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ADSORPTION OF NICKEL IN NICKEL SULPHATE SOLUTION (NISO4) BY LAPINDO MUD Syarwani, Muchamad; Hadiantoro, Sigit
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 6, No 1 (2017): June 2017 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v6i1.7963

Abstract

This research has been carried out to produce adsorbent from Lapindo mud through various activation process, to adsorb nickel from nickel sulfate solution. Several investigations were performed in this research such as characterization of Lapindo mud before and after activation, effect of physical, chemical and chemico-physical activation to Si/Al ratio and determine the most effective method to produce adsorbent with high adsorption rate. Lapindo mud in this research was prepared through several methods such as without activation, calcination at 500 °C for 3 hours, chemical activation with 6 N HCl under reflux for 6 hours, chemical activation with 6 N NaOH under reflux for 6 hours, chemical activation with 6 N HCl under reflux followed by calcination process and the last treatment is chemical activation with 6 N NaOH under reflux followed by calcination process. The object of this research is the Lapindo mud adsorbent ability to adsorb Ni from NiSO4 solution. While activation methods and nickel concentration in this become independent variable. The reduction of nickel concentration efficiency is determined by the nickel concentration before and after adsorption process. The Si/Al ratio of Lapindo mud before activation process was 3.01 and it increase as the mud is activated. The highest Si/Al ratio was found at activation using HCl which is 7.85. Chemical activation using NaOH was found to be the best method to create the adsorbent with adsorption capacity 98.3%.
Aplikasi Chitosan Modified Carboxymethyl sebagai Coating Agent dalam Perbaikan Mutu Kertas Sigit Hadiantoro; S. Sigit Udjiana; Noor Isnaini Azkiya
Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan Vol 4, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1025.118 KB) | DOI: 10.33795/jtkl.v4i1.126

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelapisan kertas dengan Chitosan Modified Carboxymethyl (Cs-Mcm) terhadap peningkatan mutu kertas, meliputi gramatur kertas, kuat tarik kertas, kuat sobek kertas dan tingkat kehalusan kertas. Penelitian dilakukan dengan melapiskan Cs-Mcm sebagai coating agent pada kertas yang berbahan dasar pulp jerami padi, pulp kertas bekas dan pulp campuran (jerami padi dan kertas bekas) dengan variasi konsentrasi pelarut asam asetat 2%, 3%, 5%, dan 7%. Hasil analisis menunjukkan konsentrasi pelarut asam asetat berpengaruh terhadap mutu kertas daur ulang. Pelapisan dengan Cs-Mcm pada penelitian ini dapat meningkatkan mutu kertas daur ulang.This study aimed to determine the effect of coating paper with Modified Carboxymethyl Chitosan (Cs-Mcm) to improve the quality of the paper, including paper grammage, tensile strength of paper, torn paper and a strong degree of fineness of the paper. The study was conducted by superimposing the Cs-Mcm as a coating agent on a paper-based pulp rice straw pulp waste paper and pulp mixture (rice straw and waste paper) with various concentration of acetic acid solvent 2%, 3%, 5% and 7%. The analysis showed the concentration of acetic acid solvent effect on the quality of recycled paper. Coating with Cs-Mcm in this study can improve the quality of recycled paper.
ADSORPTION OF NICKEL IN NICKEL SULPHATE SOLUTION (NISO4) BY LAPINDO MUD Sa'diyah, Khalimatus; Syarwani, Muchamad; Hadiantoro, Sigit
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 6, No 1 (2017): June 2017 [Nationally Accredited]
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v6i1.7963

