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Spektrum Gstar(1;1) Nunung Nurhayati; Udjianna Sekteria Pasaribu; Dudung Muhally Hakim; Oki Neswan
Jurnal Matematika & Sains Vol 13, No 4 (2008)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Bandung

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Abstract

In this paper we formulate the spectrum (spectral density matrix) of the stationary GSTAR(1;1) model by considering the model as VMA( ∞). The spectrum can be obtained by following steps: represent the model as an VMA( ∞) and convert the model to the backward operator form, then substitute the coefficient model to the spectrum of VMA( ∞) model. The procedure of finding spectrum of GSTAR(1;1) which parameters are given, is illustrated by a two dimensional GSTAR(1;1) model.
Studi Epidemiologi Deskriptif Talasemia Dwi Sarwani Sri Rejeki; Nunung Nurhayati; Supriyanto Supriyanto; Elva Kartikasari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 3 Oktober 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i3.61

Abstract

Talasemia adalah penyakit kelainan darah akibat kekurangan atau penurunan produksi hemoglobin. Jumlah penderita talasemia di Yayasan Talasemia Indonesia cabang Banyumas terus meningkat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik penderita talasemia di Yayasan Talasemia Indonesia cabang Banyumas tahun 2012. Penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian cross sectional ini dilakukan terhadap 64 sampel yang diambil dengan teknik proportionate stratified random sampling . Data dikumpulkan meliputi melalui wawancara terstruktur menggunakan kuesioner. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif univariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penderita talasemia rata-rata berusia 12,28 tahun, berjenis kelamin laki-laki (51,6%), sedang sekolah SD (40,6%), bukan angkatan kerja (92,2%), talasemia β-mayor (90,6%), tidak splenektomi (84,4%), jaminan kesehatan masyarakat (Jamkesmas) (73,4%), kadar feritin ≥ 2000 ng/mL (90,4%), kelasi deferioprone, vitamin C, dan deferioksamin (81,2%), tinggal di Kabupaten Banyumas (79,7%), trans-fusi darah di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah (RSUD) Banyumas (95,3%), rata-rata terdiagnosis usia 3,7 tahun, usia rata-rata mulai transfusi darah adalah 3,78 tahun. Frekuensi transfusi darah 1 bulan 1 kali (87,5%), dan frekuensi terapi kelasi zat besi mengonsumsi vitamin C 30 kali dalam 1 bulan (95,3%).Kata kunci: Hemoglobin, kelainan darah, talasemia AbstractThalassaemia is blood disorder caused by deficiency or decrease in production/formation of hemoglobin. Number of thalassaemia patients in Yayasan Talasemia Indonesia (Indonesian Thalassemia Foundation) Banyumas branch countinue to increase. The research purpose is to describe the characteristics of thalassemia patients in YTI Banyumas. The research type is a quantitative approach with cross sectional research design. Sample of 64 people taken by proportionate stratified random sampling. Data collected includes characteristics of the respondents based on the variables of people, places, and time was obtained through interviews using a questionnaire. The univariate descriptive analysis were use to describe the characteristics of the respondents. The results showed that thala-ssaemia patients at YTI Banyumas have several characteristics: average age of 12,28 years, male (51,6%), elementary students (40,6%), the laborforce (92,2%), b-thalassemia major (90,6%), no splenectomy (84,4%), Jamkesmas (73,4%), ferritin levels ≥ 2000 ng/mL (90,4%), sailor deferio-prone, vitamin C, and deferioksamin (81,2%), live in Banyumas (79,7%), blood transfusions in hospitals Banyumas (95,3%), the average age of diagnosis of 3,7 years, the average age of starting a blood transfusion was 3,78 years. Once a month blood transfusion (87,5%), and the frequency of iron chelation therapy by consuming vitamin C 30 times in one month (95,3%).Key words: Hemoglobin, blood disorder, thalassemia
Model Prediksi Kebutuhan Darah untuk Penderita Talasemia Mayor Dwi Sarwani Sri Rejeki; Putri Pradani; Nunung Nurhayati; Supriyanto Supriyanto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 8 No. 7 Februari 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.368

