Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 7 Documents
Search

The Influence of Global Muslim Feminism on Indonesian Muslim Feminist Discourse Nurmila, Nina
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 49, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre, Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2011.491.33-64

Abstract

Since the early 1990s, many Muslim feminist works have been translated into Indonesian. These are, for example, the works of Fatima Mernissi, Riffat Hassan, Amina Wadud, Asghar Ali Engineer, Nawal Saadawi, Asma Barlas and Ziba Mir-Hossaini. These works have been influential in raising the awareness of Indonesian Muslims concerning Islam as a religion which supports equality and justice, but whose message has been blurred by patriarchal interpretations of the Qur’an which mostly put men in the superior position over women. Influenced by Muslim feminists from other countries, there has been an increasing number of Indonesian Muslim scholars, both male and female, who have challenged the existing male biased Qur’anic interpretations on gender relations. These scholars, for instance, are Lily Zakiyah Munir, Nasaruddin Umar, Zaitunah Subhan, Musdah Mulia and Nurjannah Ismail. This paper aims to shed some light on the influence of non-Indonesian Muslim feminist works on Indonesian Muslim feminist discourse. It will also discuss some of the reactions of Indonesian Muslims to the works of Muslim feminists. While some argue for the reinterpretation of the Qur’anic verses from the perspective of gender equality, others feel irritation and anger with the contemporary Muslim feminist critique of the classical Muslim interpretations of the Qur’an, mistakenly assuming that Muslim feminists have criticized or changed the Qur’an. This feeling of anger, according to Asma Barlas, may be caused by the unconscious elevation in the minds of many Muslims of the classical fiqh and tafsir into the position of replacing the Qur’an or even putting these human works above the Qur’an. This, according to her, has unconsciously left the Qur’an “untouchable” (too sacred to be reinterpreted) for most contemporary Muslims.
Indonesian Muslims’ Discourse of Husband-Wife Relationship Nurmila, Nina
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 51, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2013.511.61-79

Abstract

Islam as the majority religion in Indonesia has important influence on its adherents, including in the matter of husband-wife relationship. This paper aims at discussing Indonesian Muslims’ discourse of husband-wife relationship. In Indonesia, Muslim women are mainly accustomed to stay at home, to respect and to obey their husbands. This construction of women’s domestication and subordination is usually based on the two most frequently quoted hadiths: (1) on the curse of angel for women who refuse to have sex with their husband; and (2) on the woman whose parent enters paradise because of the woman’s obedience to her husband. The two traditions are commonly used to justify this construction of husband-wife relationship. However, since the coming influence of global Muslim feminism in Indonesia in the early 1990s, this traditional construction of husband-wife relationship has been criticized by the emerging Indonesian Muslim feminist scholars whose works have provided new perspective on the discourse of husband-wife relationship. Different from the mainstream perspective which tends to domesticate and subordinate women, the new perspective gives position to women and should be treated as equal partner of their husband.[Islam sebagai agama mayoritas di Indonesia berpengaruh besar dalam keseluruhan aspek kehidupan pemeluknya, tidak terkecuali dalam aspek hubungan suami-istri. Artikel ini mendiskusikan diskursus relasi suami-istri yang dilontarkan oleh pemikir Islam di Indonesia. Di Indonesia, perempuan Muslim kerap ditempatkan dalam ranah domestik saja, dituntut untuk menghormati dan mematuhi suami mereka. Cara pandang domestifikasi dan subordinasi perempuan tersebut biasanya didasarkan pada hadis mengenai murka para malaikat kepada perempuan yang menolak ajakan berhubungan badan para suami dan hadis yang menceritakan kisah orang tua seorang istri yang tunduk terhadap perintah suaminya. Namun, sejak dekade 1990an, ketika feminisme global diperkenalkan, konstruksi tersebut dikritik oleh sebagian kalangan akademisi feminist Muslim, yang karya-karyanya mengetengahkan perspektif baru mengenai diskursus hubungan suami-istri. Berbeda dengan perspektif mainstream, perspektif baru ini menempatkan perempuan pada posisi yang sejajar dengan suami mereka.]
Polygamous Marriages in Indonesia and Their Impacts on Women’s Access to Income and Property Nurmila, Nina
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 54, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2016.542.427-446

