalahan postur kerja yang tidak sesuai dengan kaidah ergonomi, dilakukan secara berulang-ulang, dan dalam jangka waktu yang lama akan menimbulkan keluhan muskuloskeletal. DESCRIPTION OF WORK POSTURE AND MUSCULOSKELETAL COMPLAINT ON THE CLEANING SERVICE IN UNIVERSITY OF ISLAM BANDUNGErgonomic factor incompatibility will lead to errors in the work posture and generally accompanied by symptoms of musculoskeletal disorder which is a disorder of the joints, muscles, tendons, skeletons, cartilage, ligaments, and nerves are generally a pain. The purpose of this study was to know the description of work posture and musculoskeletal complaints on the cleaning service in University of Islam Bandung. This method in research type is descriptive observational by using cross sectional. Research subjects as many as 50 cleaning service personnel in University of Islam Bandung under the Kopsyakardos and has worked for more than 1 year. Research sample was taken by observation using Employee Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) working sheet to assess work posture, then fill out questionnaires using Nordic Body Map (NBM) to assess musculoskeletal complaints. The study was held during March–April 2018. The results showed that most of respondent’s work posture was in moderate risk group as much as 39 people (78%), in high risk group as many as 6 people (12%), and in low risk group as many as 5 people (10%). Musculoskeletal complaints most often complain of pain in the right shoulder, left shoulder, and waist. Work posture errors that are not in accordance with ergonomic rules, carried out repeatedly, and in the long term will cause musculoskeletal complaints.
Community Knowledge and Behavior in the Utilization of Medicinal Plants in Cikoneng Village Bandung District Santun Bhekti Rahimah; Yuktiana Kharisma; Eka Nurhayati; Yuniarti Yuniarti; Shenny Dianathasari Santoso; Muhammad Faridza
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v7i1.3214

Abstract

The industry of the traditional medicinal made from medicinal plants was currently growing. Effortless cultivation and utilization of medicinal plants were an important step to preserve the traditional medicine of Indonesia. Cikoneng village had abundant natural potential and is an assisted village of the researchers' institution located at the foot of Manglayang mountain Bandung district. Therefore, the researchers implemented the intervention program to educate and socialize the use of medicinal plants to the community of Cikoneng village. After the intervention program, the assessment of the level of knowledge and perceptions of people in the behavior of treatment by medicinal plants utilized was carried out. This study aims to assess the increase in knowledge and perceptions of people in the behavior of cultivation and treatment by using medicinal plants in Cikoneng village. The study used an intervention program and questionnaire with 35 respondents conducted on 22 August–23 September 2016. The results showed that after the intervention program, the level of knowledge of the Cikoneng village community regarding medicinal plants was right. The entire people of Cikoneng village is willing to take advantage of medicinal plants in maintaining family health and will begin to cultivate them in the smallest scope (family). In conclusion, there is an increase in people's knowledge and perception of the behavior of cultivation and treatment by utilizing medicinal plants in Cikoneng village. PENGETAHUAN DAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DALAM PEMANFAATAN TANAMAN OBAT DI KAMPUNG CIKONENG KABUPATEN BANDUNGIndustri obat tradisional berbahan baku tanaman obat saat ini semakin berkembang. Upaya budidaya dan pemanfaatan tanaman obat yang optimal merupakan langkah penting untuk menjaga kelestarian obat tradisional Indonesia. Kampung Cikoneng mempunyai potensi alam yang melimpah dan merupakan desa binaan institusi peneliti yang terletak di kaki Gunung Manglayang Kabupaten Bandung. Oleh karena itu, peneliti melaksanakan program intervensi untuk mengedukasi dan menyosialisasikan pemanfaatan tanaman obat kepada masyarakat Kampung Cikoneng. Pada akhir program intervensi, dilakukan penilaian tingkat pengetahuan dan persepsi masyarakat tentang perilaku pengobatan dengan tanaman obat. Penelitian ini bertujuan menilai peningkatan pengetahuan dan persepsi masyarakat tentang perilaku budidaya dan pengobatan dengan memanfaatkan tanaman obat di Kampung Cikoneng. Penelitian menggunakan program intervensi dan kuesioner dengan jumlah responden 35 orang yang dilaksanakan pada 22 Agustus–23 September 2016. Hasil memperlihatkan bahwa setelah program intervensi, tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat Kampung Cikoneng mengenai tanaman obat adalah baik. Seluruh masyarakat Kampung Cikoneng bersedia memanfaatkan tanaman obat dalam menjaga kesehatan keluarga dan akan mulai membudidayakannya dalam lingkup yang paling kecil (keluarga). Simpulan, terdapat peningkatan pengetahuan dan persepsi masyarakat tentang perilaku pengobatan dengan memanfaatkan tanaman obat di Kampung Cikoneng.
Gambaran dan Derajat Disfungsi Sendi Temporomandibula pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Bandung Tahun Akademik 2013–2014 Randika Rachman; Caecielia Wagiono; Yuniarti Yuniarti
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v3i1.1540

