Devi Riskianingrum
Pusat Penelitian Sumberdaya Regional, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

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PENANGANAN BENCANA DAN TRANSFORMASI PENGETAHUAN TENTANG KEGEMPAAN DI MASA KOLONIAL Riskianingrum, Devi
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 23, No 1 (2013): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v23i1.2492

Abstract

Disasters are human tragedy. They are close to us, but always considered as new experience since they have not become integrated yet as knowledge and experience in society and policies. The idea of disaster has gone through three important phases, namely act of God, act of nature and act of men and women. As well as other disasters, earthquakes force society to account for the incomprehensible things. Thus, learning from the historical experience can provide useful insights into the problems posed by the threat of earthquakes. The paper discusses the two major quakes during the Dutch colonialism in Padang in 1926 and in Yogyakarta during Japanese occupation in 1943. By doing so, we learn and understand the way in which the colonial governments responded to the catastrophes. Additionally it also explores the process of transforming the knowledge among the colonial governments and the natives. Key words: earthquake, disaster mitigation, transformation of knowledge Bencana adalah tragedi kemanusiaan. Mereka dekat dengan kita, tetapi selalu dianggap sebagai hal yang baru karena mereka belum terintegrasi sebagai pengetahuan dan pengalaman di masyarakat maupun kebijakan yang ada. Bencana terjadi melalui tiga fase penting, yaitu hukum Tuhan, hukum Alam dan tingkah laku laki-laki dan perempuan. Seperti halnya bencana-bencana yang lain, gempa bumi memaksa masyarakat menjadikannya hal yang sangat sukar dimengerti. Oleh karena itu, belajar dari pengalaman sejarah dapat memberikan wawasan yang berguna terhadap masalah-masalah yang disebabkan oleh ancaman gempa bumi. Makalah ini membahas dua gempa besar yang terjadi, yaitu pada masa kolonialisme Belanda di Padang pada tahun 1926 dan di Yogyakarta selama masa pendudukan Jepang pada tahun 1943. Dengan demikian, kita dapat belajar dan mengerti bagaimana tanggapan pemerintah kolonial terhadap malapetaka yang terjadi. Di samping itu, makalah ini juga menggali proses transformasi pengetahuan di antara pemerintah kolonial dan orang pribumi. Kata kunci: gempa bumi, mitigasi bencana, transformasi pengetahuan
PENANGANAN BENCANA DAN TRANSFORMASI PENGETAHUAN TENTANG KEGEMPAAN DI INDONESIA PADA ERA KOLONIALISME: SEBUAH PAPARAN SEJARAH Riskianingrum, Devi
Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 3, No 2 (2010): Desember
Publisher : Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (17.515 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: The idea of disaster have gone through three important phases, namely act of God, act of nature and acts of men and women. As well as other disaster, earthquake force society to account for the incomprehensible. Thus, learning from the historical experience can provide useful insights into the problems posed by the threat of earthquakes. By doing so, we learn and understand the way in which the colonial government’s response to the catastrophes. Additionally, it also explore that process of transforming the knowledge among the colonial goverments and the natives.
Perjalanan Panjang Usaha Nyonya Meneer Riskianingrum, Devi
Wacana Vol 4, No 2 (2002): Produksi Budaya dan Budaya Produksi
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1954.278 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/wjhi.v4i2.337

Abstract

The Application of Transfer Knowledge of Exjapan Trainees from Indonesia: Alternative Solution for Rural Development in South Sulawesi And East Java Riskianingrum, Devi; Gusnelly, Gusnelly
Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities Vol 7, No 1 (2017): General Issue: Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Publisher : Deputy of Social Sciences and Humanities, the Indonesia Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2893.8 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jissh.v7i1.76