Abstract

Most studies on polygamy mainly focus on the male normative interpretation of the Quran. This paper, however, will focus on the practices of polygamy. It will mainly explore whether the practices of polygamy are legal or illegal (unregistered for not following the procedure and requirements stated in the 1974 Marriage Law). This paper argues that most polygamous marriages in Indonesia are illegal. This practice can be considered a form of resistance to the Law which requires a husband to ask the permission from the Religious Court before entering polygamous marriages. This paper will also elaborate various living arrangements of legal and illegal polygamous marriages with various consequences on maintenance and property ownership among wives. [Kebanyakan studi tentang poligami berfokus pada interpretasi laki-laki terhadap al-Quran yang bersifat normatif. Akan tetapi, artikel ini akan berfokus pada praktik poligami. Artikel ini terutama akan menerangkan apakah praktik poligami itu legal atau tidak legal (tidak dicatatkan karena tidak mengikuti aturan yang ditetapkan dalam Undang-Undang Perkawinan/UUP 1974). Artikel ini berargumen bahwa kebanyakan perkawinan poligami itu dipraktikan secara illegal. Praktik ini merupakan bentuk dari penentangan terhadap UUP yang mengharuskan seorang suami memohon izin terlebih dahulu kepada Pengadilan Agama sebelum berpoligami. Makalah ini juga akan menjelaskan berbagai pengaturan hidup dalam perkawinan poligami baik yang legal ataupun yang tidak legal dengan berbagai konsekuensinya terhadap nafkah dan kepemilikan harta di antara para istri.]
Breaking Patriarchal Gender Stereotype. Being A Female Rector of the Institut Seni Budaya Indonesia/ISBI Bandung, West Java, Indonesia Nurmila, Nina
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 4 No 1 (2017): January - June 2017
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Patriarchy is a system that put adult men in the central or the most important position, while women and children are put in relation to the interest of the patriarch (adult men). The over generalised belief (stereotype) of women in patriarchal system is that women are subordinate to men and be housewife who serves her husband, does houseworks and looks after her children. This paper will elaborate the case study of a couple who break this patriarchal gender stereotype, in which the husband flexibly changes his role to adapt and support his wife’s career as the Rector of ISBI. This case study shows that not all men are patriarchal and that education can be a powerful tool to break patriarchal gender relation both in private and public spheres. Keywords : Gender stereotype, female leadership, Indonesian Islam, patriarchy 
KONSEP ILMU DALAM AL-QUR’AN: Studi Tafsir Surat Al-Mujadilah Ayat 11 dan Surat Shaad Ayat 29 Suryati, Ai; Nurmila, Nina; Rahman, Chaerul
Al - Tadabbur: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur'an dan Tafsir Vol 4, No 02 (2019): Al-Tadabbur: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur'an dan Tafsir
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Al Hidayah Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.275 KB) | DOI: 10.30868/at.v4i02.476

Abstract

 Pengetahuan yang didapatkan melaui belajar baik secara formal, informal maupun non-formal yang tujuannya adalah menjadikan manusia mempunyai derajat yang tinggi (iman dan Ilmu) baik disisi manusia lebih-lebih pada sisi-Nya. Ilmu akan melahirkan kesopanan, santun dan menjadikan diri bisa bertoleransi (berlapang-lapang) dalan menuntut ilmu dan berpendapat dan sikap. Tulisan ini membahas tentang konsep ilmu dalam pendidikan al-Qur?an berdasarkan surah Al-Mujadalah ayat 11. Surat Shaad ayat 29 mejelaskan kepada kita bahwa tujuan Allah menurunkan al-Quran adalah agar manusia dapat mengambil pelajaran, hikmah dari al-quran dengan mentadabburi makna-makna yang terkandung di dalam al-Quran sehingga menjadi petunjuk bagi manusia dalam menjalankan kehidupan di dunia dan bekal kehidupan akhirat.
FUNGSI-FUNGSI MANAJEMEN DI PERPUSTAKAAN MADRASAH Hidayat, Wahyu; Nurmila, Nina; Sopwandin, Iwan
Madrasa: Journal of Islamic Educational Management Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Perkumpulan Sarjana Manajemen Pendidikan Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.201 KB) | DOI: 10.32940/mjiem.v2i1.117

