Dini Oktaviyanti
Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (Pappiptek-LIPI)

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OPEN SOURCE AS A DRIVER FOR FRUGAL INNOVATION Alamsyah, Purnama; Oktaviyanti, Dini
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 10, No 2 (2012): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

The changing times require people to be creative and innovative. People are required not only as users but also as a creator of goods thing. People needs to think creative to produce something that useful and also effective and efficient. One thing that in line with the demands of effective and efficient is an open source. Open source stimulates innovation and ensures that ideas can spread rapidly to the creation of a new product. Open source also can drive innovation to ensure sustainable value for companies with different business models. Open source is one of the most inexpensive solution and the most effective in the transfer of technology and knowledge in particular for developing countries. Open source does not just offer a low cost alternative to acquire the technology but also network-based cooperation. Characteristics of the open source compatible with the concept of frugal innovation. Concept of frugal innovation itself responding to resource constraints, both financial, material or institutional and using a variety of methods that transform obstacles into advantages. Frugal innovation minimizing the use of resources in the development, production and delivery, or by utilizing new ways that can dramatically produce products and services become less expensive. The success of frugal innovation is not only determined by its low cost but also provide an alternative edge that also can be made on a large scale. In addition, although not always, explicitly frugal innovation has a social mission. Through this paper the author aims to explore open source as a driver of frugal innovation. Spirit of open source along with the concept of frugal innovation. This paper attempts to explore the role of open source as a driver of frugal innovation and to explain that the spirit of open source along with the concept of frugal innovation.
TIPOLOGY, EFFECTIVENESS, AND PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH COLLABORATION: CASE STUDIES OF LIPIS INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH PROJECTS Fizzanty, Trina; Kusnandar, Kusnandar; Oktaviyanti, Dini; Hermawati, Wati; Manalu, Radot; Poerbosisworo, Ishelina Rosaira
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 11, No 2 (2013): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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This paper aims to present types as well as effectiveness in international research collaboration projects. Sixteen collaborative research projects at LIPI, an Indonesian government R&D institution, operated between 2001-2010 were evaluated. The effectiveness of the project was examined by comparing types and its benefits, and elements associated to the effectiveness of the projects. The research identified seven different types of collaboration and two major benefits which are publication and human resource or institutional capacity building. Meanwhile, a small number of the collaboration projects produced innovation, particularly where the triple helix structure - collaboration between academician, business and government - existed and promoted. Thus, three elements were found to beessential in supporting effective research collaboration: bargaining position; trust based competence; and trust based relationship.