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Pulmonary Health of Traffic Policemen in Low Air-Polluted Bogor Area Harris Abdullah; Jamal Zaini; Budhi Antariksa; Agus Dwi Susanto; Faisal Yunus
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i3.183


Background: Traffic policemen are very susceptible to respiratory problems due to the potential for exposure to air pollution. Therefore, this study aimed to assess respiratory health aspects of traffic policemen in Bogor, West Java. Method: Registered traffic policemen in Bogor were evaluated for respiratory symptoms, smoking habits, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) Questionnaire, chest x-ray, and spirometry. Air quality measurements were also carried out as a reference. Result: During the study period, the air quality in Bogor was classified as “Good” and below the ambient air pollutant standard. A total of 95 traffic policemen participated with a mean age of 37.3±8.7 years (range 23–57 years), mean Body Mass Index (BMI) of 28.1±4.2 kg/m2, and a length of service of 3-38 years (mean of 12.3 years). Mild pulmonary function impairment was found in 7.4% of subjects. About 61% of subjects had a smoking habit but with a low addiction index (FTND) and exCO. Decreased lung function was correlated to BMI and age (P
The Role of Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), and D-Dimer in Predicting the Outcome of Confirmed COVID-19 patients Fathiyah Isbaniah; Tomu Juliani; Triya Damayanti; Dewi Yenita; Faisal Yunus; Budhi Antariksa; Wahyu Aniwidyaningsih; Sita Laksmi Andarini; Diah Handayani
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i4.215


Background: Cytokine storm or hyperinflammation condition in COVID-19 patients could result in fatal outcomes. Inflammation could also result in coagulation disorders. The Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and Platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been known as inflammation markers in several diseases. D-dimer value can be used to assess a patient's coagulation status. Further study on thromboinflammation biomarkers in COVID-19 patients is needed. Therefore, we conducted a study to assess the association between NLR, PLR, and d-dimer on the clinical outcome of confirmed COVID-19 patients at Persahabatan Central Hospital.Methods: Observational cohort retrospective analysis was conducted on 214 medical records of confirmed COVID-19 patients who meet the inclusion criteria in Persahabatan Central Hospital from March to July 2020.Results: The mean patient’s age in this study is 54.35 years, dominated by male patients (60.7%). Most of the patients had normal nutritional status (54.7%). The proportion of patients with comorbidities is 65.4%. The most common comorbid is hypertension, followed by diabetes mellitus. 76.1% of patients have severe-critically ill disease, followed by moderate (20.1%) and mild disease (3.7%) The length of hospitalization median were 12 days. Sixty patients (28%) have died during hospitalization. The median of initial value of NLR, PLR, and d-dimer is 5.75 (0.68–81.5), 243.5 (44.7–1607), and 1140 (190–141300) respectively. We found significant associations between NLR (p = 0.000), PLR (p=0.013) and d-dimer (p = 0.032) on clinical outcome. Conclusion: Initial value of NLR, PLR, and D-dimer of confirmed COVID-19 patients at Persahabatan Central Hospital were associated with clinical outcome. 
Inflammatory Markers upon Admission as Predictors of Outcome in COVID-19 Patients Budhi Antariksa; Erlina Burhan; Agus Dwi Susanto; Mohamad Fahmi Alatas; Feni Fitriani Taufik; Dewi Yennita Sari; Dicky Soehardiman; Andika Chandra Putra; Erlang Samoedro; Ibrahim Nur Insan Putra Darmawan; Hera Afidjati; Muhammad Alkaff; Rita Rogayah
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i4.185


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may cause dysregulation of the immune system, leading to hyperinflammation. Inflammatory markers can be used to predict in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients. This research was aimed to investigate the association between the levels of various inflammatory markers and mortality in COVID-19 patients.Methods: This study was conducted at Persahabatan National Respiratory Referral Hospital, Indonesia. Blood tests were performed upon admission, measuring the C-reactive protein, PCT, leukocyte, differential counts, and platelet count. The outcome measured was the mortality of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Statistical analysis methods included the Mann–Whitney U test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and area under the curve (AUC) test.Results: Total 110 patients were included, and the laboratory values were analyzed to compare survivors and non-survivors. The non-survivor group had significantly higher leukocyte count, lower lymphocyte count, higher CRP and PCT levels, higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), higher platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lower lymphocyte-to-CRP ratio. As predictors of mortality, AUC analysis revealed that PCT, CRP, NLR, and PLR had AUCs of 0.867, 0.82, 0.791, and 0.746, respectively.Conclusions: Routine and affordable inflammatory markers tested on admission may be useful as predictors of in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients requiring hospitalization.
Chest Wall Syndrome Isti Mardiana Soetartio; Agus Dwi Susanto; Dicky Soehardiman; Budhi Antariksa
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i1.34


Chest wall syndrome is the most frequent cause of chest pain complained by patients admitted to the physician’s office, in outward as well as in emergency department. It may affect all ages with sex ratio of 1:1 between man and woman. History of illness and sensibility to palpation or tenderness were the keys to the diagnostic approach. Pain was generally moderate, well localized, continuous or intermittent over a number of hours to days or weeks and was amplified by position or movement that was commonly located on the left side of the chest. Chest wall syndrome is usually a common and benign condition, but it leads to anxiety and frequent recurrence. Definitive treatment is not yet confirmed and treatment for the different condition causing isolated musculoskeletal chest pain is poor. Therefore, some options to avoid aggravating physical activities, stretching, and simple analgesics as needed are the best choices of current management.
Dampak Polusi Udara terhadap Asma Agus Dwi Susanto; Mirza Purwitasari; Budhi Antariksa; Retno A S Soemarwoto; Syazili Mustofa
Jurnal Kedokteran Universitas Lampung Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Jk Unila
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23960/jk unila.v2i2.1955


Pedoman yang dikeluarkan oleh World Health Organization dibuat untuk mengurangi pengaruh buruk polusi udara.Polutan utama yang terdapat di udara yatiu PM, O3, NO2, SO2 . Polutan tersebut paling besar bersumber dari aktivitas industry dan asap kendaraan bermotor.Polusi udara mempunyai hubungan dengan eksaserbasi pada asma, peningkatan reaktivitas bronkus, bertambahnya gejala asma, peningkatan rawat inap dan kunjungan ke unit gawat darurat.Beberapa penelitian menyatakan bahwa polusi udara mempunyai peranan dalam terjadinya asma.Prevalens dan derajat beratnya asma meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan polusi udara.Pajanan polusi udara dapat dihindari dengan tetap beraktivitas dalam ruangan, menggunakan penyaring udara dalam ruangan, membatasi latihan fisis di luar ruangan yang dekat dengan sumber polusi.Kata kunci : asma, polusi udara, polutan udara