Raihani Raihani
State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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ANALISIS KERJA WANITA PETANI PADI DI KECAMATAN PIDIE KABUPATEN PIDIE Raihani, Raihani
Jurnal Mentari Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh

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This study aims to determine the activities will be undertaken by a woman who worked as rice farmers in the district of Pidie and determine the pattern of working hours of women working as rice farmers in the district of Pidie. The study population was female rice farmers in the district of Pidie. Given the population that much, then researchers took the women rice farmers in the district of Pidie as many as 40 people sampled in this study. The data was collected by spreading questionnaire and observation and data processing method using a percentage formula. Based on the results of research that has been done can be concluded that the type of work outside the hours of farming respondents were household activities (reproduction), looking for additional income, basic activities and social events. The pattern of working hours to activities highest respondent base is 8 hours, both household activities that is 5.5 hours, all three activities seek additional revenue that is 3 hours and for social activities is 0.5 hours. Key words: working hours, women rice farmersDAFTAR PUSTAKA Arintadinata, S. 1982. Peningkatan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pembangunan Pertanian. Jakarta: BLPP. Arikunto, Suharsimi.  2002. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Arivia, Gadis. 1999. “Politik Susu”. Pemberontakan Ruang Publik, dalam Suara Perduli 1999. Catatan Perjalanan Suara Ibu Perduli. Jakarta: Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan. Astiti, Ni Wayan Sri. Tanpa Tahun. Partisipasi Perempuan Dalam Pengelolaan System Irigasi Subak di Bali. Skripsi. (http://e.journal.unud.ac.id/abstrak/partisipasi%20subak,%20subak%20 psw.pdf, diakses 20 Oktober 2010) Kasimin, dkk. 1998. Analisis Curahan Jam Kerja Wanita Dalam Rumah Tangga dan Masyarakat (Studi Kasus Kotamadya Banda Aceh dan Kabupaten Aceh Besar). Banda Aceh: Laporan Penelitian. Ihromi, TO. 1980. Kajian Wanita dalam Pembangunan. Jakarta: Penerbit Yayasan Obor Indonesia. Sajogyo, Pudjiwati. 1983. Peranan Wanita dalam Perkembangan Masyarakat Desa. Jakarta: YIIS. Simanjuntak, Tuti.2007. Analisis Curahan Tenaga Kerja dan Pendapatan Petani Dafep pada Usaha Tani Padi Sawah. Skripsi. (http://repository.usu.ac.id. Diakses 2 Oktober 2010) Riningsih. 2005. Pengaruh Modal Kerja dan Satuan Jam Kerja terhadap Pendapatan pada Industry Kecil Pengrajin Genting di Desa Karang Asem Kecamatan Wirosari Kabupaten Grobogan. Skripsi. (http://digilib.unnes.ac.id. Diakses 3 oktober 2010).
KONDISI SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA PENDERES KARET DI KECAMATAN TAMIANG HULU KABUPATEN ACEH TAMIANG Raihani, Raihani
Jurnal Mentari Vol 14, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh

