Wisman Dalimunthe
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Treatment of intestinal helminthiasis: mebendazole only or mebendazole-pyrantel pamoate? Wisman Dalimunthe; Charles Siregar; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Chairuddin P. Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 47 No 5 (2007): September 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.223 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi47.5.2007.216-20


Background Although intestinal helminthiasis causes highmorbidity and has a negative impact on children’s growth anddevelopment, the efficacy of antihelmintics for multiplehelminthiasis in mass treatment is still doubtful.Objective To compare the efficacy of single dose mebendazoleand a combination of pyrantel pamoate and mebendazole for thetreatment of multiple infections due to Ascaris lumbricoides,hookworm, and Trichuris trichiura.Methods Subjects were elementary school students in Suka Village,Tiga Panah subdistrict, North Sumatera. They were randomizedto either receive mebendazole (M Group) or mebendazole-pyrantel pamoate group (MP Group). Stool examinations wereperfomed on each subjects on day 7, 14, 21, and 28 after treatment.Analyses were perfomed by using chi-squared and Mann-WhitneyU tests.Results The prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis was 95.4%. T.trichiura (88.7%) was the most common cause of infection followedby A. lumbricoides (79.5%), and hookworm (3.1%). Two hundredthirty nine (76.8%) children had multiple infections. Althoughthe egg reduction rate of intestinal helminthiasis in thecombination group was faster than that of the mebendazole group,there was no significant difference in the cure rate of both groups.Conclusion A single dose of mebendazole is preferred for masstreatment of multiple intestinal helminthiasis infections.
Tuberkulosis laten pada anak Flora Mindo Panjaitan; Ridwan M. Daulay; Wisman Dalimunthe; Rini Savitri Daulay
Majalah Kedokteran Nusantara The Journal Of Medical School Vol 46, No 1 (2013): The Journal of Medical School
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran USU

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Nowadays, TB continues to be a major health problem and a global public health issue. Latent tuberculosis is the clinical state characterized by the presence of lasting mycobacteria specific T-cell responses, assessed by tuberculin skin test (TST), in case of the absence of clinical and radiological manifestation of tuberculosis. Detection and treatment of latent tuberculosis is a key strategy in the control of TB. The Quantiferon TB Gold and T-Spot TB did not show higher sensitivity neither specificity than TST in detection latent TB in children. Tuberculin skin test is remain a recommended method to diagnose latent TB in children. Keywords : latent tuberculosis; children