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Teknik Instruksional Pertanyaan Guru Di Tahap Evaluating Data, Driving A Conclusion, Presenting The Project In Class As Preffered & Discussion Project Based Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Skor Valid Relationship Concept Map Rahayu, Yacinta Arum Dwi; Rinanto, Yudi; Widoretno, Sri
BIO-PEDAGOGI Vol 7, No 2 (2018): BIO-PEDAGOGI: Jurnal Pembelajaran BIologi
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/bio-pedagogi.v7i2.27624

Abstract

This research aimed to calculate the valid relationship score of concept map (CM) using instructional technique of teacher’s questions in the stages of evaluating data, driving a conclusion, presenting the project in class as preferred & discussion project-based learning. This research was a classroom action research. This research was a classroom action research with the research subject of 36 students in X MIPA of Senior High School. The research procedure was including: planning, lesson plan completed with assessment, acting, observing and reflecting.  Validity test in this research was using triangulation method that consisted of verification of valid relationship CM score, documentation based on expert CM and interview to present the valuable relation between concepts. Reduction done to choose the data completion, data interpretation and conclusion based on the complete valid relationship data. Data analysis was using descriptive qualitative. The result of this research shows that valid relationship score of expert CM in pre-research, cycle I and cycle II were written as follows. 1.95%-14.98% with 13.89% of the under averaged students’ score and 11.11% of the over averaged students’ score. 3.08%-61.54% with 19.44% of the under averaged students’ score and 11.11% of the over averaged students’ score. 16.58%-32.16% with 11.11% of the under averaged students’ score and 16.67% of over averaged students’ score. Thus, the use of instructional technique of questioning in the stages of evaluating data, driving a conclusion, presenting the project in class as preferred & discussion project-based learning improving the valid relationship CM score on the individual and classical. 
Peningkatan Aktivitas Dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif melalui Model STAD disertai Mind Mapping Rustanto, Papin Citra Resti; Rinanto, Yudi; Nurmiyati, Nurmiyati
BIO-PEDAGOGI Vol 7, No 1 (2018): BIO-PEDAGOGI: Jurnal Pembelajaran BIologi
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/bio-pedagogi.v7i1.35726

Abstract

PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI TERBIMBING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN RASA INGIN TAHU (CURIOSITY) SISWA KELAS X MIPA 2 SMA NEGERI 6 SURAKARTA TAHUN PELAJARAN 2015/2016 Latiifani, Choirunnisa; Rinanto, Yudi; Marjono, Marjono
BIO-PEDAGOGI Vol 5, No 2 (2016): BIO-PEDAGOGI: Jurnal Pembelajaran Biologi
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/bio-pedagogi.v5i2.5414

Abstract

The research aimed to enhance student curiosity by implementation of guided inquiry learning model at grade X MIPA 2 SMA N 6 Surakarta academic year 2015/2016 amount of 30 student comprise of 18 male and 12 female. This research was a Classroom Action Research that performed within 3 cycles. Each cycle consisted of 4 steps; planning, action, observation, and reflection. Data were obtained by observation, test, interview, and documentation. Student’s curiosity assessed by observation and questionnaire. The data were analyzed by qualitative descriptive technique. The result showed that the student’s curiosity were increased in precycle, cycle I, cycle II, and cycle III. Student who actively ask increased from 15,33 % to 54 %. Student who paid attention to do experiment increased from 40,67 % to 80,67 %. Student who interested to do experiment increased from 24,00 % to 60 %, and student who made a note and summarized increased from 37,33 % to 54 %. Conclusion of the research is that implementation of Guided Inquiry Learning Model can enhance curiosity of student in X MIPA 2 SMA Negeri 6 Surakarta academic year 2015/2016. Keywords: Curiosity, Guided Inquiry Learning
AKTIVITAS SUCROSE PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE KULTIVAR TEBU (SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM L.) TOLERAN DAN SENSITIF SELAMA CEKAMAN KEKERINGAN SUCROSE PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE ACTIVITY ON TOLERANCE AND SENSITIVE SUGARCANE CULTIVAR DURING WATER STRESS Rinanto, Yudi; Sugiharto, Bambang
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Seminar Nasional VIII Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (436.593 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK   Penelitian telah dilaksanakan untuk mengkaji aktivitas enzim SPS (Sucrose Phosphate Synthase) dan ekspresi gen SPS tanaman tebu pada kondisi cekaman kekeringan.  Sebanyak 3 varietas  masing-masing mewakili toleran, moderat dan peka kekeringan ditanam dalam polibag dengan media tanah masing-masing diulang 5 kali.  Setelah berumur 2 bulan diperlakukan cekaman kekeringan dengan cara tanpa diberi pengairan sampai menunjukkan gejala daun menggulung pada daun pertama (K1).  Sampel daun diekstrasi untuk pengujian lebih lanjut. Pengujian enzimatis dilakukan menggunakan sampel daun pertama (K1) tehadap ke 3 varietas masing-masing diulang 3 kali, setelah diperlakukan cekaman kekeringan kemudian dilakukan analisa.  Pengujian enzimatis dilakukakan terhadap enzim SPS yang merupakan enzim penentu yang berperan mengakumulasi sukrosa dalam batang tebu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan respon aktivitas SPS varietas tebu toleran, moderat dan peka terhadap cekaman kekeringan berbeda-beda.  Aktivitas SPS ke tiga varietas meningkat selama cekaman kekeringan, dengan kecenderungan M442-51 menghasilkan aktivitas lebih tinggi dibanding dua varietas lainnya. Ekspresi gen SPS mengalami peningkatan selama cekaman kekeringan. Perlakuan hormon BA (Benzil Adenin), JA (Jasmonic Acid) dan IAA (Indole Acetic Acid) tidak mampu meningkatkan ekspresi gen SPS, Rubisco maupun GS (Glutamin Synthase).  Cekaman kekeringan dan ABA menyebabkan peningkatkan aktivitas SPS. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini diusulkan untuk menggunakan SPS sebagai indikator fisiologis faktor ketahan kekeringan pada tebu.   Kata Kunci : tebu, cekaman kekeringan dan aktivitas SPS
Pemanfaatan Limbah Sisa Hasil Panen Petani Sayuran di Boyolali sebagai Bahan Baku Pembuatan Pupuk Cair Organik menuju Pertanian Ramah Lingkungan Rinanto, Yudi
Prosiding KPSDA Vol 1, No 1 (2015): Prosiding KPSDA 2015
Publisher : Prosiding KPSDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.938 KB)

