Nur Rasyid
Department of Urology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

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Serial Cases of Combining ESWL and ERCP Procedures in Management Chronic Pancreatitis and Difficult Bile Duct Stones Fauzi, Achmad; Rasyid, Nur; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Abdullah, Murdani; Makmun, Dadang; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Manan, Chudahman; Rani, Abdul Aziz; Daldiyono, Daldiyono
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 10, NUMBER 3, December 2009
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/1032009131-135

Abstract

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has an established role in the management of pancreaticductalcalculiandasfurthertreatmentmodalityforlargeordifficultcomplicatedcommon bile duct(CBD)stones. Combinedwithminimally invasive endoscopic procedure suchasendoscopic retrogradecholangio-pancreatography(ERCP),it has replaced open surgeryas theinitial form of therapy. ESWL has also proved to bean effective therapyin treating intrahepaticstones that are refractory toroutine endoscopic extraction.Inthese serialcaseswe presentthree caseswhichusing combinedESWLandERCP procedurestotreatchronicpancreatitispainandgiantCBDstonethat presentinggoodresultsonfollowupwithoutanycomplication.  Keywords:ESWL, ERCP,chronicpancreatitis, CBDstone
Associations between BMI, serum uric acid, serum glucose, and blood pressure with urinary tract stone opacity Bramono, Ikhlas A.; Rasyid, Nur; Birowo, Ponco
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 24, No 2 (2015): June
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.991 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v24i2.1068

Abstract

Background: Urolithiasis refers to formation of stone in the kidney, ureter, or bladder. Several studies showed metabolic abnormalities were common in urolithiasis patients. The aim of this study was to describe the association between body-mass-index (BMI), serum uric acid, serum glucose, and blood pressure toward stone opacity in urinary tract stone patients.Methods: This study was done retrospectively by reviewing registry data of urinary tract stone patients that had undergone ESWL on January 2008 – December 2013 in Department of Urology Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Data concerning body mass index, serum uric acid, serum glucose, blood pressure, and urinary tract stone opacity were recorded. Associations between body mass index, serum uric acid, serum glucose and blood pressure with urinary tract stone opacity were analyzed using chi-square test.Results: There were 2,889 patients who underwent ESWL on January 2008 – December 2013. We analyzed 242 subjects with complete data. Mean age was ± 12.78 (48.02 years). Male-to-female ratio was 2.27:1. Mean BMI was ± 3.78 (29.91 kg/m2). High risk BMIs were found in 161 patients (66.52%). The proportion of radioopaque stone was 77.69% (188 patients). Twenty two patients (9.1%) had normal blood pressure. Patients with high serum uric acid were 34.30% (83 patients). We found a significant association between random serum glucose level and stone opacity (p < 0.05).Conclusion: There is an association between random serum glucose level and stone opacity in urolithiasis patients. Hyperglycemia patients tend to have radiolucent stone, whereas normoglycemia patients tend to have radioopaque stone.
Urinary stone characteristics of patients treated with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta, 2008–2014: a gender analysis Noviandrini, Endrika; Birowo, Ponco; Rasyid, Nur
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 24, No 4 (2015): December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (322.442 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v24i4.1258

Abstract

Background: The incidence of urinary stone patient in Indonesia has increased every year in both genders. Data showed that urolithiasis was higher in male rather than female. The aimed of this study was to describe the characteristics of urinary stone found in patient who underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta from 2008–2014. Methods: Data obtained from ESWL medical record Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta from 2008–2014. We obtained 5,174 out of 6,020 data due to incompleteness data record. We sorted data records by gender, age, stone location, stone opacity, size of the stone, and history of ESWL, and analyzed by statistic tools (SPSS v 20 for Mac).Results: From 5,174 records, we found that the incidence of urinary stones was two times higher in male rather than female (66.3%:33.64%), occurred mostly in productive age (65.2% male, 65.9% female). Unilateral kidney stone was most common location found for both gender (50.2% male, 57.2% female), and most frequent site located in calyx inferior (24.8% male, 28.9% female). About 72.9% stone was radiopaque (73.7% male and 71.5% female). The mean size of the stone in male and female was 11.34±7.15 mm and 11.90±7.54 mm, respectively. This study also showed that 79.3% patients came for first ESWL.Conclusion: Urinary stone founds two times higher in male than female, and mostly occurs on their productive ages. Unilateral kidney stone in calyx inferior become the most common stone found in both gender. Most of the stone has radiopaque opacity.
URINARY STONE RISK PROFILE IN STONE FORMER PATIENT Prasetyo, Tommie; Birowo, Ponco; Rasyid, Nur
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 22 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v22i2.173

