Eny Inayati
Department Of Health, Faculty Of Vocational Education, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya-Indonesia

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Levels of crystalline silica dust in dental laboratorium of Dental Health Technology Study Program of Vocational Faculty, Universitas Airlangga Eny Inayati; Sherman Salim; Sonya Harwasih; Sri Redjeki Indiani
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol. 48 No. 4 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga https://fkg.unair.ac.id/en

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (430.027 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p183-187

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Background: Silicosis is an occupational lung disease caused by inhaling particles of crystalline silica in a long time. The disease then results in inflammation and defects in lung tissue. Prosthesis construction is usually conducted in dental laboratory using a lot of materials containing crystalline silica, such as gypsum, ceramics, planting material, sandblast and others. Purpose: This research aims to determine levels of crystalline silica dust in the dental laboratory of Dental Health Technology Diploma Study Program, Vocational Faculty, Universitas Airlangga. Method: Three measurement points was determined, namely point 1, point 2 and point 3 in each dental laboratory space (I and II). Suctioning dust was performed at those points using Low Volume Dust Sampler (LVDS). Samples taken were divided into two groups, namely X and Y. Taking dust samples were carried out for 30 minutes. Elements of crystalline silica contained in the dust were quantitatively measured using XR Defractometry tool, while size and morphology of silica were measured using SEM EDX tool. Data obtained were statistically analyzed by paired t test. Result: The results showed significant differences in the levels of the total dust measured and crystalline silica in the form of quartz and cristobalite among those two dental laboratory spaces. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the levels of the total dust and silica quartz dust in the dental laboratory spaces I and II were greater than the Threshold Limit Value (TLV) determined.
Integration of Health Sector in Efforts to Improve The Health of Older People in RW VII Jagir Surabaya Ario Imandiri; Eny Inayati; Retno Sri Wahjuni
Darmabakti Cendekia: Journal of Community Service and Engagements Vol. 1 No. 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.738 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/dc.V1.I2.2019.56-59

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Background: The older people get, the more elderly people who experience health complaints. The elderly morbidity rate in 2014 was 25.05 percent, meaning that around one in four elderly people had experienced pain in the past month. Purpose: Providing guidance and knowledge to improve the health of the elderly community in RW VII Jagir. Methods: Coaching is carried out by using a tutorial and visualization method using LCD. The material provided includes the processing of healthy foods, the introduction of traditional medicine, independent acupressure, healthy work attitudes in the household, dental and oral health, and medical check up. Results: The people who attended this activity were 65 people, according to the expected target. The community welcomed with enthusiasm, as evidenced by a large number of people present and the high level of community participation until the end of the event. In addition, there was also an increase in the mean value of the questionnaire before and after the activity, from 15.62 to 36.14. The results of 55 participants who did blood pressure checks, 28 people had normal blood pressure and 27 people experienced blood pressure that was more than normal. Likewise, the results of blood sugar tests when, of the 55 people who took blood sugar at their time, 43 had normal blood sugar levels or less than 200 mg / dL; and 12 people have blood sugar levels that are above normal or > 200 mg / dL. Conclusion: Community service activities are very useful for the elderly and also able to increase the knowledge of the elderly.
MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUE OF METAL CERAMIC RESTORATION WITH IMPLANT-ABUTMENT AT GINGIVAL RESORPTION CASE Galih Paramarta; Eny Inayati
Journal of Vocational Health Studies Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): July 2019 | JOURNAL OF VOCATIONAL HEALTH STUDIES
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4021.258 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jvhs.V3.I1.2019.22-31

Abstract

Background: The low levels of patient satisfaction and confidence in the restoration of the gingival resorption results in impaired quality of life in both functional and psychosocial aspects. It is necessary to manufacture a dental restoration to restore the mastication, phonetic, and aesthetic functions associated with soft tissue repair. Manufacture of gingiva ceramic restorations which are believed to be an alternative to restore the aesthetic function and harmonization of the patient’s teeth. In terms of manufacturing techniques, this restoration has a level of difficulty in achieving a balance between “White aesthetic” and “aesthetic pink”. Objective: This study aims to provide knowledge to the reader of Manufacturing Technique of Metal Ceramic Restoration with Implant-Abutment at Gingival Resorption Case. Reviews: Gingiva ceramic restorations can be used to create esthetic implant-supported restorations when bone and gingival tissues are deficient and surgical replacement of such tissues is not possible. Dental technicians should be able to analyze the three-dimensional shapes of gingival anatomy, color, texture, smile components, the balance of the “pink aesthetic” and “white aesthetic”. Conclusion: Manufacturing Technique of Metal Ceramic Restoration with Implant-Abutment at Gingival Resorption Case including the manufacture of metal coping, oxidation, application of opaque coating, application of the first “white aesthetic” ceramics (Opaque Dentine, Dentine, Enamel and transpa on crown coping restorations), Application of opaque gingiva layer, gingival ceramics build-up "pink aesthetics”, first firing, followed by correction build-up, and second firing, and ends with the glazing process.
Health Education of Mother and Child to Reduce Prevalence of Stunting in Medokan Semampir Surabaya Taufiqurrahman Sidqi; Eny Inayati; Ario Imandiri
Darmabakti Cendekia: Journal of Community Service and Engagements Vol. 1 No. 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1048.568 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/dc.V1.I2.2019.60-64

