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ANALISIS DAMPAK PERUBAHAN IKLIM TERHADAP PRODUKSI BERAS PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA TAHUN 2013 – 2030 Hosang, Peter Rene; Tatuh, J.; Rogi, Johannes E.X.
EUGENIA Vol 18, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.18.3.2012.4101

Abstract

ABSTRACT   Climate change has caused in the decreasing of rice production worldwide which affects food security condition in North Sulawesi. Therefore, efforts need to be done to anticipate this issue. A combination of numerical and spatial models was chosen in this study. Paddy rice numerical simulation model described relationships between crops’ physical environmental conditions and physiological condition in the forms of mathematical equations. Model inputs included climatic components, such as: light, temperature, humidity, wind speed and rainfall; soil physical components including: soil capacity, permanent wilt point, soil evaporation parameter; soil chemical variables including: pH and total nitrogen; agronomical input including: crop varieties, seed growth rate, irigation and nitrogen fertilizer; initial conditions including: ground water concentration, mineral nitrogen (NH4 and NO3) from various soil layers. Model output can be determined based on the purpose of the study. This research concluded that (a) rainfall pattern change and temperature’s increase affected paddy rice production, (b) 141,677 ton of rice shortage will be occurred in 2030. Strategics to anticipate this condition should be formulated. It is recommended to conduct a further research on compiling climate change data in North Sulawesi. Also, it is crucial to produce best paddy rice varietas resistant of climate change through biotechnology. Keywords : climate change, produce   ABSTRAK   Perubahan iklim mengakibatkan terjadi gangguan dalam produksi tanaman padi yang mempengaruhi kondisi ketahanan pangan di Sulawesi Utara sehingga perlu adanya langkah-langkah mengantisipasinya. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan yang mengintegrasikan model numerik dan spasial. Model numerik simulasi tanaman padi menjelaskan hubungan antara kondisi fisik lingkungan dengan kondisi fisiologis tanaman dalam bentuk persamaan-persamaan matematis.  Input model terdiri dari unsur-unsur cuaca berupa radiasi surya, suhu dan kelembaban udara, kecepatan angin dan curah hujan; sifat fisik tanah (kapasitas lapang, titik layu permanen dan parameter evaporasi tanah); sifat kimia tanah (pH, nitrogen total); input agronomis (varietas, laju penggunaan benih, irigasi, pemupukan nitrogen); serta kondisi awal berupa kadar air tanah dan nitrogen mineral (NH4 dan NO3) dari berbagai lapisan tanah.  Sedangkan untuk output dapat disesuai dengan tujuannya. Penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa (a) perubahan pola curah hujan dan kenaikan suhu udara mempengaruhi produksi tanaman padi, (b) prognosa ketersediaan beras pada tahun 2030 mengalami defisit sebesar 141,677 ton, sehingga diperlukan langkah strategi untuk mengantisipasi. Eugenia Volume 18 No. 3  Desember 2012 Kata kunci : perubahan iklim, produksi
PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN PADI DENGAN METODE SRI (SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION) PADA BERBAGAI UMUR PINDAH TANAM BIBIT Erungan, Rifaine M.N.; Rogi, Johannes E.X.; Toding, Marjam; Pamandungan, Yefta
COCOS Vol 6, No 10 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i10.8233

Abstract

ABSTRACT   This research aims to determine the effect of age on the growth and transplanting rice production by using the system of planting methods SRI ( System of Rice Intencification ) carried out in the village of Sulu District of Tatapaan for 4 months from May to September 2014. The research used randomized block design with treatment age transplanting U1 ( 0 HSS ) , U2 ( 10 HSS ) , U3 ( 15 HSS ) . Data were analyzed using the F test and continued with Least Significant Difference test level of 5 % .  Broadcaster age transplanting significant effect on plant height and number of tillers , and no real effect on the number of productive tillers , dry grain harvest weight , 1000 grain weight , the weight of milled rice per plot , weight of dry milled grain per plant , and productivity .  The treatment gives the best results in the production of which is the U3 treatment with seedling transplanting age 15 HSS . Keywoards : transplanting age, SRI method, rice
NERACA AIR LAHAN UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guinensis Jacq), DI KECAMATAN SANGKUB, KABUPATEN BOLAANG MONGONDOW UTARA Kaeng, Silvana E.; Rogi, Johannes E.X.; Pongoh, Jantje .,
AGRI-SOSIOEKONOMI Vol 13, No 3A (2017)
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/agrsosek.13.3A.2017.18012

