Amung Ahmad Syahir Muharam
UIN Sunan gunung Djati Bandung

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Pelestarian Bahasa-Sastra Sunda oleh Paguyuban Sastrawati Sunda Patrem (1982-2018) Ika Ristiana; Amung Ahmad Syahir Muharam
Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah Vol 3, No 2 (2019): Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/hm.v3i2.9174

Abstract

Paguyuban Sastrawati The Sunda Patrem Sastrawati is the organization of  Sundanese female authors in West Java that was founded on November 4, 1982. Patrem is a Sundanese woman's hairpin used in ancient times. Patrem was then chosen as the name and symbol for the Sundanese literary organization, as well as linking it to the Patrem used by Princess Dyah Pitaloka in the Bubat War which became a symbol of the beauty and strength of Sundanese women. The special characteristic of the Sunda Patrem Sastrawati Circle of Friends is to use Sundanese as the identity of the organization, and to maintain the customs and beliefs of the Sundanese people as Sundanese identity, so the writer is interested in studying the role played by the Sunda Patrem Circle. The purpose of this study is to reveal the role of Sundanese women as writers who contribute in realizing the development of the Indonesian Nation. This research was conducted using the Historical Research Methods (Heuristics, Criticism, Interpretation, and Historiography) with a social and cultural science approach. The Sastrawati Sunda Patrem Circle through its work program has helped the success of the Indonesian government and community program in National Development in the Regional Culture, especially the Sunda Region.
Transportasi Jamaah Haji Masa Kolonial Abad XIX Iin Hindasah; Amung Ahmad Syahir Muharam
Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/hm.v2i2.9147

Abstract

The Hajj during the colonial period experienced its own challenges in addition to transportation to Mecca which was not easy. Pilgrims were also faced with the hajj policy which burdened pilgrims. This study aims to find out how the pilgrimage transportation in the colonial period, especially the nineteenth century, both in terms of health services and also the condition of the ship during the voyage. The method used in this study is a qualitative method, namely by collecting data through literature and documentation. Data analysis techniques are carried out with heuristic methods, criticism, interpretation and historiography. The results of this study indicate that the Dutch East Indies government provided transportation facilities for Indonesian pilgrims at that time only for economic and political purposes. Hajj policies were made to suppress the increasing number of pilgrims and also to monitor pilgrims so as not to disrupt the political legitimacy of the colonial government in the Dutch East Indies. Transportation of pilgrims on the 19th century is using a sailing ship which later in the mid-19th century was replaced by a steamship. The Colonial Government paid little attention to aspects of health services and passenger comfort on board during the voyage.
Undang-Undang Sumatera Barat (Minangkabau) Tahun 1837-1862 Yulianti yulianti; Amung Ahmad Syahir Muharam; Fathia Lestari
Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/hm.v4i1.9185

Abstract

This article discusses the constitution (undang-undang) of West Sumatra. The Minangkabau people constitute the Matrilineal community. Their customs and culture place the women as the inheritors of inheritance and kinship. Nevertheless, the role of men who actively play roles in religious and political spheres is still significant. Seen from their economy, the Minangkabau  indigenous people have a wealth of fertile land so that the majority of the community's work is farming various plants such as coffee, spices, rice etc. The progress of the community is not only in the economic field but also the development of Islam. The spread of Islam continues to grow and the Islam has been a popular religion among the Minangkabau people. The community also has a legal order written in an Act, which was written in Minangkabau in 1837 precisely after the Padri war and the Dutch rule in the Minangkabau land. Dutch Residents (Heinmers) ordered community leaders to write a customary law into the West Sumatra Act, the enactment of this West Sumatra Law until 1862 because when the Dutch set new regulations on the Minangkabau community, namely stelsel culture so that people followed all the new rules. The West Sumatra Law is divided into three parts: the Adat Law in Nagari, the Murder Case Law, and the Syara Companding Adat Law. Keywords: Minangkabau Society, customary law, local act.