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Background: Stunting is a chronic nutritional problem in infants characterized by a length or height that is lacking compared to age. The prevalence of stunting in Medokan Semampir Village was 30.48% while the WHO standard states that free stunting if it is less than 20%. Purpose: This activity aims to provide knowledge and skills to mothers who will and already have a toddler to prevent stunting in RW 02 Medokan Semampir. Methods: This program was implemented in 4 steps those are planning, acting, observing, and evaluating. Results: The results of the health examination for toddlers who participated in the activity showed that there were no cases of stunting, but there were 3 toddlers who were underweight, so it needed to be increasingly inadequate nutrition. Whereas the mother’s examination showed 6 people who had low Hb levels and 2 people had high blood sugar levels. Toddler massage training provides the skills of mothers who had toddlers and toddler cadres in RW 02 to take independent action on their babies. Balanced nutrition counseling, exclusive breastfeeding, and mandatory immunization rose participant awareness in efforts to prevent stunting. Whereas the socialization of dental and oral health provided knowledge on how to clean the teeth of mothers and toddlers correctly and safely to avoid dental caries which can cause stunting in toddlers. Conclusion: This program was very useful for mothers and toddlers because it provides knowledge and skills in efforts to prevent the incidence of stunting toddlers.
Lung Function Disturbance Based on Student Characteristic in Surabaya Dental Laboratory Eny Inayati; Sonya Harwasih; Sri Redjeki Indiani
Jurnal Vokasi Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2017): July - December
Publisher : Program Pendidikan Vokasi Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.752 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jvi.v5i2.108

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The dental technician program of Airlangga University teaches and trains aspiring dental technicians. During three years of study, students manufacture dental prostheses such as cobalt chromium coping and acrylic dentures and perform other procedures, such as crown and bridge restoration. However, the use of dental prostheses material might cause respiratory diseases, skin problems, and neurotoxicity. Few respiratory diseases have been reported related to the occupation of dental technician, and epidemiology studies have shown high prevalence of pneumoconiosis linked with exposure duration. Lung function disturbance severity in dental laboratories is affected by some factors, such as the characteristics of workers in such a setting. This study aims to investigate the lung function representation of students of the dental technician program of Airlangga University in relation to student characteristics in the dental laboratory. This study is an observational decriptive study. Data are obtained by using a questionnaire and a literature review, and lung physiological examination is conducted using spirometry. Examination data results are presented in the form of a ratio scale and analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Conclusion: No significant difference in lung function was observed between smokers and non-smokers and between mask-wearers and non-mask-wearers.
PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF CROSS INFECTION AT DENTAL LABORATORIES IN EAST JAVA PROVINCE OF INDONESIA Eny Inayati; Sri Redjeki Indiani; Nanda Rachmad Putra Gofur
Journal of Vocational Health Studies Vol. 4 No. 3 (2021): March 2021 | JOURNAL OF VOCATIONAL HEALTH STUDIES
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jvhs.V4.I3.2021.125-130

