Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Correlation of Ceramic Dust Content in Workplace with Lung Function in Ceramics Industry Workers of X Company, Mabar, Medan Endy Todo Sirait; Amira Permatasari Tarigan; Nuryunita Nainggolan; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i3.187

Abstract

Background: Workers in the ceramics industry are often exposed to silica content which is unwittingly inhaled and deposited in the lungs. Macrophages will release Interleukin 8 (IL-8), a chemoattractant that causes neutrophil recruitment to the alveoli and releases proteolytic enzymes that damage the lung parenchyma and cause a decrease in lung function. This study aimed to determine whether dust level correlate with IL-8 serum in ceramic industry workers. Method: This research is an analytic study with a cross-sectional design conducted in March–June 2019 in the X Ceramic Industry in Mabar, Medan. Personal Dust Sampler was used to measure dust level of the study subjects at work sites. Lung function was measured by spirometry. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Results: A total of 35 male workers were divided into 3 working sections, 11 (31.4%) in the pre-compression section, 13 (37.1%) in the compression section and 11 (31.4%) in the sintering section. Dust levels at each working section were 24.8, 29.2, and 6.11, respectively. The lung function examination showed restrictive impairment in 21 subjects (60%). Statistical analysis showed that the higher the level of dust in the workplace, the lower the value of Forced Expiratory Volume 1 (FEV1) and Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) values, although this correlation was not statistically significant (r = -0.03 and -0.22 respectively; p> 0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant relationship between workplace dust levels and lung function in ceramic workers.
Relationship of Tuberculosis Radiographic Manifestation in Diabetic Patients with HbA1c Levels Dana Jauhara Layali; Bintang YM Sinaga; Parluhutan Siagian; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (710.631 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v39i3.67

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Background: The relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) is a significant health problem and more prominent in developing countries where TB is endemic and DM prevalence increases. The prevalence of pulmonary TB increases with increasing prevalence of DM. Uncontrolled diabetic patients with high hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels cause TB to become more severe and are associated with higher mortality and also have a significant effect on radiological manifestations of pulmonary TB. Methods: The was a case-control study conducted between January to December 2016 at RSUP H Adam Malik, Medan to 43 with TB-DM patients and 41 TB-without DM patients was studied from. Radiological examination with chest radiograph was done in both groups of samples. The HbA1c levels was examined in the TB with DM group. Result: Compared with TB-without DM group, the TB with DM group significantly had far advanced tuberculosis lesions (OR=3.8; 95% CI=1.37-10.47; P=0.01), more atypical lesions atipikal (OR=6.29; 95% CI=2.43-16.25; P
Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients in Haji Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera Dyana Destylya; Bintang YM Sinaga; Parluhutan Siagian; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 3 (2022): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i3.53

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). The increase in the number of COVID-19 cases was happening quite quickly and has spread between countries so that COVID-19 has become a pandemic in the world. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of COVID-19 patients at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan. Method: This was a descriptive study. Data were taken from the medical records of 110 hospitalized patients with positive RT-PCR results for COVID-19 from December 2020 to April 2021. The inclusion criteria for the case samples were patients diagnosed with COVID-19 based on RT-PCR and the exclusion criteria were incomplete medical records. Characteristic analysis was carried out using the Kruskal Wallis test. Results: The most common comorbidities found in patients with severe COVID-19 were diabetes mellitus and HIV. The most common comorbidity found in moderate-level COVID-19 patients was pregnant women. The most common chest X-rays finding in severe and critical levels was bilateral infiltrates. Recovered patients were mostly obtained at moderate level, while deceased patients were mostly observed at critical levels. Conclusion: Characteristics of COVID-19 patients at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital were classified based on the degree of disease by age, lymphocyte value, N/L ratio, levels of CRP, D-dimer, procalcitonin, fibrinogen, ferritin, and comorbidities as well as the appearance of infiltrates in both lung fields.
The Effect of Vitamin C Supplementation on Chest X-Rayimprovementin Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients During Intensive Phase in Medan Budi Jefri; Bintang YM Sinaga; Parluhutan Siagian; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.989 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.105

