Jamal Zaini
(SCOPUS: 22982279100), Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia - Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta

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Journal : Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia

Lung Function Impairment Among Firefighter After Forest Fire Disaster in Riau, Sumatra Rudi Kurniawan; Seira Putri Boru Rambe; Indra Yovie; Erlang Samoedro; Agus Dwi Susanto; Jamal Zaini
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i4.210


Background: The 2015 forest fire disaster affected almost 2.6 million hectares of land in Indonesia, and Riau was among the worst. Firefighters were the first responders to deal with the disaster, but a little was known about the influence of extinguishing forest fire activities with their health. This study aimed to evaluate respiratory symptoms and lung function among firefighters 6 months after forest fire exposure.Methods: Interviews were conducted regarding sociodemographic factors, respiratory symptoms, and history of forest fire exposure during the disaster. Spirometry and chest X-ray were also carried out with standard techniques. Statistical analysis was performed based on the existing data. Ninety firefighters participated in this study, most were male with mean age of 33 years old. About 66% were smoker, had been working as firefighters for 2 to 10 years, and had been on extinguishing forest fire duty around 2–5 hours/day during the disaster.Results: All firefighters reported respiratory symptoms after 3 months. Pulmonary function was abnormal in 50% of subjects with mild restrictive characteristic. The analysis showed that body mass index (BMI) and duration of exposure had a significant correlation with pulmonary function abnormality.Conclusion: Pulmonary function was found abnormal in most subjects 6 months after forest fire exposure in Riau.
Pulmonary Health of Traffic Policemen in Low Air-Polluted Bogor Area Harris Abdullah; Jamal Zaini; Budhi Antariksa; Agus Dwi Susanto; Faisal Yunus
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i3.183


Background: Traffic policemen are very susceptible to respiratory problems due to the potential for exposure to air pollution. Therefore, this study aimed to assess respiratory health aspects of traffic policemen in Bogor, West Java. Method: Registered traffic policemen in Bogor were evaluated for respiratory symptoms, smoking habits, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) Questionnaire, chest x-ray, and spirometry. Air quality measurements were also carried out as a reference. Result: During the study period, the air quality in Bogor was classified as “Good” and below the ambient air pollutant standard. A total of 95 traffic policemen participated with a mean age of 37.3±8.7 years (range 23–57 years), mean Body Mass Index (BMI) of 28.1±4.2 kg/m2, and a length of service of 3-38 years (mean of 12.3 years). Mild pulmonary function impairment was found in 7.4% of subjects. About 61% of subjects had a smoking habit but with a low addiction index (FTND) and exCO. Decreased lung function was correlated to BMI and age (P