Abstract

Objective: We were comparing the urinary stone risk profiles in stone former subjects group with normal population (non stone-former) group. Material & method: In this study, each group consist of 10 subjects. Urine samples used was a 24-hour-urine. All subjects in this study were previously informed and voluntarily participating. Inclusion criteria in this study were adult, stone free, residing in Jakarta. Measurement was performed in Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Faculty of Medicine Indonesia University. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 20 (Chicago, USA) with Student’s t-test or Mann-Whitney (p < 0.05 was considered significant). Results: There was a significant difference in the mean age of two groups with no significant difference in weight and height. Significant difference (p < 0.05) in urinary profile was found in urea, uric acid, chloride, potassium, phosphate, and ammonia. Conversely, we found no significant differences (p > 0.05) in sodium, creatinine, calcium, magnesium, oxalate, and citrate levels. Conclusion: There were no significant differences in urinary stone promoting and inhibiting factors between two groups. Bigger number of sample size with better sampling method must be conducted for future studies.
URINARY STONE COMPOSITION ANALYSIS IN INDONESIAN POPULATION: A SINGLE MAJOR CENTRE ANALYSIS Widyasmara, Her Bayu; Birowo, Ponco; Rasyid, Nur
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 25 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v25i2.406

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the urinary stone composition of Indonesian population. Material & Methods: This is a retrospective study analyzing total 277 urinary stone, obtained from urinary stone patient that underwent treatment in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta in period 2000-2013. Results: Urinary stone disease is more common in male, with male : female ratio 1.8 : 1, with both in male and female patient, the incidence are highest at 51-60 years old. Calcium containing stone is predominant in this study with calcium oxalate as the most frequent stone with 61% overall, 43.7% in male and 17.3% in female and founded most frequent in 51-60 years old. Uric acid become the second most common stone after calcium containing stone with 9.0% overall, 6.5% in male and 2.5% in female. Infection associated stone such as struvite is 5.8% and Amonium urate 0.7%. In our study, struvite is founded more in male 3.6% than in female 2.2%. Cystine is a rare stone which is only founded 0.7%, in young age at 21-30 years old. Conclusion: Calcium oxalate is the most frequently stone type in our country as it is worldwide. This study revealed  information of stone composition in Indonesian population, that could be beneficial for strategies and management to prevent urinary stone disease and recurrence.  
THE USE OF RIGISCAN® EXAMINATION IN DIAGNOSING PATIENTS WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN JAKARTA Basukarno, Ari; Birowo, Ponco; Tri Prasetyo, Dimas; Rasyid, Nur
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 25 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v25i2.404

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the characteristic of patients with Erectile Dysfunction (ED) and results of Nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity (NPTR) based on Rigiscan® examination in patients with ED in Jakarta. Material & Methods: Descriptive-prospective study of patients with ED in Cipto Mangunkusumo Referral Hospital, Bunda General Hospital Jakarta, and ASRI-Siloam Urology Hospital are recorded during 2015. Patients’ age (in years), marital status (yes/no), duration of ED (in months), and International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) were recorded. NPTR examination were performed while patients were sleeping. Number of events, duration of each event (in minutes) as well as the rigidity (in percentage) and tumescence (in cm) were recorded. The elevation of tip and base penile circumference (in cm) during erection were also noted. Results: There were 34 patients who agreed to perform NPTR test. Most patients were married with the average age of 40.94 ± 10.81 years old. The duration of ED were varied from 5 to 96 months with average duration of 33.7 ± 44.34 months and IIEF-5 score was 6.38 ± 5.14. In general number of erections was 4 ± 3 with 23.4% of them had normal erection. The comparison between organic and psychogenic ED showed that the increment of circumference was significantly less in organic ED patients. Other parameters showed insignificant difference in statistical results. Conclusion: NPTR examination is an objective, effective, and easy-to-use measurement in order to differentiate between organic and psychogenic ED. One third of patients who complained with ED suffered from psychogenic ED and needed referral to other specialists.
ROBOTIC-ASSISTED KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION: A REVIEW Prasetyo, Dimas Tri; Birowo, Ponco; Hamid, Agus Rizal Ardy Hariandy; Wahyudi, Irfan; Rodjani, Arry; Mochtar, Chaidir; Rasyid, Nur
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 25 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v25i1.394