Abstract

This study aims to find out the water balance in Sangkub Sub-district, North Bolaang Mongondow Regency for oil palm cultivation with water balance simulation model developed by Handoko (1994) and Rogi (2002). The study was conducted from May - December 2016. This research uses simulation model method; the data used in this research is secondary data. The data analysis used run model of water balance of land and formula calculation of land water balance. The study found that the amount of water surplus from the run of the water balance model and calculations based on the formula in one year cannot meet the water requirements of oil palm crops, so that oil palm plantations cannot be cultivated in Sangkub Sub-district. This is due to the existence of rice cultivated crops prior to oil palm cultivation, where both plants require relatively large amount of water.
EFEKTIFITAS WAKTU PEMBERIAN DAN KONSENTRASI PACLOBUTRAZOL TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL KENTANG (SOLANUM TUBEROSUM L.) VARIETAS SUPEJOHN Sambeka, Frangki; Runtunuwu, Semuel D.; Rogi, Johannes E.X.
EUGENIA Vol 18, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.18.2.2012.3566

Abstract

ABSTRACT   The study aimed to examine the influence of time of application and concentration of paclobutrazol on growth and yield of potato crop Supejohn held in District Modoinding South Minahasa regency, from March to June 2012, using a randomized block design with two factors. The first factor is the concentration of Paclobutrazol with four standards are: 0 ppm, 75 ppm, 100 ppm, 125 ppm and the second factor is the provision of a three-level applications MST 4, 5 and 6 MST MST (Week After Planting). Based on research, the results of analysis of variance showed an interaction between application timing and concentration of paclobutrazol. Combination treatment with 125 ppm paclobutrazol 6 WAP application time can give significant effect on plant height, number of chlorophyll content, percentage weight class tuber yield components in the form of increased crop production amounted to 45.04 kg / plot (24 plants) / range 52. ton / ha by pressing the vegetative growth of plants. Key words : Supejohn, time application, concentration, paclobutrazol
PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI DUA VARIETAS KENTANG (Solanum tuberosum L.) PADA DUA KETINGGIAN TEMPAT Mailangkay, Benjamin H.; Paulus, Jeanne M.; Rogi, Johannes E.X.
EUGENIA Vol 18, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.18.2.2012.3954

