Arief Nurrochmad
Departement of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta Indonesia

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Efek Penghambatan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tumor Paru dan Uji Ketoksikan Akut Ekstrak Kapsul Chang Sheuw Tian Ran Ling Yao Pada Mencit (Mus musculus) dan Tikus (Ratus tanezumi) Fudholi, Ahmad; Meiyanto, Edy; Donatus, Imono Argo; Nurrochmad, Arief; Hakim, Arief Rahman; Murwanti, Retno
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 5, No 1 (2008): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.692 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v5i1.3202

Abstract

Inhibitory Phases Effect of The Lung Cancer And Acute Toxicity of Chang Sheuw Tian RanLing Yao Capsule Extracts in House mice (Mus musculus) and Rat (Ratus tanezumi). Effortsto find anticancer agents have been developed nowadays, some of them are focused in traditionalherbs. One of the available products in the market that claims effective to cure cancer isthe Chang Sheuw Tian Ran Ling Yao, PT. Daun Teratai extract containing CAPSULE (CSTRLYextract). The aim of this study is to examine of confession of some people which are usingthe useful of medicine CSTRLY extract capsule through inhibitor laboratory effect of theCSTRLY extract in the initiation and post initiation phases of the lung cancer in mice and ratsthat had been induced by eather Benzo[?]pyrene (BP) or Dimetilbenz[?]antrazene (DMBA)and to clarify the potency of acute toxicity and specific toxic manifestations of thephytopharmaca.The results showed that the CSTRLY extract can reduce the cancer incidence caused bycarcinogen, BP and DMBA. Moreover, the extract can also inhibit the cancer growth in themice and rats, especially in the early post-initiation phase. Further, the histopathologicalevaluation showed that up to the highest dose level that technically could be administrated tothe animals (12500 mg/kg bw), no animal death was occurred. Furthermore, the ADG values formale and female rats indicated no significant different (P > 0.05) that relative to the controlgroup. No animals were shows physical symptom as a toxic manifestation. It’s indicated thatthe phytopharmaca no influenced to somatomotor and nervous system. Within the dose rangeadministrations, no detectable morphological toxic effects or histophatological changes of theliver, spleen, heart, and lungs were observed. the acute toxicity value of Chang Sheuw TianRan Ling Yao Capsule was very low (or minimal almost non-toxic with LD50 > 12500 mg/kg bw)and the spectrum of toxic effects of the phytopharmaca were considered negligible.Key words: Ekstract, CSTRLY, mice and rat, BP, DMBA, carsinogenesis, lung cancer
Effects of Antioxidant, Anti-Collagenase, Anti-Elastase, Anti-Tyrosinase of The Extract and Fraction From Turbinaria decurrens Bory. Nurrochmad, Arief; Wirasti, Wirasti; Dirman, Arifin; Lukitaningsih, Endang; Rahmawati, Adillah; Fakhrudin, Nanang
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 4, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1362.529 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss4pp188

