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Journal : Biota Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati

Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri dan Sitotoksik Ekstrak Metanol Aglaia silvestris (M.Roemer) Merr. Praptiwi, Praptiwi
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 12, No 1 (2007): February 2007
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (158.795 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v12i1.2532

Abstract

The antibacterial and sitotoxic activities of ganggo (Aglaia silvestris (M.Roemer) Merr. methanol extract were determined in this study. Antibacterial in-vitro test of ganggo methanol extract was exposed to Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Streptococcus agalactiae ATCC 8190, and Streptococcus sp.) and Gram negative (Salmonella typhii NCTC 786 E, Eschericia coli ATCC 25922, and Pseudomonas pseudomallei ATCC 15682) bacteria. The extract concentrations were 50, 25 and 12.5%, and done in triplicate. The growth inhibition area of extract was compared to those of standard antibiotic (10 unit ampicilin). Cytotoxic test of ganggo extract was done utilizing Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BST) with Artemia salina.The result showed that growth inhibition area of 12.5% ganggo methanol extract to P. pseudomallei (19 mm) was wider than that of 10 unit ampicilin (0 mm). It showed that P. pseudomallei was sensitive to ganggo methanol extract. The result of BST showed that LC50 of ganggo extract was 345.44 ppm. It was concluded that ganggo methanol extract had antibacterial effects on some bacteria isolates and had cytotoxic effects with LC50 345.44 ppm.
Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Kulit Batang Ailanthus altissima terhadap Perubahan Sel Hati dan Ginjal Mencit Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Kuncari, Emma Sri; Agungpriyono, Dewi Ratih; Chairunnisa, Chairunnisa
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 1 (2010): February 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.777 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i1.2654

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the toxicopathological effect of Ailanthus altissima extract in liver and kidney of the mouse. The treatments in this study were: (1) negative control (carboxy methocellulose), extracts with concentration of (2) 1 mg/kg BW, (3) 10 mg/kg BW, (4) 100 mg/kg BW, and (5) 1000 mg/kg BW. Every treatment consisted of 5 mice. After receiving A.altissima extract for seven day consecutively, the mice were then euthanized with overdose of ether. The liver and kidney were taken and then fixed within 10% solution of Buffer Neutral Formalin (BNF). Histopathology slides of liver and kidney were processed and stained with Hematoxylline Eosin. The cell degeneration and cell death were observed with video photo microscope. The lesion of cell death and degeneration of hepatocytes and epithelium of kidney proximal tubule were counted. The data were analyzed statistically with ANOVA test continued with Duncan test. The result showed that cell necrosis of hepatocytes was not significantly different (P>0.05) compared to control treatment, while cell necrosis was increasing in the treatment of ≥ 10 mg/kg BW in tubuli of the kidney.
Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Metanol Buah Mbosi (Dysoxylum gaudichandianum (A.Juss) Miq.) dan Penapisan Senyawa Kimianya Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Harapini, Mindarti
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 10, No 2 (2005): June 2005
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.42 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v10i2.2844

Abstract

Mbosi (Dysoxylum gaudichandianum (A.Juss) Miq.) belongs to Meliaceae family, Its potential bioactivity had not been known although the other plants from the same family had been known as natural insectiside or medicinal plants. Phytochemical screening showed that mbosi fruit contained fat, fatty acid, sterol, triterpenoide, tannin, peroxide sugar, alkaloid, steroid glycoside and flavonoid. Identification of mbosi fruit chemical compounds by GC-MS showed that it contained 16 compounds. Compounds with the concentration more than 5 % were butyl cellosolve (11.1%), erythritol (8.48%), glycerol (10.32%), hexadecanioc acid palmitinic ester (16.2%), oleic acid (65.3%) and ethyl oleat (6.2%).  In-vitro antibacterial test on innoculated Mueller Hinton Agar to seven bacteria isolates (Salmonella typhimurium, S. typhii, Eschechiria coli ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas sp., Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25922, S. epidermidis, and Bacilus subtilis)  showed that 20% methanol extract  inhibit only the growth of  Staphylococcus aureus.