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Pengaruh Interval Waktu Panen terhadap Produksi Biomassa Chlorella sp. dan Melosira sp. untuk Penangkapan Karbon secara Biologi Prayitno, Joko; Rahmasari, Iklima Ika; Rifai, Agus
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 21 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.286 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v21i1.3777

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to determine the effect of harvesting frequency on the growth of Chlorella sp. and Melosira sp. and on their total biomass production to estimate the amount of carbon fixed during 11 days of culture. Chlorella sp. and Melosira sp. were cultured in f/2 medium in seawater. The biomass was harvested at harvesting intervals of every day (P1), every 2 days (P2) and every 3 days (P3). The biomass of Chlorella sp. harvested at P1, P2 and P3 were 0,49 g/L, 0,43 g/L, and 0,35 g/L, respectively. The highest total biomass production of Chlorella sp. after 11 days of cultivation was obtained from P1 (8,80 g/L), while total biomass production at P2 and P3 were 52% (4,59 g/L) and 30% (3,25 g/L) of that P1, respectively. The biomass harvested at P1, P2 and P3 were 2,41 g/L, 1,40 g/L, and 1,63 g/L. Total biomass production of Melosira sp. during 11 days of cultivation for P1, P2 and P3 were 34,56 g/L, 17,33 g/L, 11,20 g/L, respectively. Our results showed that the highest total biomass production of both Chlorella sp. and Melosira sp. were obtained from harvesting every day. The estimated value of CO2 bio-fixation based on biomass production by Chlorella sp. and Melosira sp. were 1,5 g/L/day and 5,9 g/L/day, respectively.Keywords: biomass, microalgae, Chlorella sp, harvesting interval, Melosira sp, carbon capture ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh interval waktu panen biomassa mikroalga terhadap pertumbuhan Chlorella sp. dan Melosira sp., dan perolehan total biomassanya untuk estimasi CO2 yang difiksasi selama kultur 11 hari. Chlorella sp. dan Melosira sp. dikultivasi dalam media air laut yang berisi nutrien f/2. Biomassa mikroalga dipanen dengan interval waktu panen tiap hari (P1), tiap 2 hari (P2) dan tiap 3 hari (P3). Sebagai kontrol (P0), biomassa mikroalga dipanen hanya pada akhir percobaan yaitu di hari ke-11. Kelimpahan sel kultur Chlorella sp. pada perlakuan P1, P2 and P3 masing-masing adalah 2,38x106 sel/mL, 2x106 sel/mL,1,5x106 sel/mL, sedangkan total biomassa yang diperoleh masing-masing adalah 0,49 g/L, 0,43 g/L, dan 0,35 g/L. Total produksi biomassa Chlorella sp. tertinggi yang diperoleh selama 11 hari kultivasi dijumpai pada perlakuan P1 (8,80 g/L), sedangkan total produksi biomassa pada P2 dan P3 hanya 52% (4,59 g/L) dan 30% (3,25 g/L) dari total biomassa P1. Kelimpahan sel Melosira sp. yang dipanen dengan interval P1, P2 dan P3 masing-masing adalah 4,28x106 sel/mL, 2,22x106 sel/mL, dan 2,36x106 sel/mL, dan biomassa yang diperoleh masing-masing adalah 2,41 g/L, 1,40 g/L, dan 1,63 g/L. Total produksi biomassa Melosira sp. yang diperoleh selama 11 hari kultivasi untuk perlakuan P1, P2 dan P3 masing-masing adalah 34,56 g/L,17,33 g/L, dan 11,20 g/L. Hasil percobaan ini menunjukkan bahwa total produksi biomassa tertinggi pada Chlorella sp. dan Melosira sp.dijumpai pada kultur yang dipanen setiap hari. Estimasi serapan karbon berdasarkan biomasa yang dihasilkan oleh Chlorella sp dan Melosira sp. masing-masing adalah 1,5 g/L/hari dan 5,9 g/L/hari.Kata kunci: biomassa, mikroalga, Chlorella sp., interval panen, Melosira sp., penangkapan karbon
KAJIAN KELAYAKAN EKONOMI RENCANA PEMBANGUNAN INSTALASI PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH (IPAL) DOMESTIK KOMUNAL SISTEM UASB-DHS DI KOTA BOGOR Nugroho, Rudi; Rifai, Agus
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 13 No. 3 (2012)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2348.49 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v13i3.1396

