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Kutudaun (Hemiptera: Aphididae) pada gulma di sekitar lahan pertanian di Jawa Barat beserta kunci identifikasinya Yani Maharani; Purnama Hidayat; Aunu Rauf; Nina Maryana
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 15 No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.15.2.68

Abstract

Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) are considered as one the most important pest in the world. Some species of aphids were reported as serious pests and plant virus vectors, especially on horticultural crops. Weeds in the agricultural area can serve as an alternative hosts for some aphids which are plant pests or plant virus vectors. The objective of this research was to identify aphid species of weeds in the agricultural production area in West Java and to provide the identification key. Aphids collection was done on the weeds in the agricultural fields in 9 districts of West Java. Aphids were collected from 13 species (5 families) of weeds. The identification of aphid was peformed based on the adult specimens. The research manased to come up with 12 species of aphid on weeds. Three of the 12 collected species were Epameibaphis frigidae (Oestlund), Metopolophium dirhodum (Walker), and Pseudaphis sijui (Eastop) has never been reported in West Java. Six species were known as vectors of plant viruses in agricultural crops. The most commonly found aphid species was Schizaphis graminum (Rondani) in the yard grass (Eleusine indica).
Serangga yang berasosiasi dengan puru daun eukaliptus di Sumatra Utara Syawaluddin Syawaluddin; Purnama Hidayat; Nina Maryana
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 16 No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1338.483 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.16.1.9

Abstract

Eucalyptus spp. are commonly cultivated in the forest industry sector as the raw material for the pulp and paper industry. One of the problems in Eucalyptus plantations is leaf galls caused by insects. Leaf galls can cause leaf damage and inhibit plant growth. The objective of this study was to identify insects associated with leaf galls on eucalyptus plants. Leaves with gall symptoms were collected in the Tele sector located between Humbang Hasundutan and Samosir Regencies, North Sumatra Province. Identification was based on morphological characters of the antenna, dorsal mesosoma, fore wings, and hind legs. Results showed that there were seven insect species associated with leaf galls on Eucalyptus, i.e. Ophelimus eucalypti (Gahan) (Eulophidae) pest gall on eucalyptus leaf, Eurytoma sp. Illiger (Eurytomidae), Aprostocetus sp. Westwood, Quadrastichus mendeli Kim & La Salle, Chrysonotomyia germanica (Erdös), and Closterocerus chamaeleon (Girault) (Eulophidae) acts as a parasitoid and Diplesiostigma bisetosum Boucek (Tetracampidae).
Trips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) yang berasosiasi dengan tanaman hortikultura di Jawa Barat dan kunci identifikasi jenis Vani Nur Oktaviany Subagyo; Purnama Hidayat; Aunu Rauf; Dewi Sartiami
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12 No 2 (2015): Juli
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (819.366 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.12.2.59

Abstract

Most of thrips from Thripidae family are pests on horticultural crops. To date, there are no records in the species richness of thrips in horticultural crops. The aim of the research is to conduct inventory on thrips spp diversity that are associated with horticultural crops in West Java. Sampling were done in several horticultural crops areas in Bogor, Cianjur, and Lembang (West Bandung). The identification process began with sample slide preparations along with the documentation of the character from each species. The identification was done mainly by using the identification program Oztrips and some other published identification keys. Identification key was built based on diagnosis characters of each species. The results found there were 15 species, that are Ceratothripoides brunneus, C. revelatus, Frankliniella intonsa, Megalurothrips typicus, M. usitatus, Scirtothrips dorsalis, Thrips aspinus, T. coloratus, T. hawaiiensis, T. javanicus, T. malloti, T. palmi, T. parvispinus, T. sumatrensis, and T. unispinus. T. aspinus and C. revelatus were new record for Indonesia.
Aktivitas residu protein Cry1Ac Pada lahan yang ditanami kapas transgenik-Bt di Bajeng dan Soppeng, Sulawesi Selatan Purnama Hidayat; Djoko Prijono
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 3 No 1 (2006): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (226.993 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.3.1.50

