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Semen Quality of Infertile Men and Correlation with Demographic Characterictics Muhammad Iqbal; Hudila Rifa Karmia; Alvarino Alvarino
Andalas Obstetrics And Gynecology Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/aoj.6.1.58-64.2022

Abstract

Objective: To analyze semen quality of infertile men and its correlation with demographics characteristics.Methods: This was an analytic observational study with cross-sectional retrospective study design on 92 infertile men. The study began in May 2021 to December 2021 in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics at BMC Hospital Padang.Results:The correlation between age and marital duration was positively correlated (r= 0,558), with a weak correlation and there is statistically significant relationship between age and marital duration. Age and sperm concentration was positively correlated (r=0.048), with a weak correlation. Marital duration and sperm concentration was positively correlated (r=0.052), with a weak correlation. The correlation between age and progressive motility and non-progressive motility percentage were positively correlated (r = 0.009 and 0.035),with a weak correlation. The correlation between age and progressive immotile sperm percentage were negatively correlated (r = - 0,030),with a weak correlation.Conclusion: There was a positive correlation between age and sperm concentration, and progressive and non progressive motility with a weak correlation. There was a positive correlation between age and marital duration with a strong correlation. There was negative correlation between and sperm immotility with a weak correlation.Keywords:  male infertility, semen, age, marital duration
Risk Factors of Catheter-Related Infection in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Using Double Lumen Catheter at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang Muhammad Iqbal; Raflis Rustam; Vendry Rivaldy
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/bsm.v6i1.436

Abstract

Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a terminal disease requiring hemodialysis. Hemodialysis requires vascular access using a double lumen catheter (DLC). However, the use of DLC may increase complications mainly infection, either infection of exit site or bloodstream. This study is aimed to seek risk factors contributing to the incidence of central catheter-related infections in CKD patients with DLC undergoing HD at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. Methods. This study is a prospective study on patients undergoing HD at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. This study using consecutive sampling technique. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.0. Results. This study involved 40 CKD patients undergoing HD. Majority of the samples had bloodstream infections (67.5%). Clinical manifestations of purulent secretion, duration of catheter used, and hypoalbuminemia had significant differences in the incidence of DLC infection based on bloodstream infection and exit site infection (p<0.05). The most common bacterial found was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (22.5%) which was sensitive to ceftazidime, cefepime, meropenem, amikacin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin. Conclusion. Factors contributing to the incidence of DLC-related infections at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital are duration of catheter use and hypoalbuminemia. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common cause of DLC-related infections.
Breasts and Lymphatic Tissue ; A Literature Review Muhammad Iqbal; Wirsma Arif Harahap
Journal of Midwifery Vol 5, No 2 (2020): Published on Desember 2020
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jom.5.2.5-13.2020

Abstract

The breasts begin to grow from the sixth week of the embryo in the form of ectodermal thickening along the milk line that lies from the axilla to the middle of the groin (inguinal). The blood supply comes from the internal mammary artery, which is a branch of A. subclavian. Additional bleeding originated from A. axillary through the branches of A. thoracic lateral, A. thoraco dorsalis, and A. thoraco acromialis. The return of blood through the veins follows the passage of the artery to the internal mammary V. and the axillary vein branches to the superior V. kava. Lymph capillaries are located under the epidermis with a diameter between 20 and 70 mm. Lymphangion, as a pacemaker is limited by valves and lymphatic endothelial cells, will initiate an intrinsic pulsation of lymph fluid flow. Extrinsic factors such as contraction of the skeletal muscles, massage, increased hydrostatic pressure by postural gravity can also affect the lymphatic flow rate.5,6 These lymphatic vessels run on the lateral side of the upper arm, parallel to the cephalic vein and drain into the supraclavicular nodes. 4 The LVC is an important anatomical structure for the physiology of vascular lymph node transplantation (VLNT) .8 Lymph vessels in the upper limb travel axially from the fingers to the back of the hand and make direction to the elbow, travel to the anteromedial area at the top of the arm and connect to the axillary lymph nodes in the lateral area. An alternative route directly to the supraclavicular node can be identified. These lymphatic vessels run on the lateral side of the upper arm, parallel to the cephalic veins and drain into the supraclavicular nodes. 4 The LVC is an important anatomical structure for the physiology of vascular lymph node transplantation (VLNT) .8An alternative route directly to the supraclavicular node can be identified. These lymphatic vessels run on the lateral side of the upper arm, parallel to the cephalic veins and drain into the supraclavicular nodes. 4 An alternative route directly to the supraclavicular node can be identified. These lymphatic vessels run on the lateral side of the upper arm, parallel to the cephalic veins and drain into the supraclavicular nodes.
Risk Factors of Catheter-Related Infection in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Using Double Lumen Catheter at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang Muhammad Iqbal; Raflis Rustam; Vendry Rivaldy
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/bsm.v6i1.436

