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PENGARUH DEFISIT ANGGARAN, INFLASI DAN KURS TERHADAP KUANTITAS UTANG LUAR NEGERI PEMERINTAH INDONESIA PERIODE 2001-2015 Nurhalimah, Siti; Basri, Syafril; Mardiana, Mardiana
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Wisuda Februari
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the budget deficit, inflation and the exchange rate against the quantity of foreign debt 2001-2015 period. The budget deficit as a variable (X1) inflation as a variable (X2) the exchange rate as a variable (X3) and the government foreign debt as a variable (Y). This research uses secondary data, this data is sourced from the Indonesian Financial Statistics Bank Indonesia and the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia. The method in this research is quantitative by using statistical analysis and multiple linear regression equation coefficients calculation using SPSS 22. The result showed that based on the coefficient F calculated at 13.032 and F table 3.59 shows that F count is greater than F table variables simultaneously, which means the budget deficit, inflation and the exchange rate effect jointly to the quantity of government foreign debt 2001-2015 period.Results of the study also concluded that the value of the coefficient t for budget deficit of 2.716, the coefficient of - 0,809 t arithmetic inflation and exchange rate coefficient of -0.262 t while t table of 2.179. That shows the t variable budget deficit is greater than t table which means variable budget deficit significantly influence the quantity of foreign debt, while the variable inflation showed t count is smaller than t table which means that the variable inflation does not significantly influence the quantity of foreign debt government and variable exchhange rate shows the t less than t table which concluded that the exchange rate is not significant on quantity of government foreign debt 2001-2015 period.Keywords: the budget deficit, inflation, exchange rate, foreign debt
Path Analysis on the Risk Factors of Sexually Transmitted Disease among Men Who Have Sex with Men Community in Surakarta Murti, Bhisma; Nurhalimah, Siti; Prasetya, Hanung
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior Vol 3, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a higher prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) than the heterosexual men. The number of STI cases in MSM in Indonesia in 2017 was 4,144. The study aimed to examine risk factors of sexually transmitted disease among MSM community in Surakarta, Central Java.Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in Surakarta, Central Java, from October to November 2018. A sample of 188 MSM was selected by fixed diseases sampling. The variable dependent was STI. The independent variables were age, education, number of sexual partners, sexual behavior, intention, attitude, perceived behavior control, and subjective norm. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis.Results: STI was directly increased by unsafe sexual behavior (b= 2.03; 95% CI= 1.15 to 2.91; p<0.001), older age (b= 1.83; 95% CI= 0.58 to 3.09; p= 0.004), multiple sexual partners (b= 2.28; 95% CI= 1.33 to 3.23; p<0.001). It was indirectly affected by intention, attitude, perceived behavior control, subjective norm, and education.Conclusion: STI is directly increased by sexual behavior, age, multiple sexual partners. It is indirectly affected by intention, attitude, perceived behavior control, subjective norm, and education.Keywords: sexually transmitted infections, sexual behavior, men who have sex with menCorrespondence: Siti Nurhalimah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: halimah1006.mdf@gmail.com. Mobile: 082233890866. Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2018), 3(3): 199-211https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2018.03.03.07
KETERAMPILAN GURU SOSIOLOGI DALAM MEMBUKA DAN MENUTUP PELAJARAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA Nurhalimah, Siti; Salim, Izhar; Imran, Imran
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa Vol 7, No 5 (2018): Mei 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa

