TATANG RUSMANA
Institut Seni Indonesia Padang Panjang, Jln Buukokandang, Padang Panjang. Sumatera Barat

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Rekontruksi Nilai-Nilai Konsep Tritangtu Sunda Sebagai Metode Penciptaan Teater Ke Dalam Bentuk Teater Kontemporer Rusmana, Tatang
Mudra Jurnal Seni Budaya Vol. 33 No. 1 (2018): Februari
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Denpasar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31091/mudra.v33i1.314

Abstract

Konsep filosofi Tritangtu Sunda, sebagai falsafah hidup masyarakat Sunda di Kabupaten Bandung. memiliki tiga makna penting tentang pembagian dunia, tiga dunia itu yakni Buana Nyungcung (Dunia Atas, simbolnya; Langit, Air, dan Perempuan), Buana Larang (Dunia Bawah, simbolnya; Bumi, Tanah, dan Laki-laki), dan Buana Pancatengah (Dunia Tengah, simbolnya; Batu, Manusia, Laki-laki dan Perempuan). Tritangtu Sunda merupakan perspektif penyatuan tiga dunia dalam kehidupan masyarakat petani. Penyatuan tersebut yaitu perkawinan Buana Nyungcung dengan Buana Larang, dan Buana Pancatengah-lah yang menyatukannya. Konsep Tritangtu Sunda berpengaruh terhadap seni tutur Wawacan yang lazim ditampilkan ke dalam Seni Beluk. Wawacan inilah yang ikut membentuk pikiran kolektif masyarakat Sunda. Wawacan yang menjadi sumber penelitian disertasi ini adalah “Wawacan Nata Sukma” yang ditulis anonim oleh masyarakat Banjaran, Kabupaten Bandung tahun 1833 M (abad ke-19) dalam masa “tanam paksa” untuk menanam kopi di Pangalengan. Tritangtu Sunda  akan difungsikan sebagai perangkat penciptaan seni teater berbasis teater kontemporer (terutama penyutradaraan). Penelitian menggunakan penajaman teori resepsi Isser, untuk mengaktualisasikan karya dengan cara yang berbeda, karena tidak ada tafsir tunggal yang benar (Culler, 2003). Pendekatan lain pendapat George Land dari teori transformasi, diartikan sebagai sebuah kreasi baru atau perubahan ke bentuk yang baru baik secara fungsi maupun strukturnya. “To transform”, berarti mengkreasikan yang baru yang belum pernah ada sebelumnya, transformasi juga bisa berarti perubahan “polapikir”. Perangkat penelitian menggunakan metoda yang disarankan Schechner (2002 dan 2004) dan metode mise en scene yang dirumuskan oleh Patrice Pavis. The concept of the Sunda Tritangtu philosophy, is the life philosophy of the Sundanese community including in Bandung regency. Derived from this philosophy are three important meanings of the division of the world, the three worlds are Buana Nyungcung (Upper  world, its symbols: Heavens, Water, and Woman), Buana Larang (Underworld, symbols; Earth, Land and Man), and Buana Pancatengah (Middle world, symbol: Stone, Man, Man and Woman). The Sundanese Tritangtu is the perspective of the unification of the three aforementioned worlds in peasant life. The union is the marriage of Buana Nyungcung with Buana Larang, and Buana Pancatengah is the one that unites it. The concept of the Sundanese Tritangtu influences the art of Wawacan speech that is commonly integrated into the art of Beluk. Wawacan is a contributing factor in what helped shape the collective minds of the Sundanese people. Wawacan, which is the source of this dissertation research, is "Wawacan Nata Sukma”, written anonymously by Banjaran society, Regency of Bandung in 1833 AD (19th century) during "Cultuurstelsel" to grow coffee in Pangalengan. Sunda Tritangtu functions as a tool for the creation of theater based contemporary theater modalities (especially directing). This research uses Isser's reception theory, to actualize the work in different ways. There is no single correct interpretation (Culler, 2003). Another approach of George Land's opinion of the theory of transformation, defined as a new creation or change to a new form both in function and structure. "To transform", means creating a new one that has never existed before, transformation can also mean a change of "mindset". The research used Schechner's method (2004 and 2004) and the mise en scene method formulated by Patrice Pavis.
PENCIPTAAN TEATER DAN PERLINDUNGAN HAK CIPTA Rusmana, Tatang
Ekspresi Seni Vol 18, No 1 (2016): Ekspresi Seni
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Padang Panjang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1590.304 KB) | DOI: 10.26887/ekse.v18i1.8

Abstract

Theater is a human’s creation in the field of art that has economic value. Any kind of theater needs to get the protection of copyright. Law number 19 year 2002 about the copyright is the law product that gives protection and appreciation for human’s creativity in science, art, and literature. The artists of theater as the creators are the subject of copyright law who has exclusive rights to announce or multiply their creations and those exclusive rights include the rights of economy and moral. The understanding and awareness about this copyright tend to be ignored by the artists of theater particularly in Indonesia in which the creations of theater with various artistic forms achieved from their artists’ creativities develop significantly. They need to be given a protection through the existence of copyright law. Therefore, the socialization of Copyright Law year 2002 to the circle of theater artists is an urgent matter to be done because those artists who are the subject of this copyright law do not fully understand about it.