Abstract

The aim of the research is knowing the utilize of vegetable waste into organic liquid fertilizer raw materials. Decomposing microorganisms used is Local Isolates of Boyolali (LIB) and EM4. ILB contains 9 strains of bacteria, which is a group of three strains of actinomycetes isolated researchers and 6 other strains including effective microorganisms Bioedu UNS. Test carried out on a scale liquid fertilizer plots. One plot consisted of 3 rows with a total number of 69 pieces of cabbage plants. Treatments were conducted of 3 levels of fertilization, namely: P0 = without organic liquid fertilizer (control), P1 = organic liquid fertilizer (PCO) in the form of EM4 and, P2 = organic liquid fertilizer (PCO) in the form ILB. Each treatment was repeated 3 times. From the experimental results it can be concluded that: (1) Local Isolates of Boyolali (ILB) is the most excellent in decomposing vegetable waste (20%)  (2) cabbage plants were sprayed using ILB have more green colored leaves and weight at 20% increase compared to the current crop using chemical fertilizers manufactured.
Scientific literacy profile in biological science of high school students Ramli, Murni; Rinanto, Yudi; R, Novaristiana
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2019): MARCH
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (590.6 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v5i1.7080

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Scientific literacy is very important for students, so that they can live in the 21st-Century, including solving problems that occur in everyday life. This study was aimed to get an overview of the high school students’ scientific literacy profile in biology learning in the Surakarta City, Central Java, Indonesia. This research was ex-post-facto, looking at the effects of school type and school status. The population was 8750 students from General High Schools, Vocational High Schools, and Islamic High Schools. The sample of 334 students was selected using the proportionate stratified random sampling. The data were collected using scientific literacy tests. The test instrument was prepared by translating the PISA tests on biology from 2006 to 2015 into Indonesian. The test does not take place simultaneously in all schools. The results showed the high school students’ biological science literacy in Surakarta City was very low, except for the private IHSs students, who gained the low category. If viewed from the trend of the achievement levels, high school students in Surakarta City get the lowest achievement level at level 6 and highest at level 5. It concluded the high school students’ scientific literacy in Surakarta City were very low.
Efektivitas Isolat Lokal Boyolali sebagai Bakteri Dekomposter RINANTO, YUDI; FATMAWATI, UMI
Bioedukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2016): BIOEDUKASI: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology Education Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Sebelas Maret Un