Abstract

This study aims to reveal the application of the functions of management in managing libraries in madrasas. The location of the research was Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Tasikmalaya, West Java. This study uses a qualitative approach. The type of qualitative research used a case study. Data were collected through observation, interviews and documents analysis. The results of the study show that the functions of management applied in managing the madrasah library include (1) preparation of the program; (2) implementation which is essentially service; (3) supervision carried out by Madrasah Heads and Library Heads, and; 4) evaluation. The functions of management that were applied in madrasah library management are relatively the same as the implementation of school library management functions in general. There was nothing typical of madrasa library management. It means that theoretically and practically there are no distinguishing factors in the application of the functions of management in managing madrasa libraries with library management in public schools. So, there are needs to be a reconstruction of the management theory of Islamic education that is completely different from the management theory of education in general.
Proposing Feminist Intepretation of The Qur'an and Affirmative Policy to Suport Women Leadership In Indonesian State Islamic Higher Education Nurmila, Nina
Musawa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam Vol. 19 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University & The Asia Foundation

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/musawa.2020.192.125-140

Abstract

Religion can be supportive or discriminative toward women depending on how we interpret religion. When religion is interpreted from patriarchal lenses, it tends to be discriminative toward women, such as in the case of women leadership. This paper will challenge the existing mainstream patriarchal interpretation of the Qur’an on women leadership by offering new feminist interpretation of the Qur’an which is friendly to women and suggesting affirmative policy to increase the number of women leaders in State Islamic Higher Education (Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri/PTKIN). This paper uses feminist methodology by using interview and literature studies as methods of data collection. This study shows that leadership in PTKIN is still dominated by men due to the strong patriarchal culture. There are only seven female rectors out of 58 PTKIN in Indonesia. Based on this finding, the new interpretation of the Qur’an which is friendly to women needs to be promoted and the existing gender-neutral policy on the selection of rector in PTKIN needs to be revised into affirmative policy to allow more rooms for women’s leadership to achieve Planet 50-50 by 2030. [Agama itu bisa bersifat mendukung atau diskriminatif terhadap perempuan tergantung pada bagaimana kita menafsirkan agama, misalnya dalam hal kepemimpinan perempuan. Artikel ini akan mengkritisi penafsiran Al-Qur’an tentang kepemimpinan perempuan yang ada yang pada umumnya bersifat patriarki dengan menawarkan penafsiran feminis yang baru tentang Al-Qur’an, yang ramah terhadap perempuan, dan dengan menyarankan adanya kebijakan afirmatif untuk meningkatkan jumlah pemimpin perempuan di Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri (PTKIN). Artikel ini menggunakan metodologi feminis dengan menggunakan wawancara dan studi literatur sebagai metode pencari data. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kepemimpinan di PTKIN masih didominasi oleh laki-laki karena masih kuatnya budaya patriarki. Hanya ada tujuh rector perempuan pada 58 PTKIN di Indonesia. Berdasarkan penemuan ini, penafsiran baru tentang Al-Qur’an yang ramah terhadap perempuan perlu dipromosikan dan kebijkan yang netral gender yang ada sekarang ini tentang seleksi rector di PTKIN perlu direvisi menjadi kebijakan afirmatif untuk memberikan ruang yang lebih luas bagi kepemimpinan perempuan, agar dapat mencapai Planet 50-50 pada tahun 2030.]