Abstract

International migration has changed the lives of many people and households in the villages by the value of remittance sent home by migrant workers. Japan is one of many destination countries for Indonesian migrant workers. Since 1993, Indonesian migrant workers have come to Japan on two available schemes, namely the Technical Internship Program (TIP) and the Industrial Training Program (ITP). The remittance in this study does not refer to money but more to knowledge, either in the form of ideas of social cultural values, work ethics, or business ideas obtained by trainees while working in Japan. Trainees not only receive economic but also social remittance whilst working in Japan. These trainees are expected to return with benefits to their social neighborhoods. Hence several subjects are posed in this study which identify the forms and structures of knowledge transferred from Japan to the trainees, the applicability of the knowledge received from the host country to their home country and the challenges and obstacles in managing their economic remittances.
PENANGANAN BENCANA DAN TRANSFORMASI PENGETAHUAN TENTANG KEGEMPAAN DI MASA KOLONIAL Riskianingrum, Devi
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 23, No 1 (2013): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v23i1.2492

Abstract

Disasters are human tragedy. They are close to us, but always considered as new experience since they have not become integrated yet as knowledge and experience in society and policies. The idea of disaster has gone through three important phases, namely act of God, act of nature and act of men and women. As well as other disasters, earthquakes force society to account for the incomprehensible things. Thus, learning from the historical experience can provide useful insights into the problems posed by the threat of earthquakes. The paper discusses the two major quakes during the Dutch colonialism in Padang in 1926 and in Yogyakarta during Japanese occupation in 1943. By doing so, we learn and understand the way in which the colonial governments responded to the catastrophes. Additionally it also explores the process of transforming the knowledge among the colonial governments and the natives. Key words: earthquake, disaster mitigation, transformation of knowledge Bencana adalah tragedi kemanusiaan. Mereka dekat dengan kita, tetapi selalu dianggap sebagai hal yang baru karena mereka belum terintegrasi sebagai pengetahuan dan pengalaman di masyarakat maupun kebijakan yang ada. Bencana terjadi melalui tiga fase penting, yaitu hukum Tuhan, hukum Alam dan tingkah laku laki-laki dan perempuan. Seperti halnya bencana-bencana yang lain, gempa bumi memaksa masyarakat menjadikannya hal yang sangat sukar dimengerti. Oleh karena itu, belajar dari pengalaman sejarah dapat memberikan wawasan yang berguna terhadap masalah-masalah yang disebabkan oleh ancaman gempa bumi. Makalah ini membahas dua gempa besar yang terjadi, yaitu pada masa kolonialisme Belanda di Padang pada tahun 1926 dan di Yogyakarta selama masa pendudukan Jepang pada tahun 1943. Dengan demikian, kita dapat belajar dan mengerti bagaimana tanggapan pemerintah kolonial terhadap malapetaka yang terjadi. Di samping itu, makalah ini juga menggali proses transformasi pengetahuan di antara pemerintah kolonial dan orang pribumi. Kata kunci: gempa bumi, mitigasi bencana, transformasi pengetahuan
THE SOCIAL SECURITY FOR AGING IN HONG KONG AND INDONESIA: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Riskianingrum, Devi
Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources-Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2SDR-LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jkw.v10i1.807

