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Pengaruh Penggunaan Assesment Resiko HIV/AIDS terhadap Upaya Penata/Perawat Anestesi dalam Pelaksanaan Patient Safety;Universal Precautions Olfah, Yustiana; Mendri, Ni Ketut; Palestin, Bondan
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jurnal kesehatan.v11i2.7535

Abstract

Latar Belakang : AIDS bukan penyakit, karena AIDS tidak menular. Yang menular adalah HIV yaitu virus yang menyebabkan tubuh mencapai masa AIDS. Virus ini terdapat dalam larutan darah, cairan sperma dan cairan vagina sehingga dapat menular melalui kontak darah/cairan tersebut bersumber dari Ditjen PP dan PL Kemenkes RI yang dilaporkan pada bulan September 2014 secara kumulatif HIV dan AIDS terhitung mulai 1 April 1987 sampai dengan 30 September 2014 total HIV 150.296 dan AIDS 55.799.Pemeriksaan laboratorium HIV/AIDS belum merupakan pemeriksaan rutin sebagai bagian dari persiapan operasi sehingga tentu dengan makin tingginya kejadian HIV/AIDS kalau tidak di deteksi akan sangat membahayakan bagi tim operasi yang kemungkinan besar mengalami paparan langsung dengan cairan tubuh pasien? walaupun telah dilindungi dengan pemakaian alat pelindung diri/APD. Sehingga untuk keamanan penata/perawat anastesi sangat diperlukan cara yang dapat membantu mengkaji resiko HIV/AIDS pada pasien untuk meningkatkan kehati-hatian dalam mencegah penularan dan pelaksanaan patient safety. Berdasarkan hasil studi pendahuluan dengan wawancara pada lima penata anestesi belum ada alat/ instrument selain dengan pemeriksaan laboratorium yang dapat membantu petugas kesehatan khususnya penata anestesi agar mampu mengkaji pasien beresiko atau tidak? terinfeksi HIV/AIDS, Dengan assesment resiko cara ini diharapkan persiapan operasi akan lebih hati hati dan optimal.Tujuan Penelitian? : Mengetahui ?pengaruh ?penggunaan Assesment Resiko terhadap Upaya Penata/Perawat Anestesi? dalam Pelaksanaan Patient Safety ;Universal Precautions di RSUD Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY).Metode Penelitian : Jenis penelitian Quasi eksperiment dengan rancangan Pre test Post test Design. Sampel penelitian dilakukan secara total sampling. ?Rancangan ini tanpa kelompok pembanding (kontrol) dengan pertimbangan terbatasnya jumlah penata/perawat anastesi yang ada di RSUD Provinsi DIY, pengisian kuesioner dilakukan dua kali. Pertama untuk mengetahui kemampuan penata/perawat anestesi dalam deteksi resiko HIV/AIDS pasien pada saat kunjungan pra nestesi serta upaya pelaksanaan patien safety;universal precautions ?sebelum diberikan Assesment Resiko dan kedua sesudah diberikan pelatihan menggunakan Assesment Resiko. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara total sampling dengan kriteria penata/perawat anestesi yang aktif dan bekerja di kamar operasi.? Data hasil pemeriksaan dianalisis secara diskriptif? dan secara analitik dengan bantuan komputer menggunakan uji T test dengan? taraf signifikan 0,05.Hasil Penelitian: Uji statistik bernilai 0,000 terdapat pengaruh penggunaan assesment resiko terhadap upaya penata/perawat anestesi dalam pelaksanaan patient safety; universal precautions di RSU Daerah Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.
GAMBARAN SIKAP ORANG TUA TENTANG PENCEGAHAN KEKERASAN SEKSUAL PADA ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH DI DUSUN PRINGWULUNG CONDONGCATUR SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA Irchama Budi Darmawan; Budhy Ermawan; Yustiana Olfah
Caring : Jurnal Keperawatan Vol. 6 No. 1 (2017): Maret
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Sexual abuse is one type of violence involving children in sexual activity where children are not capable of giving consent against such activities. The development of sexual in preschool-aged children strengthen the sense of gender identity and began to distinguish the behavior of the appropriate gender. Parents who became the role model for a child, the role of parents is important in teaching, educating children in an early stage. Child sexual abuse can occur due to the attitude of parents that reflects the support of the occurrence of child sexual abuse. The purpose of this research is to determine the attitude of parents about the prevention of sexual abuse on children a preschool. This research is descriptive research with survey method in the year 2017. The population of this research is 51 parents who have preschool child in Pringwulung Condongcatur. The samples are taken use cluster sampling technique. The data taken by questionnaire. Analysis of the data using frequency distribution and presented in the form of a table. The results showed 33 respondents (64.7%) have a positive cognitive components, 35 respondents (68.6%) have a positive affective components, 30 respondents (58.8%) have a positive konatif components. The description of the attitude of parents about the prevention of sexual abuse on child a preschool have a positive attitude as much as 29 respondents (56.9%). Based on the result of the research can be concluded that the attitude of parents about sexual abuse on child a preschool in Pringwulung most of the positive (supportive).
KAMPANYE CEGAH STUNTING, BANGSA SEHAT SEJAHTERA Siswati, Tri; Olfah, Yustiana
Jurnal Bakti Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Bakti Masyarakat Indonesia
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Tarumanagara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (565.461 KB) | DOI: 10.24912/jbmi.v3i1.7984

