Syahril Pasaribu
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The effectiveness of chloroquine compared to Fansidar in treating falciparum malaria Emil Azlin; Ichwan HH Batubara; Wisman Dalimunte; Charles Siregar; Bidasari Lubis; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 1 (2004): January 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.919 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.1.2004.17-20

Abstract

Background The most difficult problem in eradicating malaria isthe resistance of P. falciparum to drugs. Mandailing Natal has thehighest malaria incidence in North Sumatera.Objective This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of chloro-quine and Fansidar in treating falciparum malaria.Methods A randomized double-blind study was done from April toMay 2001. Eighty-three patients with acute uncomplicated P.falciparum malaria infection were randomized into two groups.Group I (35 patients) received chloroquine and group II (48 pa-tients) received Fansidar. Blood examinations were performed onthe 1 st , 2 nd , 7 th , and 28 th days.Results The resistance of P. falciparum to drugs in the chloro-quine group were found in 10 patients with R II and 1 patients withR III, while in the Fansidar group, there were 14 patients with R II.Conclusion The efficacy of chloroquine and Fansidar in treatingfalciparum malaria was not significantly different
Hemolytic anemia in falciparum and vivax malarial patients based on serum bilirubin examination Yoyoh Yusroh; Bidasari Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Munar Lubis; Tiangsa Sembiring; Adillida Adillida
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 3 (2004): May 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (571.454 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.3.2004.95-100

Abstract

Objective To examine hemolysis in falciparum and vivax malarialpatients based on serum bilirubin examination.Methods A cross sectional study was conducted on childrenyounger than 15 years of age who visited public health center inthe district of Mandailing Natal with complaints of fever, shivering,pale, jaundice, diarrhea, or headache between April 9 th and April19 th 2001. Variables recorded were age, gender, body weight, bodyheight, symptoms and signs, anti malarial drugs, and laboratorytest results. Thin and thick blood smears were done as diagnostictools of malaria. Thin blood smear was also performed to deter-mine the level of malaria parasites in blood (parasitemia) and toexamine the morphology of red blood cells. Hemolysis was deter-mined by bilirubin examination.Results In P. falciparum malaria, there was a moderate correlation(r=0.68, p<0.0001) between parasitemia and indirect bilirubin con-centration. While in P. vivax malaria, there was only a weak corre-lation (r=0.46, p=0.007) between parasitemia and indirect bilirubinconcentration. It was also found that in falciparum malaria, para-sitemia, total and indirect bilirubin concentrations were significantlyhigher than that in vivax malaria, with p values of 0.009, 0.015 and0.003, respectively.Conclusion Hemolysis in falciparum malaria is more severe thanthat in P. vivax malaria, with marked elevation of indirect bilirubin.The elevation of serum bilirubin correlated with parasitemia
Association between socioeconomic status and the prevalence of intestinal worm infection in primary school children Sri Alemina Ginting; Isra Firmansyah; Dedi Satria Putra; Dachrul Aldy; Syahril Pasaribu; Chairuddin P Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 3 (2004): May 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.86 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.3.2004.106-10

Abstract

Background In Indonesia, medical problems are indicated bydiseases associated with low socioeconomic status. The preva-lence of intestinal worm is still high in Indonesia.Objective The purpose of this study was to find the associationbetween socioeconomic status and the prevalence of intestinalworm infection.Methods A cross sectional study was done on 120 primary schoolchildren in Suka Village, Karo District, North Sumatra Province.Subjects were selected by means of random sampling. Kato Katzmethod was used in stool examination. Socioeconomic status wasreferred from the Survey Keluarga Sejahtera (Wealth Family Sur-vey) 1998 by the BKKBN (the National Coordination Board onFamily Planning). Data of socioeconomic status were collected byinterview using a questionnaire and analyzed by chi square test; pvalue of <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.Results Eighty-four subjects (70%) suffered from intestinal worminfection. There was no significant association between either age(p=0.811) or nutritional status (p=0.792) and intestinal worm infec-tion, but there was significant association between sex and intes-tinal worm infection (p=0.028). There was also association betweenintestinal worm infection and father’s education (p=0.044). Mother’soccupation had a significant association with intestinal worm in-fection (p=0.001), but father’s occupation (p=0.474) did not. Nei-ther parents’ income (p=0.429) nor socioeconomic status (p=0.098)was associated with intestinal worm infection.Conclusion There was significant association between intestinalworm infection and sex, father’s education or mother’s occupation
Parascreen as an alternative diagnostic tool for falciparum malaria Jenny Ginting; Siska Mayasari; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Chairuddin P. Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 48 No 4 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi48.4.2008.220-3

