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Journal : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia

Reasoning patterns and modes of prospective biology teachers on embryology learning with TPACK framework Priyandoko, Didik; Setiawan, Wawan; Rustaman, Nuryani Y.; Nurdiani, Nia
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2019): MARCH
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.507 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v5i1.7375

Abstract

The study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of learning using TPACK (Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge) framework in helping the change of reasoning patterns and modes of Biology prospective teachers so that it facilitates in encompassing the Embryology as one of abstract concepts. The subjects used were 49 students of Biology teachers who were having a contract in Embryology course in Biology Education Study Program, in a private educational institute in Bandung. The research design used was quasi-experimental with time-series design type.  The measurement of the level of reasoning ability, patterns, and modes of the students were done through the Test of Logical Thinking (ToLT) three times (before the learning program takes place, after learning the first four main subjects, and after the learning program was over). The results showed that the Embryology learning with TPACK framework could directly change the from concrete and transitional reasoners categories to formal reasoners. The learning with TPACK framework also influenced the shift of the students’ logical thinking modes; from the ownership of proportional and/or correlational mode to the ownership of two or three reasoning modes between proportional, probability, correlational, and combinatorial, except the variable control mode.
Reasoning patterns and modes of prospective biology teachers on embryology learning with TPACK framework Nia Nurdiani; Nuryani Y. Rustaman; Wawan Setiawan; Didik Priyandoko
JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): MARCH
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v5i1.7375

Abstract

The study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of learning using TPACK (Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge) framework in helping the change of reasoning patterns and modes of Biology prospective teachers so that it facilitates in encompassing the Embryology as one of abstract concepts. The subjects used were 49 students of Biology teachers who were having a contract in Embryology course in Biology Education Study Program, in a private educational institute in Bandung. The research design used was quasi-experimental with time-series design type.  The measurement of the level of reasoning ability, patterns, and modes of the students were done through the Test of Logical Thinking (ToLT) three times (before the learning program takes place, after learning the first four main subjects, and after the learning program was over). The results showed that the Embryology learning with TPACK framework could directly change the from concrete and transitional reasoners categories to formal reasoners. The learning with TPACK framework also influenced the shift of the students’ logical thinking modes; from the ownership of proportional and/or correlational mode to the ownership of two or three reasoning modes between proportional, probability, correlational, and combinatorial, except the variable control mode.
Cladogram misreading of undergraduate students in understanding evolutionary Sa'diatul Fuadiyah; Topik Hidayat; Didik Priyandoko
JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia) Vol. 7 No. 2 (2021): JULY
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v7i2.12360

Abstract

The student's ability to understand evolutionary studies is determined by representing a phylogenetic tree or cladogram. This study aims to determine the tree thinking ability, especially the students' reading ability in interpreting the cladogram. This descriptive study involved 29 students as subjects. Students are selected by purposive random sampling, only students who have attended and studied evolution courses. The data collection instrument used tests and interview guidelines. The test questions consist of 20 multiple choice questions with five answer choices. The difficulty level of the questions used includes understanding, applying, analyzing, and evaluating. The phylogenetic tree interpretation refers to four indicators, including the most recent common ancestor (MRCA), monophyletic group, branch proximity, contemporary descendant, and counting the branch or nodes position. The data obtained were analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2013 and Anates-V4, then presented in percentage form. The results showed that many students misinterpreted the cladogram. Furthermore, errors in cladogram interpretation occurred in monophyletic group indicators (38%), most common ancestor (59%), branch proximity (41%), contemporary ancestry (39%), and branch position calculations (53%). These results indicate that misreading of analysis in cladogram interpretation is moderate to high, so it is necessary to formulate the most appropriate way to teach phylogenetic studies in evolution.