Desto Arisandi
D3 Analis Kesehatan STIKes Guna Bangsa Yogyakarta

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Perbedaan Kadar Asam Urat Sebelum dan Setelah Pemberian Jeroan pada Tikus Putih Desto Arisandi; Syeun Nurochman; Subrata Tri Widada
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 2 No 1 (2015): Journal of Health - January 2015
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.742 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/vol2-no1-p33-36

Abstract

Background: The era of globalization has brought many changes to lifestyle and eating habits are not healthy in the community. High protein foods that contain lots of purines can cause hyperuricemia. The aim of this study was to determine differences in the uric acid levels of before and after given of offal in the mice. Method: A true experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design used 14 mice. Data collection from measurements in the uric acid levels in the blood of mice examined before and after given of offal chicken liver juice. Analysis of research data was used dependent of paired t-test with confidence level of 95% using SPSS. Result: An average uric acid level before gift of the offal is 3.41 mg/dL, and after to gift of the offal is 7.93 mg/dL. Uric acid levels after to given of offal increased by 4.52 mg/dL (56.99%). In analysis univariate showed differences between uric acid levels before and after to gift of offal chicken liver juice in the mice (p-value = 0.000). Conclusion: There are differences in uric acid levels before and after given of offal in the mice.
Identification of Malaria Parasites in Chasan Boesoirie General Hospital Ternate East Nusa Tenggara Desto Arisandi; Sofvirah R. Sohy; Fitri Nadifah
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 3 No 1 (2016): Journal of Health - January 2016
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.014 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/vol3-no1-p39-44

Abstract

Background: Malaria is still a global health problem especially in tropical countries, such as Indonesia. Based on survey 35% of the Indonesia population were live in endemic areas of malaria, such as Provinces of Maluku, North Maluku, Papua, West Papua, North Sumatra, and East Nusa Tenggara. Malaria is caused by a mosquito bite of female Anopheles sp. containing Plasmodium parasite. Generally it bites humans at night or dawn. Such malaria parasites are Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium ovale. Malaria is a disease of both highest in Ternate and mostly occur in general hospitals of Chasan Boesoirie General Hospital. This research aims to identify the type of malaria parasites in the Chasan Boesoirie General Hospital Ternate. Method: This is a descriptive research conducted in Chasan Boesoirie General Hospital in Ternate, East Nusa Tenggara in March 2015. Research data obtained include: age, sex, education, and employment. Identification of malaria is carried out based on an examination of the existence of Plasmodium in preparation of thin and thick blood apus. Descriptive analysis using STATA programs for Windows version 12.0 (Stata Corp LP., College Station, TX, USA) are presented in the form of tables and narratives. Result: This research subjects were 69 people suspected with malaria infection. Suspected malaria to be infected by Plasmodium is more are young age group 94%, 88% were males, 100% have a poor education or un-educated, as well as the of 100% were fishermen. As much as 54 people (78%) were infected by Plasmodium parasites consisting of Plasmodium falcifarum 48 people (89%) and Plasmodium vivax 6 people (11%). Conclusion: The incidence of malaria infections in Chasan Boesoirie General Hospital amounted to 78% and the type of infected parasites were Plasmodium falcifarum and Plasmodium vivax.
Persentase Pediculosis capitis pada Anak Usia 9-12 Tahun di RW XI Kampung Gampingan Kota Yogyakarta Nurlaili Farida Muhajir; Desto Arisandi; Yuliana Prasetyaningsih
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 2 No 1 (2015): Journal of Health - January 2015
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (239.983 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/vol2-no1-p42-47

Abstract

Background : Pediculosis capitis disease can be found all over the world without the restrictions of age, gender, race, economic status, and social status. Pediculosis capitis mainly affects young children and quickly spread in a dense environment such as dorm, orphanages, large cities and densely populated elementary school with bad hygiene, such behavior is rarely clean the hair. Factors that can help spread Pediculus humanus capitis infestation is socio-economic factors, level of knowledge, personal hygiene, environment, and individual characteristics (age, hair length, and hair type). Methods : This was descriptive study. The population in this study was children who were stayed in kampung Gampingan kota Yoyakarta. Sample was taken by purposive sampling with criteria of inclusion and exclusion. The instrument used laboratory examination about Pediculus humanus capitis with direct examination. Analysis of data used univariate analysis. Result & Conclusion : Pediculosis capitis children who have age 9-12 years in Kampung Gampingan RW XI Yogyakarta was 86.84%.
Helminth Infection of Children in Ngemplak Seneng Village Klaten Fitri Nadifah; Desto Arisandi; Nurlaili Farida Muhajir
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 3 No 1 (2016): Journal of Health - January 2016
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.553 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/vol3-no1-p14-18