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The study entitled "Socio-Economic Conditions in the Village Family Penderes Rubber New Bandar Aceh District Tamiang Hulu Tamiang" aims to Know The Rubber Penderes Socioeconomic Conditions in the village of Bandar Baru. Types of research used in this research is descriptive method with qualitative approach. The population in this study is all the rubber in the village of Bandar penderes New 275 heads of households and sample as many as 27 heads of families taken by random sampling. Data collection techniques used library research and field research with the techniques of data collection by way of observation, documentation and questionnaires. Furthermore, the techniques of data analysis using the percentage formula P = x100%. The results showed that the socio-economic conditions in the village of rubber penderes New Bandar Aceh District Tamiang Tamiang Hulu is still modest compared with other communities in general. while the large rubber penderes income earned each month by an average of Rp 2,444,444.00 and they have been insufficient to meet their needs every day. Furthermore the problems faced in conducting its activities penderes rubber is the rainy season which affects the production of rubber latex per day. Thus, it was indicated that the rubber penderes family or the village of New Airport District Tamiang Hulu regency of Aceh Tamiang have socio-economic conditions are considered. This is consistent with the theory put forward by Suyitno (2005:19): "Indications of a society that has a low socio-economic conditions over more revenue in terms of society itself". Key words: the condition, social and economic     DAFTAR PUSTAKA   Adionda. 2005. “Kandisi Sosial Petani di Kecamatan Pegasin Kabupaten Aceh Tengah.” Skrisi. FKIP Unsyiah, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. Arikunto, Suharsimi. 2003. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Ed. rev., cek 14. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta. Ayuini, Safrida. 2006. “Kondisi Ekonomi Petani Padi di Kecamantan Jeumpa.” Skripsi. FKIP Unsyiah, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. Golthorpe, J. E. 2002. Sosiologi Dunia Ketiga, Kesenjangan dan Pembangunan. Jakarta: Gramedia. Hasibuan, Melayu. 2007. Ekonom Pembangunan dan Perekonomian Indonesia. Bandung: Armico. Ikatan Akuntansi Indonesia. 2004. Kamus Akuntansi Indonesia. Bandung: Tarsito. Kadariah. 2008. Pengantar Akuntansi Proyek. Jakarta: FE UI. Mahmud, Syamsuddin. 2006. Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Ekonomi dan Koperasi Indonesia. Edisi II. Intermasa Banda Aceh. Mubyarto. 2005. Pengantar Ekonomi Pertanian. LP3ES. Jakarta. Mulyadi, 2003. Ekonomi Sumber Daya Indonesia dalamPerspektif Pembangunan. Pitomo, 2002. Pengantar ekonomi sumber daya manusia. LPFE UI, Jakarta. Poerwadarminta, W.J.S. 2006. Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pusataka. Schumacher, E.F. 2007. Kecil Itu Indah. Jakarta: LP3ES. Sihotang, P. 2003. Ekonomo Bisnis. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi Offset. Simanjuntak, Payaman. 2005. Pengantar Ekonomi Sumber Daya       Manusia. Jakarta: LP3ES. Soedijono, 2002. Ekonomi Pembangunadan Perekonomoian Indonesia.  Bandung: Armico. Soemardjan, Selo. 2000. Kemiskinan Struktural, Suatu Bunga Rampai. Jakarta: LP3ES. Sudjana. 2005. Metode Statistik. cetak ulang ketiga edisi Ke-6. Bandung: Tarsito. Sukirno, Sadono, 2005. Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi. Jakarta: FE UI. Suparmoko, Irawan. 2007. Ekonomi Pembangunan. Yogyakarta: Liberty. Suyasa, I Made. 2000. Pelajaran Ekonomi Koperasi SMP. Bandung: Ganeka Exact. Todaro. 2001. Economics fo a Developing World, Longman.
PEMETAAN DAN PENINGKATAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN DALAM MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI BERDASARKAN HASIL UJIAN NASIONAL DI KABUPATEN BENER MERIAH DAN ACEH TENGAH Raihani, Raihani
Jurnal Mentari Vol 15, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh

