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Journal : BULETIN ILMIAH NAGARI MEMBANGUN

PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT MELALUI PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH SEKAM PADI SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKAR KOMPOR SEKAM YANG RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI KINALI, PASAMAN BARAT Ferry Lismanto Syaiful; Uyung Gatot S. Dinata; Yondra Hidayattullah
BULETIN ILMIAH NAGARI MEMBANGUN Vol 1 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : LPPM (Institute for Research and Community Services) Universitas Andalas Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.268 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/buletin ilmiah nagari membangun.v1i3.34

Abstract

A stove is a tool used by the community to cook. The fuel used by the stove is LPG gas or kerosene, LPG gas. The scarcity of kerosene has occurred starting from a few years ago. At that time to get kerosene the people had to pay very expensive and even had to be willing to do a very long queue to get a few liters of kerosene. To anticipate this, we should think of alternative energy as a substitute for kerosene. This activity aims to provide a solution in overcoming the problem of pollution of rice husk waste as an environmentally friendly alternative energy through the manufacture of husk stoves to save fuel oil and gas KKN activities are held on 28 June to 8 August until September 2018. Number of students involved is 24 people. The form of activities carried out in the form of counseling, demonstration and training in making husk stoves by utilizing rice husks was carried out by Unand lecturers and KKN PPM Unand students by involving the community in Nagari Kinali Pasaman Barat. From this activity, the community was very enthusiastic and able to make husk stoves and process rice husk waste into the fuel of the husk stove. Besides that, husk stoves can be used by the community to cook in overcoming scarcity of kerosene as well as the utilization of rice husk waste as fuel. The stove is designed to burn rice husks using a limited amount of air for combustion which produces a blue luminous fire, which is almost similar to an LPG stove. From this activity, it is expected that the community can optimize the use of husk stoves in their daily lives to save costs and overcome the scarcity and high cost of LPG and kerosene as well as overcome environmental pollution from husk waste.
PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT NAGARI SONTANG KABUPATEN PASAMAN MELALUI INOVASI BUDIDAYA SAPI POTONG DAN INOVASI PAKAN ALTERNATIF YANG RAMAH LINGKUNGAN Ferry Lismanto Syaiful; Uyung Gatot S. Dinata; Ferido Ferido
BULETIN ILMIAH NAGARI MEMBANGUN Vol 1 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : LPPM (Institute for Research and Community Services) Universitas Andalas Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (921.612 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/buletin ilmiah nagari membangun.v1i3.25

Abstract

Nagari Sontang merupakan salah satu agari yang terletak di Padang Gelugur Kabupaten Pasaman dengan jumlah penduduk sekitar 8200 jiwa yang sebagian besar bermata pencaharian sebagai bertani. Nagari Sontang memiliki areal lahan pertanian yang cukup luas yang berpotensi besar untuk dijadikan tempat pengembangan ternak sapi potong. Tujuan kegiatan ini adalah untuk pemberdayaan masyarakat yang dilakukan di Nagari Sontang ini adalah untuk mentransfer teknologi budidaya sapi potong dan inovasi pakan yang ramah lingkungan dan pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam meningkatkan nilai tambah limbah pertanian sebagai pakan ternak. Kegiatan KKN ini dilaksanakan di Nagari Sontang, Pasaman pada tahun 2016. Kegiatan melibatkan 4 orang mahasiswa yang terdiri dari 1 orang dari Fakultas Pertanian dan 3 orang dari Fakultas Peternakan. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam pelaksanaan program KKN-PPM pada masyarakat nagari Sontang, Pasaman adalah pendekatan partisipatif atau Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) yaitu melibatkan semua elemen masyarakat mulai dari kecamatan, wali nagari, kepala jorong, kepala dusun, ninik mamak atau yang dituakan, ibu-ibu rumah tangga (PKK) dan pemuda. Tahapan kegiatan ini meliputi tahap persiapan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi dan pelaporan. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan ini adalah 1. Peternak telah mulai termotivasi menambah pengetahuan dalam budidaya ternak sapi potong yang baik dan menguntungkan, 2. Kegiatan pengabdian berupa penyuluhan pemeliharaan ternak sapi potong melalui penerapan teknologi yang diberikan kepada petani sangat menarik minat petani untuk melakukan usaha ternak sapi potong selain usaha padi sawah untuk menambah pendapatan keluarga, 3. Selain pakan hijauan sebagai pakan utama ternak sapi (rumput gajah), petani juga bisa memanfaatkan jerami padi yang telah difermentasi sebagai pengganti pakan hijauan dalam memanfaatkan potensi daerah setempat, 4. Peternak sudah mengetahui mengenai reproduksi dan perkawinan ternak dan IB dan 5. Peternak sudah mengetahui terknis perawatan dan pengendalian penyakit ternak. Dari hasil kegiatan dapat disimpulkan bahwa kegiatan yang telah dilakukan dikategorikan sukses. Hal ini tampak pada saat pelaksanaan kegiatan begitu besar animo peternak/ kelompok tani dan masyarakat di Nagari Sontang, Pasaman terhadap usaha peternakan sapi potong. Disamping itu begitu banyaknya yang turut hadir pada acara tersebut yang terdiri dari bapak-bapak, ibu-ibu, juga kalangan anak muda. Adapun yang hadir saat itu ternyata tidak semuanya dari kalangan peternak, banyak juga petani yang bukan peternak yang antusias menanyakan bagaimana cara beternak sapi potong baik berbasis menguntungkan dan penerapan inovasi pakan alternatif yang ramah lingkungan.
PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT NAGARI PERSIAPAN SIDODADI, KABUPATEN PASAMAN BARAT MELALUI TEKNOLOGI DETEKSI KEBUNTINGAN DINI DAN INOVASI PERMEN SAPI UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN SAPI POTONG Ferry Lismanto Syaiful; Efrizal Efrizal; Fauzia Agustin; Uyung Gatot S. Dinata
BULETIN ILMIAH NAGARI MEMBANGUN Vol 1 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : LPPM (Institute for Research and Community Services) Universitas Andalas Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (517.33 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/buletin ilmiah nagari membangun.v1i4.44

Abstract

Kanagarian Preparation Sidodadi is one of the villages in Kinali District, West Pasaman Regency. The majority of the people are eyed as farmers and ranchers. The main commodities produced by farmers are corn, rice and mustard coconut, while the main livestock commodities are cattle. In addition, this nagari has a fairly large area of agricultural land that has great potential to be a place for developing beef cattle. The purpose of this activity is 1. to transfer early pregnancy detection technology and 2. the use of cow candy as a feed supplement for livestock to increase livestock production. While the approach used in the implementation of the KKN-PPM program in the Sidodadi nagari community is a participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) approach that involves all elements of the community starting from the sub-district, wali nagari, head of jorong, head of hamlet, ninik mamak, housewives and youth. The stages of this activity include the preparation, implementation and evaluation stages. There were 24 students involved, consisting of various faculties at Andalas University. The results of the activities obtained are: 1. Breeders have begun to be motivated to add knowledge in the cultivation of good and profitable beef cattle, 2. Service activities in the form of counseling to maintain beef cattle through the application of technology given to farmers are very attractive to farmers to do cattle business cut apart from rice paddy business to increase family income, 3. Farmers and the community can master the technology of early pregnancy detection of beef cattle, 4. Farmers can make cow candy is very possible to be done at the household scale or can also be a factory to increase income. From the results of the activities it can be concluded that the activities that have been carried out are categorized as successful. This can be seen at the time when the activities of the breeders/farmer groups and the community are very large towards the development of beef cattle business.