Abstract

Disfungsi sendi temporomandibula merupakan kelainan yang melibatkan sendi temoromandibula, otot-otot pengunyahan, dan berbagai struktur jaringan yang bersangkutan, ditandai dengan gejala utama berupa nyeri pada otot-otot pengunyahan dari sendi temporomandibula, suara sendi seperti clicking (keletuk sendi) dan krepitasi, serta keterbatasan dan deviasi pergerakan rahang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran dan derajat disfungsi sendi temporomandibula pada mahasiswa FK Unisba tahun akademik 2013–2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pemilihan subjek secara simple random sampling periode April–Juli 2014, didapatkan jumlah sampel sebesar 70 orang. Penelitian ini diperoleh dari hasil kuesioner dan pemeriksaan fisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa angka kejadian disfungsi sendi temporomandibula pada mahasiswa FK Unisba tahun akademik 2013–2014 adalah 61%. Derajat ringan 49%, derajat sedang 8%, dan derajat berat 4%. Gambaran manifestasi klinis untuk bunyi sendi 61%, nyeri mengunyah 6%, nyeri membuka mulut 7%, dan trismus 4%. Kebiasan buruk terjadi pada 46%, pola pengunyahan 37%, dan maloklusi 29%. Angka kejadian disfungsi sendi temporomandibula pada mahasiswa FK Unisba tahun akademik 2013–2014 sebesar 61%, manifestasi klinis berupa clicking yang disebabkan oleh pola pengunyahan satu sisi. DESCRIPTION AND DEGREE OF TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION IN MEDICAL STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITAS ISLAM BANDUNG ACADEMIC YEAR 2013–2014Temporomandibular joint dysfunction is a disorder that involves temporomandibula joints, muscles of mastication, and a range of relevant network structures, characterized by major symptoms of pain in the masticatory muscles of the temporomandibular joint, the joint sound like clicking and crepitation, and limitations and deviation of the jaw movement. This study aimed to determine the description and degrees of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in medical students of Unisba academic year 2013–2014. This study used a descriptive method and the selection of subjects by simple random sampling in April–July 2014. The number of samples need 70 participants. This research was obtained from the questionnaire and physical examination. The results showed that the incidence of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in medical students in Unisba academic year 2013–2014 was 61%, with 49% mild degree, 8% moderate degree and 4% severe degree. Overview of the clinical manifestations were 61% for joints sound, chewing pain 6%, open mouth pain 7%, and trismus 4%. Description cause of parafunctional habit was 46%, mastication patterns 37%, and malocclusion 29%. In conclusions, incidence of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in medical students of Unisba academic year 2013–2014 is 61% with mild degree, clicking is clinical manifestation caused by one-side mastication patterns.
Hubungan Faktor Risiko dan Karakteristik Gejala Klinis dengan Kejadian Pneumonia pada Balita Lisa Adhia Garina; Sherly Fajariani Putri; Yuniarti Yuniarti
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v4i1.2007

