Claim Missing Document
Check
Articles

Found 31 Documents
Search

Karakteristik Kolagen Larut Asam Teripang Gama (Stichopus variegatus): Characteristics of Stichopus variegatus acid solution collagen Mega Safithri; Kustiariyah Tarman; Pipih Suptijah; Sri Novita Sagita
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 23 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 23(1)
Publisher : Masyarakat Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia (MPHPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (498.682 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v23i1.31063

Abstract

Kolagen dibutuhkan pada berbagai industri farmasi, makanan, dan kosmetik, sehingga memiliki nilai ekonomis yang tinggi. Komoditas perikanan terutama teripang gama dapat digunakan sebagai sumber kolagen yang halal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan karakteristik fisikokimia kolagen larut asam teripang gama. Perlakuan untuk mendapatkan protein kolagen dilakukan dengan misahankan protein non kolagen menggunakan perendaman dalam NaOH 0,1 M selama 48 jam kemudian di netralisasi. Tahap selanjutnya dilakukan hidrolisis dan ekstraksi protein kolagen dengan asam asetat 0,5 M selama 48 jam. Hasil pemisahan protein non kolagen menunjukkan kadar protein non kolagen sebesar 0,02 mg/mL. Rendemen kolagen teripang gama yang didapat sebesar 2,4%. Kolagen larut asam teripang gama memiliki karakteristik fisik yaitu, derajat putih 61,83%, suhu denaturasi pada 48°C, suhu transisi pada 87,80°C, dan suhu pelelehan pada 162,40°C, serta viskositas 5,37 cP. Karakter kimia kolagen larut asam teripang gama yaitu pH 6,12 denganjenis asam amino penyusun kolagen, yaitu prolina 6,80%, alanina 10,61% dan glisina 12,63%, serta bilangan gelombang FTIR gugus fungsi yaitu amida I (1657,9), II (1572,0), dan III (1242,2) A (3406,3), dan B (2920,2) (cm-1).
ANALISIS PROKSIMAT DAN TOKSISITAS AKUT EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH MERAH YANG BERPOTENSI SEBAGAI ANTIDIABETES Mega Safithri; Farah Fahma; Paramitha Wirdani Ningsih Marlina
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 1 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.376 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.43-49

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the analysis proximate and toxicity of the decoctions of P. crocatum. Fresh leaves of P. crocatum were boiled in water in order to obtain decoction and were examined for its chemical compounds by using SNI 01-2891-1992 method for proximate analysis. Toxicity of decoction extract of P. crocatum was orally fed to rats (Sprague dawley). The results showed that P. crocatum leaves contains 9.27% water, 14.33% ash, 3.96% fat, 22.63% proteins, and 59.08% carbohydrates. Acute toxicity test showed that all rats were still alive after 7 days treatment with P. crocatum decoction for all dose groups (0, 5, 10, and 20 g/kg BB). LC50 value of P. crocatum decoction was 544.82 ppm, meaning that the decoction was relatively harmless and bioactive.
Effect of Microencapsulation Techniques on Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Functional Beverage Based on Red Betel Leaf Extract (Piper crocatum) Mega Safithri; Susi Indariani; Rosalina Yuliani
Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 23, No 8 (2020): Volume 23 Issue 8 Year 2020
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (43.048 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jksa.23.8.276-282

Abstract

Functional drinks based on red betel leaf extract have antioxidant activity, but they still have a bitter taste. This study aims to determine the effect of microencapsulation on phenol content, antioxidant activity, and sensory quality of functional drinks based on betel leaf extract. Microencapsulation of functional drinks was made using maltodextrin coatings with concentrations of 10% and 20%. Antioxidant activity was tested by the CUPRAC method. The ready to drink (RTD) functional drink has a total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of 782.30 ± 2.54 mg GAE/g and 1660.19 ± 31.67 µmol Tr/g, respectively. These values are higher than microencapsulated functional drinks with maltodextrin (MM). The microencapsulated functional drink with 10% maltodextrin coating (MM10) is the chosen formulation since it has the smallest particle size (1.283 µm), total phenolic content of 12.90 ± 0.01 mg GAE/g and antioxidant activity of 189.41 ± 1.88 µmol Tr/g. Microencapsulated functional drinks provide sensory quality that is not significantly different (p <0.05) from ready to drink (RTD) drinks.
Antibacterial Activities of Sirih Merah (Piper crocatum) Leaf Extracts Puspa Julistia Puspita; Mega Safithri; Nirmala Peni Sugiharti
Current Biochemistry Vol. 5 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Piper crocatum is one of medicinal herbal plants with a large number of benefits. Usually herbal plants have activity as antibacterial agent. Therefore, the objectives of this research were to obtain information on antibacterial activities of the leaf extracts of Piper crocatum againts four types of bacteria, in that Staphylococcus, Bacillus substilis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and then to analyze the phytochemistry of the leaf extracts of Piper crocatum. The leaves of Piper crocatum were extracted by maceration and reflux using ethanol 30%. The assays of the antibacterial activities and phytochemistry on the extracts were carried out using the method of Maria Bintang. Results showed that the yield of the extraction using ethanol by maceration method was 20.8%. Meanwhile, using the reflux method, the yield was obtained about 26.25%. The phytochemistry analysis showed that the leaf extracts of Piper crocatum contained alkaloid, steroid and tanin. According to this study, it was found that the leaf extract of Piper crocatum can be used to inhibit the growth of B. subtilis and P. aeuruginosa, but can not inhibit the growth of E.coli and S. aureus.
Antihyperglycemic Activity of Piper crocatum Leaves and Cinnamomum burmannii Bark Mixture Extract in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats Mega Safithri Hasibuan; Sedarnawati Yasni; Maria Bintang; Anna Setiadi Ranti
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences Vol. 48 No. 2 (2016)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM) ITB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5614/j.math.fund.sci.2016.48.2.8