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/bioedukasi-uns.v9i1.1998

Abstract

The aim of this research is to identify the effectiveness of Local Isolate Bacteria from Boyolali (ILB) to decompose organic materials from wasted vegetable and slurry. The result of decomposition were compared to EM4 for control. The laboratory result indicates that Local isolate bacteria from Boyolali were more effective than EM4 to increase N (Nitrogen) content. The ability of Local isolate bacteria from Boyolali was better than EM4 in degrading organic materials of slurry, particularly, towards P (Phosphate). The best concentration of ILB decomposition is 30 %. Liquid fertilizer produced from Slurry with decomposition ILB 30% that applied towards cabbage  increased the weight of cabbage and the length of circumference by 0.5525 gram and 12.67 cm respectively. From the experimental results that it can be concluded that ILB has better capability in decomposing organic material than EM4. ILB has a good potential as decomposter to produces liquid organic fertilizer. Keywords:     Local isolate, decomposter, EM4, Slurry, cabbage
Formulasi dan Aktivitas Tablet Kunyah Carica papaya L. dan Morinda citrifolia L sebagai Hepatoprotektor selama pengobatan Tuberculosis (TBC) Sunarni, Titik; Prastiwi, Rini; Kuncahyo, Ilham; Mardiyono, .; Rinanto, Yudi
JFIOnline | Print ISSN 1412-1107 | e-ISSN 2355-696X Vol 6, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.28 KB)

Abstract

Formulation of chewable tablets of ethanolic extracts of Carica papaya L leaves and Morinda citrifolia L fruits and investigation of the activity towards liver damage induced by tuberculosis drugs has been performed. The rats were devide into six groups. The normal control without any treatment, negatif control were given INH 10 mg/200g-RIF 10 mg/200g, positif control were given INH-RIF and methicol, and the treatment group were given INH-RIF with chewable tablets of papaya extracts 120mg/200g and morinda extracts 20mg/200g of three tablets formula with PVP 1%, 3% and 5%. Each group were treated every day for 27 days. The measuring to monitor bilirubin serum, ALT and AST levels on 0,14th, 21st and 28th day. The study showed that the group that given chewable tablets of combination of papaya extract 120mg/200g and morinda extract 20mg/200g can prevent the occurrence of liver necrosis with necrosis value of 19,92% (PVP 3%) and 19,90 (PVP1%), compared to the negative control of 41.78% as well as reducing the value of ALT, AST and bilirubin. The tablet formula that can be received on the best of taste and most effective as hepatoprotektor is the chewable tablet with PVP 3%.Keywords : Hepatoprotector, Carica papaya L., Morinda citrifolia L., Isoniazid, Rifampicin
Diagnostic test assessment on protist misconception Ramli, Murni; Raharjo, Defita; Rinanto, Yudi
JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia) Vol 5, No 2 (2019): JULY
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (427.47 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v5i2.7685

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One of the fatal problems emerge in educational practice is misconception as it is related to the students’ understanding. Consequently, these must be detected at the beginning of learning process. This research was conducted to construct and develop the specific diagnostic test to detect the misconception in protist material. The instrument consisted of, Evidence and Proof (EP), Structure Communication Grid (SCG), and essay. The instruments were analyzed to determine the validity, reliability, discriminatory power, and difficulty levels. As many as 351 students of grade X, XI, and XII were selected as the samples. The samples selected from three Public High Schools and three Private High Schools in Klaten Regency using stratified random sampling. The results showed that 93.10% of the columnar (EP) items, 100% of the SCG items, and 100% of the essay questions were valid; in which the all instruments were reliable. Based on discriminatory power analysis, of the three instruments developed, there was more than 50% of the items were classified as fair level. Whereas, the difficulty level of the instruments were balance. In general, the instruments can be accepted and used after revisions. These diagnostic test instruments can also be developed for another topic.
Formulasi dan Aktivitas Tablet Kunyah Carica papaya L. dan Morinda citrifolia L sebagai Hepatoprotektor selama pengobatan Tuberculosis (TBC) Sunarni, Titik; Prastiwi, Rini; Kuncahyo, Ilham; Mardiyono, .; Rinanto, Yudi
Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 6, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.28 KB) | DOI: 10.35617/jfi.v6i4.144

Abstract

Formulation of chewable tablets of ethanolic extracts of Carica papaya L leaves and Morinda citrifolia L fruits and investigation of the activity towards liver damage induced by tuberculosis drugs has been performed. The rats were devide into six groups. The normal control without any treatment, negatif control were given INH 10 mg/200g-RIF 10 mg/200g, positif control were given INH-RIF and methicol, and the treatment group were given INH-RIF with chewable tablets of papaya extracts 120mg/200g and morinda extracts 20mg/200g of three tablets formula with PVP 1%, 3% and 5%. Each group were treated every day for 27 days. The measuring to monitor bilirubin serum, ALT and AST levels on 0,14th, 21st and 28th day. The study showed that the group that given chewable tablets of combination of papaya extract 120mg/200g and morinda extract 20mg/200g can prevent the occurrence of liver necrosis with necrosis value of 19,92% (PVP 3%) and 19,90 (PVP1%), compared to the negative control of 41.78% as well as reducing the value of ALT, AST and bilirubin. The tablet formula that can be received on the best of taste and most effective as hepatoprotektor is the chewable tablet with PVP 3%.Keywords : Hepatoprotector, Carica papaya L., Morinda citrifolia L., Isoniazid, Rifampicin