Putri C Eyanoer
Universitas Sumatera Utara

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The Correlation of Body Mass Index with Sputum Conversion Time in MDR-TB Patients Undergoing Treatment with Short Term Regimen at H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital Diana Santy; Parluhutan Siagian; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Putri C Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 4 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i4.130

Abstract

Background: It was estimated about 10.4 million incidence of TB cases worldwide, of which 580,000 were MDR TB cases in 2015, however, only 125,000 were successfully found and treated. The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a recommendation of 9-11 month Short Term Regimen (STR) guideline that could provide satisfactory results in terms of successfull outcome, easier to control and also low-cost. The study aimed to analyze the correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and sputum conversion time in MDR TB patients undergoing treatment with STR and to determine the final treatment outcome using STR at H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Methods: This was a case series study of a total 76 MDR TB patients undergoing treatment using STR. Samples were obtained from medical record of the pulmonary isolation ward and MDR TB clinic at H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital. Data were analyzed descriptively to identify the trend in sputum conversion from nine months of treatment. Results: The number of patients with normal BMI was 51.3% higher than those of low, very low and high BMI. The time to sputum conversion occured in the second month of treatment. All groups of BMI categories experienced conversions and normal BMI was higher in number. At the end of the treatment evaluation, the cure rate was 44.8%, the drop out was 28.9%, the regimen change was15.8%, died 9.2%, and moved 1.3%. Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between BMI and sputum conversion time in MDR TB patients. Good nutritional status was a predictor of treatment success.
The Association of Working Duration with Lung Function and Chest X-Ray Results in Ceramic Industry Workers of Company X, Mabar Medan Marini Puspita Sari; Amira P Tarigan; Nuryunita Nainggolan; Putri C Eyanoer; Agus Dwi Susanto; Erlangga Samoedro; Caecilia Marliana
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i1.158

Abstract

Background: Ceramics industry workers are often exposed to silica materials from ceramics. The aim of this study was to determine the association between silica exposure withlung function test and chest x-ray (CXR) results of the workers. Methods: This was an analytical study with cross-sectional design conducted in the Ceramic Industry X in Mabar, Medan City. The dust level in the work station was measured using Personal Dust Sampler. Lung function was measured by spirometry and CXR was evaluated using the ILO interpretations. Results: About 35 male workers were included as subjects, divided into 3 working stations namely precompression section of 11 subjects (31.4%), compression section of 13 subjects (37.1%) and 11 subjects (31.4%) in the sintering section. Dust levels in each work location are 24.8, 29.2, and 6.11 respectively. Of all subjects, 9 (25.7%) had respiratory symptoms, 21 (60%) had restriction in lung function and 8 (22.8%) had abnormal CXR (6 pneumoconiosis and 2 tuberculosis). There were no association between dust levels with lung function and CXR (P>0.05), but there was a significant correlation between duration of work with lung function. The FEV1 and FVC values of subjects working
Differences of Malondialdehyde (MDA) Levels in Blood of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Sufferers with Diabetes Mellitus, Pulmonary Tuberculosis without Diabetes Mellitus and Healthy People in Medan Eka Suhartika; Zainuddin Amir; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Putri C Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 4 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i4.124

Abstract

Background: The imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in the body can increase Malondialdehyde (MDA) in patients with pulmonary TB and type 2 DM, which causes cell damage and worsens the disease. The body has a protective mechanism from damage caused by increased MDA through enzymatic antioxidants such as SOD and vitamin E. This study aimed to examine the difference in MDA levels in the blood of pulmonary TB patients with type 2 DM, pulmonary tuberculosis without type 2 DM and healthy people in Medan, Indonesia. Methods: This was an analytical study using a case-control approach by measuring MDA levels in pulmonary TB with type 2 DM patients, pulmonary TB patients and healthy people who were treated at H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Community Health Centers, and GP’s practice in Medan for 4 months. Blood samples were taken and examined using the ELISA kit. Data were then analyzed using the Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney tests. Results: There were 75 patients recruited in the study in which 45 were males (60%) and 30 were females (40%). The age group found the most was 31-40 years with normal BMI (76%). The highest MDA level was found in the TB+DM group at 12.42 nmol/ml compared to the TB patients (3.75 nmol/ml) and healthy people (3.01 nmol/ml). Conclusion: There were no statistically significant differences in MDA levels although there was a difference found in the MDA levels among the three groups with MDA level in TB+DM group was shown to be the highest.
Differences of Interleukin-6 Serum Levels in Lung Cancer Patients and Healthy Individuals in Medan Dumasari Siagian; Noni Novisari Soeroso; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Putri C Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i1.155

