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Pelatihan Pemberdayaan Kelembagaan Petani Menuju Pengembangan Kewirausahaan Sosial bagi Gapoktan se-Kabupaten Solok Selatan Ferdhinal Asful; Dwi Evaliza; Rina Sari; Yonariza Yonariza; Ira Wahyuni Syarfi; Reflinaldon Reflinaldon; Syofyan Fairuzi
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 23 No 1 (2016): Warta Pengabdian Andalas
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kelembagaan petani sebagai penggerak bagi pembangunan pertanian pada umumnya dan pengembangan agribisnis kreatif pada khususnya, ternyata masih belum mampu beradaptasi secara optimal dengan dinamika pembangunan pertanian. Sehingga peluang-peluang yang sebenarnya ada, baik sumberdaya manusia maupun sumberdaya ekonomi produktif, ternyata belum mampu dimanfaatkan. Kondisi ini cenderung terjadi merata di organisasi atau lembaga petani, termasuk di Kabupaten Solok Selatan. Sebagai kabupaten yang kaya dengan potensi sumberdaya alam, maka sudah sewajarnyalah organisasi dan lembaga petani mampu beradaptasi dan memanfaatkan berbagai peluang secara kreatif dan inovatif. Muara dari semuanya adalah terwujudnya kemandirian petani. Kegiatan ini pada dasarnya memuat 3 (tiga) tujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan memotivasi petani agar mampu berinisiatif dan melakukan inovasi dalam: (1) mengoptimalkan pemanfaatan berbagai peluang, (2) mengenali dan menata organisasi/ lembaga yang berorientasi kewirausahaan sosial, (3) tata administrasi dan manajemen organisasi petani, khususnya perencanaan keuangan/analisa finansial usaha, serta (4) melakukan pemasaran komoditi pertanian yang dihasilkan. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan pelatihan di dalam dan luar ruangan ini adalah metode ceramah, tanya jawab, serta penerapan metode partisipasi yang terdiri dari : (1) metode RRA, (b) metode ZOPP, serta (c) metode FGD. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh sebagai berikut: (1) tercapainya target jumlah peserta sejumlah 90 %, (2) Tercapainya target tingkat partisipasi penuh stakeholders sejumlah 90 %, (3) Tercapainya target pemahaman peserta terkait materi yang dipresentasikan sejumlah 80%, serta (4) Tercapainya target keterampilan peserta terkait materi pengabdian sejumlah 70%.
INOVASI PENANAMAN BIBIT AREN UNTUK KONSERVASI DI BANTARAN SUNGAI BATANG HARI DI NAGARI SUNGAI DAREH KABUPATEN DHARMASRAYA Zahlul Ikhsan; Indra Dwipa; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi; Reflinaldon Reflinaldon; Edwin Edwin; Dewi Rezki; Irwin Mirza Umami; Siska Efendi; Wulan Kumala Sari; Dede Suhendra
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 4 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v4i1.487

Abstract

Nagari Sungai Dareh, Pulau Punjung District, Dharmasraya Regency is an area located on the banks of the Batang Hari River. Rivers must be protected and conserved, and their functions and benefits must be improved for the health and sustainability of the ecosystem. Planting sugar palm on the river banks is one way that can be done to preserve the river. Besides being useful for conservation, sugar palm also has a high economic value. This activity aims to empower the community by 1) Conservation activities on the banks of the Batang Hari river, and 2) Introduction of sugar palm plants and increasing community knowledge and skills in sugar palm cultivation. This activity was carried out in Jorong Sungai Kilangan Nagari Sungai Dareh, Dharmasraya Regency, with lectures, discussions, and demonstrations of planting sugar palm on the banks of the river. The number of students involved was five people. The people of Nagari Sungai Dareh are very enthusiastic about listening and discussing sugar palm cultivation and the importance of river conservation. Most of the participants are very interested and will immediately plant sugar palm on their land, but some are still learning more. As a form of our hope that the planting of sugar palm on the river banks can be successful, we assist ± 200 sugar palm seeds for the people of Nagari Sungai Dareh. Community empowerment through sugar palm cultivation has been able to increase community knowledge and skills about the importance of maintaining river sustainability and the prospects and challenges of sugar palm cultivation.
Akurasi dan Prediksi Kejadian Hopperburn Wereng Batang Coklat (Nilaparvata Lugens Stal) menggunakan Citra Sentinel-2 Rahmad Gunawan; Reflinaldon Reflinaldon; Yaherwandi Yaherwandi
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 5 No 2 (2021): Desember 2021
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.5.2.107-117.2021

Abstract

Forecasting of brown planthopper attack or BPH (Nilaparvata lugens Stal) using artificial intelligence and vegetation index of Sentinel-2 Satellite Imagery improves forecasting the incidence of hopperburn. This study aimed to determine the accuracy and correlation of the random forest classification of Sentinel-2 imagery to the incidence of hopperburn reported by Plant Pest Organisms Observer (PPOO) and determine the best method for predicting it. The study was done through observation and secondary data processing about the age of the plant, the incidence of hopperburn by BPH, interviews with farmers, and PPOO. The results showed that the hopperburn NDVI index ranged from 0.23 - 3.8. The random forest classification accuracy was high (Kappa Index = 0.82). The relationship between the hopperburn area from the PPOO report and the predicted area from Sentinel-2 images classified as (R2 = 0.53, R = 0.728) with the equation Y = -1.5 + 0.82 X. The correlation can be improved using spatial regression Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR4) with the best gaussian distance of 1.76 km (R2 = 0.6, R = 0.77). The best prediction for the NDVI stage of hopperburn attack time series with random forest (RMSE = 0.12819) was better than the prediction of the hopperburn attack time series with the exponential smoothing method from the PPOO report (RMSE 3.302184).
Focus Group Discussion Masalah Pertanian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat melalui Penanaman Pohon Bambu di Salingka Kampus Universitas Andalas Zahlul Ikhsan; Hidrayani Hidrayani; Winarto Winarto; Yusniwati Yusniwati; Roza Yunita; Nofrita Sandi; Sri Wahyuni; Nofialdi Nofialdi; Reflinaldon Reflinaldon
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 28 No 4 (2021): Published in December 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.28.4.428-434.2021

Abstract

Land conditions in Sungkai, Padang City, have slopes and high rainfall. The causes low water absorption capacity. For this reason, it is necessary to plant plants that can help increase water absorption, one of which is bamboo plants. This activity was carried out on November 6, 2021, to empower the community of farmer groups in the Andalas University campus with a focus group discussion on agricultural issues and planting bamboo trees. The activity consists of four stages: preparation, counselling/socialization, focus group discussion, and field practice. There are five main problems to solve. The issues found are 1) how to handle flooding in the river; 2) how to control plant-disturbing organisms without using chemicals; 3) new land clearing methods so as not to damage the environment; 4) how to obtain and treat good seeds and seedlings before planting, and 5) farmer group dynamics and their resolution. Planting bamboo is one of the steps to deal with the problem of flooding. Bamboo has a very tight, broad, and strong root system to strengthen the soil structure and withstand water runoff. Bamboo plants can also become new hosts of pests that damage cultivated plants. The service team synergizes with extension workers to understand bamboo, which can be an alternative in sustainably conserving soil and water.