Wiryawan Permadi
Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran/Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

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EFEK OLIVE OIL DAN VIRGIN COCONUT OIL TERHADAP STRIAE GRAVIDARUM Pratami, Evi; Permadi, Wiryawan; Gondodiputro, Sharon
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 46, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1278.362 KB) | DOI: 10.15395/mkb.%v46n1.%220

Abstract

Prevalensi striae gravidarum (SG) pada ibu hamil berkisar 50% sampai 90%. Efek SG menyebabkan rasa gatal, panas, dan kering serta gangguan emosional sehingga menimbulkan masalah kosmetik pada sebagian besar ibu. Saat ini banyak ibu hamil menggunakan olive oil untuk mencegah SG, namun minyak ini relatif sukar didapat dan harganya mahal. Di Indonesia dikenal minyak lain yaitu virgin coconut oil (VCO) yang memiliki kandungan efektif untuk menjaga elastisitas kulit, minyak ini mudah didapat dan murah. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis perbedaan dan korelasi efek olive oil dan VCO terhadap SG. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret?Juli 2012. Rancangan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian klinis melalui pendekatan eksperimental. Subjek penelitian adalah 80 ibu hamil di wilayah Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surabaya dan dikelompokkan menjadi 2 kelompok dengan menggunakan random permuted blocks. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan SG berdasarkan jumlah garis dan tingkat eritema antara kelompok yang menggunakan olive oil dan VCO (p=0,156 dan 1,00). Selanjutnya terdapat korelasi kuat antara kelompok olive oil dan VCO dengan jumlah garis (r=-0,576 dan -0,560) dan tingkat eritema (r=-0,699 dan -0,586). Simpulan, tidak ada perbedaan efek olive oil dengan VCO terhadap SG. [MKB. 2014;46(1):1?5]Kata kunci: Olive oil, striae gravidarum, virgin coconut oilEffects of Olive Oil and Virgin Coconut Oil against Striae GravidarumThe prevalence of striae gravidarum (SG) in pregnant women ranges from 50% to 90%. Effects of SG include itchy and hot feeling as well as dry skin. This situation also causes emotional disturbances that poses a cosmetic problem for most pregnant women. Nowadays, many pregnant women use olive oil to prevent SG, but it is relatively difficult to find and costly. In Indonesia, a similar oil, virgin coconut oil (VCO), has been used by many pregnant women for the same reason. The aim of this study was to analyze the differences and correlation between effects of olive oil and VCO against SG. The study was conducted in March?July 2012. An experimental study was performed on 80 pregnant women in Surabaya Municipality and they were divided into 2 groups using random permuted blocks. The results of this study showed that there was no difference in SG appearance based on the number of lines and levels of erythema between groups (p=0.156 and 1.00). Furthermore, there was a strong negative correlation between the effect of olive oil or VCO on the number of lines (r=-0.576 and -0.560) and the level of erythema (r=-0.699 and -0.586). In conclusion, there is no difference in the effect of olive oil and VCO against SG. [MKB. 2014;46(1):1?5]Key words: Olive oil, striae gravidarum, virgin coconut oil DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v46n1.220
Total Serum Level of Calcium and Ion Calcium is Lower in Hypotonic Uterine Inertia Wattimury, Josef; Permadi, Wiryawan; Armawan, Edwin
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 1, No. 3, July 2013
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.642 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v1i3.354

