Sofia Retnowati
Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Journal : Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology

HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI TENTANG MENOPAUSE DENGAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN PADA WANITA YANG MENGHADAPI MENOPAUSE Christiani, -; Retnowati, Sofia; Purnamaningsih, Esti Hayu
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 27, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.921 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.7002

Abstract

The aim of the research was to investigate the relationship between women’s perception of menopause and their level of anxiety. Subjects were members of “Dharma Wanita” UGM. The research used Perception Scale to measure menopause perception, and Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMAS) to measure anxiety. Data analysis was done by using Product Moment Correlation analysis. This study found that was a significant negative correlation between perception of the menopause and level of anxiety. The correlation indicated that the more positive perception of menopause, the lower level of anxiety; the more negative perception of menopause, the higher level of anxiety. Keywords: menopouse, anxiety
PERANAN KEBERFUNGSIAN KELUARGA PADA PEMAHAMAN DAN PENGUNGKAPAN EMOSI Retnowati, Sofia; Widhiarso, Wahyu; Rohmani, Kumala Windya
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 30, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.883 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.7028

Abstract

Penelitian ini berupaya mengidentifikasi peranan keberfungsian keluarga pada pengungkapan emosi. Variabel yang dilibatkan pada penelitian ini adalah keberfungsian keluarga, pemahaman dan pengungkapan emosi. Uji persamaan model struktural menghasilkan angka chi-square sebesar 26,237 dengan p=0,07 (p>0,05) yang mengindikasikan bahwa hipotesis model diterima. Keberfungsian keluarga berperan terhadap pemahaman emosi dan pengungkapan emosi. Nilai koefisien beta yang dihasilkan secara berturut-turut: 0,078 (p
PERFEKSIONISME, HARGA DIRI, DAN KECENDERUNGAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA AKHIR Aditomo, Anindito; Retnowati, Sofia
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 31, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.196 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.7033

Abstract

The relations between perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression were examined among 77 normal subjects (late adolescence college students). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis that general perfectionism and self-esteem played a significant role in depressive symptoms. In addition to the regression analysis, product moment analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of each of the five dimensions of perfectionism with depressive symptoms. Results indicated that general perfectionism and selfesteem were significant predictors of depressive symptoms. The regression model informs that general perfectionism (β= 0,143; p
PROGRAM PELATIHAN DENGAN METODE SIMULASI UNTUK FASILITATOR: PENELITIAN AWAL KEMATIAN TENTANG IBU YANG HAMIL, SIAPA YANG BERTANGGUNG JAWAB? Atamimi, Nuryati; Sanmustari, Rasimin Bujang; Retnowati, Sofia
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 29, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.623 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.7047

Abstract

Maternal mortality rate in Indonesia is considered relatively high (UNICEF, 1994). It is necessary to make concrete efforts to cut down the number of women who die in the period of their pregnancy, at birth, and in the period of 42 days after birth, either caused by direct effects of pregnancy of birth, or by indirect effects of certain diseases, not to include accidents. Maternal mortality has socially broad impact since the mother’s double functions is cannot be replaced by others. Research has shown that a baby born by a mother who died at the birth, has 90 % possibility to die in the first year of his or her life. This tragedy should not have happened since 80 % of maternal mortality can be prevented (Indonesian Department of Health, 1999). This study is meant to find an alternative method which is reliable and testable to improve the level of initiative (responsive attitudes) of pregnant women and of all elements of the surrounding social institutions to issues related to maternal mortality risk. One to mention is by comparing the use of simulation method (together with poster campaigns) with that of radio-spot broadcast method. The study focuses on several targets, among others are 1) a case study related to the handling of high-risk pregnancy which has so far been done, as a step stone to developing an instrument to change attitude/behavior; 2) constructing an inventory or questionnaire on attitude change which will be used as a measuring instrument in the research to follow; and 3) making instruments to change attitude (in the forms of simulation sheets and posters) of which the effectiveness, validity, and reliability as intervening media will be trained to the simulation facilitators. Developing intervening media in the form of radio-spots will be in the third-year phase of the study, and comparing the two intervening media is to be done in the year afterwards. The third and fourth studies, however, do not manifest since the budget cut is significant in limiting the production of the intervention media. The preliminary study by using in-depth interviews with 56 subjects showed that a great majority of high-risk pregnant women had low level of understanding and initiative to various anticipatory measures needed to face emergency situations in pregnancy period and at birth. A number of social institutions in the surroundings such as neighbors and Village Community Welfare Institutions and health service providers such as Integrated Service Post and Community Health Center had not yet played significant roles. Draft of simulation sheets and posters had been made and tried out according to the plan. The questionnaire has been designed and has been tried out. The training for the facilitators has also been completed in the first year study. Keywords: Simulation method, material mortality.
Model Penjelasan Intensi Cerai Perempuan Muslim di Sulawesi Selatan Khumas, Asniar; Prawitasari, Johana E; Retnowati, Sofia; Hidayat, Rahmat
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 42, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (586.33 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.9908

Abstract

The study tested the explanatory model of intentions for divorce based on the theory of social exchange, theory of planned behavior by Ajzen and model of dissolution by Amato and Rogers. The 197 subjects participating in this study were wives who had filed for divorce at the religious courts in several districts and cities in South Sulawesi. The measuring tools of the study were divorce intention scale and marital relationship scale developed by the researcher based on theoretical constructs of each tested factor. The theoretical model developed was tested with analysis of Structural Equation Models (SEM). The results of the study revealed that the intentions of divorce could be explained by the strong effects of negative relationships such as domestic violence, infidelity and irresponsibility. It was also found that there were weak barriers to divorce and post-divorce expectation of a better life with new partner who could love them more. Indirect factor that contributed to divorce intention was level of education. These findings confirmed the explanatory models of divorce intention based on social exchange theory, planned behavior theory, and the suggested Amato and Rogers’ divorce models.