Abstract

Background Malaria is a parasitic disease with high morbidityand mortality. Rapid immunochromatographic are emerging todetect specific antigens of human plasmodia.Objective To determine the sensitivity and specificity ofParascreenfor the detection of Plasmodium falciparum in children.Methods A diagnostic test study was performed in MandailingNatal District, Penyabungan, North Sumatera. Subjects werepublic health center and hospital patients with symptoms of fever,pallor, headache, and diarrhea. Blood specimens were obtained forParascreen testing. Microscopy of Giemsa-stained blood samplesserved as the gold standard.Results One hundred and four subjects were studied. The sensitiv-ity and specificity ofParascreen were 76% and 100%, respectively.Positive and negative predictive values of the test were 100% and49%, respectively. Likelihood ratio was infinite for a positive testand 0.23% for a negative test.Conclusion Parascreen is a useful and highly specific di-agnostic tool for P. falciparum malaria
Parental knowledge, attitude and practice on malaria in Mandailing Natal district Syafruddin Haris; Sri Sofyani; Bidasari Lubis; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Iskandar Z. Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 47 No 4 (2007): July 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.312 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi47.4.2007.161-5

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Background Malaria is still considered to be an important healthproblem in Indonesia. Malaria has been found in islands withdifferent degree of endemicity. Behavior of the community isone of the factors affecting the incidence of malaria in MandailingNatal district.Objective To know the parental knowledge, attitude, and practiceamong parents whose children suffered from malaria or not.Methods A cross sectional study was conducted in six primaryschools and one health centre in October 2004. Subjects wereparents whose children were malaria positive and malaria negativebased on laboratory examination. Sample size was 85 parents foreach group. Selected respondents were interviewed usingstructured questionnaire. Degree of knowledge, attitude, andpractice on malaria were established using scoring system withinthree categories: good, less, and poor. Data were collected andpresented using chi-square and P<0.05 was considered as a levelof significant.Results The mean age of 85 parents whose children were positivemalaria, was 38.47 years (SD 6.67) and the mean age of thosewhose children were negative malaria was 40.41 years (SD 8.05).Parent’s education level was 62.9% primary school and 90% oftheir children were school-aged. There were significant differenceson parental knowledge, attitude and practice in each group(P<0.05). There was also a significant correlation betweenoccupation and knowledge, but not between parental educationlevel and parental age. Parental knowledge and attitude on theincidence of malaria in Mandailing Natal district were good,though their practice were poor.Conclusion There are significant differences on parentalknowledge, attitude and practice, between parents whose childrenwere positive and negative for malaria.
Factors associated with the transmission of soil-transmitted helminthiasis among schoolchildren Isra Firmansyah; Sri Alemina Ginting; Munar Lubis; Iskandar Z Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Chairuddin P Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 4 (2004): July 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.354 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.4.2004.127-32

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Background Soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) is an importantpublic health problem in Indonesia.Objective To find out factors influencing the transmission of STHin two different communities in North Sumatera, Indonesia.Methods A cross sectional study was done on 96 primary schoolchildren in Suka village (located on a mountain area) and 96 pri-mary school children in Pantai Cermin village (a coastal area). Sub-jects were recruited by simple random sampling. Kato Katz andcentrifuge floatation methods were used for stool and soil exami-nations, respectively. Data were collected by interviewing parentsof children using a questionnaire and were analyzed using chi–square test by SPSS program version 11.0.Results There was no difference in the prevalence of STH in bothvillages (p>0.05). Parents’ knowledge and economic status hadsignificant relationships with the prevalence of STH in Suka vil-lage (p<0.05), but not in Pantai Cermin (p>0.05). In both villages,parents’ education did not have a significant relation with STH,while there were significant relations between STH and hygiene,environment, or soil contamination by worm eggs (p<0.05).Conclusion There were significant relationships between hygiene,environment, or soil contamination and the prevalence of STH inthe two villages.
Treatment of intestinal helminthiasis: mebendazole only or mebendazole-pyrantel pamoate? Wisman Dalimunthe; Charles Siregar; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Chairuddin P. Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 47 No 5 (2007): September 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.223 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi47.5.2007.216-20

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Background Although intestinal helminthiasis causes highmorbidity and has a negative impact on children’s growth anddevelopment, the efficacy of antihelmintics for multiplehelminthiasis in mass treatment is still doubtful.Objective To compare the efficacy of single dose mebendazoleand a combination of pyrantel pamoate and mebendazole for thetreatment of multiple infections due to Ascaris lumbricoides,hookworm, and Trichuris trichiura.Methods Subjects were elementary school students in Suka Village,Tiga Panah subdistrict, North Sumatera. They were randomizedto either receive mebendazole (M Group) or mebendazole-pyrantel pamoate group (MP Group). Stool examinations wereperfomed on each subjects on day 7, 14, 21, and 28 after treatment.Analyses were perfomed by using chi-squared and Mann-WhitneyU tests.Results The prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis was 95.4%. T.trichiura (88.7%) was the most common cause of infection followedby A. lumbricoides (79.5%), and hookworm (3.1%). Two hundredthirty nine (76.8%) children had multiple infections. Althoughthe egg reduction rate of intestinal helminthiasis in thecombination group was faster than that of the mebendazole group,there was no significant difference in the cure rate of both groups.Conclusion A single dose of mebendazole is preferred for masstreatment of multiple intestinal helminthiasis infections.
Oral-dental hygiene and oral microorganisms in children with and without congenital heart disease Erniwaty P Panggabean; Lily Irsa; Rosihan Anwar; Munar Lubis; Rusdidjas Rusdidjas; Syahril Pasaribu
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 45 No 3 (2005): May 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi45.3.2005.127-31

