Dony Yusra Pebrianto
Universitas Jambi

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Pengapusan Hak Veto Dalam Rangka Reformasi Dewan Keamanan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa Dewi Afrilianti; Budi Ardianto; Dony Yusra Pebrianto
Uti Possidetis: Journal of International Law Vol 2 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/up.v2i2.12114

Abstract

This study aims to find out what is the reason the veto is considered irrelevant to the Security Council in realizing world security and peace in connection with the plan of veto power in the framework of reform of the United Nations Security Council because the use of veto rights by the five permanent member states of the Security Council, especially the United States has been used with no limits. The research method used is normative type with statutory, conceptual, and case approach. The results of this study show that the security council's veto power in practice has deviated from its original intent. The reform efforts of the United Nations Security Council have many obstacles but the main obstacles that greatly hinder the reform efforts are the arrogant, selfish, and willless nature of the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council who are veto holders to continue to maintain their hegemony and national interests. Keywords: United Nations; Right; Veto;
Eksistensi Kearifan Lokal dalam Pengaturan Pemilihan Kepala Desa Ditinjau dari Undrip (Studi Kasus Pemilihan Kepala Desa pada Masyarakat Adat Kedepatian Semerap Kabupaten Kerinci) Dony Yusra Pebrianto; Budi Ardianto; Taufan Dyusanda Putra
Wajah Hukum Vol 5, No 1 (2021): April
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33087/wjh.v5i1.280

Abstract

Internationally The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) emphasizes respect for the local wisdom of indigenous legal communities. The selection of village heads is one of the regulatory concepts stipulated in Law No. 6 of 2014 on Villages. The selection of village heads in the concept of this law is conducted simultaneously stipulated by local regulations and the procedures are specifically regulated through government regulations as stipulated in Article 31 of Law No. 6 of 2014 on Villages. But it turns out that in practice, especially in indigenous peoples, the deability of the village head election often clashes with the arrangement of the village head election. So in this case the formulation of the problem in this writing is how the arrangement of the rights of indigenous peoples in The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and the value and concept of local wisdom that applies in the selection of village heads in 5 (Five) Villages Semerap Kedepatian. The method used in this writing uses empirical juridical methods. And in this case it is concluded that UNDRIP regulates matters relating to individual rights as well as very specific collective rights sourced from indigenous peoples. In this case the State is obliged to protect or fulfill the rights of indigenous peoples including cultural heritage and their cultural manifestations including human resources and genetics. And in the indigenous people of kedepatian semerap Kerinci regency there is a customary provision where the prospective head of the village must get customary recommendations and be appointed from Depati and Nenek Mamak. The provision is considered contrary to the local Paraturan in relation to the election of the village head. So given the provisions of UNDRIP and the 1945 Constitution, the State is obliged to protect and maintain these customs given the positive impact that arises from it. So in this case the customary provisions should be regulated in the Regulation including also about the recognition of indigenous peoples. In addition, the community needs to open a paradigm on human rights in the selection of village heads in addition to the paradigm of the enforcement of customary law there needs to be flexibility from the State as long as it is not contrary to national law.
Perlindungan Terhadap Petugas Medis di Daerah Konflik Berdasarkan Hukum Humaniter Internasional (Studi Kasus Perawat Palestina Razan Al Najjar yang di Tembak Mati Oleh Tentara Israel Pada Tahun 2018) Lorenci Chakti Pratama; Novianti Novianti; Dony Yusra Pebrianto
Uti Possidetis: Journal of International Law Vol 2 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/up.v2i1.10984

Abstract

War or armed conflict is a legitimate step to resolve various problems when peaceful methods can no longer find a solution. Armed disputes are regulated in the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Additional Protocols. An armed dispute is sure to bring tremendous suffering to mankind. Millions of people, both military and civilian, were victims. The result of armed conflict is that there are many victims, so medical officers are urgently needed to provide assistance and care for war victims. But in reality there are still many violations against medical personnel. Medical personnel are deliberately targeted for attack by the parties to the dispute, even though the Geneva Conventions I 1949 and the 1977 Additional Protocol clearly state that medical personnel must always be respected and protected and should not be the object of attack. This study attempts to analyze the forms of legal protection for medical personnel in the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocol II 1977 and the factors that cause the disputing parties to not comply with the rules of International Humanitarian Law on the protection of medical personnel. So that the results of this study can provide some clarity about the forms of legal protection for medical personnel and the factors that cause violations of humanitarian law against the protection of medical workers.
Celah Hukum Spionase: Cukup dengan Hukum Kebiasaan atau Tata Cara Perang Perlu Pembaharuan? Edson Septo Yosia; Dony Yusra Pebrianto; Mochammad Farisi
Uti Possidetis: Journal of International Law Vol 2 No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/up.v2i3.13309