Abstract

Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a terminal disease requiring hemodialysis. Hemodialysis requires vascular access using a double lumen catheter (DLC). However, the use of DLC may increase complications mainly infection, either infection of exit site or bloodstream. This study is aimed to seek risk factors contributing to the incidence of central catheter-related infections in CKD patients with DLC undergoing HD at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. Methods. This study is a prospective study on patients undergoing HD at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. This study using consecutive sampling technique. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.0. Results. This study involved 40 CKD patients undergoing HD. Majority of the samples had bloodstream infections (67.5%). Clinical manifestations of purulent secretion, duration of catheter used, and hypoalbuminemia had significant differences in the incidence of DLC infection based on bloodstream infection and exit site infection (p<0.05). The most common bacterial found was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (22.5%) which was sensitive to ceftazidime, cefepime, meropenem, amikacin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin. Conclusion. Factors contributing to the incidence of DLC-related infections at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital are duration of catheter use and hypoalbuminemia. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common cause of DLC-related infections.
Lymphedema in Breast Cancer Muhammad Iqbal; Wirsma Arif Harahap
Journal of Midwifery Vol 6, No 1 (2021): Published on June 2021
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jom.6.1.106-112.2021

Abstract

Forearm edema in breast cancer is caused by disruption of the axillary lymphatic system by surgery or radiotherapy, which causes fluid accumulation in the subcutaneous tissue of the arm, with decreased distensibility of the tissues around the joints and increased weight of the extremities. Risk factors with strong clinical evidence include extensive surgery (eg, axillary lymph node dissection, more dissection of lymph nodes, mastectomy) and being overweight or obese. A BMI greater than or equal to 30 kg / m2 is an independent risk factor for lymphedema associated with breast cancer. Subclinical edema and cellulitis in the literature have also been cited as risk factors for lymphedema associated with breast cancer. The mechanism underlying lymphedema is dysfunction in the lymphatic transport system. of interstitial pressure. Lymphatic fluid, known as lymph, is drained by blind-ended lymphatic capillaries. It is then filtered through the lymph nodes and eventually re-enters the circulatory system, through the thoracic duct, where peripheral venous blood enters the right atrium of the heart. Under normal conditions, the same amount is transported to the interstitial as is transported from the interstitial, a balance that is disturbed in lymphedema due to reduced lymph transport capacity, leading to fluid accumulation and swelling. Options include bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), band measurement, perometry, and water displacement. Lymphoscintigraphy, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be used to describe lymphatic dysfunction. Management of lymphedema associated with breast cancer conservatively with controlled and operative compression therapy with resection, microsurgery, tissue transfer and liposuction
PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DI NAGARI LUMPO KABUPATEN PESISIR SELATAN Yusrawati Yusrawati; Yulizawati Yulizawati; Lusiana El Sinta Bustami; Aldina Ayunda Insani; Vaulinne Basyir; Hudila Rifa Karmila; Feni Andriani; Erda Mutiara Halida; Fitrayeni Fitrayeni; Uliy Iffah; Miranie Safaringga; Laila Rahmi; Rafika Oktova; Ulfa Farah Lisa; Muhammad Iqbal; Rahmat Syawqi; Syandrez Prima Putra; Liganda Endo Mahata; Elfira Yusri
BULETIN ILMIAH NAGARI MEMBANGUN Vol 2 No 4 (2019)
Publisher : LPPM (Institute for Research and Community Services) Universitas Andalas Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (451.712 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/bina.v2i4.130

Abstract

Pesisir Selatan Regency is one of the districts with 15 sub-districts with the largest population in IV Jurai District. The number of deaths per year on the South Coast fluctuates. In 2015 the number of infant deaths increased from 6 to 42 people (male 29 and 13 female) from the previous year, AKABA of 47 from 18 in the previous year. There were 16 toddlers with herniated nutrition and many pregnant women, namely around 273 pregnant women. Based on a preliminary study conducted by the activity implementation team at the Lumpo Public Health Center, IV Jurai District, Pesisir Selatan Regency, it is known that there is no ultrasound examination facility in pregnancy and prenatal yoga facilities at the Lumpo Puskesmas, besides that there are no similar activities carried out at SD Negeri 016 and MTsN. Nagari Lumpo which is included in the work area of Lumpo Puskesmas. Several tests can be done during pregnancy as an effort to detect early and prevent complications and growth disorders in the fetus. Among others, by monitoring weight gain during pregnancy, conducting general examinations (vital signs), physical examinations that focus on the breasts, abdomen, genitalia with inspection, palpation, auscultation, and percussion, ultrasonography (USG) examinations, and performing supporting examinations in the form of laboratory examination (hemoglobin examination). The result of this activity is an increase in each target group's quality of life by the stages of life after this activity.
Insulin Resistance in Obese Women: Does it Affect Fertility? Resistensi Insulin pada Perempuan Obesitas: Apakah Mempengaruhi Kesuburan? Satrio B. Purnomo; Bobby I. Utama; Yusrawati; Ori John; Muhammad Iqbal
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume 8 No. 3 July 2020
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v8i3.1157

