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KAMAN EFEKTIVITAS PUPUK NPK (15-15-6-4) PADA PADI DI LAHAN SAWAH IRIGASI KABUPATEN MALANG M. Saeri, Suwono dan Amik Krismawati Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Jawa Timur JL Raya Karangploso Km 4 Malang, Jawa Timur Saeri, M.; , Suwono; Krismawati, Amik
Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 11, No 3 (2008): November 2008
Publisher : Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

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The Effective Assessment of NPK Fertilizer for Irrigated rice in Malang District. The suboptimal rice production on irrigated rice in Malang was due to the low fertilization efficiency. The objective of the single fertilizer and compound fertilizer application study on irrigated rice was to understand the fertilization efficiencies on irrigated rice. The on-farm experiment was conducted at Sekarpuro Village, Pakis District, Malang Regency in the first dry season (April — July 2007) and the types of soil was Regosol with sand loam texture. The design of the experiment was a Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD), with 13 treatments and 3 replications. Treatments to be tested were : T1 = without fertilizer, T2 = 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T3 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T4 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T5 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T6 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T7 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T8 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg SP-36/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha; T9 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T10 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T11 = 300 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 SP-36/ha + 75 kg KC1/ha, T12 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and BNT. The results of combining macro inorganic fertilizers and alternative fertilizers showed that treatment (a) where 200 kg Urea combined with 100 kg ZA and 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4) provided Cibogo dried grains yield with 6.28 t/ha with RC 3.17, thus increasing farmers income to Rp.14,130,000, giving a profit of Rp.9,677,050, with treatment (b) where 200 kg of Urea combined with 100 kg ZA and 200 kg NPK Phonska provided Cibogo dried grains yield with as much as 6,05 t/ha with R/C 3.22 thus increasing farmers income to Rp.13,612,500, giving a profit of Rp.9,380,700. From economical point of view by combining fertilizers gave the economic advantage with higher revenue cost ratio and profit compared to single fertilization system Key words alternative fettilizer, macro anorganic fertilizer, rice, rainfed rice Belum optimalnya produktivitas padi di lahan sawah, antara lain disebabkan oleh rendahnya efisiensi pemupukan. Kajian pemupukan alternatif pada padi sawah dilaksanakan di Desa Sekarpuro, Kecamatan Pakis, Kabupaten Malang di Musim Kemarau I (April - Juli) tahun 2007, termasuk jenis tanah Regosol dengan tekstur tanah lempung berpasir. Rancangan percobaan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 12 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Perlakuan yang dikaji adalah (1). Tanpa pemupukan, T1 = tanpa pupuk, T2 = 300 kg NPK(15-15-6-4)/ha, T3 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T4 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T5 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T6 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T7 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T8 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg SP-36/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha; T9 = 200 kg Urea.ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T10 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T11 = 300 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 SP-36/ha + 75 kg KC1/ha, T12 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha. Analisis data menggunakan ANOVA dilanjutkan dengan uji BNT.Hasil pengkajian penggunaan pupuk makro anorganik yang dikombinasikan dengan pupuk alternatif menunjukkan bahwa (a). 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, memberikan hasil gabah kering giling (GKG) varietas Cibogo sebesar 6,28 t/ha dengan R/C 3,17 dan memberikan penerimaan usahatani sebesar Rp.14.130.000,- keuntungan sebesar Rp.9.677.050,- dan (b). 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha memberikan hasil gabah kering giling (GKG) varietas Cibogo sebesar 6,05 t/ha dengan R/C 3,22 dan memberikan penerimaan sebesar Rp.13.612.500,- serta keuntungan sebesar Rp. 9.380.700,-. Kata kunci : pupuk altematif, pupuk makro anorganik, padi, lahan sawah irigasi
DIPLOMATIC DILEMMA DAN STANDAR GANDA POLITIK AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP KONFLIK SIPIL-MILITER MESIR TAHUN 2013 Setiawan, Azhari; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1: WISUDA FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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United States of America as the main actor—in many cases—of world politics constellation has done a number of double standard politics for preserving its certain national interest. For a century, Middle East has been one of the most focussed object for United States foreign policies. This research is aimed to explain United States diplomatic dilemma and double standard politics toward Egypt civil-military conflict and Morsi coup in 2013, which tries to answer why United States used double standard politics on Egypt case. United States has a strong policy on democratization, human rights and anti-coup, which made a controversial policy on Egypt cases. United States never calls Egypt case as a coup and still continuing its foreign aid to Egypt’s new governement (military government).This research theoretically has built with rasionalism perspectives on International Relations and supported by National Security theories, and also the concept of Diplomatic Dilemma and Double Standard Politics. Formulation of all arguments, facts, and theoretical framework on this research is guided by qualitative explanation methods. Scope of this research is United States policy toward Egypt coup which is considered by viewing international and United States’s middle east allies responses on the same case.Researcher has formulated an answered-hypothesis which reveals the facts that United States double standard is caused by United States diplomatic dilemma. These diplomatic dilemmas also influenced by United States pragmatism on its Arab Spring foreign policy. This research has added one more explanation about United States double standard politics history in Middle East cases for this decade.Keywords : Diplomatic Dilemma, Double Standard Politics, Coup, United States of America, Arab Spring, Middle East.