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The research was motivated by the fact the results of National Examination (UN) in the District and Central Aceh highlands where the absorptive capacity of students between the Basic Competence (KD) in a subject is not the same. Certain KD has a low absorption and consistent every year. This study aims to: i) Obtain a map of the competence of high school students in the district of Central Aceh highlands and in the subjects that are the UN, ii) Assess the reasons of failure/success of students in mastering a specific competency in each subject, iii) Determine the model appropriate problem-solving to address the problem sfound. The method used is the servey with Grounded Research approach. The research was carried out in high school in the district and the highlands of Central Aceh. Each of the three school districts selected for the sample schools, namely Takengon SMA 1, SMA 3 and SMA 5 Takengon Takengon in Central Aceh district. While in the highlands district elected Bandar SMA 1, SMA 2 buckle elephant, and a high school hill. Research outputs expected are: i) Current student competence, acquired through the documentation of students´ absorption in the UN in the last 3 years on all of the sample, ii) Factors causing the students have not been able to achieve absorption of> 60% explored through in-depth interviews with teachers, wakasek curriculum, the school principal, head of administration, and students, and iii) solisi alternative offered, obtained through interviews and FGDs. The results showed consistently in the last three years, there is a problematic KD (UN absorption <60%) of each subject in the UN-in the District and the highlands of Central Aceh. The percentage of the amount of KD is problematic varies greatly, and Economics subjects as the eyes pelajarang recorded with the highest percentage of the amount of KD problematic in the District and the highlands of Central Aceh. All KD problematic in every subject which is the UN has successfully created a map of competence. Factors that cause students not yet able to achieve completeness (absorption <60%) are generally nearly equal between domonan namely: lack of facilities/infrastructure to support learning, lack of teacher competence both professional competence and pedagogic competencies, allocation of teaching time is not right, students are not skilled at analyzing and work on the problems of high level thinking skills, and mismatch. Offered alternative solutions to address the various factors that cause failure are: continuous teacher professional development (CPD) through lesson study, the correct preparation of the syllabus, to complete the facilities/infrastructure to support learning, training and workshop models of innovative learning, reinforcement learning materials, especially KD problematic, monitoring and evaluation of teacher performance on an ongoing basis by the principal and school superintendent. Keywords: mapping, competence, National Examination (UN)     DAFTAR PUSTAKA Mulyana. 2003. Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (Konsep, Karakteristik dan Implementasi). Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya. Mulyasa, E. 2006. Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidkan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya. Bloom, B. Human Characteristics and School Learning, (New York: Mc. Grow Hill). Dimyati dan Mudjiono. 1999. Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Himalik, O. 2006. Proses Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Bumi Aksara. Idris, J. 2005. Analisis Kritis Mutu Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Suluh Press. http://pendidikan.blogspot.com/2010/12/konsep-membuat-rumusan-indicator-hasil.html, (Diakses pada tanggal 12 Maret 2011). Dalyono. 2008. Psikologi Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Firdaus. 2005. “Faktor-Faktor Penyebab Rendahnya Minat Orang Tua untuk Melanjutkan Pendidikan Anak ke Sekolah Menengah Pertama (Studi Kasus di Sekolah Dasar Negeri Lubuk Sengkuang Kecamatan Banyuasin III Kabupaten Banyuasin)” Skripsi tidak dipublikasikan. Palembang: Universitas Sriwijaya. Gunawan, Ary H. 2000. Sosiologi Pendidikan: Suatu Analisis Sosiologi tentang Pelbagai Problem Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Tirtarahardja, Umar dan La. Sula. 2000. Pengantar Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.  
Minority Right to Attend Religious Education in Indonesia Raihani, Raihani
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 53, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2015.531.1-26