Abstract

Indonesia presently has the fourth largest diabetic mellitus prevalence of all countries in the world. In a previous study, a mixture extract of Piper crocatum leaves and Cinnamomum burmannii bark showed in vitro antihyperglycemic activity. It acted as inhibitor of the a-glucosidase enzyme and had no toxic effect when it was administered orally to male and female rats for 28 days. In the present study, mixture extracts of P. crocatum leaves and C. burmannii bark were used to observe antihyperglycemic activity in diabetic rats induced with streptozotocin. Mixture extracts of P. crocatum leaves and C. burmannii bark were orally given to diabetic Sprague Dawley rats at various doses for 16 days. The results showed that the treatment led to a reduction of the blood glucose level, an increase in blood insulin level up to 170.75% at 1260 mg/kg body weight, maintaining the blood lipid level of the diabetic rats at a normal level, and an increase of pancreatic ß cells in the islets of Langerhans up to 2.2-fold at 1260 mg/kg body weight. The mixture extracts of P. crocatum and C. burmannii have antihyperglycemic activity, which enhances the number of pancreatic β cells.
Karakteristik fisikokimia kolagen larut asam dari kulit ikan parang-parang (Chirocentrus dorab) Mega Safithri; Kustiariyah Tarman; Pipih Suptijah; Neni Widowati
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 22 No 3 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Masyarakat Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia (MPHPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.307 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i3.28924

Abstract

Waste of parang parang fish (Chirocentrus dorab) skin can be used as a source of collagen. Collagen isolation can be done chemically by the Acid Soluble Collagen (ASC) method. The objective of this research was to isolate collagen with ASC method and characterize their physicochemical. Collagen isolation consisted of pretreatment and hydrolysis with acids. The pretreatment used NaOH 0.1 M for 12 hours, while hydrolysis used acetic acid 0.5 M. Pretreatment results indicated that the concentration of non-collagen protein was 0.1243 mg/mL, while the yield collagen was 2.61%. The collagen had the viscosity of 6.50 cP, the denaturation temperature of 4°C, the transition temperature of 77.30°C, and the melting temperature of 153.90°C. The obtained collagen also had pH of 6.25. The fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra analysis showed the collagen contained amide A (3425.58), B (2924.09), I (1647.21), II (1543.05), and III (1246.02) (cm-1). The collagen also contained glycine (26.69%), proline (12.24%) and alanine (9.51%).
Antibacterial activity of Stichopus hermanii and Stichopus variegatus methanol extract Hendra Susanto; Mega Safithri; Kustiariyah Tarman
Current Biochemistry Vol. 5 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Since 500 years ago sea cucumber has been used as wound healing medicine. Sea cucumbers are thought to function as a cell growth factor and have the potential as an antibacterial agent. This study aims to determine whether the methanol extract of sea cucumber has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa so that it can be used to help diabetic wound healing of people infected with the same bacteria. The extraction method used was maceration with methanol to dried frozen simplicia. The simplicia was obtained by freeze drying to liquid preparation of heated fresh sea cucumber. The antibacterial activity test was performed using well diffusion method. There were no any antibacterial activity found in the two methanol extracts of sea cucumber. Keywords: antibacterial agent, Stichopus hermanii, Stichopus variegatus
Aktivitas Antioksidan dan Total Fenolik Minuman Fungsional Nanoenkapsulasi Berbasis Ekstrak Sirih Merah Safithri, Mega; Indariani, Susi; Septiyani, Dinie
Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 7, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2020.007.01.7