Abstract

Helminth infection remains one of health problems of Indonesian people for years. The tropical condition of Indonesian climates with high level humidity has believed to be the one of factors that increase the number of this infection cases. Based of many studies, the number of helminth infections is related to the poor of hygiene and sanitation. This study is conducted to know the percentages of helminth infections among 0-14 years old children in Dusun Ngemplak, Desa Ngemplak Seneng, Klaten and also their personal hygiene with questionaire instruments. To know helminth infection in subjects, we examine faeces sample with simple method and 1% eosin dye. As the results of examination, we found Trichuris trichiura egg in three samples. This might related to the poor of their hygienic behaviors. Some of the behavior such as wash hand before eating and after defecation, use sandal or shoes when playing, consume helminthic drug for last 6 months, and defecate in toilet has shown percentage under 70%. Other behaviors such as cutting and cleaning nails and use a spoon when eating has shown percentage above 70%.
Risk Factors of Hypercholesterolemia on Obese Pre-elderly Population in Rejosari Sub-village Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta Desto Arisandi; Yesi Apriliasari; Subrata Tri Widada
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 3 No 2 (2016): Journal of Health - July 2016
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.492 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/vol3-no2-p92-97

Abstract

Background: Obesity is one of the most epidemiological burden which is being a dangerous threat for global health. It also contributes for leading cause of hypercholesterolemia. Prevalence of stroke, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, and hypertension in Indonesia has reached out 23.7% in 2007. Rejosari sub-village, Kemadang village, Tanjungsari sub-district locate in coastal area which is fisher taking mostly part of the citizen's occupation. Hence they have tendency to intake sea products such as shrimps, squids, crabs, anchovies, and bivalves that contain amino acid required to growth and cell recovery nevertheless it also has much cholesterol contained which cause of total cholesterol level rising. The aims of this study to determine risk factors of hypercholesterolemia on obese pre-eldery population in Rejosari sub-village, Kemadang village, Tanjungsari sub-district, Gunung Kidul district, Yogyakarta. Method: This was an analytic observational study with cross sectional that conducted on February 2015 on obese pre-eldery population in Rejosari sub-village, Kemadang village, Tanjungsari sub-district, Gunung Kidul district, Yogyakarta. Data collected such age, sex, blood pressure, seafood intake frequencies, and total cholesterol. Data were analyzed by STATA version 12 software for windows with spearman correlation statistical test. Result: This study findings that 30 pre-elderly people came as respondents. Data performed the average value of age was 49 years old, systolic blood pressure was 142 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure was 87 mmHg, seafood intake frequencies was 3 times per week, and total cholesterol level was 241 mg/dl. Spearman correlation shown age (p value=0.0477), systolic blood pressure (p value=0.0012), diasolic blood pressure (p value= 0.0435) and seafood intake frequencies (p value= 0.0018) have stattistical correlation with hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion:Age, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and seafood intake frequencies are correlated with total cholesterol raising within blood.
Potensi Infusa Daun Sirsak (Annona Muricata) Sebagai Daya Larvasida Larva Aedes aegypti Desto Arisandi; Maria Theresia Doe Bay; Nurlaili Farida Muhajir
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 4 No 1 (2017): Journal of Health - January 2017
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.38 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/vol4-no1-p55-59

Abstract

Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) which is caused by dengue virus remains a global health problem that belongs to Indonesia also. Transmission works through the bite of female Aedes aegypti. An attempt is developing bioinsecticide with no harm which is involved to vector control such as leaves of the soursop (Annona muricata) that contains active substances such as saponins, tannins, and alkaloids that serves as larvicides. Aims: This research attempted to discover soursop leaves infuse with various concentrations served as larvacide to mortality of larva of A. aegypti. Method: This was a quasi-experimental research with posttest group design which conducted in parasitology laboratory of Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta. The subjects of research that infuse soursop leaves with a concentration of 15% and 20%, while the object of research is the number of deaths the third instar larvae of A. eagypti after addition of various concentrations of soursop leaf infusion. Result: Larvicidal activity test soursop leaf infusion using 15% concentration can kill larvae of A. aegypti by 75%, while 20% concentration can kill larvae of A. aegypti by 85%. Statistical analysis using ANOVA test is known that administration of soursop leaves infuse a significant influence against A. aegypti larvae mortality (p <0.001). Conclusion: Soursop leaves infuse with a concentration of 15% and 20% having a larvicidal activity of A. aegypti.