Abstract

Soil samples were collected from each plot at the two field sites at 0, 1, 3, and 5 months after planting, and at one-month intervals after harvest for three months. Soil suspension from each sample was mixed with agar based diet (1 g soil/20 ml soil-diet mixture) then was presented to neonate larvae of H. armigera. Two reference standards were used, i.e. pure Cry1Ac protein (0.165 x 104 to 1.436 x 105 ng per ml of the proteindiet mixture) and non-Bt-soil spiked with Cry1Ac protein (0.11 x 104 to 9.573 x 104 ng per ml of the soil-diet-mixture). Larval mortality was recorded at 7 days of treatment. In both reference standards, mortality of H. armigera larvae occurred in a concentrationdependent fashion, i.e. larval mortality increased with the increase in Cry1Ac protein concentration, with LC50 of 0.95 x 104 and 1.65 x 104 ng/ml, respectively, for the pure protein and spiked non-Bt-soil standards. Result of the bioassay of soil samples from the field sites showed the residues from both transgenic cotton soils did not cause any mortality (0%) in the test insects. This indicates that the concentrations of Cry1Ac residue in soil at the study sites were very low (in the second standard, Cry1Ac at a concentration of 0.33 x 104 ng/ml caused about 10% larval mortality).
Keanekaragaman dan Kelimpahan Musuh Alami Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) pada Pertanaman Cabai Merah di Kecamatan Pakem, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Hendrival Hendrival; Purnama Hidayat; Ali Nurmansyah
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 8 No 2 (2011): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.823 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.8.2.96-109

Abstract

Research on natural enemies of Bemisia tabaci was conducted in the chili pepper fields in Sub-district of Pakem, District of Sleman, The Special Province of Yogyakarta during the dry season of May-October 2009. The aims of this research were to study the diversity and abundance of parasitoid and predator species associated with B. tabaci. Samplings of insect species were done using yellow pan trap, sweep net, direct observation of insects colonized young leaves, and collection of nymphs for B. tabaci. Measurement of insect diversity was calculated using Shannon’s index diversity and Evenness index. Nine species of insect predator were identified, i.e. Harmonia octomaculata (Fabricius), Menochilus sexmaculata (Fabricius), Scymnus sp., Micraspis inops Mulsant, Coccinella sp. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Paederus fuscipes Curtis (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), Orius sp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), Linyphiidae sp.1 (Araneae), and Syrphidae sp.1 (Diptera). Eretmocerus sp. (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) was the only parasitoid found in the nymphs B. tabaci collected and has the potential to control B. tabaci in the red pepper fields.
Identifikasi Thrips alliorum (Priesner), Thrips hawaiiensis (Morgan), dan Thrips parvispinus (Karny) berdasarkan variasi DNA COI mitokondria Nia Kurniawaty; Purnama Hidayat; Aunu Rauf
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 14 No 1 (2017): Maret
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.249 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.14.1.20

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Thrips is the second largest genus on the order of Thysanoptera, most of them are polyphagous and some species are serious pests on vegetables. The damages caused by thrips can reach 30–50% yield loss. Thrips alliorum (Priesner), T. hawaiiensis (Morgan), and T. parvispinus (Karny) are widely reported as pests on crops, especially on horticulture. This study aimed to identify three trhips species: Thrips alliorum, T. hawaiiensis, and T. parvispinus based on the DNA sequences of mtCOI gene fragment. Thrips samples were collected from Bandung, Bogor, Cianjur, and Kuningan districts. Three steps, they were sample collection and DNA total extraction, amplification by using PCR and DNA sequence analysis. The PCR succesfully amplified DNA of mtCOI gene fragments of T. alliorum, T. hawaiiensis, and T. parvispinus at 678, 690, and 668 bp respectively. The mtCOI DNA sequences were dominated by A and T bases with the nucleotide variation value of  25.18%. Identification of the three thrips species: T. alliorum, T. hawaiiensis, and T. parvispinus based on molecular characters using mtCOI DNA sequences confirmed the identification result based on the morphological caharacters.
Keanekaragaman spesies kutukebul (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) pada tanaman hortikultura dengan ketinggian tempat berbeda di Jawa Barat Lia Nurulalia; Damayanti Buchori; Purnama Hidayat
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 15 No 3 (2018): November
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.15.3.143