Abstract

Objective: To know the correlation of insulin resistance with body mass index in obesity women infertility.Method: This research used a cross-sectional study design. This study was conducted on February 2017 until January 2019 at Obstetric and Gynecology Division of RSUP Dr. M. Djamil and Ibnu Sina Hospital in Padang. The population of the study were all patients were obese in women of reproductive age with infertility complaints with a total sample of 27 people. The sampling technique was consecutive sampling. Data analysis was done by univariate and bivariate using Pearson correlation test.Results: We found that less than half of the respondents experienced insulin resistance with HOMA-IR values > 2,5 (22.2%) and more than half of respondents did not experience insulin resistance with HOMA-IR values < 2,5 (77.8%). There was a correlation of insulin resistance with body mass index in obese female infertility (p<0,05) with strong relationship strength. Conclusions: There was a correlation of insulin resistance with body mass index in obese female infertility.Keywords: infertility, insulin resistance, obesity Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui korelasi resistensi insulin dengan indeks massa tubuh pada infertilitas perempuan obesitas.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang. Penelitian dilakukan di Poliklinik Bagian Obstetri dan Ginekologi RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang dan RS Islam Ibnu Sina Padang sejak bulan Februari 2017 – Januari 2019. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah semua pasien yang mengalami obesitas pada perempuan usia reproduksi dengan keluhan infertilitas dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 27 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan consecutive sampling. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji korelasi pearson. Hasil: Hasil penelitian diketahui kurang dari separuh responden mengalami resistensi insulin dengan nilai HOMA-IR > 2,5 (22,2%) dan lebih dari separuh responden tidak mengalami resistensi insulin dengan nilai HOMA-IR < 2,5 (77,8%). Terdapat korelasi resistensi insulin dengan indeks massa tubuh pada infertilitas perempuan obesitas (p<0,05) dengan kekuatan hubungan kuat.Kesimpulan: Terdapat korelasi resistensi insulin dengan indeks massa tubuh pada infertilitas perempuan obesitas.Kata kunci: infertilitas, obesitas, resistensi Insulin.
PERENCANAAN ULANG GEOMETRIK DAN PERKERASAN JALAN PADA RUAS JALAN BATAS KOTA PADANG – KOTA PAINAN KM 70+000 - KM 72+700 Elsa Eka Putri; Muhammad Iqbal
Rang Teknik Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2022): Vol. 5 No. 1 Januari 2022
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31869/rtj.v5i1.2813

Abstract

Software bisa membantu pekerjaan menjadi mudah dan cepat. Autodesk Infraworks adalah salah satu software yang dapat mempermudah perencanaan jalan dan merupakan software yang cukup banyak digunakan oleh negara maju. Perencanaan ulang geometrik jalan meliputi perhitungan tebal perkerasan serta anggaran biaya dengan studi kasus pada jalan batas Kota Padang - Kota Painan KM 70+000 - KM 72+700 yang berlokasi di Sago Salido, IV Jurai, Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan, Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Jalan batas Kota Padang - Kota Painan ini merupakan jalur Lintas Sumatra yang menghubungkan antara Provinsi Sumatera Barat dengan Provinsi Bengkulu. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah merencanakan ulang geometrik jalan, tebal perkerasan jalan, dan rencana anggaran biaya berdasarkan standar dan peraturan yang berlaku di Indonesia, sehingga dapat bermanfaat sebagai referensi dalam perencanaan jalan dengan menggunakan software Autodesk Infraworks yang disesuaikan dengan peraturan yang berlaku di Indonesia. Perencanaan geometrik jalan menggunakan aplikasi Autodesk infraworks didapatkan hasil untuk jalan kolektor kelas III A ini, sepanjang 2706,38 m yang memiliki 8 tikungan dan 6 lengkung vertikal serta volume galian sebesar 21550,44 m3 dan volume timbunan sebesar 21519,47 m3. Perhitungan tebal perkerasan dilakukan berdasarkan Manual Desain Perkerasan (MDP) tahun 2017 dengan menggunakan struktur perkerasan kaku sehingga didapatkan struktur perkerasan dengan hasil pelat beton dengan tebal 40 mm, lapis fondasi LMC dengan tebal 60 mm dan lapis drainase dengan tebal 145 mm. Dari perencanaan jalan ini diperoleh rencana anggaran biaya sebesar Rp. 43.447.698.000,00 (empat puluh tiga milyar empat ratus empat puluh tujuh juta enam ratus sembilan puluh delapan ribu rupiah). Sehingga dapat disimpulkan aplikasi Autodesk Infraworks dinilai dapat mempermudah pelaksanaan dan penggambaran dalam pekerjaan serta menghemat waktu, dengan standar AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials) tahun 2011 dengan perbedaan hasil perhitungan  kecil dari 1%.