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Background: infectious disease is one major important health issue. Dental technician is an occupation which has a risk to get infectious disease transmitted from saliva, blood or contaminated tools if universal precaution utensils did not use properly. Infection can be transferred through dental impression from surface contact, handpiece, burs, pumice, aerosol etc. Purpose: This study aim to find out desinfection implementation in dental laboratories located in East Java as a preventive and controlling action towards cross infection. Method: Data were obtained through questionnaire, the questionnaires were designed to get the information related to infection control from dental laboratories in East Java. The survey was conducted in 36 dental laboratories listed by Association of Dental Technician in East Java. Result: As much as 90% dental laboratories did not performed desinfection procedure to the dental impression received from dentist and never follow any desinfection training. AS much as 95% Dental laboratories believe universal precaution utensils can be infected but only 50% utilize universal precaution utensils. Eventhough if such infection occurs, the owner will be fully responsible. Conclusion: Prevention and management towards cross infection control in dental laboratories located in East Java still very low. Development and supervision towards dental laboratories operational by Indonesian government  and professional association need to be improved. Education regarding infection control need to be performed through trainings and inserted infection control matters in dental technician study programme curriculum in Indonesia. 
EFFECT OF SANDBLASTING TIME ON THE ROUGHNESS OF THE METAL COBALT-CHROMIUM (co-cr) DURING DENTURE METAL FRAMEWORK PRODUCTION Endang Kusdarjanti; Dwiyanti Feriana R; Eny Inayati
Folia Medica Indonesiana Vol. 52 No. 3 (2016): JULY - SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (163.562 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/fmi.v52i3.5445

Abstract

One of the stages of manufacture of denture metal framework that is sandblasting, ie cleaning the remnants of investment material after metal casting process and remnants of metal oxide on the surface. After fitting in the master model, then the metal framework dentures do sandblasting again until smooth before elektropolishing. The tools used are sandblaster, material Al2O3 (aluminum oxide) size of 250 lm. The time it takes about 1 minute, but the time of 1 minute when applied to student practicum D3 is still not clean and there are still remnants of planting material castings and metal oxide on the surface of the Co-Cr. Objective: To determine the effect of time on pembutan teeth iruan sandblasting the metal frame of the metal surface roughness Co-Cr. This study is experimental laboratories. A sample of tablet shape with a diameter of 7mm, 2mm thick metal. Number of samples 24 tablets were divided into 4 groups each group consisting of six tablet samples. Distribution of the sample group of the study are as follows; Group 1; Sandblasting metal surfaces with 250 µm Al2O3 time of 1 minute, Group 2; Sandblasting metal surfaces with Al2O3 250 ?m 2 minutes, Group 3; Sandblasting metal surfaces with Al2O3 250 µm 3 minutes, Group 4; the group did not do sandblasting. Data were analyzed with ANOVA statistical analysis of the lane with 0:05 significance level. If there is a significant difference between groups duiji with HSD test. There were significant differences in surface roughness Co-Cr metal between the control group without sprayed with the spray group at 1 minute, 2 minutes and 3 minutes. In conclusion, the surface of a metal frame that is not done sandblasting coarser than done sandblasting. The longer the time sandblasting increasingly produce a smooth surface of a metal frame. Sandblasting is perfectly need sufficient time is 2-3 minutes.
Fabrication Technique of Dental Restoration Using Hybrid Ceramic With Cad Cam Method Meita Andriyani; Sonya Harwasih; Eny Inayati
Journal of Vocational Health Studies Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017): July 2017 | JOURNAL OF VOCATIONAL HEALTH STUDIES
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jvhs.V1.I1.2017.32-38

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Background :  Ceramic is superior in aesthetic but fragile and breakable under bite pressure . Lack of understanding of material requirements for resistance in the oral cavity and minimal ceramic processing techniques is the initial cause of the failure. Hybrid ceramic dental restoration is a material that combines the good properties of ceramics and composites that have elasticity and ensures high strength and minimize the wall thickness of the restoration. Mechanical manufacture of dental restorations currently growing, CAD CAM systems are becoming popular in the field of dentistry. CAD CAM provides the advantage that the effectiveness of the time, does not require a lot of human resources, and produce a restoration with good quality. Purpose:  To explain hybrid ceramic material and techniques of making  hybrid ceramic dental restorations with CAD CAM system. Review: Hybrid ceramic is a material that combines the advantages of ceramics and composite elasticity. This material contains a hybrid structure with two networks, ceramic and polymer are linked to each other, known as double hybrid network. It added that the structure of the ceramic feldspathic network (86% wt) is reinforced by a polymer network (14% wt) are integrated as a polymer network filling cavities that exist in the network and make its structure ceramic hybrid ceramic material becomes denser. Conclusion: Hybrid ceramic having chewing load capacity and high elasticity, flexural strength  150-160 Mpa and fracture toughness 1.5 Mpa, higher than conventional ceramics. Mechanical manufacture of dental restorations using ceramic hybrid materials with CAD CAM method begins with scanning, selection of materials and tooth shade, designing, milling, followed by finishing, polishing, ends with staining and glazing.