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Backgrounds: Tuberculosis (TB) is still a public health problem in the world.Vitamin C is a water-soluble micronutrient, protects the host from reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen intermediates generated during mycobacterial infection, involved in the synthesis of collagen, iron transport, and acts as physiological antioxidant. Vitamin C plays role in killing Mycobacterium tuberculosis by fenton reaction. This study was to determine the effect of vitamin C supplementation on chest X-ray (CXR) improvement in pulmonary TB patients during intensive phase. Methods: This was a quasy experimental study with single blind-randomized controlled trial design. Subjects were divided into 2 groups, first group was pulmonary TB patients treated with anti tuberculosis drugs (ATD) plus vitamin C and the second group was treated with ATD plus placebo. This study was conducted in several public health center in Medan City. The subjects were pulmonary TB patients with positive AFB sputum in intensive phase from December 2017 to May 2018. Data were analized using t-test dependent. Results: From 80 total subjects, 53 males (66%) and 27 females (34%). After 2 months of treatment, improvements in CXR images were found in the ATD plus vitamin C group, about 21 subjects (52.5%) had no more lesions on CXR, while the same condition was found on 15 subjects (37.5%) in the placebo group. Conclusion: Vitamin C supplementation in pulmonary TB provided better improvements of CXR images. (J Respir Indo. 2020; 40(2): 82-7)
Correlation of Hemostatic Parameter with Lung Tumor Marker in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patient with Chemotherapy Ganda M. Leonard Samosir; Parluhutan Siagian; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i1.137

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Backgrounds: There is a subclinical activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis system in patient with lung cancer. Alterations in hemostatic system are seen frequently in lung cancer correlated with the prognosis of disease. In oncology practice, the use of tumor markers may be helpful in the diagnosis and pathologic classification of tumors. Tumor marker may reflect both, stage of the disease and prognosis. Aim of this research is to asses the correlation of this parameters in patient non-small cell lung cancer with chemotherapy. Methods: This research is an analytic observational with a cross sectional design. The research was conducted at RSUP Haji Adam Malik, Medan from January 1, 2015 to May 31, 2016. Blood test examination was performed to measure the hemostatic parameter (PT, INR, APTT, TT, D-dimer) and serum tumor marker (CEA, Cifra21-1, NSE) of 41 non-small cell lung cancer patients before first cycle of chemotherapy and after fourth or sixth cycles of chemotherapy. Results: The study comprised 41 patients of non-small cell lung cancer (31 adenocarcinoma, 10 squamous cell carcinoma), There were 35 men (85,4%) and 3 women (14,6%) with mean age of 56,7 years. For all patients, we give a platinum based therapy as first line chemotherapy (gemsitabine and carboplatin regimen in 27 patients, paclitaxel and carboplatin in 10 patients, vinorelbine and carboplatin in 4 patients). There is no significant difference of hemostatic parameter and serum tumors marker values before chemotherapy againts after chemotherapy values. And there is a weak negative correlation of hemostatic parameter againts serum tumor marker on non-small cell lung cancer patients with chemotherapy. Conclusion: There is a weak negative correlation of hemostatic parameter againts serum tumor marker in non-small cell lung cancer patients with chemotherapy. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(1): 33-38)
The Effect of Two-Mile Jogging Training on Lung Function Values in TNI Soldier Kodam I/Bukit Barisan Rifda Hayati; Nuryunita Nainggolan; Amira Permatasari Tarigan; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v1i1.8

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Background: Military soldiers are army personnel who are required to have good physical endurance and optimal fitness, include. So, it's needed physical exercise, include to be able to improve lung function. One parameter that can reflect physical fitness are lung function and m VO2max. This study aims to determine whether there is a relationship between physical exercise in the form of 2-mile jogging with increased lung function and VO2max of military soldiers Kodam 1 Bukit Barisan Methods: This research is an experimental study carried out in February-April 2019 against the TNI soldiers of the Bukit Barisan Military District 1. The research subjects were divided into two groups, group 1 who underwent regular 2-mile jogging exercises 3-5 times a week with a duration of 25 minutes for 2 months, and group 2 who underwent non-routine jogging exercises (less than 3 times a week). Lung function was assessed by spirometry. Results: As many as 68 military soldiers were involved in this study which were divided into two groups, 38 people in the group 1 who routinely trained and 30 people in group 2 that did not routinely practice. Group 1 VEP1 values were higher than group 2 (p=0.03). No significant differences in terms of KVP, MVV and VO2max in both groups. Lung function of smokers were lower than non-smokers, but not statistically significant. Conclusion: There were significant differences in VEP1 values between military soldiers who routinely and did not routinely undergo 2-mile jogging exercises.
Accuracy Between CURB-65 Score and PSI in Determining The Prognosis of Community-Acquired Pneumonia Patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan Fransisco Sentosa Pakpahan; Syamsul Bihar; Fajrinur Syarani; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v1i3.25

