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The Potential of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) as Biocontrol Agent Against Stem Rot Diseases Caused Sclerotium rolfsii of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L) Fradilla Swandi; Eri Sulyanti; Darnetty Darnetty; Reflin Reflin
JERAMI Indonesian Journal of Crop Science Vol 2 No 2 (2020): JIJCS
Publisher : Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jijcs.2.2.65-71.2020

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the biocontrol efficacy of arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi (AM Fungi) against stem rot disease caused by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. in peanut. The AM Fungi can be associated with almost all types of plants. The purpose of this study was to obtain isolates of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) as a potential biofungisida against Sclerotium rolfsii and can characterize the mechanism of the FMA in controlling S.rolfsii (salicylic acid) on peanut plants. The AM Fungi inoculant (40 spores g-1 in concentration) was introduced to peanut seedling (25 g plant-1 ) at planting time where as Sclerotium rolfsii inoculated 30 days after planting time. The experiment was arranged in the completely randomized design (CRD), which is 7 treatment sand repeated 10 times in the greenhouse experiment. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) using STAT program 8 and the Tukey test at 5% significance level. The AM Fungi treatments showed significantly redused the percentage of disease severity in infected peanut plants around 34.28% - 57.15% and longer incubation period, respectively. They increased root colonization (20,00 - 46.67%) with a middle to high category. The AM Fungi C isolate (isolated from Solok county), and the A isolate (isolated from Payakumbuh city) were the best as a biocontrol against S rolfsii (57.15%), followed by isolate D (isolated from Padang Pariaman county) 54,30 %. They also increased Salicylic acid content 1,4 times (70.72 ppm) compared to control (49,59 ppm). It can be concluded that the application of AM Fungi as a biocontrol agent played an important role in plant resistance and exhibit greater potential to protect peanut plants against S. rolfsii.
PEMANFAATAN AGEN HAYATI UNTUK PENGELOLAAN OPT CABAI PADA KELOMPOK TANI SIMABUR SUKSES MAKMUR DI KECAMATAN PARIANGAN KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR Trizelia Trizelia; Nurbailis Nurbailis; Yulmira Yanti; Winarto Winarto; Haliatur Rahma; Martinius Martinius; Yenny Liswarni; Rusdi Rusli; Yunisman Yunisman; Darnetty Darnetty; Eri Sulyanti
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 2 No 3.b (2019)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (940.813 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v2i3.b.331

Abstract

Cabai merah merupakan sumber pendapatan utama bagi petani di daerah Tanah Datar. Masalah utama yang selalu dihadapi oleh petani cabai di daerah ini adalah serangan hama dan penyakit yang dapat menyebabkan kehilangan hasil yang cukup tinggi. Hingga saat ini, pengendalian hama dan penyakit sayuran masih mengandalkan pestisida sintetik yang telah menimbulkan dampak negatif. Untuk itu, perlu dicari alternatif pengendalian yang dapat mengurangi dampak negatif pestisida tersebut, yaitu menggunakan agens hayati seperti cendawan Beauveria bassiana dan Trichoderma sp.Tujuan dari kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini adalah untuk memperkenalkan dan memasyarakatkan pengendalian hama dan penyakit menggunakan agens hayati Beauveria bassiana dan Trichoderma sp. Metode kegiatan pengabdian adalah penyuluhan, pelatihan dan praktek lapangan. Minat petani untuk menggunakan agens hayati terutama Beauveria bassiana dan Trichoderma cukup tinggi dan telah memotivasi mereka untuk mengurangi penggunaan pestisida sintetis. Petani juga telah berhasil memperbanyak agens hayati dan membuat kompos limbah pertanian menggunakan Trichoderma.
KETEPATAN WAKTU APLIKASI Paecilomyces lilacinus DALAM MENGENDALIKAN NEMATODA BENGKAK AKAR (Meloidogyne spp.) PADA TANAMAN TOMAT Winarto Winarto; Darnetty Darnetty; Yenny Liswarni
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 4 No 1 (2020): Juni 2020
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.097 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.4.1.38-44.2020

Abstract

Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) have been reported to be one of the primary pathogens that decreased tomato production in Indonesia. Biological control of root-knot nematodes by using parasitic fungus as like as Paecilomyces lilacinus is still limited. An effective application of parasitic fungi could be successful by managing a suitability application time. The study aimed to determine the suitability of the application time of the P.lilacinus in controlling root-knot nematodes on tomato. The study was conducted in farmers' land that was infected by root-knot nematodes. The experiment was done in a randomized block design with applying P.lilacinus isolates on 12, 8, and 4 days before planting, planting time, and 4, 8, 12 days after planting. All treatments were repeated four times. The application of P. lilacinus onto tomato root at planting time was better at suppressing the development of root-knot nematode compared to applications made before or after planting. P. lilacinus was able to suppress the number of root-knot (66.08%), the number of egg groups (77.33%), the number of eggs (26.79%), and the number of nematodes in the soil (82.20%). Keywords: Application time, Meloidogyne spp., Paecilomyces lilacinus, tomato