Abstract

Background: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in the development of lung cancer. However, the association of IL-6 in lung cancer patients remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to analyze the difference of IL-6 serum levels in lung cancer patients and healthy individuals in Medan. Methods: This was a case-control study that included 42 lung cancer patients (case) and 42 healthy individuals (control) which was held in Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan. The examinations of IL-6 serum levels were conducted for all subjects using ELISA method. Differences of IL-6 serum levels in lung cancer patients and healthy individuals were analyzed using Spearman Correlation test. Results: The mean serum IL-6 levels in lung cancer patients was 45.99 pg/ml while in healthy individuals was 6.24 pg/ml. There was a significant difference of serum IL-6 levels in the lung cancer group compared to healthy individuals (P=0.0005;r=0.854). Conclusion: There was a statistically significant difference of IL-6 serum levels between lung cancer patients and healthy individuals.
Sensitivity Comparison of Pleural Fluid and Serum Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) Values in Exudative Pleural Effusion Patients Indra Barata; Zainuddin Amir; Parluhutan Siagian; Putri C Eyanoer; Zulfikar Lubis
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 4 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i4.131

Abstract

Background: Delay in diagnosis and non-compliance to tuberculosis (TB) treatment will increase the risk of MDR TB. WHO recommends GeneXpert as a diagnostic tool, however, the availability is still an obstacle and this tool is not owned by many health facilities. The Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) value was thought to be used to estimate the likelihood of TB cases. This study aimed to assess the sensitivity comparison of pleural fluid and serum NLR values in patients with pleural effusion at H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital. Methods: This was an analytical study with a diagnostic test design, by calculating the sensitivity and specificity of pleural fluid and serum NLR. The sample was calculated by comparing the absolute neutrophil count and the absolute lymphocyte count from both pleural fluid and serum. Results: The sample of this study was 78 patients. In this study, pleural fluid NLR with a cut off value of 2.2 showed a sensitivity of 74% and specificity of 28%, whereas serum NLR with a cut off value of 7.0 produced a sensitivity of 53% and specificity of 68%. Conclusion: The sensitivity of pleural fluid NLR was greater than that of serum, while the specificity of serum NLR was more superior than that of pleural fluid.
The Relationship Between Bacterial Pattern with Degree of Airflow Limitation FEV1 in Acute Exacerbation of COPD at Adam Malik General Hospital and Pirngadi Hospital Rianti Tarigan; Amira P Tarigan; Dian Dwi Wahyuni; Putri C Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v39i3.66

Abstract

Background: Respiratory tract infections are the leading cause of acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between bacterial pattern and the degree of airflow limitation (FEV1) in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD at Adam Malik General Hospital and Pirngadi Hospital, also the sensitive antibiotics according to the susceptibility test. Methods: This was a cross sectional study of all patients admitted to Adam Malik and Pirngadi Hospital with AECOPD from September 2015 until September 2016. In all 45 subjects who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, the spirometry was examination undergone to evaluate the degree of severity of COPD according to GOLD 2017. In each sample sputum expectoration, the gram smear was made. Barttlet criteria was used to calculate the amount of epithelial cells and PMN. The sample was then grown on blood agar medium. Bacterial susceptibility test to antibiotics was conducted using VITEC 2 methods. Results: From 45 patients, 30 patients (66,7%) had positive sputum cultures. The most frequently isolated pathogen was Streptococcus pneumonia (26,7%). The most sensitive antibiotic was Amikacin (100%). There were no correlation between the in degree of airflow limitation FEV1 and bacterial sputum culture result. There were no significant differences between gram positive or negative bacteria with the degree of airflow limitation. Conclusion: The incidence of bacterial infection based on positive sputum culture in AECOPD was about 66,7% Streptococcus pneumonia was the most common pathogen and Amikacin was the most sensitive antibiotic. There were no significant correlation between the degree of airflow limitation FEV1 with the positive or negative sputum culture and also with the result of gram staining. (J Respir Indo. 2019; 39(3):204-9)
Effect of Lower Extremity Exercise on The Borg Scale in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Ghamal Arif Hanafiah; Amira P Tarigan; Pandiaman Pandia; Putri C Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 4 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i4.141

Abstract

COPD patients tend to experience complaints shortness of breath, limb muscle fatigue and distress in an effort in activities that result in a decrease in quality of life and inhibit daily activities. This situation will eventually cause the patients to experience fatigue faster and fall into a deconditioning state. The Borg scale is a way to measure the intensity level of physical activity using a ratio scale size. This study aimed to assess the effect of lower limb endurance training on the Borg Scale of COPD patients. A quasi-experimental study conducted on 20 patients with COPD group C and D which underwent lower extremity resistance training. The Borg scale was assessed before and after training, with statistical analysis performed by the Mann Whitney-Test. There was an effect on lower extremity resistance training on the Borg Scale of COPD patients in the form of a significant decrease in the Borg Scale value where in the effort parameters. Before training, the Borg Scale score of COPD patients was 9 and 15, decreased to 1 and 13 after training. While tired feet, before training was 5 which decreases to 3 after training and shortness of breath, before training is 7 which decreases to 4 after training. There is a significant improvement in the value of the Borg Scale of COPD patients after undergoing a lower limb endurance training program. There were no significant Borg scale differences between Group C and Group D after undergoing a lower limb endurance training program.