KEPENTINGAN AMERIKA SERIKAT MEMBERIKAN BANTUAN LUAR NEGERI “FEED THE FUTURE” KEPADA NEGARA SENEGAL TAHUN 2010-2015 Muhammad, Fadel; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 5: Edisi II Juli - Desember 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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A nation was formed with the ultimate aim of prospering the people who were part ofthe country. But foreign aid is a really strange phenomenon. A country consciously provide itsresources to improve the living conditions of people from other countries. Moral cause as theleader of countries in the world is the reason often announced every time the foreign assistanceis given. In fact, the often said foreign aid based on morality provide a form of reciprocityafterwards, such as political support, military base licensing, market expansion, and so on. Anoverseas aid program will go through a long process determined by the donor country (giver)such as which country will get it, how much the value of the foreign assistance is given, howlong is the aid-giving periods, and how to give it, in bilateral or multilateral. So is the casewith the food aid program “Feed the Future” given by the United States to the country ofSenegal in 2010-2015. Although on the surface, United States aid appears to have a goal tosolve Senegal’s food problems, but the United States has another big goal behind it. Resonancewith the theory expressed by Lancaster that one of the goals of providing foreign aid is as adiplomatic means in achieving interests in other countries, it is certain that the United Stateswill benefit from Senegal. Judging from the time of the provision of foreign aid which coincidedwith the issuance of the United States strategy in combating terrorism, it was certain thatforeign aid would reciprocate in the form of Senegal’s support for the national interests of theUnited States to combat violent groups in the West African region.Keywords: Foreign aid, National interests, Violent groups in West Africa, Food scarcity
HUBUNGAN DIPLOMASI KEAMANAN INGGRIS DAN UNI EROPA (UE) PASCA PERNYATAAN REFERENDUM BRITISH EXIT (BREXIT) TAHUN 2016-2017 Tobing, Ledi Sanita; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi II Juli - Desember 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This study explains about how the security diplomacy of the United Kingdom and the European Union after the Brexit Referendum (British Exit) conducted by the United Kingdom in 2016-2017. Brexit is carried out by the United Kingdom because the United Kingdom found it was no longer compatible with the European Union policy. This study uses a Neo-realist perspective by Kenneth N. Waltz quoted from his book Theory of International Politics, and supported by diplomatic theory, and the level of analysis of the State. Furthermore, the methodology used in this study is a qualitative research methodology which the data collection techniques uses the literature review method. The results of this study indicate that the United Kingdom needs to conduct broader negotiations after the statement of the Brexit Referendum on foreign policy and security issues, especially in the European region where the European Union is an important player in the European region. And negotiate on how Britain sees, whether British policy is in accordance with EU policy. So that in this case the United Kingdom needs to discuss its security issues in order to remain in line with the European Union, when the United Kingdom has been declared officially out of the European UnionKeywords: Brexit (British Exit), Security Diplomacy, European Union, Negotiation. 
KEPENTINGAN AMERIKA SERIKAT MENANDATANGANI MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU) TENTANG PEMBERIAN BANTUAN KEAMANAN TERHADAP ISRAEL TAHUN 2016 Yanto, Fajri Juni; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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On 14 September 2016 the US and Israeli governments through their representatives signed a new MOU on the provision of security assistance to Israel. This MOU is the largest security funding deal in the history of the United States. Not less than $ 38 billion will be awarded to the Israel by United States in the form of Foreign Millitary Funding (FMF) as much $33 billion and a missile defense cooperation fund as much $5 billion. The research will explain what caused the United States to approve the signing of the MOU.This research theoretically has built with Kenneth Waltz Neorealism perspective and theory, as the only flow of thought in this research. Formulation of all arguments, data, facts, and theoritical framework in this research is adopting the qualitative explanation methodology. It takes international system as the level of analyzing, the focus on this research is explaining the causes of United States signed MOU on providing security assistance against israel.Reseacrher has formulated answer-hypothesis which revealed the fact that The development of security threats on israel in the middle east area has caused United States signed MOU on providing security assistance against Israel. As strategic asset of the United States in the Middle East region, with rising security threats coming from Hezbollah, Hamas and rising political threats from Iran and Syrian, US has to protect its staregic asset by providing security assistance to improve Israel's Qualitative Military Edge (QME) to defend itself by it self.Keywords: United States, Israel, MOU, Security Assistance, FMF, QME, Strategic Asset
KEPENTINGAN RUSIA DALAM MENGINTERVENSI KONFLIK PERBATASAN ABKHAZIA DAN OSSETIA SELATAN DI WILAYAH GEORGIA ", Fakhrunnas; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi II Juli - Desember 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This research describes about the intervention that Russia was made in a border conflict between Abkhazia and South Ossetia against Georgia in Georgia’s territory. The intervention that Russia made finally involved conflict between Russia and Georgia.The research method applies qualitative descriptive method, realism perspective and National Security theory. The author collected data from books, encyclopedia, journal, mass media and website to analyze the form of intervention Russia in a border conflict between Abkhazia and South Ossetia against Georgia, the impact of Russia’s intervene and to analyze Russia’s interest to involve in that conflict. The conclusion of this research is Russia’s interest to getting involved and intervene the conflict is because Rusia wants to reunite former member states of Soviet Union and create a new Communist-Socialist power under its influence and hegemony in Caucasus Region to stem the influence of the United States and NATO. Key words: Russia, Borders Conflict, Influence, Hegemony, NATO, USA, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Georgia, Intervention,Civil War.