Abstract

Objectives: To know the correlation between total and ion serum calcium level with the uterine contractility of laboring patient. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytic correlative study measuring the strength of correlation of total and ion calcium serum level between groups with hypotonic uterine inertia - and normal labor. Each group consists of 20 subjects who met inclusion criteria and presented to Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital in August - September 2012. Statistical analysis was performed by using Eta (η) coefficient. Results: Mean total calcium serum level on hypotonic uterine inertia is 6.66 mg/dl, while mean of total calcium serum level on normal labor is 8.56 mg/dl, with Eta (η) correlation coefficient 0.721. Mean ion calcium serum level on hypotonic uterine inertia is 4.14 mg/dl, while mean of total calcium serum level on normal labor is 4.92 mg/dl, with Eta (η) correlation coefficient 0.802. Conclusion: Total serum level of calcium and ion calcium in hypotonic uterine inertia is lower than the level of which in normal labor. There is a strong correlation between total and ion serum calcium level with uterine contractility, the Eta (η) correlation coefficient are 0.721 and 0.802 respectively. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2013; 1-3: 145-8] Keywords: hypotonic uterine inertia, ion serum calcium level, normal labor, total serum calcium level
Correlation between Sperm Motility and Morphology in the Success Rate of in Vitro Fertilization Procedure Ramadhan, Praditya Virza; Rezano, Andri; Permadi, Wiryawan
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (213.062 KB)

Abstract

Background: In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the assisted reproductive technology that has been used in treating infertility. Unfortunately, not every IVF procedure achieves 100% success in fertilizing the oocyte. It has been studied that the percentage of normal motile sperm and percentage of normal sperm morphology play a key role in this process. This study was conducted to evaluate correlation between sperm motility and morphology in the success rate of IVF. Methods: This study was an observational analytic involving medical records of infertile couples who were treated by IVF procedure in Dr.Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in 2009–2014. The variables that were used in this study were percentage of sperm motility, percentage of sperm morphology and fertilization rate.The collected data was analyzed using nonparametric Mann Whitney test and Spearman correlation test.Result: This study showed that there was a significant difference between the fertilization rate group and sperm motility (p=0,048) but there was no significant correlation between motility and the entire fertilization rate (p=0,319). This study also indicated that there was no significant difference between fertilization rate group and sperm morphology (p=0,232) and there was no significant correlation between sperm morphology and fertilization rate (p=0,720).Conclusions: Motility might has a role in determining the success rate of in vitro fertilization; meanwhile morphology does not have any role in determining the success rate of in vitro fertilization. [AMJ.2016;3(4):520–5] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.957
Analysis of Maternal Mortality Due to Hypertension in Pregnancy in West Bandung Karwati, Karwati; Permadi, Wiryawan; Herawati, Dewi M D
Health Notions Vol 3, No 1 (2019): January
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

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Abstract

Hypertension in pregnancy is one of causes in maternal mortality in West Bandung District in 2017 and there are 11 mothers (39.28%) of 28 mortality cases, which is in the highest rank. Moreover, this research aimed at analyzing maternal mortality due to hypertension in pregnancy in West Bandung District. This research was qualitative research by utilizing grounded theory approach with constructivism paradigm. Sample of this research was the closest family and health personnels who knew the cronology of maternal mortality and there were 21 people from 8 mortality cases. The sample collection utilized purposive sampling technique. Meanwhile, the instruments of this research were researchers, interview guidance, stationery, and voice recorder. Validity test utilized triangulation technique. Technique of data collection was by in depth interview and the analysis process were by transcription, reduction, coding, categorization, and theme. The result of this research was known that factors, which had contribution against maternal mortality, was such as poor access of health service and it was caused by several things: PONED function that had not been optimal in handling hypertension in pregnancy, poor quality of health service, guidance in handling hypertension in pregnancy that had not been optimal, less optimal information from health service, health personnel?s poor knowledge about hypertension in pregnancy, and delay in referring to hospital. The next factor was unhealthy living behavior, such as mother who had risk of hypertension in pregnancy did not use long-term contraception, underwent quite high failure level in the use of long-term contraception, the mother was a missing patient from the referral, and not sensitive against emergency situation. Besides that, unknown or unexpected factors also became contribution against mortality, such as unclear demographic status; undesirable pregnancy; assuming that dying in pregnancy, having birth, and in postpartum period was martyred. In conclusion, factors that contributed against maternal mortality due to hypertension in pregnancy in West Bandung District were access of health service, healthy living behavior, and unknown even unexpected factors. However, the factors that really impacted against maternal mortality were access of health service and healthy living behavior. Keywords: Maternal mortality, Hypertension in pregnancy