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Abstract

 AbstractThe title of this thesis is Sociology Teacher Skills in Opening and Closing Lessons to Improve Student Motivation in Class XI IPS SMAN 1 Sanggau District Hall. The general problem of this research is how sociology teacher skill in opening and closing lessons to improve student's learning motivation in class XI IPS SMA Negeri 1 Balai. The form of research used in this study is qualitative research with descriptive research method. Data collection techniques used were observation techniques, interviews and documentation studies, while data collection tools were observation guides, interview guides, and documentation studies. The results of the research (1) The sociology teacher's skill in opening lessons with the components include: attracting students' attention, generating motivation, giving reference, and making the relation / material relationship with good criteria. (2) The sociology teacher's skill in closing the lesson with the components of making conclusions, evaluating, and providing homework with good criteria. (3) Student learning motivation has increased with indicators that are diligently facing the task, tenacious face difficulties and prefer to work independently with good criteria.Keywords: Skills, Opening and Closing Lessons, Learning Motivation
MENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS PUISI DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA GAMBAR PADA MATA PELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA PESERTA DIDIK SEKOLAH DASAR Priatna, Asep; Nurhalimah, Siti
Didaktik : Jurnal Ilmiah PGSD STKIP Subang Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): Vol. 5 No. 1 Juni 2019
Publisher : STKIP Subang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (524.005 KB) | DOI: 10.36989/didaktik.v5i1.81

Abstract

This research is motivated by the low skill of writing essays for grade 3 students in elementary school. Based on the observation results, the low ability of students in writing poetry on Indonesian language subjects is due to the lack of effective learning created by the teacher, ineffectiveness due to the inaccurate strategies applied by the teacher in learning. The research method used is Classroom Action Research (CAR). The reason for using this method is to find out how the use of picture media in improving poetry writing skills in this classroom action research was conducted on Indonesian language learning in SDN Layapan, Purwadadi District, Subang, 2017/2018 academic year in the first semester. Based on the results of the study concluded as follows: 1) Poetry writing skills using media images can be improved by means of; students observe images, explore their initial knowledge of images, write words that are appropriate to the image and develop ideas and ideas into whole poems by paying attention to the elements of poetry. The increase in poetry writing skills can be seen from the average value of students increasing from the initial conditions which only have an average value of 55 and in the first cycle of 63, cycle 2 the average value obtained by students is 72. And then in the cycle III the average value obtained by students is 86 which is included in criterion A (very good); 2) Activity of students at the time of research using picture media for third grade students of SDN Layapan, showing an increase in writing skills for students. After doing the research as a whole the average value of students increases in cycle 1 the average value of students is 67, then in the second cycle then in the second cycle the average value of students is 79, and in the third cycle that is equal to 92 who can categorized as criterion A (very good).
Advanced Yield Trial for Various Peanut Lines (Arachis hypogaea L.) at Sodonghilir, Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia Nurhalimah, Siti; Wahyu, Yudiwanti; Nurhidayah, Siti; Firmansyah, Efrin
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 8 No 01 (2021): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jtcs.8.01.22-32

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate yield and yield components in several peanut lines planted in West Java, Indonesia. The genetic materials tested involved 21 genotypes consisting of 18 potential peanut lines (G100, G133, G142, G144, G199, G205, G209, G21, G234, G237, G33, G37, G41, G53, G54, G76, G84, G99) from a selection of 5 biparental population (GWS79A1/”Zebra”, “Jerapah”/GWS79A1, “Zebra”/GWS79A1, GWS79A1/”Jerapah”, “Zebra”/GWS18A1) and 3 comparative varieties (“Gajah”, “Sima”, and “Zebra”) as controls. Results showed that various genotypes have significant effects on plant height (at 9 and 10 WAP), number of branches (at 4, 10, and 12 WAP), flowering age, and harvest age. Some potential lines showed ideal characters expected of a high quality peanut plant. Based on characters such as harvest age, dry pod weight, and productivity, G100, G41, G21, G205, and G84 can be considered the best potential lines. These lines demonstrated high heritability values including characters classified as high category such as plant height, number of branches, age of flowering, age of harvest, harvest index, wet stover weight, fresh pod weight, number of filled pods, number of empty pods, number of filled pods, and weight of 100 seeds. Additionally, these lines also show high productivity, a character classified in the medium category.
Kejadian Unmet Need Alat Kontrasepsi Nurhalimah, Siti
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 4 No Special 4 (2020): HIGEIA: December 2020
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v4iSpecial 4.34674