INDONESIAN DIPLOMACY AT THE ADMM-Plus (ASEAN DEFENSE MINISTERS MEETING) IN THE PHILIPPINE IN COUNTERACTING THE THREAT OF TERRORISM IN 2017 Rosadi, Mirna; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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The purpose of this study is to understand why Indonesia has taken diplomatic action at the ASEAN DEFENSE MINISTERS MEETING-Plus session in the Philippines in 2017. Does Indonesia as a country that also has security disruptions want to cooperate with other ASEAN member countries to counteract regional threats that often happened specifically terrorism. According to the results of the ADMM meeting in the Counter Terrorism Working Group discussion, the Southeast Asian region is in the threat of terrorism such as the latest threat of terrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia and needs repression through a plan of action by the ASEAN Security Community (ASC). This research theoretically uses a realist perspective and uses the diplomatic theory of S.L. Roy. The formulation of all arguments, facts, and theoretical frameworks in this study is guided by the method of qualitative explanation. The technique in this study is through literature. Data obtained and collected from the official website of the ASEAN National Secretariat and the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia (KEMHANRI), journal books, theses and then from the internet are related to the problem.This study found that at the 4th ADMM-plus Meeting in 2017, the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia exchanged views on terrorism and extremism, maritime security, non-professorial nuclear weapons, cyber security and Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR). So on this basis, the Indonesian Minister of Defense, Ryamizad Ryacudu proposed an intelligence-based cooperation called "Our Eyes Initiative". Indonesia proposed this collaboration in the interest of increasing influence in Southeast Asia as a leader in regional security.Keywords : ASEAN, ADMM, Regional Security, Diplomacy, Terrorist, Our Eyes, Initiative
HUBUNGAN AMERIKA SERIKAT - TRANS PASIFIC PARTNERSHIP (TPP) DI MASA DONALD TRUMP STUDI KASUS: KELUARNYA AMERIKA SERIKAT DARI TRANS PASIFIC PARTNERSHIP (TPP) Praditama, M Reza; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This research is a political economy study which describes the american interests left the tpp during the administration of Donald Trump. This research will focus on why America left the economy partnership. This study is interesting because it describes about a political economy policy who America President Donald Trump choose to make America great again. This is qualitative research which uses descriptive methods, and collected data from some resources like books, journals, official publications and its relevant websites. This paper uses the behavioralism perspective and International Treaty Theory. The object in this research is how a policy can make a different thing in a government. This agreement covers the entire trade sector ranging from trading and services, intellectual property rights, customs, and the cessation of the trade dispute. The result of this research shows that In its development, the Trans-Pacific Partnership has invited many criticisms from various parties in the countries involved. Many people think that TPP is only a tool for the United States to enter and dominate the economy in the region.Keywords: Partnership, Political Economy, Behavioralism, Policy
Efektivitas Metode Penyuluhan dalam Percepatan Transfer Teknologi Padi Di Jawa Timur Purnomo, Eddy; Pangarsa, Nugraha; Andri, Kuntoro Boga; Saeri, M.
