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Journal : Kanz Philosophia A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism

MISTISISME DAN HAL-HAL TAK TERCAKAPKAN: MENIMBANG EPISTEMOLOGI HUDHŪRĪ Sabri, Muhammad
Kanz Philosophia A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism Vol. 2 No. 1 (2012): June
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Islam (STFI) Sadra

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Abstract

In general, this article intends to answer a fundamental question, whether a mystical experience can or cannot be expressed through language. If the answer is positive, what kind of language can ‘formulate’ an inner space of human experienceto penetrateinto the heart of the most real reality? What kind of consciousness can “bring” the light of God to the ‘empirical’ world Then how to formulate a mystical consciousness in expressing spiritual experience that is “subjective” and therefore, has limitations? How, in fact, the status of “non-subjective phenomenal” consciousness in Islamic epistemology? The above questions, of course, are just a small ripple for those who seek to dive into the depth of “Mystical Ocean without shore”. To give an answer, this article then presents two contemporary philosophers from the genre of analytic philosophy, but from a diff erent background from that of tradition: Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) and Mehdi Ha’iri Yazdi (1923 to 1999). This article appears to be a “resistance” epistemic: to show the fragile philosophical structure of positivism to capture the invisible ‘realities’. This last genre of philosophy, which is concerned mostly with thereliability of facts, the necessity correspondence between the facts and language, and glorifi es the verifi cation principles, has experienced “stutters” in every endeavor to reveal the world of meaning. h is article, also seeks reveal the way to the world of “experience” and does not stop at the world of knowledge. By adopting the approach of Analytic Philosophy, this article shows the folds of meaning and reality: empirical, meta-empirical, existential, and spiritual. For the author, the all layers of reality can only be revealed through a mysticalexperience, a presential knowledge (al-’ilm al-hudhūrī) in a perfect ontological state