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STUDI KASUS MANAJEMEN BEBAN KELUARGA DALAM MERAWAT ANGGOTA KELUARGA GANGGUAN JIWA REPASUNG Rasmawati Rasmawati; Rahma Yulis; Hardianti Hardianti
Media Keperawatan:Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar Vol 10, No 2 (2019): Media Keperawatan : Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.745 KB) | DOI: 10.32382/jmk.v10i2.1323

Abstract

Perawatan orang dengan gangguan jiwa repasung membutuhkan perawatan oleh keluarga dalam jangka waktu yang lama. Perawatan ini berpengaruh pada beban dan kejenuhan keluarga sehingga perlu mamajenem beban dalam merawat anggota keluarga yang mengalami repasung.  Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengeksplorasi lebih mendalam mengenai manajemen  beban keluarga dalam merawat anggota keluarga gangguan jiwa yang mengalami repasung. Desain penelitian menggunakan kualitatif dengan pendekatan descriptive multiple instrumental case study. Dua kasus orang gangguan jiwa repasung dipilih untuk memberikan pemahaman mengenai manajemen beban keluarga dalam merawat. Partisipan penelitian berjumlah 6 orang keluarga subjek kasus. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara mendalam. Tiga kategori yang dihasilkan: Kurungan sebagai pilihan bentuk repasung; Persepsi Keluarga Terhadap Tindakan repasung; dan Manajemen beban dalam merawat anggota keluarga dengan gangguan jiwa repasung. Caregiver mengalami kejenuhan yang mengakibatkan keinginan untuk melepaskan anggota keluarga dan merawat di rumah sakit.
Pengalaman Perawat dalam Melepas Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa yang Dipasung Rasmawati Rasmawati; Amalia Putri Abuba; Nur Al Marwah Asrul; Syisnawati Syisnawati
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 10, No 4 (2022): November 2022
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26714/jkj.10.4.2022.875-882

Abstract

Pemasungan pada orang dengan gangguan jiwa dapat memberikan dampak buruk berupa perubahan biopsikososial yakni mengalami kelemahan otot, kehilangan pekerjaan, cedera anggota badan, trauma, harga diri rendah, serta putus asa. Pelepasan pasung merupakan salah satu upaya penanggulangan bebas pasung yang dilakukan oleh perawat sebagai salah satu tenaga kesehatan yang memiliki peran penting dalam berkolaborasi mewujudkan Indonesia bebas pasung. Tujuan  penelitian kualitatif fenomenologi ini menggambarkan pengalaman perawat dalan melepas orang dengan gangguan jiwa yang dipasung. Partisipan berjumlah 3 orang, data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara mendalam dan catatan lapangan. Tiga tema yang dihasilkan: Koordinasi lintas sektor dalam pelepasan pasung; Ekspresi perasaan perawat dalam melepas orang gangguan jiwa yang dipasung; dan faktor pasien dan keluarga sebagai hambatan dalam pelepasan pasung. Peningkatan edukasi penanggulangan pasung dengan melibatkan seluruh pemangku kepentingan serta kesinambungan perawatan diperlukan untuk mengotimalkan perawatan dan mencegah kasus repasung.
Penyuluhan Kesehatan Pada Lanjut Usia dengan Pendekatan Transkultural Nursing di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Samata : Penyuluhan Kesehatan pada Lansia Hasnah Hasnah; Eny Sutria; Aidha Aidha; Wahdania Wahdania; Rasmawati Rasmawati; Eka Hadriani; Nurul Khusnul Khotimah; Karmila Sari
Jurnal Pengabdian Kesehatan Komunitas Vol. 2 No. 1 (2022): Jurnal Pengabdian Kesehatan Komunitas
Publisher : STIKes Hang Tuah Pekanbaru