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Pneumonia masih merupakan penyebab kesakitan dan kematian pada balita di negara berkembang. Faktor risiko pneumonia yang selalu ada (definite risk factor) meliputi gizi kurang, bayi berat lahir rendah (BBLR), tidak memberikan ASI, polusi udara di dalam ruang, dan pemukiman padat. Gejala pneumonia bervariasi bergantung pada usia penderita dan penyebab infeksinya. Tujuan penelitian ini menilai hubungan faktor risiko dan karakteristik gejala klinis dengan kejadian pneumonia pada balita. Penelitian cross sectional dilaksanakan di UPT Puskesmas Ibrahim Aji Kota Bandung periode April–Juni 2012 pada anak balita usia 6 bulan sampai dengan 59 bulan dengan diagnosis pneumonia dan bukan pneumonia berdasarkan kriteria WHO. Data demografis, faktor risiko, dan karakteristik gejala klinis dicatat dalam formulir penelitian. Penderita pneumonia pada balita terbanyak berusia 6–24 bulan (72%), berjenis kelamin laki-laki (63%), status gizi kurang (56%) berdasarkan BB/U, tidak BBLR (95%), diberikan ASI eksklusif (91%), dan imunisasi dasar lengkap (93%). Analisis uji hubungan antara kejadian pneumonia dan status gizi kurang berdasarkan BB/U didapatkan hasil p<0,001; r=-0,7 dengan lama demam (p=0,024; r=-0,2), lama batuk (p=0,048; r=-0,2), dan takipnea (p<0,001; r=-0,8). Simpulan, terdapat hubungan status gizi kurang, lama demam, lama batuk, dan takipnea dengan kejadian pneumonia pada balita.CORRELATION OF RISK FACTORS AND  CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS WITH THE INCIDENCE OF PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARSPneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in children mostly in developing countries. Risk factors on pneumonia include malnutrition, low birth weight, non breastfeeding, air room pollution, and densely populated area. Symptoms of pneumonia vary depending on the age of the patient and cause infection. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship risk factor and characteristic clinical symptoms with pneumonia. Cross-sectional study in Primary Health Care Ibrahim Aji Bandung during April–June 2012 among children aged 6 months to 59 months with a diagnosis of pneumonia and not pneumonia based on WHO criteria. Data on demographic, risk factor, and characteristics clinical symptoms were recorded. Pneumonia mostly attacking age 6-24 months (72%), male (63%), malnutrition status (56%) based on the weight/age, non low birth weight (95%), exclusive breastfeeding (91%), and immunization (93%). The association between the incidence of pneumonia with poor nutritional status (p<0.001, r=-0.7), duration of fever (p=0.024, r=-0.2), duration of coughing (p=0.048, r=-0.2) and tachypnoea (p<0.001, r=-0.8).  In conclusion, there is a relationship between poor nutritional status, duration of fever, duration of coughing, and tachypnoea with pneumonia.
Correlations between a Smoking Habit and Teeth, Gums and Lips Discoloration Issues on Active Smoker Caecielia Makaginsar; Yuniarti Yuniarti; Siska Nia Irasanti; Aliya Salsabila; Tannia Kusumawardhani
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 10, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v10i1.8190

Abstract

According to the Central Statistics Agency, the percentage of smokers among Indonesians aged 15 years is relatively high. It was 32.20%, 29.03%, and 28.69%, in 2018, 2019, and 2020 respectively. Cigarettes contain tar that changes into a solid and builds up colored plaque when entering the mouth. Perpetual cigarette smoke causes brown pigmentation on the mucosa, known as smoker's melanosis. Smoker's melanosis is abundant in gums and lips. This study's objective was to analyze the correlations between a smoking habit with teeth, gums, and lips discoloration in an active smoker. This study was an observational analysis with a survey approach from January to May 2021 in Bandung. The sample was 100 males, consisting of 38 active smokers and 62 non-smokers as a comparison group. Data were analyzed by Pearson and Spearman test. This study shows a significant correlation between smoking habit and teeth discoloration (p=0.01), also shows a statistically significant correlation between a smoking habit and gum discoloration (p=0.00), and there is a significant correlation (p=0.00) between a smoking habit and lips discoloration. In conclusion, there is a correlation between a smoking habit and teeth, gums, and lips discoloration.
Effect of Gooseberry (Physalis angulata) Ethanol Extract in Wistar Rats Carrageenan-Induced Paw Oedema Ami Nurlatifah; Eka Hendryanny; Yuniarti Yuniarti
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 9, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v9i1.6336