Abstract

Entering the 1970s, Hong Kong became first cities that encountered the challenges of aging population. These were due to the steady increase of Hong Kong people’s life expectancy, followed by declining the birth rate of Hong Kong’s women. These have transformed Hong Kong into an aging society. To address the issues of aging society, The Hong Kong government initiated various policies, ranged from social security policies, active aging, and older people participation as efforts to maintain long term sustainability of their economic growth. As for Indonesian condition, the aging issues still considered less important compare to economy and politics issues. The purpose of this paper is to describe the social security issues in Hong Kong and Indonesia as an effort to get the big picture of aging management in both countries. Examining mainly on the issue of the regulation and its implementation with descriptive analysis approach, I revealed that the Hongkong government tends to focus on the practice of active aging, life learning program and neighborhood-based mutual help network program. In the meantime, the aging management in Indonesia is relatively still overlooked. Hence this paper aims for an input for Indonesian stakeholders in Aging Management.Keywords: aging society, social security, Hong Kong, IndonesiaAbstrakMemasuki tahun 1970-an, Hong Kong menjadi kota pertama yang menghadapi tantangan populasi yang menua (aging society). Hal ini terjadi karena pertumbuhan angka harapan hidup yang tinggi, serta diikuti dengan menurunnya jumlah kelahiran pada perempuan di Hong Kong. Hal ini perlahan tetapi pasti merubah wajah Hong Kong menjadi populasi yang menua (aging society). Untuk menangani isu ini, pemerintah Hong Kong menerbitkan berbagai peraturan, mulai dari kebijakan jaminan social bagi masyarakat lansia, lansia aktif, serta partisipasi lansia pada kegiatan ekonomi, sebagai usaha menjaga stabilitas pertumbuhan ekonomi negaranya. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah menjelaskan isu-isu jaminan social di Hongkong dan di Indonesia dalam upaya mendapatkan gambaran besar pengelolaan masyarakat menua di kedua negara. Berfokus pada permasalahan regulasi dan implementasi atas peraturan yang terbitkan, dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif-analitis, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemerintah Hong Kong lebih mengutamakan aplikasi program lansia-aktif (active aging), program pembelajaran kehidupan (life-learning program) dan program gotong royong komunitas. Sementara itu, pengelolaan masyarakat lansia di Indonesia masih belum menjadi prioritas. Oleh karena itu tulisan ini diharapkan menjadi masukan bagi para pemangku kepentingan yang terkait dalam pengelolaan lansia.Kata kunci: masyarakat menua, jaminan sosial, Hong Kong, Indonesia 
THE SOCIAL SECURITY FOR AGING IN HONG KONG AND INDONESIA: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Riskianingrum, Devi
Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources-Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2SDR-LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jkw.v10i1.807

Abstract

Entering the 1970s, Hong Kong became first cities that encountered the challenges of aging population. These were due to the steady increase of Hong Kong people’s life expectancy, followed by declining the birth rate of Hong Kong’s women. These have transformed Hong Kong into an aging society. To address the issues of aging society, The Hong Kong government initiated various policies, ranged from social security policies, active aging, and older people participation as efforts to maintain long term sustainability of their economic growth. As for Indonesian condition, the aging issues still considered less important compare to economy and politics issues. The purpose of this paper is to describe the social security issues in Hong Kong and Indonesia as an effort to get the big picture of aging management in both countries. Examining mainly on the issue of the regulation and its implementation with descriptive analysis approach, I revealed that the Hongkong government tends to focus on the practice of active aging, life learning program and neighborhood-based mutual help network program. In the meantime, the aging management in Indonesia is relatively still overlooked. Hence this paper aims for an input for Indonesian stakeholders in Aging Management.Keywords: aging society, social security, Hong Kong, IndonesiaAbstrakMemasuki tahun 1970-an, Hong Kong menjadi kota pertama yang menghadapi tantangan populasi yang menua (aging society). Hal ini terjadi karena pertumbuhan angka harapan hidup yang tinggi, serta diikuti dengan menurunnya jumlah kelahiran pada perempuan di Hong Kong. Hal ini perlahan tetapi pasti merubah wajah Hong Kong menjadi populasi yang menua (aging society). Untuk menangani isu ini, pemerintah Hong Kong menerbitkan berbagai peraturan, mulai dari kebijakan jaminan social bagi masyarakat lansia, lansia aktif, serta partisipasi lansia pada kegiatan ekonomi, sebagai usaha menjaga stabilitas pertumbuhan ekonomi negaranya. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah menjelaskan isu-isu jaminan social di Hongkong dan di Indonesia dalam upaya mendapatkan gambaran besar pengelolaan masyarakat menua di kedua negara. Berfokus pada permasalahan regulasi dan implementasi atas peraturan yang terbitkan, dengan menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif-analitis, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemerintah Hong Kong lebih mengutamakan aplikasi program lansia-aktif (active aging), program pembelajaran kehidupan (life-learning program) dan program gotong royong komunitas. Sementara itu, pengelolaan masyarakat lansia di Indonesia masih belum menjadi prioritas. Oleh karena itu tulisan ini diharapkan menjadi masukan bagi para pemangku kepentingan yang terkait dalam pengelolaan lansia.Kata kunci: masyarakat menua, jaminan sosial, Hong Kong, Indonesia