Abstract

Air limbah rumah tangga merupakan salah satu potensi sumber pencemaran lingkungan . Berdasarkan Laporan JICA , 1995 pencemaran lingkungan di Jabodetabek adalah 80 % disebabkan oleh air limbah rumah tangga . Untuk meminimalkan pencemaran lingkungan, air limbah harus diperlakukan sebelum dibuang ke sungai . Masalah yang sering muncul dalam pengelolaan limbah domestik adalah luas lahan terbatas dan dana yang ada untuk membangun fasilitas pengolahan air limbah dan juga biaya operasional yang tinggi . Untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut, perlu pengembangan biaya rendah teknologi pengolahan air limbah dengan efisiensi penyisihan yang tinggi , mudah dioperasikan dan juga harus kompak . Sebuah teknologi kombinasi Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket ( UASB ) dan aliran bawah Hanging Sponge ( DHS ) merupakan pengolahan air limbah ekonomi , mudah dioperasikan dan memiliki efisiensi penyisihan tinggi yaitu 98 % untuk BOD dan 99,8 % untuk bakteri . Namun, untuk membangun fasilitas pengolahan air limbah dengan menggunakan UASB dan teknologi DHS , perlu studi kelayakan . Makalah ini menjelaskan studi kelayakan ekonomi dan sosial dari penerapan teknologi pengolahan air limbah UASB dan DHS di Kota Bogor . Dengan perhitungan manfaat dan rasio biaya ( BCR ) , hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa BCR 2.13 . Ini berarti proyek pengolahan air limbah UASB dan DHS di Kota Bogor adalah layak. Kata kunci : air limbah rumah tangga , anaerobik selimut lumpur, studi sosial ekonom  AbstractDomestic wastewater is one of the potential sources of environment pollution. Based on the JICA Report, 1995 the environmental pollution in Jabodetabek was 80% caused by the domestic wastewater. To minimize the environmental pollution, the wastewater have to be treated before discharge to river. Problem which often emerge in management of domestic waste is the limited land area and existing fund to built a wastewater treatment facility and also the high operating cost. To overcome these problems, it needs development of low cost wastewater treatment technology with high removal efficiency, easy to operate and also should be compact. A combination technology of Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) and Downflow Hanging Sponge (DHS) represents an economic wastewater treatment, easy to operate and has high removal efficiency that is 98% for BOD and 99,8% for bacterium. However, to build the wastewater treatment facility by using the UASB and DHS technology, it needs a feasibility study. This paper explains an economic and social feasibility study of application the UASB and DHS wastewater treatment technology at Bogor City. By the calculation of benefit and cost ratio (BCR), the result shows that the BCR is 2.13. It means the UASB and DHS wastewater treatment project at Bogor City was feasible.
KAJIAN PENDAHULUAN KELAYAKAN PENERAPAN INSTALASI PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH DOMESTIK SECARA KOMUNAL DI PERMUKIMAN KOTA BOGOR Rifai, Agus; Nugroho, Rudi
Jurnal Air Indonesia Vol. 3 No. 2 (2007): Jurnal Air Indonesia
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.215 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jai.v3i2.2335

Abstract

A preliminary assessment of an application of sewerage system with Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) and Down flow Hanging Sponge (DHS) technology was conducted inNorth Bogor. The Problem which often emerge in management of domestic wastewater is the limited land area and fund to built and operate a wastewater treatment facility. To overcome such problem, it is needed to develop a cheap wastewater treatment technology with high efficiency, easy to operate and also should be compact. The combination technology of UASB and DHS is proposed as an economic wastewater treatment which  easy to handling. Therefore, to make sure that the technology is feasible or not to be built inNorth Bogor, there is need the preliminary assessment. The assessment was conducted through a survey of technical and social economic aspect. The results show that sewerage system using UASB and DHS technology is feasible. Key word: domestic wastewater, upflow anaerobik sludge blanket, downflow hanging sponge, preliminary assessment.
Dari Literasi ke Transliterasi: Gagasan Tentang Konsep Literasi Untuk Komunikasi Ilmiah di Perguruan Tinggi Rifai, Agus
AL-MAKTABAH Vol 19, No 2 (2020): Al-Maktabah
Publisher : Pusat Perpustakaan UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Perkembangan teknologi untuk komunikasi ilmiah, terutama di lingkungan perguruan tinggi menuntut perubahan konsep literasi. Literasi informasi yang diyakini memberikan pondasi bagi seseorang dalam kegiatan pengembangan keilmuan, menuntut kecakapan lain akibat perubahan lingkungan komunikasi keilmuan. Lingkungan teknologi digital telah menuntut para akademisi dan peneliti kampus tidak saja menguasai kecakapan literasi informasi, akan tetapi juga kecakapan lain, terutama kecakapan digital dan kecakapan data. Karena berbagai keterbatasan dan untuk menjamin kelancaran kegiatan komunikasi ilmiah, diperlukan kolaborasi strategis antara akademisi dan peneliti dengan perpustakaan akademik. 
KAJIAN PENDAHULUAN KELAYAKAN PENERAPAN INSTALASI PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH DOMESTIK SECARA KOMUNAL DI PERMUKIMAN KOTA BOGOR Rifai, Agus; Nugroho, Rudi
Jurnal Air Indonesia Vol. 3 No. 2 (2007): Jurnal Air Indonesia
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jai.v3i2.2335

Abstract

A preliminary assessment of an application of sewerage system with Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) and Down flow Hanging Sponge (DHS) technology was conducted inNorth Bogor. The Problem which often emerge in management of domestic wastewater is the limited land area and fund to built and operate a wastewater treatment facility. To overcome such problem, it is needed to develop a cheap wastewater treatment technology with high efficiency, easy to operate and also should be compact. The combination technology of UASB and DHS is proposed as an economic wastewater treatment which  easy to handling. Therefore, to make sure that the technology is feasible or not to be built inNorth Bogor, there is need the preliminary assessment. The assessment was conducted through a survey of technical and social economic aspect. The results show that sewerage system using UASB and DHS technology is feasible. Key word: domestic wastewater, upflow anaerobik sludge blanket, downflow hanging sponge, preliminary assessment.