Abstract

Pada dua tahun pertama kehidupan penderita talasemia mayor, umumnya menderita anemia dan membutuhkan tranfusi darah. Penelitian ini bertujuan membuat model prediksi kebutuhan darah bagi penderita talasemia mayor. Penelitian observasional dengan desain studi pendekatan potong lintang ini dilakukan pada sampel 79 penderita talasemia mayor yang melakukan transfusi rutin minimal satu bulan satu kali di Rumah Sakit Umum Banyumas, selama tahun 2012. Analisis regresi linier ganda digunakan untuk membuat model prediksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 80,7% kebutuhan darah penderia talasemia mayor dijelaskan oleh variabel usia, berat badan, dan kadar hemoglobin sedangkan 19,3% dijelaskan oleh sebab-sebab yang lain. Rumus prediksi menyatakan setiap kenaikan usia 1 tahun maka kebutuhan darah akan bertambah sebanyak 0,816 mililiter dan setiap kenaikan 1 kilogram berat badan maka kebutuhan darah akan bertambah 13,4 mililiter serta apabila kadar hemoglobin mengalami penurunan 1 g/dL maka kebutuhan darah akan bertambah sebesar 81 mililiter.Patients with thalassemia major usually present within the first two years of life with severe anemia, need red blood cell transfusion. The objective of this study was to create a prediction model of blood transfusion need for patients with thalassemia mayor. This type of research was observational with cross sectional design. Samples are 79 patients with thalassemia major who perform routine transfusion at least once in a month at Banyumas hospital in 2012. Multiple linier regression analysis was used to create the model. The results showed that 80.7% blood requirements can be explained by variables of weight, haemoglobin level and age, while 19.3% is explained by other causes. Prediction formula states every increment of one year in age, the need for blood will increase by 0.816 millilitres and every increment of one kilogram of body weight, the need for blood will increase 13.4 millilitres, and when the haemoglobin level decreased 1 gr/dL the need for blood will increase by 81 millilitres.
Annual Parasite Incidence Malaria di Kabupaten Banyumas Dwi Sarwani Sri Rejeki Sarwani Sri Rejeki; Ruthi Armita Sari; Nunung Nurhayati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 9 No. 2 November 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i2.509

Abstract

Kabupaten Banyumas merupakan kabupaten endemis malaria di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Data Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Banyumas tahun 2008 - 2013 menunjukkan angka annual paracite incidence (API) yang selalu mengalami fluktuasi. Dari 27 kecamatan, 22 di antaranya termasuk dalam kategori medium case incidence (MCI) dan low case incidence (LCI). Faktor lingkungan, perilaku, sosial ekonomi, dan iklim berdampak pada tinggi rendahnya kejadian malaria. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan API di Kabupaten Banyumas. Data dikumpulkan dari Januari 2011 - Desember 2013 menggunakan penelitian analitik dengan rancangan penelitian potong lintang dan menggunakan data sekunder dari Dinas Kesehatan, Dinas Pertanian, dan Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Banyumas. Populasi adalah seluruh kecamatan di Kabupaten Banyumas dan sampel diambil menggunakan teknik total sampling, sebanyak 27 kecamatan dengan pengamatan selama 3 tahun menjadi 81 sampel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 44,4% pengamatan termasuk kategori LCI dan MCI, 48,1% termasuk kategori curah hujan tinggi, 49,4% termasuk kategori wilayah yang luas, 49,4% termasuk kategori jumlah pendatang tinggi, 48,1% termasuk kategori kepadatan penduduk sedang. Sementara itu, dari 27 kecamatan, yang termasuk ketinggian rendah adalah 63,0%. Faktor yang terbukti berhubungan dengan API adalah luas wilayah, jumlah pendatang, kepadatan penduduk, sedangkan yang tidak berhubungan adalah curah hujan dan ketinggian.Annual Parasite Incidence Malaria in BanyumasBanyumas is malaria endemic district in Central Java. Banyumas Health Office data of 2008 - 2013 showed that, the Annual Parasite Incidence (API) always fluctuated. From 27 subdistricts in Banyumas, there are 22 subdistricts which fall into the category of middle case incidence (MCI) and low case incidence (LCI). Malaria is a disease that closely associated with the enviroment, behaviour, social economy, and climate. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with API in Banyumas. Data were collected from Januari 2011 - Desember 2011 using an analytic crosssectional design using secondary data from Banyumas Health Office, Agriculture Office and Statistic Center. The population in this study were all subdistricts in Banyumas and samples were taken using total sampling technique. The sample of this study was 27 districts. The results showed that from 81 samples we obtained 44.4% of observations included in LCI and MCI category, 48.1% with high rainfall, 49.4% with large areas, 49.4% with high number of entrants, 48.1% with medium population density. Meanwhile, from 27 districts, 63.0% included in low altitude category. Factors associated with API in Banyumas were the extensive areas, the number of entrants, and population density. The factors that are not associated to the API were the rainfall and altitude regions.
Efektifitas Ceramah terhadap Pengetahuan Kader Kesehatan tentang Penyakit Talasemia di Kecamatan Pekuncen dan Kecamatan Sumbang Kabupaten Banyumas SR, Dwi Sarwani; Nurhayati, Nunung; Supriyanto, .
Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.336 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/kesmas.v8i1.1038