Abstract

At first, war was only carried out by the disputing parties but as the times progressed, the war also had an impact on the surrounding area or other countries. Arrangements for war need to be made such as war treaties or procedures. One of the unclear regulations concerning the act of espionage or what is known as spying. International humanitarian law regulates the customs of war and the manner of war. It turns out that the convention does not clearly regulate the legal protection of spy agencies. This article tries to discuss the urgency of protecting spy agents who are serving in war under humanitarian law.
Sosialisasi E-Sertifikat Tanah Dalam Rangka Mewujudkan Kepastian Hukum Di Indonesia Rosmidah Rosmidah; Elizabeth Siregar; Dony Yusra Pebrianto
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat Vol. 5 No. 3 (2021): Volume 5, Issue 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

Pendaftaran tanah merupakan kegiatan pemerintah dalam rangka mewujudkan kepastian hukum hak atas tanah. Oleh karena itu berdasarkan Pasal 19 UUPA Pemerintah mengatur Pendaftaran tanah melalui PP No.10 Tahun 1961 dan PP No. 24 tahun 1997. Dalam rangka mewujudkan jaminan kepastian hukum dibidang pertanahan pada masa covid, maka pemerintah meningkatkan layanan pertanahan dengan suatu kebijakan berupa kemudahan dalam pemberian hak-hak masyarakat untuk mendapatkan pelayanan publik yakni melalui layanan pertanahan yang dilakukan dengan sistem digital melalui elektronik. Pemanfaatan teknologi digital ini menjadi perhatian/sorotan khusus terkait dengan dikeluarkannya aturan baru yakni sertipikat tanah asli milik masyarakat akan ditarik mulai tahun 2021 dengan terbitnya Permen Agraria dan Tata Ruang No. 1 Tahun 2021. Hal ini menjadi kekhawatiran dan permasalahan bagi masyarakat, Oleh sebab ini maka diadakan penyuluhan hukum di Desa Petanang Kecamatan Kumpeh Ilir Kab. Muaro Jambi. Penyuluhan ini dihadiri Kepala desa dan sekretaris, anggota BPD, ibu Ketua PKK Desa dan warga masyarakat. Hasil pengabdian bahwa: kecemasan publik tentang sertifikat tanah elektronik salah satunya didasari masalah keamanan. Tidak sedikit masyarakat yang merasa bahwa dengan memegang salinan sertifikat tanah dalam bentuk fisik amat vital, terutama saat terjadi sengketa. Bukan hanya itu, kasus sertifikat kepemilikan tanah ganda cukup banyak terjadi, sehingga publik pun sulit untuk begitu saja percaya dengan rencana pemerintah untuk beralih ke sertifikat elektronik atau dikenal dengan sertifikat-el. Selain itu, sistem keamanan digital pemerintah untuk sertifikat tanah elektronik ini juga masih menjadi tanda tanya. Bagaimana apabila terjadi peretasan yang mengakibatkan kebocoran data penting masyarakat, sehingga bisa disalahgunakan pihak-pihak tidak bertanggung jawab. Peraturan ini perlu ditinjau kembali, apakah sudah saatnya pemerintah menerapkan system elektronik dalam proses pendaftaran tanah mengingat sejumlah kasus sertifikat ganda terus meningkat.
Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak Yang Berada Di Wilayah Perang Menurut Konvensi Jenewa 1949 Dengan Protokol Tambahan 1977 Intan Amini; Dony Yusra Pebrianto
Uti Possidetis: Journal of International Law Vol 3 No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/up.v3i2.14475

Abstract

This article discusses how to protect children who are in areas of armed conflict. Protection of children has been regulated in the Geneva Conventions of 1949, Additional Protocols 1977, International Convention on The Rights of Childs 1989, Optional Protocol on Involvent of Children in Armed Conflict 2000. However, the parties to the conflict still violate the principle of distinction, the principle of limitation, the principle of balance, and the principles of protection that apply in international humanitarian law. In fact, Humanitarian Law prohibits civilians from being used as objects of violence and must be given protection from all matters relating to war. Meanwhile, combatants can be used as objects of violence during war, but they must still be given protection when they are prisoners of war. As a form of state responsibility, criminal sanctions and compensation need to be applied to ensure legal certainty and provide justice for the parties who are victims according to humanitarian law.