Abstract

This research has been carried out to produce adsorbent from Lapindo mud through various activation process, to adsorb nickel from nickel sulfate solution. Several investigations were performed in this research such as characterization of Lapindo mud before and after activation, effect of physical, chemical and chemico-physical activation to Si/Al ratio and determine the most effective method to produce adsorbent with high adsorption rate. Lapindo mud in this research was prepared through several methods such as without activation, calcination at 500 °C for 3 hours, chemical activation with 6 N HCl under reflux for 6 hours, chemical activation with 6 N NaOH under reflux for 6 hours, chemical activation with 6 N HCl under reflux followed by calcination process and the last treatment is chemical activation with 6 N NaOH under reflux followed by calcination process. The object of this research is the Lapindo mud adsorbent ability to adsorb Ni from NiSO4 solution. While activation methods and nickel concentration in this become independent variable. The reduction of nickel concentration efficiency is determined by the nickel concentration before and after adsorption process. The Si/Al ratio of Lapindo mud before activation process was 3.01 and it increase as the mud is activated. The highest Si/Al ratio was found at activation using HCl which is 7.85. Chemical activation using NaOH was found to be the best method to create the adsorbent with adsorption capacity 98.3%.
Perbandingan Karakteristik Plastik Biodegradable dari Biji Durian menggunakan Filler Kalsium Silikat dan Kalsium Karbonat S. Sigit Udjiana; Sigit Hadiantoro; Noor Isnaini Azkiya
Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan Vol 5, No 1 (2021): April 2021
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33795/jtkl.v5i1.197

Abstract

Pada penelitian ini biji durian digunakan sebagai sumber pati dalam pembuatan plastik biodegradable. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh jenis dan jumlah filler terhadap sifat biodegradable, sifat mekanik dan sifat water absorbtion pada plastik biodegradable berbasis pati biji buah durian. Plasticizer yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah sorbitol  40%, sedangkan filler yang digunakan adalah Kalsium silikat (Ca2SiO4) dan Kalsium karbonat (CaCO3) dengan variable konsentrasi 2%, 4%, 6%, dan 8%. Dari hasil penelitian, diperoleh % yield dari pati biji buah durian sebesar 34,57%. Hasil dari plastik biodegradable terbaik dengan karakteristik transparan, tidak ada gelembung, lentur serta permukaan yang halus diperoleh pada variabel penambahan filler kalsium karbonat 4%. Hasil uji bio-degradasi paling mendekati standard ASTM D6400 diperoleh pada variabel kalsium karbonat 2%. Pada Uji water absorption hasil terbaik dicapai pada variabel kalsium silikat 8%. Uji tarik hasil terbaik diperoleh pada variabel kalsium silikat 6%.In this study, durian seeds were used as a source of starch in making biodegradable plastics. This study aims to determine the effect of the type and amount of filler on biodegradable properties, mechanical properties, and water absorption properties of biodegradable plastics based on durian fruit starch. The plasticizer used in this study was sorbitol 40%, while the filler used was Calcium silicate (Ca2SiO4) and Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) with variable concentrations of 2%, 4%, 6%, and 8%.. From the research results, the% yield of durian seed starch was 34.57%. The results of the best biodegradable plastic with the characteristics of transparent, no bubbles, flexible and smooth surface were obtained with the addition of 4% calcium carbonate filler variables. The bio-degradation test results closest to the ASTM D6400 standard were obtained in the 2% calcium carbonate variable. In the water absorption test, the best results were achieved at the 8% calcium silicate variable. The best tensile test results were obtained in the 6% calcium silicate variable.
Pengaruh Jumlah Filler Kalsium Silikat dalam Pembuatan Biodegradable Plastic dari Biji Nangka S. Sigit Udjiana; Sigit Hadiantoro; Noor Isnaini Azkiya
Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan Vol 6, No 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33795/jtkl.v6i1.242