Abstract

In 2003, Indonesian government issued a new education law in which one of the articles (Article 12) states that student has the right to access religion class in school in accordance with his or her religion by teachers who share the faith. This particular article has a legal ramification that school --state and private-- by law must provide corresponding Religion Classes (RC) for each religious group of students in order to fulfill their very human basic right to access to and observe their religious and cultural teaching and practices. This paper presents findings of four different school case studies on the problem of access to RC by religious minority in schools in Indonesia. Minority in this paper refers to religious groups that are either numeric minority or subordinate majority at the micro school level, not in the macro national population. This paper argues that numeric minority in any context (micro or macro) is vulnerable to discrimination by the dominating majority when the law of social relations is not fairly implemented. The findings suggest that the right of religious minority groups in three of the four schools to access proper RC is stifled, particularly to access equal learning facilities. Numeric religious minority groups in these schools suffer from powerlessness. One case, however, demonstrates that the positional power of minority group reverses this logic of minority-powerlessness and puts the religious majority students in a subordinate position.[Tahun 2003, pemerintah Indonesia mengeluarkan Undang-Undang Pendidikan yang pada pasal 12 menyatakan bahwa siswa mempunyai hak terhadap pelajaran agama di sekolah dengan guru yang mengajar sesuai dengan agamanya. Pasal ini mempunyai konsekuensi bahwa sekolah, baik swasta atau pun negeri, harus menyediakan kelas agama untuk setiap kelompok siswa untuk mendapatkan hak dasarnya guna melaksanakan agama dan ajarannya. Artikel ini menampilkan hasil penelitian dari empat sekolah dengan studi kasus pada persoalan kelas agama bagi kelompok minoritas. Istilah minoritas di sini merujuk pada kelompok agama yang sedikit jumlahnya atau kelompok kecil pada sekolah, bukan pada level nasional. Tulisan ini menegaskan bahwa minoritas pada konteks mikro atau makro sangat rentan terhadap perlakuan diskriminasi oleh kelompok mayoritas ketika hukum social tidak sepenuhnya dijalankan. Penemuan ini menegaskan bahwa hak keagamaan minoritas dalam tiga dari empat sekolah terganggu, terutama yang terkait dengan hak fasilitas belajar. Beberapa kelompok minoritas pada sekolah tersebut tak berdaya. Namun, satu kasus menunjukkan bahwa kondisi minoritas berbalik, justru  kelompok mayoritas yang menjadi subordinasi.]
Delivering Islamic Studies and Teaching Diversity in Southern Thai Islamic Schools Raihani, Raihani; Karim, Promadi; M. Asyari, Sopyan; Mahnun, Nunu
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 54, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2016.541.123-146

Abstract

Teaching religious and cultural diversities would possibly be one of the greatest challenges to teachers of Islamic in Southern Thai Islamic schools due to the strong Islamic ideology they hold, lack of proper training for their professional growth, and the ongoing ethno-political conflict in the area. This paper explores how such a challenge has been faced. It particularly describes the teaching process of Islamic studies in Thai Islamic schools and explores opportunities within it for promoting religious and cultural diversities. We also look into possible opportunities for Islamic teachers to teach and students to learn about the diverse reality of society. We found that the deliveries of Islamic fell squarely within the concept of teaching into religion using a heavy confessional approach. Indoctrination with a little encouragement of critical thinking was common in Islamic classes. The presentation of other faiths and cultures was designed to explore their weaknesses and fallacies from a single believed-Islamic perspective.[Pengajaran keragaman budaya dan agama merupakan sebuah tantangan besar bagi guru pendidikan keislaman pada sekolah di Thailand Selatan, seiring dengan pemahaman keislaman mereka yang kuat, kesenjangan tingkat perkembangan profesionalitas, dan konflik politik etnik di daerah tersebut. Tulisan ini mengetengahkan persoalan yang mereka hadapi, khususnya deskripsi proses pengajaran studi keislaman di sekolah Islam lokal dan peluang dalam promosi keragaman budaya dan agama. Tulisan ini juga melihat kemungkinan peluang bagi guru agama Islam dan anak didiknya untuk saling belajar dari realitas keragaman dalam masyarakat. Kami menemukan bahwa menyampaikan pengetahuan keislaman harus tepat dengan konsep pengajaran bagi pemeluk agamanya menggunakan pendekatan keyakinan yang lurus. Indoktrinasi dengan sedikit dorongan pemikiran kritis merupakan kewajaran dalam kelas agama. Presentasi agama dan budaya lain didesain untuk eksplorasi kekurangan dan kesalahan dari perspektif yang monolitik.]
Islamic Schools and Social Justice in Indonesia: A Student Perspective Raihani, Raihani
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 50, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2012.502.279-301