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: One of the causes of the ineffective preventing of Thalassemia and getting more cases in Pekuncen and Sumbang sub district Banyumas was inadequate knowledge of the disease. Health volunteers had an important role to the distribution of information about thalassemia to the people. This research was aimed to observe the effectiveness of lecture method in improving knowledge of health volunteers on Thalassemia in Sumbang and Pekuncen sub district.Methods: The researcher applied quasi experiment through pretest and posttest design in her research. The population covered the active health volunteers in Sumbang and Pekuncen Sub districts consisted of 64 people who met the criteria. For analyzing the data, the researcher used univariate and bivariate (Wilcoxon test).Results and conclusion: The research showed that there was a different knowledge before and after lecture activity, the average score of knowledge before getting the treatment was 10.82 and it improved into 12.18 after the lecture session. There was 60.7% volunteers that was improved their knowledge after obtaining lecture session on thalassemia.Keywords: thalassemia, health volunteer, lecture method
Analysis of Malaria Incidence in Banyumas Using Spacial-Temporal Approach Supriyanto, Supriyanto; Nurhayati, Nunung; Sri Rejeki, Dwi Sarwani
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 13, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i1.7602

Abstract

Malaria still becomes a public health problem in Indonesia although has declined the last decades. The incidences of malaria in Banyumas shows unstable transmission and still risk of epidemic . Thus, the spatial and temporal distribution is required as part of efforts towards the elimination of malaria in Banyumas. Temporal spatial statistical methods is used to identify a group of malaria incidence at the district level. Purely spatial clusters of malaria incidence from 2004 to 2015 shows that the disease is not distributed randomly in the study area. A total of nine districts of high risk is determined by analysis of Moran’s I. The analysis showed that by the Moran’s I test, there is spatial autocorrelation found in the percentage malaria incidence from 2004 to 2015 in Banyumas. The use of the model can provide a means to detect the spatial distribution, temporal, and spatiotemporal malaria, as well as to identify areas of high risk of malaria. This research may help in prioritizing resources on high-risk areas for malaria control in the future and towards the elimination of malaria in Banyumas.
EFEKTIFITAS CERAMAH TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN KADER KESEHATAN TENTANG PENYAKIT TALASEMIA DI KECAMATAN PEKUNCEN DAN KECAMATAN SUMBANG KABUPATEN BANYUMAS SR, Dwi Sarwani; Nurhayati, Nunung; Supriyanto, .
Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.336 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/kesmas.v8i1.1038

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: One of the causes of the ineffective preventing of Thalassemia and getting more cases in Pekuncen and Sumbang sub district Banyumas was inadequate knowledge of the disease. Health volunteers had an important role to the distribution of information about thalassemia to the people. This research was aimed to observe the effectiveness of lecture method in improving knowledge of health volunteers on Thalassemia in Sumbang and Pekuncen sub district.Methods: The researcher applied quasi experiment through pretest and posttest design in her research. The population covered the active health volunteers in Sumbang and Pekuncen Sub districts consisted of 64 people who met the criteria. For analyzing the data, the researcher used univariate and bivariate (Wilcoxon test).Results and conclusion: The research showed that there was a different knowledge before and after lecture activity, the average score of knowledge before getting the treatment was 10.82 and it improved into 12.18 after the lecture session. There was 60.7% volunteers that was improved their knowledge after obtaining lecture session on thalassemia.Keywords: thalassemia, health volunteer, lecture method
PEMODELAN INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2017 MENGGUNAKAN ANALISIS REGRESI SPASIAL Alwi, Wahyuni; Jajang, Jajang; Nurhayati, Nunung
Jurnal Ilmiah Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika Vol 11 No 1 (2019): JMP Edisi Juni 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Matematika FMIPA Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