Abstract

Biodegradable plastic adalah plastik yang memiliki sifat ramah lingkungan karena mampu terurai oleh mikroorganisme yang ada pada tanah. Pati berpotensi digunakan sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan biodegadable plastic karena dapat mudah terdegradasi dan menghasilkan senyawa yang ramah lingkungan. Pada penelitian ini sumber pati didapat dari biji nangka dengan kandungan pati sebesar 29,73%. Penambahan kalsium silikat sebagai filler bertujuan untuk memperbaiki sifat mekanik biodegadable plastic. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh filler kalsium silikat terhadap kuat tarik, presentase biodegradasi (%) dan persentase serapan air (%) dari biodegadable plastic yang dihasilkan. Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh, semakin banyak filler kalsium silikat maka biodegadable plastic memiliki kuat tarik yang semakin tinggi. Sedangkan kemampuan absorpsi biodegadable plastic terhadap air menurun seiring dengan semakin banyaknya jumlah kalsium silikat yang ditambahkan. Kemampuan biodegradasi plastik juga menurun seiring dengan bertambahnya jumlah filler kalsium. Biodegadable plastic dengan penambahan filler kalsium silikat 6% memiliki kuat tarik antara 7,85 MPa persentase serapan air sekitar 5% dan persentase biodegradasi sekitar 7%.Biodegradable plastic is a plastic that has environmentally friendly properties because it is able to decompose by microorganisms in the soil. Starch has the potential to be used as a basic material for making biodegradable plastics because it can be easily degraded and produces environmentally friendly compounds. In this study, the source of starch was obtained from jackfruit seeds with a starch content of 29.73%. The addition of calcium silicate as a filler aims to improve the mechanical properties of biodegradable plastic. This study aims to determine the effect of calcium silicate filler on tensile strength, % biodegradation and % water absorption of the resulting biodegradable plastic. Based on the results obtained, the more calcium silicate filler the biodegradable plastic has a higher tensile strength. Meanwhile, the absorption ability of biodegradable plastic to water decreases with the increasing amount of calcium silicate added. The biodegradability of plastics also decreases with the increase in the amount of calcium filler. Biodegradable plastic with the addition of 6% calcium silicate has tensile strength between 7,85 Mpa, percent water absorption between 5% and percent biodegradation between 7%. 
Study of Xylose as Product Inhibitor in Xylanase from Aspergillus niger, Basillus subtilis, and Tricodherma reesei: Insilico and Experimental Review Approach Sigit Hadiantoro; Dyah Ratna Wulan; Amiruz Zahidin; Yanty Maryanty
The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research Vol 11, No 2 (2022): Edition May-August 2022
Publisher : Chemistry Department, The University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpacr.2022.011.02.639

Abstract

Bioinformatics is useful for solving molecular biology problems computationally. This computational chemistry has the advantage of being safe, free from chemical waste, secure, cost-effective, and can shorten research time. The issues that arise can be in the form of basic things such as solving enzyme mechanisms, protein metabolism, or identifying microbes. Degradation of the xylanase enzyme using some microorganisms. They are Aspergillus niger, Bacillus subtilis, and Thricodherma reesei on lignocellulose bonds. Lignocellulose consists of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose. Cellulose and hemicellulose can have used to produce new products such as bio-based products. To predict the optimum conditions for this enzymatic reaction has used bioinformatics applications has used through substrate enzymes obtained from protein data banks. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum conditions for obtaining xylanase enzymes from the microorganisms Aspergillus niger, Bacillus subtilis, and Thricodherma reesei by bioinformatics (in silico). This research was conducted in bioinformatics using a database from the RCSB Protein Data Bank and PubChem. The programs used to see the interaction between substrate enzymes in this study are PyMol, PyRx, and LigPlot. The best conditions based on the results of bioinformatics simulations will form the basis for producing xylanases on a laboratory scale. In this study, the results of interaction data between Bacillus subtilis and D-xylose, which have a binding affinity value of -5.2 kcal/mol.  Aspergillus niger with D-xylose, which has a binding affinity value of -5.1 kcal/mol, Tricodherma reesei with D-xylose, which has binding affinity value -4.3 kcal/mol.
Efektifitas Penggunaan Co immobilized - Lipase pada Reaksi Esterifikasi Asam Lemak Hasil Hidrolisis Minyak Kelapa Sigit Hadiantoro; Dwina Moentamaria; Muchamad Syarwani
Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan Vol 2, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (442.365 KB) | DOI: 10.33795/jtkl.v2i1.60

