Azwar Rasyidin
Faculty Of Agriculture, University Of Andalas, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia

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Jurnal Solum Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Jurnal SOLUM
Publisher : Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.011 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/js.6.1.43-53.2009


Research on  soils fertility of rice soils has been done on three catchment in West Sumatra province ie; Ulu Selo ( inland areas of selo river) at Tanah Datar district conducted three Kenagarian ( traditional village) Simpurut, Gurun, and Padang Laweh.  Lembang catcment at Solok district is conducted ubo irrigation scheme ubo which divided as Ubo atas irrigation scheme and Sirukam. Sumpur cathment at East Pasaman District conducted three  Kenagarian, Lundar, Petok and Kuamang.  All of irrigation scheme located at agroclimatic zone C1 up to D2, with charaterize 2 or 3 consecutive  wet month  and 3 or 4 consecutive dry month. Soils were developed from volcanic parents materials.  Rice soils of Ulu Selo  shown lower pH value compared to the soils with land use is mixed garden, which some of the sampling point has shown the pH lower than 4. the rice soils of Lembang and Sumpur also shown the similar trend of pH but the value not so extremely like the soils from Ulu Selo. Related to the minimum value of carbon in rice soils is indicate that some  of the rice soils in the research areas could be grouping as degraded land.  The rice soils from Sumpur has high natural soil fertility which which shown on the natural reserved of nitrogen, phosphor and potassium. The soils condition could support the rice production up to 8t/ha/ GS without additional nutrient. While soils from Ulu Selo shown lower content of phosphor. Based on this research author suggested to fertilizer program is better done based on the condition of soils itself. Even the natural soils fertility is high is not reccomended to use addtional artificials fertilizer.Key words: cathment studies, natural soil fertility, rice production and land degradation.
Potential Selection of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) Indigenous Ultisols through the Production of Glomalin Eddiwal, .; Saidi, Amrizal; Lenin, Ismon; Husin, Eti Farda; Rasyidin, Azwar
JOURNAL OF TROPICAL SOILS Vol 19, No 3: September 2014

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2014.v19i3.181-189


The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi ( AMF ) with plants able to increase the capacity of plants to absorb nutrients and water from the soil. Recently, research was indicated that AMF hyphae containing glomalin as a glycoprotein that serves to unify the dispersed soil particles. The content of glomalin in soil is positively correlated with soil aggregate stability. The research potential of AMF species indigenous of Ultisol Darmasraya District of West Sumatra and glomalin production in experimental pots of sterile sand medium has been carried out. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity of AMF species on Ultisol and to seeking indigenous AMF isolates that had the best glomalin production capability. AMF spores were isolated and identified from the rhizosphere soil of corn in Ultisol. AMF species that had been identified experimentally were tested in culture medium pot of sand and zeolite (w / w 1:1) using corn crops. The results found nine of the AMF species indigenous of Ultisol Darmasraya, namely Acaulospora scrobiculata, Glomus etunicatum, Glomus luteum, Glomus mosseae, Glomus verruculosum, Glomus versiforme, Scutellospora gregaria, Scutellospora heterogama and Gigaspora sp. AMF species that showed better colonization ability in corn was G. luteum, G. verruculosum and G. versiforme. All three species produced glomalin significantly higher than the other species, i.e. 1.29 mg g-1; 1.17 mg g-1; 1.15 mg g-1, respectively. [How to Cite: Eddiwal, A Saidi, I Lenin, EF Husin and A Rasyidin. 2014. Potential Selection of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) Indigenous Ultisols through the Production of Glomalin. J Trop Soils 19: 181-189. Doi: 10.5400/jts.2014.19.3.181]   
Jurnal Solum Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JURNAL SOLUM
Publisher : Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (686.814 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jsolum.15.2.50-59.2018


Mycorrhizal symbiosis increases nutrient uptake for plants, resistance to disease, stabilizes soil aggregates and promotes the growth of soil organisms. Fungal hyphae containing glomalin is essential for soil biological processes because of their interactions with plants, soils, and microbes. Activity of AMF in the area of rhizosphere and mycorizosphere will improve the physical, chemical and biological conditions of the soil, thereby providing a healthy soil environment for plants. How the influence of AMF inoculants plus organic ingredients on growth and production of maize on Ultisol needs to be tested in the field.  The purpose of this experiment is the application of AMF plus organic inoculants to corn planting, to determine the effect on growth and increase of corn production. Experiments using a randomized block design with four groups. The AMF inoculation treatment was the administration of organic plus inoculant from G. luteum (F1), G. verruculosum (F2), G. versiforme (F3), Multi species of AMF (F4) and without AMF inoculation (F0). The results showed that AMF inoculation had significant effect on total glomalin. G. versiforme has the highest total glomalin, which is 10.59 mg.g-1. The effect of AMF species had no significant effect on aggregate stability, but was significantly different from the treatment without AMF inoculation. The effect of AMF on N, P and K uptake is significantly different. The highest dry corn kiln production from G. versiforme, which is 8.07 kg / plot or 4.04 ton / ha, has the same effect as G. luteum (7.98 kg / plot or 3.99 ton / ha) and Multi AMF (7.67 kg / plot or 3.84 tons / ha). Increased production of dried corn plants inoculated with AMF plus organics can reach 40-83% higher than the plants without giving the AMF.Key words : mycorizosphere, productivity, rhizosphere, Ultisol