Abstract

Abstrak Unmet need merupakan konsep penting untuk pengembangan kebijakan Keluarga Berencana. Data unmet need tahun 2017 di Indonesia mencapai 10,6%, sedangkan di Jawa Tengah 15,9%. Angka kejadian unmet need di Kota Semarang Sebesar 8,94%.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian unmet need KB di Kecamatan Tugu Kota Semarang Tahun 2019. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan case control. Sampel yang ditetapkan sebesar 55 kasus dan 55 kontrol dengan teknik purposive proportional random sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah Kuesioner dengan teknik pengambilan data wawancara. Data analisis dengan uji chi-square dengan perangkat SPSS. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pendidikan ibu (p<0,01, OR=3,110), status pekerjaan ibu (p<0,01, OR= 3,391), riwayat penggunaan KB (p<0,01, OR=2,447), efek samping KB (p=0,03, OR=2,435), dan dukungan suami (p=0,01, OR=2,833) berhubungan dengan unmet need KB. Saran penelitian ini adalah memberikan edukasi mendalam tentang metode kontrasepsi, yaitu tentang cara pakai, kegunaan, kelebihan dan kekurangan ataupun efek samping dari setiap metode kontrasepsi. Edukasi diberikan tidak hanya untuk para istri namun juga para suami. Abstract Unmet need is an important concept for developing family planning policies. Unmet need data for 2017 in Indonesia reached 10.6%, while in Central Java 15.9%. The number of unmet need events in Semarang City is 8.94%. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors associated with the unmet need for family planning events in Semarang City's Tugu District in 2019. This type of research is analytic observational with a case-control design. The sample was set at 55 cases and 55 controls with a purposive proportional random sampling technique. The instrument used was a questionnaire with interview data collection techniques. Data analysis with chi-square test with SPSS devices. The results showed that maternal education level (p <0.01, OR = 3.110), maternal employment status (p <0.01, OR = 3.391), history of family planning use (p <0.01, OR = 2.447), side effects KB (p = 0.03, OR = 2,435), and husband support (p = 0.01, OR = 2,833) related to unmet need for KB. The suggestion of this research is to provide in-depth education about contraceptive methods, namely about how to use, use, advantages and disadvantages or side effects of each method of contraception. Education is given not only to wives but also to husbands.
PERBANDINGAN ASAM OKSALAT (H2C2O4) DAN TITANIUM DIOKSIDA (TiO2) PADA PROSES FOTOREDUKSI ION Fe3+ nurhalimah, siti; Ridho, Rosyid
Jurnal Crystal : Publikasi Penelitian Kimia dan Terapannya Vol. 3 No. 1 (2021): Jurnal Crystal Volume 3
Publisher : Program Studi Kimia, Fakultas MIPA, Universitas PGRI Banyuwangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36526/jc.v3i1.1422