Abstract

ABSTRACT   This study aimed to examine the growth and production of potato crop varieties and varieties Granola Supejhon on two altitude, which is 750 m above sea level and 1200 m above sea level, studies using randomized block design with two factors. The first factor is the Granola variety and Supejhon. The second factor is the altitude, which is 750 m above sea level and 1200 m asl. The results of this study indicate that the rate Crop Growth Rate (LTT) and the Tuber Growth Rate (LTU) of Supejhon Granola varieties have a much higher altitude 1200 m asl (Modoinding) compared with altitude 750 m asl (Langowan). The altitude effect on the number of tubers / plant and production / plot, otherwise varieties had no effect on the number of tubers / plant, weight of tubers / plot and production / plot, and there is no interaction between variety and altitude. At altitude 750 m asl, both varieties yield an average production of tubers / plot of 1343.20 g (1.34 kg), whereas the altitude of 1200 m asl generate 7462.18 g (7.46 kg). Based on the average, the weight of tubers / plant and production / plots at very low reached by the two varieties of Granola and Supejhon well, so that the two varieties are not recommended to be cultivated at altitude 750 m above sea level. Further research is needed to examine other potato varieties that can be cultivated in areas with altitude of 750 m asl. Keywords: Potato, growth, production, level altitudes ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kentang varietas Granola dan varietas Supejhon pada dua ketinggian tempat, yaitu 750 m dpl dan 1200 m dpl, penelitian  menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok dengan dua faktor.  Faktor pertama adalah varietas  Granola dan Supejhon.  Faktor kedua adalah ketinggian tempat, yaitu 750 m dpl dan 1200 m dpl. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Laju Tumbuh Tanaman (LTT) rata-rata dan Laju Tumbuh Umbi (LTU) rata-rata varietas Granola dan Supejhon memiliki nilai yang jauh lebih tinggi pada ketinggian tempat 1200 m dpl (Modoinding) dibandingkan dengan ketinggian tempat 750 m dpl (Langowan).  Ketinggian tempat berpengaruh terhadap jumlah umbi/tanaman dan produksi/petak, sebaliknya varietas tidak berpengaruh terhadap jumlah umbi/tanaman, bobot umbi/petak dan produksi/petak, serta tidak terdapat interaksi antara varietas dan ketinggian tempat. Pada ketinggian tempat 750 m dpl, kedua varietas menghasilkan rata-rata produksi umbi/petak sebesar 1343,20 g (1,34 kg), sedangkan pada ketinggian tempat 1200 m dpl menghasilkan 7462,18 g (7,46 kg).  Berdasarkan nilai rata-rata, bobot umbi/tanaman dan produksi/petak yang sangat rendah dicapai oleh kedua varietas baik Granola maupun Supejhon, sehingga kedua varietas tersebut tidak dianjurkan untuk dibudidayakan pada ketinggian 750 m dpl.  Perlu dilakukan penelitian lanjutan untuk menguji varietas kentang lainya yang dapat dibudidayakan pada daerah dengan ketinggian tempat 750 m dpl. Kata kunci: Kentang, pertumbuhan, produksi, ketinggian tempat
PENGARUH WAKTU PENYEMPROTAN DAN KONSENTRASI PACLOBUTRAZOL (PBZ) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN JAGUNG (Zea mays L.) VARIETAS MANADO KUNING Lienargo, Bonaventura R.; Runtunuwu, Semuel D.; Rogi, Johannes E.x.; Tumewu, Pemmy
COCOS Vol 4, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : COCOS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research was conducted at the experimental farm of the Faculty of Agriculture UNSRAT in the Pandu District Mapanget for 4 months, starting from the month Novenber 2012 to February 2013, which aims to determine the effect of spraying application time and concentration of paclobutrazol (PBZ) on the growth and yield of maize varieties Yellow Manado. The parameters measured were plant height, cob length, cob diameter, cob weight, number of rows cob, grain weight per ear. The results showed that the effect of concentration and time of application of paclobutrazol interact affect Manado Yellow corn cob weight, whereas high concentrations singly affect plants and spraying time singly affect the diameter of cob and grain weight per ear. Ear length and number of lines is not affected either concentration or time of spraying paclobutrazolKeyword: Spraying Application Time, Concentration Of Paclobutrazol (PBZ), Maize Varieties Yellow Manado
Pendugaan Evapotranspirasi Bulanan Tanaman Padi Sawah dengan Menggunakan Model Simulasi Tanaman di Kabupaten Jayawijaya Provinsi Papua Tabuni, Yitenus; Porong, Jelie Viekson; Rogi, Johannes E.X.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.20573

Abstract

ABSTRACT   Rice is the second staple supplies in Jayawijaya Regency of Papua product beside Sweet potato. The area of rice plant is 250 ha, with production of 655 tons (BPS data from the Department of Agriculture of Food Crops and Horticulture of Papua Province 2014). The total area of Jayawijaya Regency is 13,925.31 km2 which is administratively divided into 40 districts with 4  Kelurahan, and 328 Villages. The Population area 241. 280 inhabitants. Most of the people live on slope of the hills  whith are difficult to reach and are of temhisby long dryness. The estimation of the evapotranspiration in this research uses a plant simulation model. The purpose of this simulation model has advantages, among others, does not require a long time to utilize the results and cost efficient in terms of cost. This study aims to estimate the monthly evapotranspiration of wetland rice crops in Jayawijaya Regency Papua Province by using shierary rice.Ve2 2, 1. The results of research can be used as a tool for cultivating rice crops especially for water management. The growth model is a simple representation of the plant growth system described in the mathematical model and analyzed statistically. The advantages are derived from the using of model simulations, that such as can shorten the time to predict the potential of crop production.  Keywords: Evapotranspiration estimation of field and model results
PENGATURAN JARAK TANAM PADI (ORYZA SATIVA L.) PADA SISTEM TANAM JAJAR LEGOWO Karokaro, Sakti; Rogi, Johannes E.X.; Runtunuwu, S. David; Tumewu, Pemmy
COCOS Vol 6, No 16 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i16.9570