Abstract

Brown macroalgae (BM) which contain fucoxanthin exhibited high antioxidant activity. This study was performed to examine antioxidant, anti-collagenase, anti-elastase, anti-tyrosinase activities, and effect on cell viability of Human Dermal Fibroblast adult (HDFa) of BM, Turbinaria decurrens Bory. T. decurrens dried powder were macerated by ethanol to obtain extract (ETD) and was fractination by column chromatography to obtain fraction (FTD). Fucoxanthin content was determined using HPLC. The antioxidant activities, anti-collagenase, anti-elastase, and tyrosinase inhibitory assay were performed. The effect of ETD and fucoxanthin standard on cell viability were conducted on HDFa cell-induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The HPLC analysis showed that ETD and FTD contain fucoxanthin of 284.9±3.3µg/g and of 653.4±30.6µg/g dry-weight, respectively. The antioxidant assay showed that ETD and FTD produced high antioxidant activity by ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and b-carotene bleaching (BCB) methods that were comparable to fucoxanthin. ETD exhibited significantly higher tyrosinase inhibitory than kojic acid (p<0.01), while FTD had a comparable effect to kojic acid. The result also revealed that ETD and FTD produced anti-elastase and anti-collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1). Fucoxanthin and ETD were able to maintain cell viability on HDFa cell-induced H2O2. This study suggests that T. decurrens may be effective to prevent skin aging and wrinkle formation, possibly through the antioxidant activity and maintain cell viability of fibroblast. 
PENGARUH EKSTRAK RIMPANG TEMU PUTIH (Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.) TERHADAP KARSINOGENESIS PARU YANG DIINDUKSI OLEH BENZO[]PIREN Murwanti, Retno; Meiyanto, Edy; Nurrochmad, Arief; Alexxander, .
JFIOnline | Print ISSN 1412-1107 | e-ISSN 2355-696X Vol 3, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This experiment was aimed to investigate the influence of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract on the growth of benzo[a]pyrene-induced lung tumor in male Balb/c mice. New born miced were induced with 0,2 mmol, 0,4 mmol, and 0,8 mmol benzo[a]pyrene intraperitoneally at day 1, 8, and 15 after born. On day 25 after born, the male mice were distributed into 5 groups. Group 1, 2 and 3 were treated with Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract consecutively 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW and 750 mg/kgBW. Group 4 was treated with DMSO (solvent) and group 5 was B[a]P induced tumor positive control.  Mice were sacrificed at 4 month age, and lung were collected for examination of tumor nodules macroscopic and microscopically. Intensity of carcinogenicity was expressed as number of  tumor bearing mice in each group, and number of of tumor nodules per mouse lung. From the result it was concluded that  Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract dose 250-750 mg/kgBW can inhibit the growth of lung tumor in male mice up to 18,75%. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih terhadap pertumbuhan  tumor paru pada mencit jantan galur Balb/c yang diinduksi benzo[a]piren. Anak mencit yang baru lahir diinduksi secara intraperitoneal dengan benzo[a]piren pada hari ke-1, ke-8, dan ke-15 setelah kelahiran dengan dosis masing-masing sebesar 0,2 mmol, o,4 mmol, dan 0,8 mmol. Pada hari ke-25 setelah kelahiran, mencit jantan dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok, kelompok pertama sampai ke-3 diberi ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB dan 750 mg/kgBB, kelompok  ke-4 diberi pelarut DMSO dan kelompok ke-5 sebagai kelompok kontrol positif kanker B[a]P. Mencit dikorbanan pada umur 4 bulan dan diambil organ paru, untuk diamati adanya nodul tumor secara makroskopis dan mokroskopis. Intensitas karsinogenesitas dinyatakan sebagai jumlah mencit yang terkena tumor paru dalam setiap kelompok, dan jumlah tumor per mencit dalam setiap organ paru. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah analisis Non parametrik Test (Kruskal-Wallis Test) dan diteruskan dengan Mann-Whitney Test. Dari penelitian ini diambil kesimpulan bahwa ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB, dan dosis 750 mg/kgBB mampu menghambat pertumbuhan tumor paru pada mencit jantan pada fase post inisiasi dengan prosentase penghambatan berturut-turut 28,5%, 83,5%, dan 18,75%.
UJI IN-VITRO PENGHAMBATAN ENZIM ASETILKOLINESTERASE DAN IDENTIFIKASI FITOKIMIA FRAKSI AKTIF EKSTRAK ETANOL BUAH MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia L.) Dina, Shela Puzi; Herowati, Rina; Nurrochmad, Arief
Farmasains : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Kefarmasian Vol 6 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (591.129 KB) | DOI: 10.22236/farmasains.v6i1.2994

Abstract

Asetilkolin adalah neurotransmitter yang berperan dalam pengaturan fungsi kognitif terutama pembentukan memori baru. Hidrolisis berlebihan asetilkolin oleh enzim asetilkolinesterase dapat menyebabkan gangguan pada pembentukan memori. Mengkudu merupakan tanaman yang banyak terdapat di Indonesia dan telah teruji memiliki kemampuan penghambatan enzim asetilkolinesterase. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan penghambatan aktivtas enzim acetylcholinesterase fraksi-fraksi dari ekstrak etanol buah mengkudu dan identifikasi senyawa yang terkandung dalam fraksi aktif dari ekstrak etanol buah mengkudu melalui analisis liquid chromathography-mass spectrometry. Pemisahan senyawa dilakukan melalui dua tahap yaitu ekstraksi menggunakan metode maserasi dan fraksinasi menggunakan kromatografi cair vakum. Pengujian penghambatan enzim asetilkolinesterase dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Ellman (kolorimetri) pada konsentrasi 1000, 500, 250, 125 µg/mL. Identifikasi senyawa kimia fraksi teraktif dilakukan dengan analisis liquid chromathography-mass spectrometry. Nilai IC50 ekstrak etanol, fraksi 1, fraksi 2 dan fraksi 3 buah mengkudu secara berturut-turut sebesar 4882,29, 947,99, 1726,99, 18673,82 µg/mL. Fraksi teraktif diduga mengandung asam linolenat, asam linoleat, pinoresinol, metil linoleat dan metil oleat.
PENGARUH EKSTRAK RIMPANG TEMU PUTIH (Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.) TERHADAP KARSINOGENESIS PARU YANG DIINDUKSI OLEH BENZO[]PIREN Murwanti, Retno; Meiyanto, Edy; Nurrochmad, Arief; Alexxander, .
Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35617/jfi.v3i2.71

