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A REVIEW OF STARCH DAMAGE ON PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF FLOUR Nia Ariani Putri; Ila Maratush Shalihah; Alina Femi Widyasna; Riska Putri Damayanti
Food ScienTech Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33512/fsj.v2i1.7936

Abstract

Starch damage is starch which is damaged by mechanical treatment, such as milling process in flour production. The purpose of this review is to determine the importance of the amount of starch damage affected by the milling process in the physicochemical properties of flour. Starch damage in flour product is influenced by some factors, such as the milling time, methods, and the roller on the milling machine. Beside milling process, the starch modification is also cause damaged to starch, such as fermentation. The presence of starch damage is an important parameter to determine the physicochemical properties of flour. Starch damage in flour will affect the physicochemical properties, such as particle size, amylose content, thermal and pasting properties, retrogradation, microstructure of starch granule, etc. It is very important to pay attention to produce the food product that have a good physicochemical characteristics. The starch damage in flour has an important role in food processing technology, for example: bread, cake, and cookies product. Furthermore, starch damage also affects the shelf life of product that has correlation with retrogradation process.
HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINTS IMPLEMENTATION IN AMPLANG PROCESSING Zulfatun Najah; Nia Ariani Putri; Taufik Hidayat; Zulmaneri Zulmaneri
Food ScienTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.777 KB) | DOI: 10.33512/fsj.v1i1.6187

Abstract

Amplang is one of derivative products from fish in the form of crackers. It isindigenous food from Kalimantan. Amplang is produced by SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises), which aremost of them still need to improve theirstandard processing method.  The quality standards of processing amplang in SMEs can be improved through implementation of quality assurance. The quality assurance was applied by identificationof hazards, assessing of risks, and control of hazards. The aim of this study was to analyze hazard of amplang production in the SME and to design the control of production process from purchasinguntilpackaging. The research method was survey research with data collection conducted by interviews, field observations, FGDs, and questionnaires. Based on observations, the SME’s quality control team needs to be established. Food hazards are divided into raw material and production process hazards. This review found nine kinds of hazard that necessary to be alerted in the amplang processing. These hazards can be divided into physical, chemical, and biological hazards. There are five processes that consider as critical control point that are purchasing, thawing, mixing, frying, draining, and packaging