Abstract

Gooseberry is an herbaceous plant that contains flavonoids. Flavonoid is one of the secondary metabolites that have an anti-inflammatory effect. This study aims to determine the effect of using ethanol extract of gooseberry as an anti-inflammatory in carrageenan-induced paw edema. This study was in vivo experimental laboratory using a completely randomized design of 25 Wistar rats and divided into five groups. The negative control group was given carboxymethylcellulose. The positive control group has given diclofenac sodium 27 mg/200 gBW. The sample test group has given ethanol extract of gooseberry with 3.6 mg/200 gBW, 5.4 mg/200 gBW, and 7.2 mg/200 gBW dosage. Paw rat’s inflammation induced by injecting carrageenan and measured from 1st to 6th hour using a pletismometer. This study has conducted at Pharmacology Laboratory, Universitas Islam Bandung, and the Laboratory of Therapy and Pharmacology, Universitas Padjajaran, from June to September 2019. The result of average edema volume paw rats using the Kruskal-Wallis test on the 6th hour was p=0.02 (p<0.05). The Mann-Whitney test was p<0.05, showing differences between negative control and positive control and sample test groups. One-way ANOVA test on the percentage of edema inhibition between positive control and sample test group had p=0.107. It shows no significant difference. An effect of ethanol of extract of gooseberries as an anti-inflammatory with the highest percentage of edema inhibition is 5.4 mg/200 gBW dosage. The flavonoid content in gooseberries is thought to inhibit the formation of prostaglandins by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase enzyme. In conclusion, the ethanol extract of gooseberry can be anti-inflammatory. EFEK EKSTRAK ETANOL CIPLUKAN (PHYSALIS ANGULATA) TERHADAP EDEMA TELAPAK KAKI TIKUS GALUR WISTAR YANG DIINDUKSI KARAGENANCiplukan adalah tanaman herbal yang mengandung flavonoid. Flavonoid merupakan salah satu metabolit sekunder yang dapat memberikan efek antiinflamasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan ekstrak etanol ciplukan sebagai antiinflamasi pada tikus yang diinduksi karagenan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian laboratorium eksperimental in vivo menggunakan desain rancangan acak lengkap pada 25 ekor tikus galur Wistar yang terbagi ke dalam lima kelompok. Kelompok kontrol negatif diberi carboxymethilcellulose. Kontrol positif diberi sodium diklofenak 27 mg/200 gBB. Kelompok uji diberi ekstrak etanol ciplukan dengan dosis 3,6 mg/200 gBB; 5,4 mg/200 gBB; dan 7,2 mg/200 gBB. Induksi inflamasi dilakukan dengan menginjeksikan karagenan pada telapak kaki tikus, lalu diukur menggunakan pletismometer dari jam ke-1 hingga jam ke-6. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Farmasi, Universitas Islam Bandung dan Laboratorium Farmasi dan Terapi, Universitas Padjajaran dari bulan Juni hingga September 2019. Volume rerata telapak kaki tikus pada jam ke-6 menggunakan Uji Kruskal-Wallis adalah p=0,02 (p<0,05). Hasil Uji Mann-Whitney diperoleh p<0,05 yang menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara kontrol negatif dan kontrol positif serta kelompok uji. Uji one-way ANOVA pada persentase penghambatan edema antara kontrol positif dan kelompok uji diperoleh p=0,107 yang menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna. Terdapat pengaruh ekstrak etanol ciplukan sebagai antiinflamasi dengan persentase penghambatan edema tertinggi pada dosis 5,4 mg/200 gBB. Kandungan flavonoid pada ciplukan diduga mampu menghambat pembentukan prostaglandin dengan menginhibisi enzim siklooksigenase. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah ekstrak etanol ciplukan dapat digunakan sebagai antiinflamasi.