Abstract

According to Riskesdas2018, 3 out of 10 toddlers suffer from stunting. Stunting in early in later life periods in childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and the elderly. Stunting hthe form of low learning achievement and reduced opportunities to get a good school. In a 22% reduction in the chance of getting good jobs compared to normal adults and metabolic syndrome is higher than normal adults. While short adolescents will gro consequences including giving birth to low birth weight babies and short, and the caesar (SC) is higher because of "Thepalo-pelvic disproportion". On one side of the Initiate early breastfeeding (IMD) and exclusive breastfeeding, even though breast development and development including preventing stunting. The stunting prevention December 14th at GOR Amongrogo Yogyakarta was carried out in collaboration wit (KSP), the Yogyakarta Health Office, Yogyakarta Health Polytechnic, CIMSA (the cent throughout Indonesia) and NA (Nasyiatul Aisyiyah), presenting approximately 500 campaign activities to prevent stunting. In this activity, it was reported as many as 2 adolescents, and 26.3% of adolescents stunted 29.8% of KEK adolescents and there were out of balance to achieve their desired body image. While overweight-obese in 26.7% and hypertension-hypertension 35.9%. In addition to anthropometric measures regarding reproductive health, mental health, food consumption, and nutritional statusABSTRAK:Menurut Riskesdas 2018, 3 dari 10 balita menderita stunting. Stunting pada awal kehidupan cenderung menetap menjadi stunting pada periode kehidupan selanjutnya baik pada masa kanak-kanak, remaja, dewasa dan lansia. Stunting membawa konsekuensi  jangka pendek berupa  prestasi belajar yang rendah serta berkurangnya  kesempatan untuk mendapatkan sekolah yang baik. Pada jangka panjang, stunting menyebabkan berkurangnya 22% peluang  untuk mendapatkan lapangan pekerjaan yang baik dibandingkan dewasa yang normal serta berpotensi menderita sindrom metabolic lebih tinggi dibanding dewasa normal.  Sementara remaja yang pendek akan tumbuh menjadi WUS yang pendek dengan segala konsekuensinya termasuk melahirkan bayi BBLR dan pendek, serta risiko melahirkan dengan Secsio Caesar (SC) lebih tinggi karena “chepalo-pelvic disproportion”.  Disatu sisi SC adalah risiko tingginya kegagalan inisiasi menyusu dini (IMD)  dan ASI eksklusif, padahal ASI sangat penting bagi tumbuh kembang anak termasuk mencegah stunting. Kampanye cegah stunting yang diselenggarakan pada tanggal 14 Desember di GOR Amongrogo Yogyakarta, dilakukan atas kerjasama dengan Kantor Staf Kepresidenan (KSP), Dinkes DI Yogyakarta, Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, CIMSA (pusat kegiatan mahasiswa kedokteran se-Indonesia) dan NA (Nasyiatul Aisyiyah), menghadirkan kurang lebih 500 peserta untuk berpartisipasi dalam kegiatan kampanye cegah stunting.  Pada kegiatan ini dilaporkan sebanyak 20,6% remaja overweight dan obese, dan 26,3% remaja mengalami stunting 29,8%  remaja KEK serta masih banyak remaja yang diit tidak seimbang untuk mencapai body image yang mereka idam-idamkan. Sementara overweight-obese pada dewasa  sebanyak 69,4%, pendek 26,7% dan prehipertensi-hipertensi 35,9%. Selain pengukuran antropometri, diadakan pula konseling mengenai kesehatan reproduksi, kesehatan mental, konsumsi makan dan status gizi
PENGARUH PELATIHAN MENGGUNAKAN MODUL TENTANG KANKER PAYUDARA TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN, MINAT DAN PERILAKU DALAM MELAKUKAN PEMERIKSAAN PAYUDARA SENDIRI (SADARI) PADA WANITA USIA 20-40 TAHUN DI PROPINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA (DIY) Yustiana Olfah
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING KONFERENSI NASIONAL PPNI JAWA TENGAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Background:Breast cancer is a malignant tumor from the breast glands, lymph channels and supporting breast tissue and can cause death in women. Breast cancer is one of the abnormalities in the breast that is often feared. Statistics show that more women worldwide develop breast cancer than any other type of cancer risk factors were related to the incidence of breast cancer and has been widely accepted by the cancer specialist (oncologist) in the world, namely age, unmarried, age of first birth, age of menarche,age of menopause, history of illness, family history, oral contraceptives (Hawari, 2004). Various ways of preventing the risk of breast cancer, by providing training modules along with leaflets about breast cancer and how early detection by breast self-examination.Objective:Knowing the influence of training using the modules on breast cancer knowledge, interests and behavior in performing breast self-examination (BSE) in women aged 20-40 years in DIYMethods:Quasi-experimental research is "Pre test Post test with Control Design". Sample studies conducted accidental sampling. Design is no comparison group (control), training modules provided with two modules consisting of knowledge about breast cancer and realized modules. The first observation to determine the knowledge, interests and behavior before and after training using the modules is given to the treatment group and the comparison using leaflets. Test hypotheses using t-test, ANOVA andgeneral linear model with degrees of significance p <0.05 means that there is a significant effect between the two variables, then H1 is accepted. The statistical test is to be used with SPSS for Windows.Results:The results of this study indicated that knowledge and interest in the treatment group and the comparison p> 0.05. While the behavior of the treatment group and the comparison p <0.05.Conclusion:There is a training effect on breast cancer using the module behavior in performing breast self- examination (BSE) in women aged 20-40 years in the province of DIY knowledge and interest in and to no effect.
Pengaruh Stimulasi Media Gambar Kartun Indonesia Terhadap Karakter Building Kedisiplinan Memilah Sampah Pada Anak Usia Dini Usia 4-6 Tahun Di PAUD Kecamatan Gamping Kabupaten Sleman Olfah, Yustiana; Mendri, Ni Ketut; Suwerda, Bambang
Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan (Journal of Health Technology) Vol. 13 No. 1 (2017): Maret
Publisher : POLTEKKES KEMENKES YOGYAKARTA