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25311/jpkk.Vol2.Iss1.1071

Abstract

Menua menyebabkan terjadinya degenerasi fungsi tubuh sehingga dapat menyebabkan penurunan derajat kesehatan. Derajat kesehatan pada usia lanjut dipengaruhi oleh umur, pendidikan, jenis kelamin dan sebagainya. Salah satu cara untuk meningkatkan derajat kesehatan lanjut usia (lansia) dengan senantiasa mengingatkan kembali pencegahan masalah yang sering terjadi pada usia lanjut. Lansia akan mudah menerima informasi yang diberikan jika pendekatan yang digunakan sesuai dengan kebiasaan sehari-hari. Salah satu pendekatan yang digunakan pada pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah pendekatan transkultural nursing dengan menggunakan bahasa ibu (Bahasa Makassar). Lansia sangat antusias mendengarkan penyuluhan kesehatan yang dilaksanakan serta pemeriksaan kesehatan pada lansia Abstract Aging causes degeneration of body functions so that it can cause a decrease in health status. The degree of health in the elderly is influenced by age, education, gender and so on. One way to improve the health status of the elderly is to constantly remind the prevention of problems that often occur in the elderly. The elderly will easily accept the information provided if the approach used is in accordance with their daily habits. One of the approaches used in this community service is the Transcultural nursing approach using the mother tongue (Makassar language). The elderly was very enthusiastic about listening to the health education and health checks.
Gender And Workplace Associated With Psychosocial Status Of Nursing Population In Third Month Covid-19 Outbreak Hapsah Hapsah; A Nur Anna AS; Rasmawati Rasmawati; Wahyuni Wahyuni; Basmalah Harun
Journal of Nursing Care Vol 4, No 3 (2021): Journal of Nursing Care
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/jnc.v4i3.30938

Abstract

Health care professionals have a higher risk of contracting Covid-19 with high stress, overwork, sometimes without proper training and personal protective equipment. Gender, occupation and workplace were factors affected to cope stress ability in person daily life. Aim of this study was to identify association between gender and workplace with psychosocial status on 920 mental health nursing seminar participants in the first three months of Covid-19 outbreak in various Indonesian regions. Accidental sampling was conducted an hour before the Indonesian National Nurses Association of South Sulawesi started the seminar with The Self-Reporting Questionnaires (SRQ29) online form with informed consent. There were 920 of 1500 participants filled the form. Variable association was analyzed by using Pearson Chi Square and Fisher Exact Test. The results show that based on gender, women significantly dominated anxiety symptom, somatic symptom, decreased energy symptom and post traumatic stress symptom Workplace significantly associated with depression symptom, cognitive symptom, psychotic symptom and post traumatic stress symptom which dominate in college. Gender and workplace were associated with psychosocial symptom. Therefore, it is essential for further research to arrange strategies for minimizing those symptoms.
The Psychosocial Impact on Nurses in The First Three Months of Covid-19 Outbreak Hapsah Hapsah; A. AS; Rasmawati; Wahyuni Wahyuni
Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal Volume 6 No. 2 Februari 2022
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/icon.v6i2.12776

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed at identifying psychosocial impact on nurses in the first three months of Covid-19  Outbreak  in  various  Indonesian  regions.  Method: There were  585 respondents as nurses met requirements from 920  (accidental sampling) filled out the online survey from 1500 attendees participated in  Mental Health Nursing Webinar conducted by the Indonesian National Nurses Association (PPNI) of South Sulawesi (27th June 2020). Self- Reporting Questionnaires (SRQ29 as psychosocial and additional symptoms  screening tool were distributed as online form with informed consent an hour before the online meeting started. Result: the age average of the respondents was 32 years old, more than a half of them were female (70.3%), and worked in hospital (61.9%). There were 7 symptoms identified in this study, where 40.2% of respondents experienced anxiety, depression symptoms (21%), somatic symptoms (37.8%), cognitive decline (21.2%), energy decreased (30.8%), post-traumatic stress (29.2%), psychotic symptoms (11.5%), and drug abuse (0.9%). Conclusion: The psychosocial impact of  Covid-19 outbreak in  the  first three  months was fairly high on nurse population.  Therefore, it is essential for further research to identify risk factors and how to handle them.  
Impact of Family Burden: A Case Study Re-pasung of People with Mental Illness Rahma Yulis; Hardianti Hardianti; Rasmawati Rasmawati
STRADA Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): May
Publisher : Institut Ilmu Kesehatan STRADA Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (337.562 KB) | DOI: 10.30994/sjik.v10i1.639

Abstract

The burden faced by families in caring for family members with mental illness is one important indicator in re-pasung actions. The purpose of this study was to describe the burden of the family in caring for people with mental illness post pasung which causes re-pasung. Qualitative design with a multiple instrumental case study approach using two cases chosen to provide an understanding of the re-pasung case. Six people participated in this study who were selected through a purposive sampling method. The data collection was carried out by in-depth interviews with the case subject's family. Four categories were produced in this study, namely alternative therapy as an initial step in handling mental illness, pasung as a crisis management strategy, release of pasung and treatment in hospital, and re-pasung as a result of burden on the family. Subjective and objective burdens that can not be handled are predictors of re-pasung.