Abstract

The study explores how students of two different Islamic Senior Secondary Schools in Palangkaraya, Indonesia experience school practices in regards to social justice. Employing a qualitative approach, the researcher conducted ethnographic observations of the schools’ practices and events, and interviewed more than fifty students of the two schools individually and in groups to understand their feelings and perspectives about how the schools promote social justice among them. The findings suggest that several school structures including the subject stream selection, student groupings, the emergence of the model or international classroom were found to have been sources for social injustice. Students of the Social Sciences and Language groups, of low academic performance and economically disadvantaged admitted the feeling of unfair treatment because of this structuration. Confirming the theory of social reproduction, the schools failed to provide distributive, cultural and associational justices, and reasserted further inequalities among members of society.[Artikel ini menjelaskan bagaimana siswa pada dua Sekolah Menengah Atas di Palangkaraya, Indonesia merasakan praktik pendidikan di sekolah mereka, khususnya terkait dengan masalah keadilan sosial. Melalui studi kualitatif, penulis melakukan observasi etnografis terhadap praktik pendidikan dan kegiatan sekolah serta melakukan wawancara dengan lebih dari lima puluh orang siswa, baik secara individual maupun dalam kelompok, untuk mengetahui pandangan mereka mengenai bagaimana sekolah mereka mendorong pelaksanaan prinsip keadilan sosial. Artikel ini menemukan bahwa struktur pendidikan di sekolah tersebut, seperti pengelompokan kelas berdasarkan konsentrasi jurusan, pola keberkelompokan siswa, dan munculnya kelas-kelas internasional, menyebabkan ketidakadilan sosial di dalam institusi pendidikan. Siswa kelas Ilmu Sosial dan Bahasa cenderung minim dalam pencapaian akademik, dan secara ekonomi berasal dari kalangan menengah ke bawah. Mereka merasakan bahwa sistem pengelompokan kelas yang berlaku melanggengkan ketidakadilan sosial. Selaras dengan teori reproduksi sosial, sekolah tersebut telah gagal mengimplementasikan keadilan distributif, kultural dan asosiasional, dan bahkan telah melanggengkan ketidakadilan sosial.]
RELIGIOUS INTELLECTUALISM AND SOCIETY: An Editorial Note Raihani, Raihani
Asia Pacific Journal on Religion and Society Vol 1, No 1 (2015): APJRS
Publisher : Institute fo Southeast Asian Islamic Studies

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A dominant culture, which is usually rooted in religion, exists in every society (Buckingham, 2012). We can easily point to a number of countries to support this statement. The United States of America, England, and Australia are some of countries where the society is predominantly Christians. The cultures rooted in the Christian traditions can be seen and traced in people’s daily life, behaviors and interactions, even though, perhaps, many of the society members rejected any formal affiliation to Christianity. Even after secularization in which religious adherence was no longer valued, the influence of the long religious tradition remains intact in many of the world’s societies.
College Students’ Use and Reception of Accounting Textbooks: An Indonesian Perspective Irsyadillah, Irsyadillah; Raihani, Raihani
Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi dan Bisnis Vol 7, No 2 (2020): September 2020
Publisher : Accounting Departement Economics and Business Faculty Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jdab.v7i2.17393

Abstract

Due to the limitations of accounting textbooks, students do not realize a broader potential of accounting can make to society outside a scorekeeping practice ascribing priority to shareholders. The purpose of this study is to explore how students in Indonesia use the recommended introductory financial accounting (IFA) textbook to understand whether they use it in a way that allows a more nuanced, contextual and broad-based understanding of accounting. Drawing on the results of four focus groups conducted with students who represent four accounting degrees of Indonesian universities, the study reveals that students are strongly attached to the recommended textbook. It seemed they could not get away from having to use the text if they were to succeed in the course. Therefore, the intellectual source of these students was solely the neoclassical economic paradigm, the primary emphasis of which is satisfying the materialist desires of shareholders. This was evident in the perspectives of both students of conventional and Islamic accounting programs.