Abstract

Abstrak Pengembangan minuman fungsional dari ekstrak sirih merah yang ditambahkan dengan beberapa ekstrak rempah telah dilakukan sebelumnya. Akan tetapi, hasil uji sensori masih tergolong rendah karena masih terdapat rasa pahit pada minuman fungsional tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan minuman fungsional berbasis ekstrak daun sirih merah dengan teknologi nanoenkapsulasi dan mengevaluasi total fenolik, aktivitas antioksidan in vitro serta mutu sensori. Pembuatan minuman fungsional nanoenkapsulasi menggunakan carrier agent berupa gum arab dan maltodekstrin (1:3; 1:1; 3:1), sedangkan active agent berupa campuran ekstrak daun sirih merah dan rempah-rempah (kayu manis, jahe merah, jeruk nipis). Aktivitas antioksidan menggunakan metode CUPRAC. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa minuman ready to drink memiliki nilai total fenol (786,23±1,52 mg GAE/g) dan aktivitas antioksidan (1583,97±85,52 µM troloks/g ekstrak) lebih baik dibandingkan dengan minuman fungsional nanoenkapsulasi. Akan tetapi, minuman fungsional nanoenkapsulasi memberikan mutu sensori yang lebih disukai dibandingkan dengan minuman ready to drink. Nanoenkapsulasi dapat memperbaiki mutu sensori minuman fungsional sirih merah, tetapi menurunkan nilai total fenol dan aktivitas antioksidan in vitro. Kata kunci: gum arab, maltodekstrin, minuman fungsional AbstractThe development of functional drink from red betel extract which is added with several spice extracts has been previously conducted. However, the result of the sensory test was still not good because there was still a bitter taste in the functional drink. This study aimed to develop functional drink based on red betel extract with nanoencapsulation technology and evaluate total phenolic, in vitro antioxidant activity, as well as sensory value. The nanoencapsulated functional drink was made from carrier agent, which were arabic gum and maltodextrin (1:1; 1:3; 3:1), while the active agent were a mixture of red betel extract and spices (cinnamon, red ginger, lime juice). Antioxidant activity used the CUPRAC method. The result showed that ready to drink (RTD) drink which had a total phenolic value (786.23±1.52 mg GAE/g) and antioxidant  activity (1583.97±85.52 µM trolox/g extract), was better than the nanoencapsulated functional drink. However, nanoencapsulated functional drink provide sensory quality which is more preferable than the RTD drink. The nanoencapsulated technology could improved sensory value of red betel functional drink, but it decreased total phenolic value and antioxidant activity in vitro. Keywords: arabic gum, functional drink, maltodextrin
Antibacterial activity of Stichopus hermanii and Stichopus variegatus methanol extract Susanto, Hendra; Safithri, Mega; Tarman, Kustiariyah
Current Biochemistry Vol. 5 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Since 500 years ago sea cucumber has been used as wound healing medicine. Sea cucumbers are thought to function as a cell growth factor and have the potential as an antibacterial agent. This study aims to determine whether the methanol extract of sea cucumber has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa so that it can be used to help diabetic wound healing of people infected with the same bacteria. The extraction method used was maceration with methanol to dried frozen simplicia. The simplicia was obtained by freeze drying to liquid preparation of heated fresh sea cucumber. The antibacterial activity test was performed using well diffusion method. There were no any antibacterial activity found in the two methanol extracts of sea cucumber. Keywords: antibacterial agent, Stichopus hermanii, Stichopus variegatus
Identification of Bioactive Compounds and α-Glucosidase Inhibition Activity of Caesalpinia bonduc Seed Extract In vitro Dwitasari, Oczhinvia; Hami Seno, Djarot Sasongko; Safithri, Mega
Current Biochemistry Vol. 5 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study is aimed for finding alternative ways to treat diabetes. Many studies have beendone before, but focused on identification of α-glucosidase inhibition mechanism. This study wasconducted by extracting Caesalpinia bonduc seed using two methods maceration by ethanol 96%and the others boil by water. The ethanol extract was then fractioned into three fractions, n-hexane,ethyl acetate, and ethanol. To find the bioactive compounds, the ethanol extract was then tested byseveral phytochemistry tests. The phytochemistry test showed positive results for alkaloid, flavonoid,saponin and triterpenoid. The inhibition mechanism was tested using pNPG. The inhibition testshown that the mechanism was a competitive inhibition, by the Dixon plot. The calculated inhibitionconcentrations for 50% substrate (IC50) for ethyl acetate fraction are 1655.8079 μg/ml for 5 mMsubstrate and 803.9521 μg/ml for 10 mM substrate. From the results of this study, we concluded thatthe extract of Caesalpinia bonduc has inhibition activity toward α-glucosidase enzyme. Keywords: α-glucosidase inhibition, Caesalpinia bonduc seed extract, diabetes treatment