Abstract

This experiment was aimed to investigate the influence of Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract on the growth of benzo[a]pyrene-induced lung tumor in male Balb/c mice. New born miced were induced with 0,2 mmol, 0,4 mmol, and 0,8 mmol benzo[a]pyrene intraperitoneally at day 1, 8, and 15 after born. On day 25 after born, the male mice were distributed into 5 groups. Group 1, 2 and 3 were treated with Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract consecutively 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW and 750 mg/kgBW. Group 4 was treated with DMSO (solvent) and group 5 was B[a]P induced tumor positive control.  Mice were sacrificed at 4 month age, and lung were collected for examination of tumor nodules macroscopic and microscopically. Intensity of carcinogenicity was expressed as number of  tumor bearing mice in each group, and number of of tumor nodules per mouse lung. From the result it was concluded that  Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. ethanol extract dose 250-750 mg/kgBW can inhibit the growth of lung tumor in male mice up to 18,75%. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih terhadap pertumbuhan  tumor paru pada mencit jantan galur Balb/c yang diinduksi benzo[a]piren. Anak mencit yang baru lahir diinduksi secara intraperitoneal dengan benzo[a]piren pada hari ke-1, ke-8, dan ke-15 setelah kelahiran dengan dosis masing-masing sebesar 0,2 mmol, o,4 mmol, dan 0,8 mmol. Pada hari ke-25 setelah kelahiran, mencit jantan dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok, kelompok pertama sampai ke-3 diberi ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB dan 750 mg/kgBB, kelompok  ke-4 diberi pelarut DMSO dan kelompok ke-5 sebagai kelompok kontrol positif kanker B[a]P. Mencit dikorbanan pada umur 4 bulan dan diambil organ paru, untuk diamati adanya nodul tumor secara makroskopis dan mokroskopis. Intensitas karsinogenesitas dinyatakan sebagai jumlah mencit yang terkena tumor paru dalam setiap kelompok, dan jumlah tumor per mencit dalam setiap organ paru. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah analisis Non parametrik Test (Kruskal-Wallis Test) dan diteruskan dengan Mann-Whitney Test. Dari penelitian ini diambil kesimpulan bahwa ekstrak etanol rimpang temu putih dengan dosis 250 mg/kgBB, 500 mg/kgBB, dan dosis 750 mg/kgBB mampu menghambat pertumbuhan tumor paru pada mencit jantan pada fase post inisiasi dengan prosentase penghambatan berturut-turut 28,5%, 83,5%, dan 18,75%.
EFEK PENGHAMBATAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN TUMOR PARU DAN UJI KETOKSIKAN AKUT EKSTRAK KAPSUL CHANG SHEUW TIAN RAN LING YAO PADA MENCIT (MUS MUSCULUS) DAN TIKUS (RATUS TANEZUMI) Fudholi, Ahmad; Meiyanto, Edy; Donatus, Imono Argo; Nurrochmad, Arief; Hakim, Arief Rahman; Murwanti, Retno
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 5, No 1 (2008): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v5i1.3202

Abstract

Inhibitory Phases Effect of The Lung Cancer And Acute Toxicity of Chang Sheuw Tian RanLing Yao Capsule Extracts in House mice (Mus musculus) and Rat (Ratus tanezumi). Effortsto find anticancer agents have been developed nowadays, some of them are focused in traditionalherbs. One of the available products in the market that claims effective to cure cancer isthe Chang Sheuw Tian Ran Ling Yao, PT. Daun Teratai extract containing CAPSULE (CSTRLYextract). The aim of this study is to examine of confession of some people which are usingthe useful of medicine CSTRLY extract capsule through inhibitor laboratory effect of theCSTRLY extract in the initiation and post initiation phases of the lung cancer in mice and ratsthat had been induced by eather Benzo[?]pyrene (BP) or Dimetilbenz[?]antrazene (DMBA)and to clarify the potency of acute toxicity and specific toxic manifestations of thephytopharmaca.The results showed that the CSTRLY extract can reduce the cancer incidence caused bycarcinogen, BP and DMBA. Moreover, the extract can also inhibit the cancer growth in themice and rats, especially in the early post-initiation phase. Further, the histopathologicalevaluation showed that up to the highest dose level that technically could be administrated tothe animals (12500 mg/kg bw), no animal death was occurred. Furthermore, the ADG values formale and female rats indicated no significant different (P > 0.05) that relative to the controlgroup. No animals were shows physical symptom as a toxic manifestation. It?s indicated thatthe phytopharmaca no influenced to somatomotor and nervous system. Within the dose rangeadministrations, no detectable morphological toxic effects or histophatological changes of theliver, spleen, heart, and lungs were observed. the acute toxicity value of Chang Sheuw TianRan Ling Yao Capsule was very low (or minimal almost non-toxic with LD50 > 12500 mg/kg bw)and the spectrum of toxic effects of the phytopharmaca were considered negligible.Key words: Ekstract, CSTRLY, mice and rat, BP, DMBA, carsinogenesis, lung cancer