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Objective This study was done to compare the dental and oralhygiene status of children with and without congenital heart dis-ease (CHD) by investigating oral microorganisms and dental andoral hygiene indices.Methods A cross-sectional study was done on children aged 2 to15 years from April 2002 to December 2003 at the Department ofChild Health, Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan. There were twosubject groups, the first consisting of children with CHD and thesecond of those without. The dental and oral hygiene status wasdetermined by determining caries index and oral hygiene index.Swabs from the subjects’ upper first molars were taken and cul-tured to determine the types of microorganisms present. Data wereanalyzed using the chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, and t-test.Results There was a significant difference in mean oral hygieneindex between children with (mean 2.75; SD 1.85) and without(mean 1.45; SD 0.78) CHD (P<0.001). Positive bacterial cultureswere more frequent in children with CHD than in those without.The proportion of normal anaerobes was significantly higher in chil-dren with CHD (P=0.038). Such a significant difference was notfound for normal aerobes, pathogenic aerobes, and pathogenicanaerobes. In children with CHD, there was no significant asso-ciation between mean caries index and oral hygiene index withculture results. In those without CHD, a significant association wasfound between the caries index components of decayed tooth in-dex (P=0.003) and DMF-T (P=0.022) with culture results.Conclusions Oral-dental hygiene in children with CHD is poorrelative to that in children without CHD. Microorganism growth ap-pears more likely in children with CHD than in those without
Effect of iron and zinc supplementation in the treatment of malaria in children Danny Dasraf; Bugis Mardina Lubis; Bidasari Lubis; Nelly Rosdiana; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 47 No 6 (2007): November 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.527 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi47.6.2007.256-60

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Background Iron and zinc administration for children withmalaria in endemic area were known to decrease parasitemia butdata on their effectiveness when given together to increasereticulocytes as erythropoiesis parameter and hemoglobin isinsufficient.Objective To determine the effect of zinc to increase ironabsorption in the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria inchildren.Methods Children with positive Plasmodium falciparum on theirblood smear (n=86) examination were randomly assigned to dailysupplementation of iron 6 mg per kg body weight per day plusplacebo or iron plus zinc 10 mg per day for 30 days. Venous bloodspecimens were collected at the start and at the end of the study.Results Sixty-nine children completed the supplementations andhad both baseline and follow-up blood specimen study. After 30-day supplementation, the iron plus placebo and iron plus zincgroups showed significant difference on hemoglobin concentration(0.58 and 0.09 g/dl; P<0.05). There was no significant differencein reticulocyte production index and reticulocyte count beforeand after intervention in both groups. There was only significantdifference in red blood cells concentration after supplementationof iron plus placebo and iron plus zinc (4.7 in 4.5 million/μl;P<0.05).Conclusions Iron supplementation with or without zinc showssignificant increase of hemoglobin concentration. It is slightlyhigher in iron plus placebo group.
Comparison of the efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine with quinine-clindamycin for treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in children Purnama Fitri; Armila Armila; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Chairuddin P. Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 49 No 2 (2009): March 2009
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.775 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi49.2.2009.91-6

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Background Drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria is amajor contributor to increasing malaria-related morbidity andmortality. Artesunate-amodiaquine is a potential combinationtherapy that shows improved treatment efficacy. Clindamycin incombination with quinine is also a safe and effective treatmentfor multidrug-resistant P. falciparum malaria.Objectives To compare the efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine andquinine-clindamycin combination therapies for the treatment ofuncomplicated falciparum malaria.Methods This randomized open label trial in 23 2 children agedbetween one month and 18 years old took place in MandailingNatal, North Sumatra, from August to September 2006. The AAgroup received a 3-day oral course of artesunate (4 mg/kg BWonce a day) plus amodiaquine (10 mg/kg BW once a day). TheQC group received a 3-day course of clindamycin (5 mg of base/kgBW twice a day) plus a 7-day course of quinine (10 mg of salt/kgBW orally for the first four days, then 5 mg of quinine salt/kg BWfor the next three days). We performed thin and thick peripheralblood smears on days 0, 2, 7, and 28.Results A total of 232 eligible children were enrolled but only22 7 completed the study (114 in group AA, 113 in group QC).The cure rates were lOOo/o in both groups by the second day, andthere was no recrudescence in either group. We found more sideeffects in AA group compared with in QC group, i.e., headacheand vomiting.Conclusion Artesunate-amodiaquine and quinine-clindamycincombinations showed similar efficacy for the treatment of uncomplicatedP. falciparum.