Emre Rıfat Güpgüpoğlu
Renmin University of China

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Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Turkey Relations Emre Rıfat Güpgüpoğlu
Resolusi: Jurnal Sosial Politik Vol 2 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Political Science - Universitas Sains Al-Qur’an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32699/resolusi.v2i1.723

Abstract

At the beginning of the 1990s, collapsing of the USSR caused huge disappointment also political disorder and problems. To solve treacherous conditions and border disputes, joint actions were implemented by China and Russia. As a result, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization was established. On the other side of Asia, Turkey has been trying to become a member of the European Union. Although Turkey has put extraordinary effort, European Countries have not accepted Turkeys’ application. As a reflection, Turkey has started to find alternatives and headed to east to vary her options. Turkey requested to apply the SCO. The membership process is ongoing. Becoming a member of SCO has challenges and opportunities for both Turkey and SCO.
Foundations in the Ottoman Empire and its Contributions to the Social Life Emre Rıfat Güpgüpoğlu
Resolusi: Jurnal Sosial Politik Vol 1 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Political Science - Universitas Sains Al-Qur’an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32699/resolusi.v1i2.503

Abstract

From the past to the present day, societies have established institutions to address their needs for social assistance, solidarity and security within their structures. Some social assistance and social security practices established in modern societies had been carried out by the foundation in Islamic societies in the past. In the Ottoman Empire, as in the Turkish-Islamic states, the foundation institution had played an essential role in the provision of the social order and the cooperation and solidarity of the society. The allocation of private property to the public service gives a social content to the property in question. The allocation of the wealth and income of the founders of the foundation to public service and transferring them to the persons belonging to the lower income group reveal the social function of the foundation. In this context, the main aim of the study is to reveal the function of the foundation institution in the context of social assistance, social solidarity and social security in the Ottoman Empire after first considering the definition, function and a short history of the foundation.