Abstract

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of plant spacing on growth and yield of paddy Legowo row planting system. The study was conducted in South Minahasa District, District Tompaso New, Village Torout for 4 months from April - August 2014 in this study used materials rice seed Bulawan, taken from the village of Torout (one's own). Research was conducted using a randomized block design (RAK) with 5 treatments spacing grown using Legowo row planting system 2: 1. Each treatment was repeated four times, namely 1) 20 x 20 cm (control), 2) 20 x 20 cm, 3) 20 x 25 cm, 4) 20 x 30 cm, 5) 20 x 35 cm. Using the method of using the F test and if there is a treatment effect followed by a test of Least Significant Difference (LSD) at 5%. Spacing of rice that gives the best results are rice treated with a spacing of 20 x 25 cm Legowo row planting system. Keywords :jajar legowo, rice
Kajian potensi Lahan dan Prospek Pengembangan Beberapa Komoditas Pertanian di dataran Tinggi Napu Kabupaten Poso Mondolu, Budi Utomo; Rogi, Johannes E.X.; Rombang, Johan
COCOS Vol 3, No 5 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i5.2617

Abstract

SUMMARY IDevelopment of the agricultural sector in the Highlands Napu based on the potentialand prospects of the development of agricultural land is not maxiEized, becausemanagement saw the pot"ntiut of less farm land but only at thE prospect ofcommodities so that the land does not produce potentially imposed on certaincommodities. The management of other agricultural land but only saw the potential ofnot reviewing the outlook for the market may lead to difficult for farrners to markettheir production land. Relationship potential and prospects of the development ofagricultural land can affect the production of several agricultural commodities.Potential development of land in accordance with the production of agriculturalcommodities will increase the prospects of better agricultural development. Thepurpose of this study is to assess the potential of land and development prospectsAgriculture of some commodities in the Highlands Nup,r, Poso district.Research methodology used is the field of survey research methods andlaboratory analysis methods as well as analysis of agricultural commodity 4. Potentialassessed land based on field survey equipped with GPS and use of laboratory analysisof the primary data and then analyzed with analysis consisted of location LocationQuotien (LQ); quotients Localization (LO) and quotients Specialization (KS) usingsecondary data obrtained from some institutions associated with research. Analysis ofthe prospects for agricultural development consisting of paddy rice, maize, cabbageand tomatoes using analysis of supply (production trend and the trend of land area),and the Economic Analysis (the ratio of R / C) Z 1.The results showed that agricultural land Plateau Napu Poso production anddevelopment prospects of agricultural commodities is less than optimal because it hasa land suitability class 52 and 53. Paddy rice, maizg cabbage and tomatoes can yieldoptimal production if done countermeasures limiting factors of agricultural landsuitability. Based on land unit No. I and II prospected best value is on tomatoescommodity, land unit No. I1 and III prospected best value on cabbage commodity,land unit No. IV, V, V[, VII prospected best value on Paddy rice commodity. Maizecommodities has been inconstant value from more land unit. Maize commodities hasbeen to be a support for others commodity. From this study it can be concluded thatthe potential of land Plateau Napu have land suitability categories 52 and 53 asinfluenced by certain limiting factors, to increase agricultural production anddevelopment prospects of the limiting factors of land suitability can be addressedproperly. Suggestions can be submitted namely: farmers need to pay attention to thefactors limiting agricultural land suitability, such as alternative penang&ulanan veryhigh rainfall in a'ivay good drainage, nutrient retention by appropriate fertilizationand crop rooting medium with a good way of cultivation
EVALUASI LAHAN UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN LAHAN PERKEBUNAN DI PULAU BACAN KABUPATEN HALMAHERA SELATAN Wakiah, Sitti; Rombang, Johan A.; Rogi, Johannes E.X.
AGRI-SOSIOEKONOMI Vol 12, No 2A (2016)
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/agrsosek.12.2A.2016.13850

Abstract

The research objective was to determine the suitability of land for a certain class of agricultural crops, namely, vanilla, oil palm, coconut, cocoa, nutmeg and cloves and to determine the direction of the crop land use. The study used survey method and analysis is to compare with criteria data suitability of land for plantation crops. Based on the results obtained twenty eight overlay land units and land units nineteen taken as a sample. The results show the suitability of land in Bacan Island of South Halmahera District for commodity crop plantations vanilla, oil palm, coconut, nutmeg and cloves in a class of land suitability is quite suitable (S2), cocoa belongs to a class of land suitability is marginally suitable (S3) with limiting factor the relative humidity. Economic analysis for all commodities is very suitable for development and Bacan Island of South Halmahera Regency.