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Background: Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is an important problem associated with morbidity and mortality. An accurate initial assessment is required before starting management of a CAP patient to determine the prognosis of the patient as early as possible. The CURB-65 score and PSI (Pneumonia Severity Index) are initial assessment scores that can be used. This study aimed to compare the accuracy between the CURB-65 score and the PSI in determining the prognosis in CAP patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital Medan. Method: A descriptive study was conducted on 76 patients diagnosed with CAP. Each patient was assessed for their CURB-65 score, PSI class and mortality within 30 days of admission. Data were collected through patient medical records diagnosed CAP in 2018 and performed statistical analysis using 2x2 tables. Results: The CURB-65 ≥3 score showed accuracy (71.0%), sensitivity (53.8%), and specificity (89,2%). The CURB-65 ≥ 2 score showed accuracy (75.0%), sensitivity (82.1%), and specificity (67.6%).  Meanwhile, the Class IV-V PSI showed accuracy (77.6%), sensitivity (87.2%) and specificity (67.6%). Conclusion: The accuracy of the PSI is higher when compared to the CURB-65 score in determining the prognosis of CAP patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital Medan. Although PSI is more accurate, CURB-65 is simpler, easier and less expensive to use
CT Guided TTNA and Core Biopsy in Suspected Lung Cancer, Review of Cases in Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan Hadi Suhendra; Fajrinur Syarani; Syamsul Bihar; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i1.27

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ounds: The cytological and histopathological findings establish the type of lung cancer cells as the definitive diagnosis of lung cancer. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of lung cancer patients in terms of age, mean age, gender, staging, the proportion of lung cancer cells by cytologic examination of Transthoracic Needle Aspiration (TTNA) and histopathologic evaluation from CT-guided core biopsy. Method: This is a descriptive study involving 42 subjects diagnosed with lung cancer at H. Adam Malik Hospital Medan in 2016-2020 that met the inclusion criteria through consecutive sampling. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics for categorical variables. Results: Of 42 study subjects, the 60–71-year age group had the highest percentage of lung cancer (42.9%). Male (71.4%) was higher than female, the most common lung cancer staging was IVA (57.1%), and adenocarcinoma was found to be the most frequent type of lung cancer in both cytology (33.3%) and histopathology (31.0%). Conclusion: We concluded that core biopsy is superior in diagnosing lung cancer compared to TTNA.
Vitamin C Supplementation Improves Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients' Sputum Conversion During Intensive Phase Category I Treatment in Medan Elok Ariyani Safitri; Parluhutan Siagian; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 2 (2022): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i2.30

Abstract

Background: Many factors influence the success of the acceleration of Acid-Fast Bacilli (AFB) sputum conversion in the treatment of the intensive phase of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). One of these factors is the nutritional status or nutrition of pulmonary TB patients. Through a fenton reaction, Vitamin C is known to be able to sterilize Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This study aims to determine the effect of giving vitamin C on the conversion of AFB sputum in the intensive phase of pulmonary TB treatment. Method: This study was an inferential, quasi-experimental evaluation of the acceleration of AFB sputum conversion following vitamin C supplementation in patients with category I pulmonary TB. The study group was separated into two groups: 40 TB patients getting Anti Tuberculosis Treatment (ATT) with vitamin C, and 40 TB patients receiving ATT with placebo. Every two weeks, AFB sputum was examined, and vitamin C levels were measured before and after two months of therapy. Results: Conversion of AFB occurred sooner in the vitamin C group of pulmonary TB patients, with as many as 29 patients (72.5%) experiencing conversion of AFB sputum at the end of the second week of therapy, whereas there was no conversion in the placebo group. At the end of the fourth week, all patients (100%) given vitamin C showed AFB sputum conversion, whereas only eight patients (20%) in the placebo group had conversion at the end of the fourth week of treatment. Vitamin C levels increased significantly in the group of pulmonary tuberculosis patients who received vitamin C supplementation. Conclusion: Vitamin C supplementation in the treatment of pulmonary TB can accelerate the conversion of AFB sputum, which is statistically significant.