Abstract

Dalam penelitian ini telah dipelajari pengaruh massa katalis, konsentrasi larutan FeCl3, keberadaan asam oksalat (H2C2O4) dan Titanium Dioksida (TiO2) terhadap efektivitas foto reduksi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan pengembangan metode foto reduksi yang dikatalis oleh asam oksalat dan titanium dioksida guna pengurangan konsentrasi ion Fe3+. Proses fotoreduksi ion Fe3+ dilakukan dalam suatu reactor tertutup yang dilengkapi lampu UV, yaitu dengan cara menyinari larutan yang terdiri dari larutan FeCl3 dan Kristal asam oksalat atau titanium dioksida, disertai pengadukan selama24 jam. Penentuan konsentrasi ion Fe3+ yang tidak tereduksi dilakukan dengan menggunakan Spektrofotometer Serapan Atom (SSA) tehnik pembangkitan uap dingin atau Cold-Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (CV-AAS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semakin banyak penggunaan fotokatalis asam oksalat dapat meningkatkan hasil foto reduksi ion Fe3+. Akan tetapi, semakin banyak penggunaan fotokatalis titanium dioksida maka dapat menurunkan hasil fotoreduksi ion Fe3+. Waktu penyinaran 24 jam adalah waktu optimal yang menghasilkan kenaikan fotoreduksi yang besar. Pada tahap konsentrasi larutan dengan massa katalis TiO2 75mg menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi konsentrasi larutan FeCl3, maka semakin besar efektivitas fotoreduksi. Hal ini dikarenakan kenaikan konsentrasi dapat menyebabkan peningkatan kekentalan yang diakibatkan oleh kenaikan populasi spesies ion Fe3+ dalam larutan, sehingga menghalangi tumbukan antara ion Fe3+ dengan elektron, yang mengakibatkan rendahnya fotoreduksi. Didapatkan konsentrasi larutan FeCl3 yang optimal yaitu pada 10 ppm dan FeCl3 tereduksi sebesar 96,05%. Akan tetapi pada tahap konsentrasi larutan dengan massa katalis Asam Oksalat (H2C2O4) 10 mg menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi konsentrasi larutan FeCl3 maka efektivitas fotoreduksi semakin rendah. Hal ini dikarenakan semakin tinggi konsentrasi larutan FeCl3 maka elektron yang dihasilkan akan semakin tinggi yang mengakibatkan efektivitas fotoreduksi semakin rendah. Didapatkan konsentrasi larutan FeCl3 yang optimal yaitu pada 5 ppm dan FeCl3 tereduksi sebesar 89 %.
KONSEP DAN JENIS PEMBIAYAAN PENDIDIKAN Nurhalimah, Siti
Management of Education: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam Vol 5, No 1: Februari 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.797 KB) | DOI: 10.18592/moe.v5i1.5240

Abstract

Tujuan kajian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengidentifikasi: 1) pengertian pembiayaan pendidikan; 2) jenis-jenis pembiayaan pendidikan; 3) konsep pembiayaan pendidikan; 4) fungsi pembiayaan pendidikan; 5) faktor pembiayaan pendidikan; 6) sumber pembiayaan pendidikan; 7) karakteristik pembiayaan pendidikan; 8) komponen pembiayaan pendidikan; dan 9) analisis biaya pendidikan. Akan tetapi pada penelitian lebih fokus terhadap faktor pembiayaan pendidikan, jenis pembiayaan pendidikan, dan model pembiayaan pendidikan yang efektif dan efisien. Kajian ini dilakukan dengan melakukan penelitian kepustakaan dengan mengumpulkan data dari buku, jurnal, artikel, dan tulisan-tulisan tertentu serta menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif terhadap dokumen-dokumen, mendeskripsikan dan menganalisisnya. Hasil kajian menunjukan bahwa 1) faktor yang mempengaruhi pembiayaan pendidikan antara lain, a) kenaikan harga; b) perubahan gaji guru; c) perubahan populasi dan kenaikan prosentasi anak yang meninggalkan sekolah; d) meningkatnya standar pendidikan; e) meningkatnya usia anak yang meninggalkan sekolah; f) meningkatnya tuntutan terhadap pendidikan lebih tinggi; 2) jenis-jenis biaya pendidikan antara lain: a) biaya langsung; b) biaya tidak langsung; c) biaya rutin; d) biaya pembangunan; e) biaya pribadi; f) biaya masyarakat; g) monetary cost; h) non monetary cost; dan yang terakhir 3) model pembiayaan pendidikan yang efektif fan efisien yaitu model human capital di mana aspek pembiayaan dapat mempengaruhi taraf produktivitas yang dapat mempengaruhi taraf pendapatan seseorang atau kelompok sehingga pada akhirnya dapat berkontribusi terhadap kecepatan pertumbuhan ekonomi dan pembangunan.
Kejadian Unmet Need Alat Kontrasepsi Nurhalimah, Siti
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 4 No Special 4 (2020): HIGEIA: December 2020
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v4iSpecial 4.34674

