Edison Saade
Jurusan Perikanan - Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Effect of Predigested Artificial Diet Using Papain Enzyme on the Degree of Protein Hydrolysis and Protease Enzyme Activity of Mud Crab (Scylla olivacea) Larvae at Zoea 2 and 3 Stages Haryati, Haryati; Fujaya, Yushinta; Saade, Edison
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 19, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (417.33 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v19i2.118

Abstract

The ability of mud crab (Scylla olivacea) larvae to digest artificial diet depends on the availability of digestive enzyme. To enhance the larvaes capability to utilize artificial diet can be conducted by adding exogenous enzyme to the diet.The aim of this research was to determine the dose of papain enzyme and stadia of predigest artificial diet that produced the best degree of protein hydrolysis and protease enzyme activity. Completely randomized designwas used to evaluate the effect of papain enzyme dose on the degree of protein, with four treatment and three replications, namely the doses of 0.0%, 1.5%, 3.0%, and 4.5%. Factorial pattern with the completely randomized design was used to evaluate the effect of papain enzyme dose and the proper predigest artificial feeding stage on the activity of protease enzyme. The first factor was the papain enzyme dose (0.0%, 1.5%, 3.0%, and 4.5%), while second factor was the stadia of larvae when it is fed with predigested artificial diet (zoea 2 and zoea 3 stadia). The research showed that the difference of papain enzyme dose provides real effect on degree of protein hydrolysis either on JP 0 or JP 1 diet brands (P<0.05). Degree of protein hydrolysis of the diet predigested with 0.0% papain enzyme was the lowest and has real difference (P<0.05) with the 1.5%, 3.0% and 4.5% doses. Degree of protein hydrolysis on 3% dose of papain enzyme does not provide real difference with the 4.5%, namely  19.753% and 22.890% respectively in JP 0, 18.707 % and 20.430 % in JP 1, but has real difference (P<0.05) with 1.5% doses.  The difference papain enzyme dose and  stadia of predigest artificial diet as well as the interaction between both of them had significant effect  (p<0.05) on the activity of protease enzyme. On the larvae of zoea 2 stadia, the activity of protease enzyme on the larvae fed with predigest artificial diet starting from zoea 2 stadia with 3.0% and 4.5% papain enzyme dose or those still fed with natural diet does not provide real difference, but is higher and provides real difference than 0% and 1.5% doses. On the larvae of zoea 3 stadia, the activity of protease enzyme to the larvae fed with artificial diet starting from zoea 2 with 0% and 1.5% papain enzyme doses, and those fed with artificial diet starting from zoea 3 stadia with 0% papain enzyme dose does not provide real difference (p>0.05) but is lower and provides real difference than other treatments. Protease enzyme activity on the larvae  fed with predigest artificial diet using  4.5%  papain enzyme  starting at zoea 2 stadia ,  was not significantly different (P <0.05) compared to larvae fed artificial diet which was  predigest  with 0.0%,  1.5%, 3.0 and 4.5  papain enzyme started at Zoea 3.  Based on the degree of protein hydrolysis, papain enzymes can be used to hydrolyze artificial diet  in doses ranging from 3.0% to 4.5%. Based on the activity of protease enzymes, mud crab larvae (Scylla olivacea) predigested artificial diet using 4.5% papain enzyme can be provided to the larvae starting from zoea 2 stadia.
EFFECT OF FEED RAW MATERIALS TYPES ON DISSOLVED PROTEIN CONTENT, PROTEIN HYDROLYSIS LEVEL AND FEED NUTRITION CONTENT OF ORANGE MANGROVE CRAB (Scylla olivacea) LARVAE FEED Haryati, Haryati; Fujaya, Yushinta; Saade, Edison
Asian Journal of Aquatic Sciences Vol 1 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.396 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/ajoas.1.1.52-57

Abstract

Feed is one of the factors that affect the success of hatchery culture of mud crab (Scylla olivacea). The use of artificial feed in the form of microdiet can ensure availability, lower production costs and higher flexibility than natural feed. During this time the artificial feed used is a commercial feed, which is relatively expensive, therefore the need for research to produce artificial feed of good quality, with a cheap price.. The objective of this research is to determine the combination of raw material of artificial feed protein which produce dissolved protein content, protein hydrolysis degree and best protein content of feed. The experimental design used was completely randomized with eight treatments and three replications. The treatments were the use of various combinations of feed protein ingredients : A) 100% Artemia flour, B) 100% fish meal, C) 100% squid meal, D) 50% Artemia and 50% fish meals, E) 50% Artemia and 50% squid meals, F) 50% fish and 50% squid meals, G) 35% fish, 35% squid and 30% Artemia meals, H) commercial feed. The parameters used were dissolved protein content, protein hydrolysis degree and protein feed content. The results showed that the difference of feed protein raw materials had significant effect (p <0,05) on soluble protein content and feed protein hydrolysis degree. The highest content of soluble protein in in the diet with a protein raw material was squid meal, but not significantly different (P> 0,05) than Artemia meal and combination between 50% Artemia and 50% squid meals, but significantly different (P < 0.05) than other treatments. The highest degree of protein hydrolysis in the diet with a protein raw materials was Artemia meal, but not significantly different (P> 0.05) than in commercial feed as well as combination between Artemia and squid meal (P> 0.05), but significantly different (P <0, 05) compared to other treatments. Feed protein content according to the needs of mangrove crab larvae. Fat content with a protein raw materials was 100% artemia meal was higher than the need. Carbohydrate content with a protein raw materials were 100% artemia meal, a combination of 50% artemia meal and 50% squid meal and commercial feed according to the needs of mud crab larvae.