Maryati Maryati
Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

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DETERMINAN MANAJEMEN LABA PADA SEKTOR INDUSTRI BARANG KONSUMSI DI INDONESIA Andry Priharta; Siti Hamidah Rustiana; Dewi Puji Rahayu; Maryati Maryati; Nur Hadiansah
JURNAL LENTERA BISNIS Vol 11, No 1 (2022): JURNAL LENTERA BISNIS
Publisher : POLITEKNIK LP3I JAKARTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34127/jrlab.v11i1.489

Abstract

This research aims to empirically prove whether free cash flow, leverage, institutional ownership and profitability affect earnings management. The research was conducted at manufacturing companies in the consumer goods industry sector listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) for the 2014-2018 period with a regression analysis of panel data fixed effects model.  Through purposive sampling, there are 38 companies for the research and the results prove that partially, free cash flow has a significant negative effect, leverage has a significant positive effect, and profitability has a significant positive effect, while institutional ownership has a positive and insignificant effect. Simultaneously, all independent variables have a significant effect on earnings management with a determination coefficient of 96% while the remaining four percent is influenced by other factors.Keywords : Free cash flow, leverage, institutional ownership, profitability, earnings management
PERSPEKTIF NEW INSTITUTIONAL THEORY ATAS AKUNTABILITAS PAJAK PERGURUAN TINGGI SWASTA Maryati Maryati
Profita : Komunikasi Ilmiah Akuntansi dan Perpajakan Vol 14, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi Dan Bisnis, Universitas Mercu Buana, Jakarta

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Abstract

Generally, the tax accountability of private universities is still low. This study aims to deeply understand the practice of private university tax accountability. Using a qualitative approach with an interpretive paradigm as a foundation, this research was conducted at XYZ University located in Jakarta. Data collection uses in-depth interviews, participant observation, and documentation. Tax accountability analyzed using the New Institutional Theory approach that developed by Scott (2001) through regulative, normative, and cognitive-cultural values. The results of this study indicate that the tax accountability of XYZ University is still limited. First, based on the regulative pillar, financial managers of university have knowledge and understanding of limited tax regulations so they have not been able to fulfill tax obligations  accordance with tax regulations. Second, based on the normative pillar, the implementation of the tax calculation mechanism does not reflect taxation norms, such as honesty, truth, completeness, and accountability. Third, based on the cognitive-cultural pillar, limited knowledge of tax regulations forms makes the same understanding of financial managers in universities and faculties where the understanding that only Income Tax Article 21 as the university's tax obligation. This limited understanding of the implementation for recurring tax obligations establish its culture of tax accountability.
Kebijakan Keringanan Perpajakan untuk Perusahaan di Negara Kawasan Asia Tenggara pada Masa Transisi Pandemi Covid 19 Maryati Maryati; Siti Asmanah
Reviu Akuntansi dan Bisnis Indonesia Vol 6, No 1 (2022): REVIU AKUNTANSI DAN BISNIS INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/rabin.v6i1.14363

Abstract

Abstrak:  Latar Belakang: Pandemi Covid-19 menjadi isu kesehatan yang berdampak luas terhadap perekonomian suatu negara, sehingga pemerintah membuat beragam kebijakan ekonomi termasuk pemberian keringanan perpajakan bagi perusahaan.Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui bagaimana kebijakan keringanan pajak yang diberikan kepada perusahaan di negara Kawasan Asia Tenggara pada saat masa transisi pandemi Covid-19 di tahun 2022.Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif dan objek penelitian merupakan negara di Kawasan Asia Tenggara.Hasil Penelitian: Hasil penelitian mendapati bahwa pemerintah di seluruh negara Kawasan Asia Tenggara pada masa transisi dari pandemi menuju endemi Covid-19 masih memberikan kebijakan keringanan pajak untuk perusahaan berupa pengurangan dan/ pembebasan pajak penghasilan. Kamboja, Laos, Thailand dan Vietnam memberikan keringanan pajak berupa pengurangan dan/ pembebasan PPN. Filipina dan Brunei Darussalam memberikan keringanan pajak berupa pembebasan pajak ekspor. Filipina dan Malaysia juga telah memberikan insentif pajak untuk industri yang bergerak di bidang teknologi.Hasil ini menandakan bahwa pemerintah masih memberikan perhatian kepada perusahaan untuk dapat mempertahankan dan meningkatkan kemampuan operasional bisnis perusahaan yang tentu akan berdampak pada pertumbuhan ekonomi negara, serta kebutuhan teknologi informasi merupakan hal yang sangat penting setelah kemunculan pandemi Covid-19 sehingga beberapa negara memberikan insentif pajak untuk mendorong pertumbuhan dan investasi industri teknologi.Keaslian/Kebaruan Penelitian: Penelitian ini memberikan penjelasan tentang hubungan antara fase pandemi Covid-19 dengan kebijakan keringanan perpajakan sebagai upaya pemerintah dalam membangun ekonomi Negara.