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Abstract

Discipline attitude in maintaining the environment cleanliness, especially in sorting garbage should be introduced at an early age1. The essence of early education is to provide some stimulation in order to optimize all children potential (body / physical or spiritual / mental), including the sorting of garbage that has not been optimally done in early childhood. There are many kinds of stimulation techniques for character education in early childhood, through sound, music, movement, touch, talking, singing, reading, matching, comparing, classifying, solving problems, scribbling, drawing, and stringing. The aim of this experiment is to determine the effect of stimulation of the picture media on character building discipline on sorting garbage at an early age children (4-6 years old) at Playgroup in Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The type of this research is Quasi Research with "Pre test Post test with Control Group Design". The research sample was taken by random sampling. The observation of control Grup was done twice. The first observation was to see the behavior of garbage sorting discipline before being given the stimulation and the second observation done after stimulation. Sampling was done by purposive sampling with criteria of children aged 4-6 years. Data examination results were analyzed descriptively and analytically with SPSS for windows version 16.0 using T-Test and Kendal Tau significance level of 0.05. The results showed that before treatment the mean value of garbage sorting discipline was 84.23, and the mean value after treatment was 95.88. The mean difference between the value of post and pre treatment groups was 11.65. Before being given stimulation using media poster, mean value of the discipline of garbage sorting was 84.3, and the mean value after treatment was 84.76. The conclusion of the study is the stimulation of Indonesian cartoons media has a significant effect (p = 0.000) on character building garbage sorting at an early age children aged of 4-6 years in Play Group in Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta. There is no significant relationship (p = 0.070, viewed from the frequency value at the level of discipline of the group post, the majority of respondents are at high level of discipline, and no distribution of scores on all categories (high, medium, low). It is recommended for teachers of early childhood education in Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta utilize Indonesian cartoons media to improve discipline in sorting garbage for children, their students, and for the next researcher to conduct advanced research on the use of Indonesian cartoon media rather than media cartoon abroad which has been a favorite of children in building character to sort garbage in early childhood / kindergarten.