Abstract

Kinerja enzim immobilisasi dapat ditingkatkan dengan penambahan co immobilizer, hal ini dilakukan agar ikatan kovalen antara enzim dan matriks lebih kuat dan mempermudah reaksi dari gugus fungsional yang ada pada matriks sehingga tidak diperlukan penambahan bahan kimia sebagai pembawa. Pada penelitian ini digunakan matriks polyurethane foam (PUF) dengan penambahan co immobilizer yang terdiri dari gelatin, lesitin, MgCl2, dan polyethyleh glycol (PEG) 6000. Penelitian ini difokuskan untuk melihat efektivitas co immobilized-lipase pada reaksi hidrolisis-esterifikasi. PUF direndam dalam larutan co immobilizer dengan perbandingan 1:15; 1:20 dan 1:25 (b/b) selama satu jam setelah itu dipanaskan dalam oven selama satu jam pada suhu 30°C. Selanjutnya,  matriks PUF direndam dalam lipase selama 24 jam dan dikeringkan dalam oven pada suhu 30°C selama 24 jam sehingga terbentuk matriks lipase terko-immobilisasi pada PUF dengan yang digunakan untuk reaksi hidrolisis-esterifikasi sebagai biokatalis. Pada reaksi hidrolisis digunakan 10 gram minyak yang diemulsikan dalam air dengan variabel rasio minyak-air 1:0,6; 1:1; 1:3 dan 1:5 (b/b) dan waktu reaksi 5, 10, 15 dan 20 jam. Kadar FFA minyak kelapa awal sebesar 0,21%. Produk terbaik reaksi hidrolisis adalah asam lemak bebas dengan kenaikan kadar FFA menjadi 1,18% pada kondisi perbandingan minyak/air 1:5 (b/b). Reaksi esterfikasi dilakukan dengan cara mereaksikan asam lemak hasil terbaik hidrolisis dengan sitronelol dan co immobilized-lipase sebagai biokatalis. Reaksi ini dilakukan dengan variabel asam lemak: sitronelol 1:0,8 ; 1:1 dan 1:3 (b/b) serta waktu reaksi: 5, 10, 15 dan 20 jam. Produk yang dihasilkan adalah perisa alami sebagai ester. Analisis kadar sitronelol awal dan akhir reaksi esterifikasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan GC-FID. Hasil terbaik dari penelitian ini yaitu konversi sebesar 92,88% diperoleh pada ratio massa asam lemak/sitronelol 1:3.Immobilized enzyme performance can be enhanced by the addition of co-immobilizer, this is done so that the covalent bond between the enzyme and the matrix can become stronger and also to ease the reaction of the functional groups present in the matrix so that no addition of chemical as carrier is required. This study used Polyurethane Foam (PUF) as matrix with the addition of co-immobilizer which contain gelatin, lecithin, MgCl2, and PEG 6000. This study focused on looking at the effect of co-immobilized lipase on hydrolysis-esterification reactions. PUF is immersed in an co-immobilizer solution of 1:15; 1:20 and 1:25 ratio (w/w) for one hour and heated for another hour at 30°C. After that, PUF is immersed in the lipase for 24 hours, after which is heated at 30°C also for 24 hours. This research was conducted in 2 stages of reaction, which is hydrolysis then continued by esterification. In the hydrolysis reaction, we used variables such as oil-water ratio for 1:0.6; 1:1; 1:3 and 1:5 (w/w); the reaction time 5, 10, 15 and 20 hours; and also PUF:co-immobilized ratio in 1:15; 1:20 and 1:25 (w/w). The best fatty acid obtained from hydrolysis results in oil-water ratio of 1:5 (w/w), with FFA 1.18%.  Next is esterification reaction which is done by reacting  fatty acid from hydrolyzed coconut oil with citronellol, with the addition of immobilized lipase (as a biocatalyst). This reaction was carried out with variables like mass ratio of fatty acids-citronellol 1:0.8; 1:1 and 1:3 and reaction time: 5, 10, 15 and 20 hours. The resulting product is the flavor enhancer as ester. The analysis of the percentage of initial and final citronellol on the end of esterification reaction were performed using GC-FID. The best results of this study, conversion percentage respectively 92.88% obtained at mass ratio of fatty acid-citronellol 1:3.
Peningkatan Karakteristik Biodegradable Plastics dari Kulit Pisang Candi dengan Penambahan Filler Kalsium Silikat dan Clay S. Sigit Udjiana; Sigit Hadiantoro; Anang Takwanto; Anugrah Windy Mustikarini
Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan Vol 4, No 2 (2020): October 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33795/jtkl.v4i2.135

