Harun Al Rasyid
Universitas Brawijaya

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Differences in the Expression of miRNA-126 and Interleukin (IL)-13 in Fully Controlled and Not Fully Controlled Asthma Patients Yulia Kartina; Susanthy Djajalaksana; Iin Noor Chozin; Harun Al Rasyid
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.99

Abstract

Backgrounds: Important finding in the last decades in the field of biology and medicine are micro-RNA (miRNA), including miRNA-126 that are involved in the regulation of interleukin-13 (IL-13) and the T helper 2 cell (Th2) response, the key components of the asthmatic response. The aim of this study is to find the difference in the expression of miRNA-126 and IL-13 serum in fully controlled and not fully controlled groups of stable asthma patients and analyze the relationship between them. Methods: Case-control studies was conducted in 36 stable asthma patients who visited pulmonary outpatient clinic Saiful Anwar Hospital from September 2018 to March 2019. Subjects were divided into 2 groups, each group consisted of 18 fully controlled asthma and 18 not fully controlled asthma patients. The expression of miRNA-126 was measured by the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) and IL-13 using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Results: The expression of miRNA-126 was higher in the control group (3.499±2.99) than case group (2.719±2.73), but the difference was not significant (P=0.273). The IL-13 levels were higher in the case group (17.285±9.37) than control group (11.681±5.22), and the difference was significant (P=0.009). However, there was no relationship between the expression of miRNA-126 and IL-13 levels in both groups. Conclusions: There were differences in IL-13 levels, but there were no differences in the expression of miRNA-126 in the two groups. There was no relationship between miRNA-126 expression and IL-13 levels in both groups. (J Respir Indo. 2020; 40(1): 24-32)
The Effect of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on The Duration of Antibiotic Switches, IL-10 Levels and PEFR Values in Hospitalized Community Pneumonia Patients Mariyatul Khiptiyah; Iin Noor Chozin; Suryanti Dwi Pratiwi; Rahmad Rahmad; Harun Al Rasyid
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 4 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i4.129

Abstract

Background: Pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lung parenchyma and ranked third of 30 causes of death in the world. WHO estimates the death caused by pneumonia is 1.6 million per year. Long duration of antibiotic switches is associated with increased morbidity, nosocomial infections and costs of healthcare. This study aims to assess the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation with the duration of antibiotic switches and interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels of pneumonia patients in non-intensive care thus pulmonary rehabilitation can be routinely use as adjuvant therapy. Methods: The study was conducted in May-November 2019 at Saiful Anwar Hospital Malang, with 40 pneumonia patients in the non-intensive care and divided in two groups which contains of 20 patients. This study uses consecutive simple random sampling. In treatment group, pulmonary rehabilitation consists of breathing exercise, effective cough techniques, clapping, postural drainage and breathing muscle exercises with spirometry incentive tools. The pulmonary rehabilitation treatment was done by Medical Rehabilitation Department of Saiful Anwar Malang Hospital. IL-10 levels and PEFR values on the zero and fifth days of treatment were measured. Results: The duration of antibiotic switches received pulmonary rehabilitation was shorter 5.05 days (P
Impact of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on Hospitalization Duration, IL-6 Levels, and Respiratory Muscle Power in Hospitalized Community-Acquired Pneumonia Patients Santony Santony; Iin Noor Chozin; Teguh Rahayu Sartono; Rahmad Rahmad; Harun Al Rasyid
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v42i1.276

Abstract

Background: Pneumonia is acute inflammation of the lung parenchyma. The long duration of hospitalization is associated with increased morbidity, nosocomial infections and treatment costs. Methods: The study was conducted from May to November 2019 at Saiful Anwar Hospital, Malang, with 40 pneumonia patients in the non-intensive community inpatient room divided into 2 groups. The treatment group performed pulmonary rehabilitation measures consisting of breathing exercise, effective coughing techniques, clapping, postural drainage and respiratory muscle training using spirometry incentives. Results: The duration of hospitalization for the treatment group was 2.25 days shorter (p<0.001). The average IL-6 level in the 5th day of the treatment group was lower than without treatment, that was 54.43 pg/ml (p=0.221). The mean of pressure threshold loading in the group without treatment was 31.5 cmH2O on first day and 36.35 cmH2O on the 5th day (p <0.001) and on first day treatment group was 32.9 cmH2O and 39.35 cmH2O on the 5th day (p=0.001), and the mean value of the 5th day of the treatment group was higher than without treatment (P=0.015). the mean of the 5th day of the treatment group was higher than without treatment (p=0.06).Conclusion: Pulmonary rehabilitation as adjunctive therapy shortens the duration of hospitalization. In both groups there was a decrease in IL-6 levels on the 5th day compared to zero and the lower IL-6 levels were not significant in the treatment group. There was a significant increase in the value of pressure threshold loading inspiration and expiration day fivecompared to day zero in the two groups and there was a significant increase in the Pressure Threshold Loading Inspiration mean treatment group compared to no treatment on the 5th day, but the Pressure Threshold Loading Expiration rate showed no significant increase.
Differences in Levels of Human 1,3β-D-Glucan from Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL) Fluid in The Immunocompromised and Immunocompetent Groups Patients with Suspected Lung Cancer Asih Trimurtini; Ngakan Putu Parsama Putra; Teguh Rahayu Sartono; Harun Al Rasyid
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 42, No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v42i2.298

Abstract

Background: Invasive candidiasis occurs in immunocompromised individuals as an opportunistic infection in patients with lung cancer. Although culture and histopathology remain the standard diagnosis of fungal infections, other tests are still needed to provide faster results. Human 1,3-β-D-Glucan (BDG) uses ELISA to detect candidiasis. β D-Glucan level from BAL fluid is positive when the cut-off is p 130 pg / mL. This study aims to determine differences in the levels of Human 1,3β-D-Glucan from Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL) fluid between the immunocompromised and immunocompetent groups in patients with suspected lung cancer at RSU Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang.Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 33 lung cancer patients who had risk factors for invasive candidiasis in Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital Malang.Result: 33 study patients had significant differences in BAL levels of Human 1,3β-D-Glucan in the immunocompromised and immunocompetent groups (p = 0.009). In the different tests, there was a slight difference in the levels of BAL Human 1,3β-D-Glucan but it was not statistically significant based on age and sex in the immunocompromised and immunocompetent groups (p = 0.632, p = 0.338, p = 0.472, p = 0.667).Conclusion: Patients suspected of lung cancer have risk factors for invasive candidiasis with higher BDG levels due to immunoparalysis. There were significant differences in the BAL Human levels of 1,3β-D-Glucan in the immunocompromised and immunocompetent groups.