Dian Prihadyanti
Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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HOW CAPITAL GOODS FIRMS UPGRADE INNOVATION CAPACITY: A CASE STUDY Aminullah, Erman; Prihadyanti, Dian; Nadhiroh, Irene Muflikh; Laksani, Chichi Shintia
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 12, No 2 (2014): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

Objective of the research is to reveal how networks upgrade innovation capacity and to derive policy suggestions necessary for enhancing capa-bilities for process improvements and innovations, including interactions between users and producers in capital goods industry. The case study results showed that: i) the main driver of technological learning in the capital goods companies is the vision of top management; ii) product innovation as the improvement of existing product can be the results of informal learning without doing formal R&D activity; iii) the limited co-operative arrangements among producer, supplier and consultant are sufficient for stimulating lower level of innovations, which is new to the firma innovations - rather than new to the market; and iv) the pro-ducers-users interaction in the forms of exchange in goods and infor-mation as well as cooperation will contribute to stimulate innovation in companies. Knowledge sharing through innovation network has a central role in upgrading innovation capacity. It implies that the necessary poli-cies to intensify the wiring innovation network in capital goods industry are: i) the establishment of bridging institution or network broker for training, facilitating and mobilizing of network formation; ii) government financial assistance for hiring external experts/consultant to upgrade the innovation capacity of industry; iii) incentives (i.e.financial compensa-tion, recognition and career advancement) for university and research institute professors working to upgrade the innovation capacity of indus-try; and iv) government consultancy services and/or subsidized consul-tancy services from universities/research institutions to upgrade innova-tion capacity of industry.
SHORT-TERM AND LONG-TERM BENEFITS OF SUPPLIER-CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP Prihadyanti, Dian
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 11, No 1 (2013): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

Today, business environment has become more dynamic with more demanding customers and intense market competition. To meet this, more and more firms are conducting innovation activities. Firms which are succeed to innovate tends to survive and grow to a greater extent. Innovation may come from various sources, one of them is from external side of a firm. As one of the main sources of innovation from external side, business partner which include supplier and customer have important role to the success of innovation. This paper attempts to analyzing the role of cooperation and relationship between supplier and customer firms in Indonesia’s automotive sector, in regard with the change in innovation maturity stage of those firms. Long term and short term advantages gain from the cooperation and managed relationship are also discussed. Key factors for succesful cooperation with optimum benefits are related with trust and openness culture from both parties. Further research directions are also discussed in this paper.
ROLE OF INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE SOURCES IN INNOVATION PROCESS: LESSON LEARNED FROM TPT’s FIRMS Prihadyanti, Dian
Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management Vol 11, No 2 (2013): Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Iptek, LIPI

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Abstract

To deal with increasingly tight competition in this globalization, it is essential for firms to have dynamic change for increasing competitiveness. One attempt to improve competitiveness is through innovation. Sources of information and knowledge have important role in innovation process. Using two case studies of firms in textile and textile products (TPT), this paper seeks to examine the presence, types, and role of sources of information and knowledge in innovation process. Innovation is viewed as learning process configuring a loop which consists of problem finding, problem selecting, solution finding, and solution selecting process. Results of the study shows that sources of information and knowledge either internal or external haveimportant role in innovation process of the firms in TPT’s sector. Utilization of appropriate and optimal sources of information and knowledge may become key factor of innovation for the firms. The broader the sources used by the firms, the higher the innovation level is. External parties play important role in supplying information and knowledge in the problemfinding and solution finding. Whilst, internal parties hold main role in problem selecting and solution selecting process.