Abstract

Objective: To discuss about kidney transplantation (KT), primarily on robotic-assisted kidney transplantation (RAKT) and to present the current updates on RAKT techniques performed by different centres worldwide. Material & methods: We searched and compiled various literatures on RAKT, focussing on different techniques used to perform the procedure. All the references cited in this review are indexed in PubMed or Scopus. Results: Since the first successful kidney allograft transplantation in human was performed in 1954, KT has become the preferred treatment modality for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) seeking a more definitive outcome and better quality of life. Over the years, newer techniques of KT have been introduced, including minimally-invasive laparoscopic KT. However, laparoscopic KT has its own limitations, which include loss of hand-eye coordination and poor ergonomics for the surgeon. RAKT offers the same benefits as laparoscopic KT without its limitations. There are several transplantation centres worldwide performing RAKT regularly. The differences in RAKT technique between these centres are regarding patient’s position during surgery, location of incision for graft placement, use of regional hypothermia, and techniques of graft placement and ureteric reimplantation. Conclusion: The invention of RAKT as a minimally-invasive KT technique has enabled surgeon to perform surgeries when the operative field is deep and narrow and when fine dissection and microsuturing are required.
ANGKA KEBERHASILAN DAN KOMPLIKASI PCNL PADA PASIEN BATU GINJAL DI RUMAH SAKIT CIPTO MANGUNKUSUMO TAHUN 1999 – 2006 Murti, Bimanggono Hernowo; Rasyid, Nur
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 15 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v15i1.365

Abstract

Objective: To study the results of renal stones treatment with PCNL in terms of complication and stone free rate in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Material & methods: Retrospective study of renal stone patients who were treated with PCNL at the Department of Urology, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from January 1st 1999 until May 31st 2006. Results: There were 213 patients between 8 until 80 years old done for various stone localizations in the kidney. The overall stone free rate was 74,2%. The complication rate was 10,8%, bleeding in 15 patients (7,1%), leakage in 5 patients (2,3%), and colon perforation in 3 patients (1,4%). There was no artery + vena renalis perforation, urosepsis, hydro/pneumothorax or mortality in this group. Results are similar with experience in the literature. Conclusion: PCNL is a safe procedure for renal stones removal. It gives satisfactory results as well as a low complication rate, but if complications occur the morbidity can be severe. Hence, this procedure has to be done very meticulously.
ETIOLOGY OF MALE INFERTILITY IN JAKARTA Basukarno, Ari; Birowo, Ponco; Rasyid, Nur
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 23 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v23i2.251

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Objective: The etiology and risk factors of male infertility in huge Indonesian population has not yet been defined. This study was aim to evaluate the distribution and pattern of male infertility in Jakarta. Material & Methods: Retrospective study of Infertility database of Cipto Mangunkusumo Referral Hospital Jakarta, Bunda Hospital Jakarta, and ASRI Hospital Jakarta from 2005 until 2015 were analyzed using SPSS ver. 20. Patients’ characteristic and demography were stated. Results: There were 1062 patients with most of them suffered from primary infertility of their first time-marriage. Average age of husband, wife, and duration of marriage were 36.63± 7.10, 32.32 ± 4.92, and 5.7 ± 4.18 years old respectively. Smoking habit was recorded in 25% of patients while exposure and occupational hazard were only found in less than 2% of them. Coital problems occured in 17% of patients with 30% of them did not have routine sexual intercourse per week. Physical examination revealed that more than 70% of them had varicocele while USG Doppler of scrotum found varicocele in less than 50%. Only 5.13% of patients had normal sperm analysis, mostly azoospermia. Hormonal abnormality occured in more than 30% patients, varied in testosterone, FSH, and LH level.Conclusion: Male infertility was mostly caused by abnormal sperm characteristics followed by abnormal hormonal analysis. Exposure and occupational hazard did not play a big role in male infertility. Future study in risk factors of abnormal sperm characteristics could be done.
INITIAL EXPERIENCES WITH THREE RENAL ARTERIES OF KIDNEY ALLOGRAFT IN KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION: A CASE SERIES Prasetyo, Tommie; Rasyid, Nur; Rodjani, Arry
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 23 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v23i2.237

Abstract

Objective: This study reported a case series of our initial experiences in kidney transplantation with three renal arteries of the kidney allograft. Material & methods: The kidney allograft from all of the four cases was harvested with laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy. End-to-side anastomosis was performed from the small artery to the larger main artery before side-to-side anastomosis was performed between the two arteries of equal size. After joining the renal arteries we performed end-to-side anastomosis from the renal vein and artery to the external iliac vein and artery respectively. Results: All of the four cases respond well to the allograft kidney. Three recipients had normal serum creatinine level before 5 days after transplantation. One recipient had undergone hemodialysis once on the third day after transplantation. All of the recipients have no vascular and urologic complications. Conclusion: Multiple renal arteries are no longer considered as a relative contraindication, especially with meticulous anastomosis technique. No vascular and urologic complication was observed from this technique.