Abstract

Biodegradable  plastics adalah plastik yang memiliki sifat ramah lingkungan. Kulit pisang candi berpotensi digunakan sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan bioplastik karena mengandung pati sebesar 28,488 %. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh plasticizer (sorbitol) dan filler (kalsium silikat dan clay) terhadap kuat tarik, % elongasi, % biodegradasi dan % absorpsi bioplastik.  Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh, semakin banyak filler clay atau kalsium silikat maka bioplastik memiliki kuat tarik yang besar dan % elongasi yang semakin kecil. Semakin banyak clay yang ditambahkan maka semakin besar daya absorpsi terhadap air, namun semakin banyak kalsium silikat yang ditambahkan maka semakin kecil daya absorpsi terhadap air. Semakin banyak filler kalsium silikat dan clay maka semakin kecil % biodegradasi bioplastik. Semakin banyak jumlah sorbitol yang ditambahkan maka semakin besar % elongasi, % biodegradasi dan % water absorption namun semakin kecil % kuat tarik. Bioplastik dengan penambahan filler kalsium silikat memiliki kuat tarik antara 4,11-22,08 Mpa, % elongasi antara 2,17%-57,95%, % water absorption antara 67,26%-120% dan %biodegradasi antara 0,61%-19,22%. Bioplastik dengan penambahan filler clay memiliki kuat tarik antara 2,38-14,05 Mpa, %elongasi antara 2,11%-46,24%, % water absorption antara 79,07%-150,67% dan %biodegradasi antara 1,17%-34,54%.Biodegradable plastics is plastic which has environmentally properties. Candi banana peels potential to be used as a basic material for making bioplastics because it contains 28,488% starch. The aims of our research is to determine the effect of plasticizer (sorbitol) and filler (calcium silicate and clay) on tensile strength, elongation (%), biodegradation (%) and bioplastic absorption (%). Based on the result, the more amount of calcium silicate or clay filler added, the larger tensile strength and the smaller % elongation. The more amount of clay added, the greater absorption capacity of water, but the more calcium silicate added, the smaller absorption capacity of water. The more amount calcium silicate filler added, the smaller the biodegradation of bioplastic, but in the data based on clay filler, % biodegradation decreased. The more amount of sorbitol added, the greater % elongation, % biodegradation and % water absorption, but the smaller % tensile strength. Bioplastics with calcium silicate as filler has tensile strength between 4.11-22.08 Mpa, % elongation between 2.17% -57.95%, % water absorption between 67.26% -120% and % biodegradation between 0.61-19.22%. Bioplastics with clay as filler has tensile strength between 2.38-14.05 MPa, % elongation between 2.11%-46.24%, % water absorption between 79.07%-150.67% and % biodegradation between 1,17% -34.54%.
Pembuatan dan Karakterisasi Plastik Biodegradable dari Umbi Talas (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) dengan Penambahan Filler Kitosan dan Kalsium Silikat S. Sigit Udjiana; Sigit Hadiantoro; Muchammad Syarwani; Profiyanti Hermien Suharti
Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan Vol 3, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (877.157 KB) | DOI: 10.33795/jtkl.v3i1.80