Abstract

Abstrak Unmet need merupakan konsep penting untuk pengembangan kebijakan Keluarga Berencana. Data unmet need tahun 2017 di Indonesia mencapai 10,6%, sedangkan di Jawa Tengah 15,9%. Angka kejadian unmet need di Kota Semarang Sebesar 8,94%.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian unmet need KB di Kecamatan Tugu Kota Semarang Tahun 2019. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan case control. Sampel yang ditetapkan sebesar 55 kasus dan 55 kontrol dengan teknik purposive proportional random sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah Kuesioner dengan teknik pengambilan data wawancara. Data analisis dengan uji chi-square dengan perangkat SPSS. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pendidikan ibu (p<0,01, OR=3,110), status pekerjaan ibu (p<0,01, OR= 3,391), riwayat penggunaan KB (p<0,01, OR=2,447), efek samping KB (p=0,03, OR=2,435), dan dukungan suami (p=0,01, OR=2,833) berhubungan dengan unmet need KB. Saran penelitian ini adalah memberikan edukasi mendalam tentang metode kontrasepsi, yaitu tentang cara pakai, kegunaan, kelebihan dan kekurangan ataupun efek samping dari setiap metode kontrasepsi. Edukasi diberikan tidak hanya untuk para istri namun juga para suami. Abstract Unmet need is an important concept for developing family planning policies. Unmet need data for 2017 in Indonesia reached 10.6%, while in Central Java 15.9%. The number of unmet need events in Semarang City is 8.94%. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors associated with the unmet need for family planning events in Semarang City's Tugu District in 2019. This type of research is analytic observational with a case-control design. The sample was set at 55 cases and 55 controls with a purposive proportional random sampling technique. The instrument used was a questionnaire with interview data collection techniques. Data analysis with chi-square test with SPSS devices. The results showed that maternal education level (p <0.01, OR = 3.110), maternal employment status (p <0.01, OR = 3.391), history of family planning use (p <0.01, OR = 2.447), side effects KB (p = 0.03, OR = 2,435), and husband support (p = 0.01, OR = 2,833) related to unmet need for KB. The suggestion of this research is to provide in-depth education about contraceptive methods, namely about how to use, use, advantages and disadvantages or side effects of each method of contraception. Education is given not only to wives but also to husbands.
PELATIHAN PENINGKATAN KUALITAS KEMASAN BAGI UMKM DI KECAMATAN CIAWI Nurhalimah, Siti; Nacing, Nursyawal; Nur'utami, Dwi Aryanti; Hutami, Rosy; Nurlaela, R. Siti
Qardhul Hasan: Media Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): APRIL
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30997/qh.v7i1.3522

Abstract

Keberadaan UMKM perlu dipertahankan agar dapat bersaing di pasar global. Tantangan bagi UMKM khususnya yang bergerak dibidang pangan adalah menghasilkan produk yang berkualitas, bermutu dan inovatif. Kemasan menjadi faktor penting dalam produk karena mempengaruhi kualitas produk serta penjualan. Namun, kemasan ini masih menjadi permasalahan bagi para UMKM. UMKM belum sepenuhnya menerapkan konsep dan teori terkait dengan kemasan seperti UMKM yang berada di Kecamatan Ciawi Bogor. Pelatihan ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan serta keterampilan mitra dalam menerapkan konsep dan teori kemasan sehingga dapat menghasilkan produk yang berkualitas, inovatif dan bermutu. Pelatihan ini diikuti oleh 20 orang peserta dengan rata-rata pengetahuan awal sebesar 72.17%. Pelatihan yang disampaikan melalui presentasi, demonstrasi dan diskusi ini mampu meningkatkan pengetahuan peserta sebesar 6.83% menjadi 79%. Selain itu, berdasarkan hasil evaluasi mayoritas peserta UMKM masih menggunakan kemasan yang monoton meskipun beberapa UMKM sudah menggunakan jenis kemasan yang sesuai dengan produknya. Hasil pelatihan ini menunjukkan bahwa masih diperlukan pembinaan dan pendampingan untuk UMKM sehingga dapat menghasilkan kemasan produk yang bisa meningkatkan kualitas dan penjualan yang lebih luas.