Charles Siregar
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Treatment of intestinal helminthiasis: mebendazole only or mebendazole-pyrantel pamoate? Wisman Dalimunthe; Charles Siregar; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu; Chairuddin P. Lubis
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 47 No 5 (2007): September 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.223 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi47.5.2007.216-20


Background Although intestinal helminthiasis causes highmorbidity and has a negative impact on children’s growth anddevelopment, the efficacy of antihelmintics for multiplehelminthiasis in mass treatment is still doubtful.Objective To compare the efficacy of single dose mebendazoleand a combination of pyrantel pamoate and mebendazole for thetreatment of multiple infections due to Ascaris lumbricoides,hookworm, and Trichuris trichiura.Methods Subjects were elementary school students in Suka Village,Tiga Panah subdistrict, North Sumatera. They were randomizedto either receive mebendazole (M Group) or mebendazole-pyrantel pamoate group (MP Group). Stool examinations wereperfomed on each subjects on day 7, 14, 21, and 28 after treatment.Analyses were perfomed by using chi-squared and Mann-WhitneyU tests.Results The prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis was 95.4%. T.trichiura (88.7%) was the most common cause of infection followedby A. lumbricoides (79.5%), and hookworm (3.1%). Two hundredthirty nine (76.8%) children had multiple infections. Althoughthe egg reduction rate of intestinal helminthiasis in thecombination group was faster than that of the mebendazole group,there was no significant difference in the cure rate of both groups.Conclusion A single dose of mebendazole is preferred for masstreatment of multiple intestinal helminthiasis infections.
The effectiveness of chloroquine compared to Fansidar in treating falciparum malaria Emil Azlin; Ichwan HH Batubara; Wisman Dalimunte; Charles Siregar; Bidasari Lubis; Munar Lubis; Syahril Pasaribu
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 44 No 1 (2004): January 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.919 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi44.1.2004.17-20


Background The most difficult problem in eradicating malaria isthe resistance of P. falciparum to drugs. Mandailing Natal has thehighest malaria incidence in North Sumatera.Objective This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of chloro-quine and Fansidar in treating falciparum malaria.Methods A randomized double-blind study was done from April toMay 2001. Eighty-three patients with acute uncomplicated P.falciparum malaria infection were randomized into two groups.Group I (35 patients) received chloroquine and group II (48 pa-tients) received Fansidar. Blood examinations were performed onthe 1 st , 2 nd , 7 th , and 28 th days.Results The resistance of P. falciparum to drugs in the chloro-quine group were found in 10 patients with R II and 1 patients withR III, while in the Fansidar group, there were 14 patients with R II.Conclusion The efficacy of chloroquine and Fansidar in treatingfalciparum malaria was not significantly different