JINOTEP (Jurnal Inovasi dan Teknologi Pembelajaran): Kajian dan Riset Dalam Teknologi Pembelajaran Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

Abstrak: Pemahaman mendalam terkait proses interaksi dan komunikasi yang terjadi dalam suatu struktur sosial petani, memudahkan pelaksanaan penyuluhan yang efektif dan efisien baik dari segi waktu maupun tenaga. Tujuan dari pengkajian ini adalah mengidentifikasi dan merumuskan pola jaringan sosial yang ada di masyarakat petani untuk komoditas padi spesifik kabupaten/etnis, mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi dalam percepatan transfer teknologi padi di dalam jaringan sosial petani, mengidentifikasi media dan metode penyuluhan yang relatif paling disenangi oleh pengguna dalam jaringan sosial dan merumuskan strategi penyuluhan PTT Padi. Pengkajian dilaksanakan di 3 kabupaten di Jawa Timur yang mewakili sosial budaya/etnis. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengkajian ini adalah dengan pendekatan sosiometri. Populasi dan sampel yang menjadi objek kajian merupakan pihak/pelaku yang terdedah oleh informasi PTT Padi Sawah. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa hand phone (HP) dan alat transportasi (motor/sepeda) merupakan sarana komunikasi yang diperlukan untuk mempererat dan mempercepat komunikasi dalam jaringan komunitas. Upaya yang sering dilakukan, agar inovasi teknologi cepat sampai pada anggota jaringan, adalah melakukan pertemuan tatap muka dan kunjungan, media penyuluhan yang paling disukai anggota jaringan komunitas untuk transfer inovasi teknologi adalah media televise, serta brosur/buku saku dan metode penyuluhan yang dinilai paling efektif adalah sekolah lapang, temu lapang dan demplot. Pola Jaringan Komunikasi di Kabupaten Tuban, pola interaksi yang terbentuk cenderung terdispersi pada jalur interaksi yang relatif panjang. Untuk Pola jaringan komunikasi hasil pengkajian di Kabupaten Trenggalek menunjukkan bahwa pola komunikasi antar individu petani bersifat lebih teratur, sedangkan pola jaringan komunikasi di Kabupaten Jember, bahwa struktur komunikasinya menunjukkan multi saluran. Hal ini ditandai dimana dari tiga level tersebut interaksi timbal balik dapat terjadi tanpa menganut siapa yang menjadi tokoh sentralnya.Abstract: In-depth understanding related to the interaction and communication process that occurs in a social structure of farmers facilitates the implementation of effective and efficient counseling both in terms of time and energy. The purpose of this study is to identify and formulate the existing social network patterns in farmer communities for district / ethnic-specific rice commodities, to know the factors that influence the acceleration of rice technology transfer in farmers' social networks, identify the media and the most favored extension methods by users in social networks and formulating rice PTT extension strategies. The assessment was carried out in 3 districts in East Java that represented social culture/ethnicity. The method used in this study is a sociometric approach. The population and sample that are the object of study are the parties/actors who are exposed to the information on PTT Paddy Fields. The results of the analysis show that handphones (mobile phones) and transportation equipment (motorbikes/bicycles) are the means of communication needed to strengthen and accelerate communication in the community network. Efforts that are often made, so that technological innovation will quickly reach network members, are conducting face-to-face meetings and visits, the most popular counseling media for community network members to transfer technological innovations is television media, as well as brochures/pocketbooks and extension methods that are considered the most effective,  is a field school, field meeting, and demonstration plot. Communication Network Patterns in Tuban Regency, the interaction patterns formed tend to be dispersed on relatively long interaction pathways. The pattern of the communication network as a result of the assessment in Trenggalek Regency shows that the communication pattern between individual farmers is more regular, while the communication network pattern in Jember Regency shows that the communication structure shows multiple channels. This is marked wherefrom these three levels reciprocal interaction can occur without adhering to who is the central figure.
MOTIVASI INDONESIA MENANDATANGANI SUBSIDIARY ARRANGEMENT PROGRAM MAMPU FASE II DENGAN AUSTRALIA TAHUN 2017 Suryani, Sri Ok; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This research aims to explain Indonesia’s interest signed MAMPU Program of Subsidiarry Arrangement, phase II whit Australia in 2017. Australia was chosen as partner in woman development section, therefore Australia has commitment to continue the good and powerful partnership of Australia and Indonesia’s government in the equal of gender and woman development. This subsidiary arrangement partnership was signed by both countries in January 2017, include increasing job condition and erasing discrimination in working area, increasing woman laborer for migrating to other country, increasing woman health and nutrient status, decreasing violence to woman, increasing acsess of social protection program of Indonesia. This research data was obtained from books, journals, articles, official document and websites that support the hypothesis. The author used liberalism approach from Immanuel Kant and international level analyze. The theories used in this research consist of international cooperation, international cooperative by Koesnadi Kartasasmita and K. J. Holsti, and national interest by Hans J. Morgenthau. The result of this research show that there is strengthening women development interest in Indonesia and Australia partnership that gives profit to Indonesia. This partnership gives large impact to woman development of Indonesia, especially through MAMPU Program. Australia could fulfill fund consideration for MAMPU Program in Indonesia, on quality and quantity scale. Keywords: National Interest, Woman Development, International Cooperative, Subsidiary Arrangement, MAMPU Program