Abstract

Permasalahan tentang sampah plastik di Indonesia berdampak pada ketidakstabilan ekosistem lingkungan dan peningkatan pencemaran lingkungan. Hal ini dikarenakan sampah plastik tidak dapat terurai oleh mikroorganisme di dalam tanah. Inovasi untuk mengatasi masalah ini terus dilakukan, salah satunya adalah pengembangan plastik biodegradable. Plastik biodegradable dalam penelitian ini dikembangkan dengan pati umbi talas sebagai bahan utama, sorbitol sebagai plasticizer serta kitosan dan kalsium silikat sebagai filler. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan filler kitosan dan kalsium silikat terhadap sifat mekanik, kemampuan biodegradasi, maupun water absorption. Selain itu, juga dilakukan analisa Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) untuk mengetahui morfologi dari plastik biodegradable. Variabel berubah yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 2%,4%,6% dan 8% dari berat pati yang digunakan. Plastik biodegradable dibuat menggunakan metode casting, di mana pati didispersikan ke dalam campuran air dan plasticizer. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan degradasi paling tinggi sebesar 42,86% untuk plastik biodegradable dengan filler kalsium silikat 6%. Sedang hasil uji water absorption menunjukkan nilai terendah 11,76% dengan filler kitosan 8%. Uji kuat tarik diperoleh nilai paling besar 9,56 MPa pada filler kalsium silikat 6%.Plastic waste in Indonesia became a national problematic that has an impact on the instability of environmental ecosystems and increased environmental pollution. This happens because plastic waste cannot be decomposed by microorganisms in the soil. Innovation has been carried out continuously to overcome this problem. the development of biodegradable plastic became one solution to this problem. Biodegradable plastic in this study was developed with taro tuber starch as the main ingredient, sorbitol as plasticizer and chitosan and calcium silicate as filler. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of chitosan and calcium acetate as fillers on mechanical properties, biodegradability, and water absorption. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was also analyzed in this study to determine the morphology of biodegradable plastic. The variables used in this study were the amount of fillers as much as 2%, 4%, 6%, and 8% of the weight of the starch used. Biodegradable plastic has been made using the casting method, in which starch is dispersed into a mixture of water and plasticizer. The results showed that the highest biodegradation ability was 42.86% for biodegradable plastic with 6% calcium silicate filler. While the water absorption results showed the lowest value of 11.76% for biodegradable plastic with 8% chitosan filler. Tensile strength test obtained the highest value of 9.56 MPa for biodegradable plastic with 6% calcium silicate filler.
AKTIVASI SERAT KAPUK DENGAN ASAM DAN BASA PADA SINTESIS BIOSORBEN UNTUK MENYERAP ION LOGAM NIKEL DARI LARUTAN NISO4 Thomi Nugraha Pratama; Sigit Hadiantoro
DISTILAT: JURNAL TEKNOLOGI SEPARASI Vol 7, No 2 (2021): Agustus 2021
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33795/distilat.v7i2.281

Abstract

Serat kapuk memiliki potensi sebagai biosorben dikarenakan memiliki kandungan selulosa yang cukup tinggi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh jenis aktivator HCl dan NaOH terhadap kemampuan adsorpsi ion logam nikel dari larutan NiSO4, untuk mengetahui pengaruh lama waktu aktivasi atau perendaman terhadap kemampuan adsorpsi ion logam nikel dari larutan NiSO4, dan untuk mengetahui pengaruh jumlah massa biosorben terhadap kemampuan adsorpsi ion logam nikel dari larutan NiSO4. Prosedur pembuatannya terdiri dari pencucian kapuk, pengeringan, aktivasi kapuk dengan larutan HCl dan NaOH, pembilasan, dan dikeringkan hingga kering. Variabel bebas yang digunakan yaitu jenis larutan aktivasi HCl 0,5 N dan NaOH 0,5 N, waktu perendaman 12, 18, 24 jam, massa biosorben 0,5; 1; 1,5; 2; 2,5 gram. Variabel kontrol yaitu, waktu adsorpsi 1 jam, volume larutan NiSO4 100 ml, konsentrasi logam nikel 41.725 ppm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa larutan aktivasi yang optimum menggunakan NaOH dengan lama perendaman 24 jam dan pada massa 2,5 gram menunjukkan efektivitas adsorpsi sebesar 88% dan mengalami penurunan konsentrasi nikel dari 41.725 menjadi 5.195 ppm.