Abstract

Whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) plays an important role as pest in many horticultural plants (fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants). The aim of this research was to study whiteflies diversity in horticultural plants on different altitude. Whitefly samples were collected from its host plants in five areas of West Java Bogor, Sukabumi, Cianjur, Bandung, and Garut. The places were grouped into three altitude categories: lowland, midland, and highland. Number of whitefly species and individual were analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post-hoc Tukey (α = 0.05), while the correlation between altitude and whiteflies species number described in linear regression. Species diversity was measured by two types of index (Shannon and Simpson). The highest number of whitefly individual was found in vegetables (121.80). However, the highest number of whitefly species was found in fruits (2.44 species). According to the altitude, the highest number of whitefly species was found in the lowland (4.67 species), whereas the lowest was found in the highland (1.58 species). The abundance of whiteflies population increases with increasing of altitude, whereas the number of species decreases with increasing of altitude. The highest number of whitefly species diversity was found in the lowland (H’ = 2.08), meanwhile the lowest was in the highland (H’ = 0.38). By contrast, according to the Simpson index, there was species domination of whitefly in the Highland (D = 0.54) by species Aleurodicus dugesii Cockerell
Jenis dan habitat “lalat mata bertangkai” (Diptera: Diopsidae) di bogor Sopian Sopian; Purnama Hidayat
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 3 No 2 (2006): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (627.167 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.3.2.94

Abstract

Stalk eye flies (Diptera: Diopsidae) is an insect family which has unique eye morphology. Their eyes are in the distal end of a long stalk. The information of species and their habitats is still very limited in Indonesia. Therefore, the objectives of this research were studying species diversity, habitat, and distribution areas of stalk eye flies in soroundings in Bogor. The sample sites are classified into three areas; lowland, middle, and upland. The flies ware taken with two methods: net sweeping and direct capture, then parts of the body were measured. The observation of stalk eye flies activity and behavior was done in the morning, midday, and afternoon. The result of observation indicated that stalk eye flies were found almost in all areas, from lowland to upland. On 15 survey locations, stalk eye flies were found in 10 locations with the same habitat. The species are Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni and Teleopsis sp.. C. dalmanni was found in 5 locations, and Teleopsis sp. in 9 locations. The observation result of stalk eye flies activity and behavior indicated that the number of stalk eye flies which captured in three period of time were not obviously different. Result from measuring stalk eye flies bodyparts indicated that the average size of male and female flies was not obviously different, except the male stalk is longer than female. In addition, C. dalmanni stalks are longer than Teleopsis sp. stalks.
Kunci identifikasi lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) di Kabupaten Bogor dan sekitarnya Anik Larasati; Purnama Hidayat; Damayanti Buchori
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 13 No 1 (2016): Maret
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (866.77 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.13.1.49

Abstract

Identification key was developed for 18 species of fruit flies (Bactocera spp.) found in Bogor district. Morphological characters were used as background information for key development: 2 genus and 4 subgenus were identified in the process. Fruit fly species in this identification was Bactrocera (Bactrocera) albistrigata de meijere, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) caudata Fabricus, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons White & Liquido, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) limbifera Bezzi, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) melastomatos Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) moluccensis Perkins, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) occipitalis Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) papayae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) tau Walker, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) umbrosa Fabricius, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) usitata Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) verbascifoliae Drew & Hancock, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) vulta Hardy, Bactrocera (Bulladacus) mcgregori Bezzi, Bactrocera (Zeugodacus) calumniata Hardy, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) cucurbitae Coquillet, Dacus (Callantra) longicornis Wiedemann. Preparation of identification keys were done by created a matrix of characters, through comparing several characters such as face spot, lateral postsutural vittae, the color of the legs, wide and narrow costal band, medial longitudinal band, as well as the lateral margin of terga III to V.
Keanekaragaman dan persebaran lalat buah Tribe Dacini (Diptera: Tephritidae) di Kabupaten Bogor dan sekitarnya Anik Larasati; Purnama Hidayat; Damayanti Buchori
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 10 No 2 (2013): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (911.056 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.10.2.51