This research discussed about model of Human Development Index (HDI) in Central Java with spatial regression analysis. and identify  variables that give significant influence. First, analyze the influence factors based on result of p-value from t test in multiple linear regression models. Then, made spatial weight matrix with queen continguity method. After that, estimate spatial regression models, namely spatial autoregressive (SAR), Spatial error models (SEM), and spatial autoregive moving average (SARMA) and  choose the best model based on minimum AIC value. The results showed that SAR was the best spatial regression model and the significant variables was the gross enrollment rates at senior high schools, the health workers, and the district minimum wages. All of them that give positive influences. The variable that give biggest influence for HDI was the health workers.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AL-QUR’AN MURROTAL THERAPY ON REDUCING PAIN AMONG POSTOPERATIVE PATIENTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Bhakti Permana; Nunung Nurhayati; Citra Nurintan Amelia; Linlin Lindayani
Jurnal Keperawatan Komprehensif (Comprehensive Nursing Journal) Vol. 7 No. 1 (2021): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN KOMPREHENSIF (COMPREHENSIVE NURSING JOURNAL)
Publisher : STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33755/jkk.v7i1.197

Abstract

Nyeri merupakan suatu kondisi yang lebih dari satu sensasi yang disebabkan oleh stimulus tertentu. Intensitas bervariasi dari rasa nyeri ringan hingga nyeri berat, tetapi menurun sejalan dengan proses penyembuhan. Manajemen nyeri pada pasien pasca operasi sangat penting baik terapi farmakologi dan nonfarmakologi. Metode farmakologi yang digunakan sebagai manajemen nyeri adalah pemberian analgesic anti nyeri, yang dibagi menjadi dua kelompok: analgesik dan non-narkotik. Nonfarmakologi menyajikan beberapa bentuk terapi musik dan distraksi. Musik adalah kumpulan bunyi yang ditetapkan untuk menghasilkan ritme atau nyanyian, yang dihasilkan dari alat-alat musik yang dapat menghasilkan ritme. Terapi murottal Qur’an adalah terapi mendengarkan al-qur’an yang merupakan terapi keagamaan dimana seseorang mendengarkan ayat-ayat Al-Qur’an. Penulisan Karya Tulis Ilmiah ini menggunakan metode tinjauan sistematis terhadap literature yang ada, untuk mengevaluasi respon subjektif pasien setelah menerapkan terapi murrotal terhadap penurunan nyeri pasca operasi. Hasil dari penelitian literature review ini  terbukti bahwa terapi murrotal Al-Qur’an efektif untuk menurunkan nyeri terhadap pasien pasca operasi. Terapi murrotal Al-Qur’an dapat menggunakan surah yang terkandung dalam Al-Qur’an dan melakukannya selama 15-20 menit.
ANALISIS SURVIVAL DENGAN COX PROPORTIONAL HAZARD PADA KASUS DEMAM TIFOID Baisaku, Nurul Azizah; Jajang, Jajang; Nurhayati, Nunung
Majalah Ilmiah Matematika dan Statistika Vol 22 No 1 (2022): Majalah Ilmiah Matematika dan Statistika
Publisher : Jurusan Matematika FMIPA Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/mims.v22i1.29325

Abstract

A common problem found in survival data is the presence of censored data. The length of hospitalization of Typhoid fever patients until declared cured is one of example of this data. Here, we use Cox regression model to analysis this data. Partial likelihood is one of the methods of estimating parameters for Cox regression model. In many cases of censored data, two objects (patients) have the same length of hospitalization (ties). Therefore, to estimate the parameters of the model must use the right method. Here we used partial likelihood Breslow, Efron, and Exact methods. The study was motivated by how the three methods performed for Cox regression model. The data used for the implementation of these methods is length of hospitalization of Typhoid fever patients at Mekar Sari Hospital-Bekasi in 2020. Based on AIC criteria, we found that exact method is the best model (minimum AIC) for parameter estimation of Cox regression model. Referring to the Cox regression model by using a significance level of 10%, there are five predictor variables that affects the length of patient hospitalization. The five variables are age, vomiting, dirty tongue, hemoglobin, and leukocyte.Keywords: Typhoid fever, Cox regression, Breslow method, Efron method, exact method.MSC2020: 62N02, 62N03