Abstract

Bogor and its surrounding area is known as one of the region in West Java that has high diversity of horticultural plants that may have an affect on fruit fly diversity. Research on fruit fly diversity is not merely provide information on the species richness of fruit flys but also provide information on its distribution and dispersion. The aim of this research was to investigate the diversity and distribution of fruit flies species and their hosts in Bogor and its surrounding area. Fruit flies were collected from 119 sampling areas in Bogor Cianjur, Bekasi and Depok. Fruit flies were sampled using two methods, i.e. host rearing and trapping. Traps were modified from Lynfield traps and combined with two different attractants, i.e. metil eugenol (ME) and Cue lure (CL). We found 18 species of fruit flies collected from traps and 24 host plants. The result showed that distribution, diversity and abundance of fruit flies was influenced by the diversity of host plants.
Co-Authors Adha Sari Ady Daryanto Akhmad Rizali ALI NURMANSYAH Anik Larasati Anik Larasati Araz Meilin AUNU RAUF Awang Maharijaya B T Rahardjo Bambang Suryobroto Bambang Tri Rahardjo Bandung Sahari Bintoro, Denny Bismar Nasution Bonjok Istiaji Ciptadi Achmad Yusup DAMAYANTI BUCHORI Damayanti Buchori Dewi Sartiami DJOKO PRIJONO Dodi Nandika Endang Sri Ratna Estriana Riti Fitrah Murgianto Harleni Harleni Hasballah Thaib Hazen Arrazie Kurniawan Hendrival Hendrival Hermanu Triwidodo Inez H. Slamet -Loedin Juliet M. Eva Mamahit Keisha Disa Putirama Kenneth Puliafico Kiki Fajrina Simamora Kurniawan, Rachman LILIK BUDIPRASETYO Loedin, Inez H. Slamet Lutfi Afifah Manuwoto, Syafrida Manuwoto, Syafrida Marwoto . Marwoto . MELTA R. FAHMI Muhamad Syukur Muhammad Basri Muhammad Iqbal Tawakkal Murgianto, Fitrah N. Usyati Neo Endra Lelana NETTI YULIARTI nFN Sudiono Nia Kurniawaty Nia Kurniawaty, Nia Nina Maryana NOOR AIDAWATI Noor Farikhah Haneda Nurheni Wijayanto Nurheni Wijayanto Nurulalia, Lia Oemijati Rachmatsyah Pudjianto Pudjianto, Pudjianto Rachman Kurniawan Rachman Kurniawan RACHMAWATI RACHMAWATI Rahayuwati, Sat Rahmini, Rahmini Rika Ludji Rosyid Amrulloh RUSMILAH SUSENO Safitri, Betari Sandi Nugroho SAURIN HEM Schulze, Christian H. Schulze, Christian H. Septiantina Dyah Riendriasari Shahabuddin Shahabuddin Siswandi Siswandi SITI HERLINDA SJAFRIDA MANUWOTO SJAFRIDA MANUWOTO Sobir Sobir Soemartono Sosromarsono Soerjono Hadi Sutjahyo Sopian Sopian SRI HENDRASTUTI HIDAYAT Sri Hendrastuti Hidayati Sriani Sujiprihati Sudiono . Sudiono Sudiono Surjono Hadi Sutjahyo Sutjahyo, Surjono Hadi SYAFRIDA MANUWOTO Syafrida Manuwoto Syawaluddin Syawaluddin Tri Atmowidi Ujang Wawan Darmawan Ulfah Juniarti Siregar Usyati, N. Utary Maharani Barus Utomo Kartosuwondo UTOMO KARTOSUWONDO Van Basten Tambunan Van Basten Tambunan Vani Nur Oktaviany Subagyo Vani Nur Oktaviany Subagyo Wayan Winasa Willing Bagariang Woro A. Noerdjito, Woro A. Woro Anggraitoningsih Noerdjito YAHER WANDI Yani Maharani Yani Maharani Yendra Pratama Setyawan Yoga Yuniadi Yuliani Yuliani