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Penggunaan Zeolit sebagai Pendegradasi Senyawa Permetrin dengan Metoda Fotolisis Zilfa, Zilfa; Suyani, Hamzar; Safni, Safni; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.086 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.14-18

Abstract

The research about the degradation of permethryn compound has been done by photolysis method using natural zeolyte as catalyst.Permethryn is one syntetic pyretroid pesticides that low toxicity for mammals but it is high toxicity for fishs, insects and water microorganisms.Zeolyte is aluminosilicate minerals that can be used for degradation of permethryn. Percentage degradation of permethryn is lower withoutzeolyte than using zeolyte as catalyst by photolysis method. 20 mg/l permethryn solution could be degraded 5.40% after 120 minutesirradiation, while by adding 0.20 g natural zeolyte, permethryn could be degraded 69.70
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PARAQUAT DALAM PESTISIDA GRAMOXONE® SECARA SONOZOLISIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TiO2-ANATASE Yenni, Neila; Safni, Safni; Suyani, Hamzar
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 3, No 2 (2010): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v3i2.58

Abstract

 ABSTRACT Degradation of Paraquat compound in Gramoxone pesticide had been done by sonolysis, ozonolysis, and sonozolysis. Sonolysis methods were performed using an ultrasound VC-1, ozonolysis using a bio-ozone space age sterilizer, and sonozolysis by combining sonolysis and ozonolysis methods. The optimum condition for degradation of 4 mg/L paraquat by sonolysis was found at temperature 40±1°C. Percentage of degradation at optimum condition was 22.80% with 90 minutes treatment. Whereas, with using ozonolysis method percentage of degradation of paraquat 4 mg/L was 50.39% with 60 minutes treatment. The combination of sonolysis and ozonolysis method simultaneously, these so-called sonozolysis, for degradation of the same compound, extend the percentage of degradation to 45.87% with only 30 minutes treatment. Keywords: Paraquat, Sonolisis, Ozonolisis
Adsorpsi Cu2+ Menggunakan Nanofiber Polisulfon-FeOOH Yang Disintesis Dengan Metode Elektrospinning Adam, Dini Hariyati; Suyani, Hamzar; Nasir, Muhamad; Safni, Safni; Nugraha, Willy Cahya
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1725.154 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v3i2.629.101-108

Abstract

It had been done a research about adsorption of Cu2+ using polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber prepared by elektrospinning method. Polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was synthesized by dissolving polysulfone pellets in 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). The effects of process conditions such as concentration, distance between the nozzle and collector, voltage and flow rate on the morphology and diameter of nanofibers were investigated. The optimum conditions of polysulfone nanofiber synthesizing was obtained with concentration 25%, distance 12 cm, voltage 25 kV, and flow rate  0.05 mL/min with average diameters of fibers was 762.927 nm. Polysulfone nanofiber was coated with FeOOH to increase the adsorbtion capacity of Cu2+. The results showed that optimum condition for removal of Cu2+ used polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was obtained in 2 hours contact time, pH 6, adsorbent dosage 25 mg, and concentration of Cu2+ 10 mg/L with adsorbstion capacity was 9.79 mg/g, while for polysulfone nanofiber the adsorption capacity was 8.34 mg/g. The adsorbtion pattern of Cu2+ by the both of adsorbent followed the Freundlich isotherm pattern.ABSTRAK Penelitian mengenai pemisahan ion Cu2+menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yang disintesis dengan metode elektrospinning telah dilakukan. Nanofiber polisulfon P-3500 disintesis dengan cara melarutkan pelet polisulfon ke dalam 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). Pengaruh kondisi seperti konsentrasi, jarak nozzle dengan kolektor, tegangan dan laju alir terhadap morfologi dan diameter serat dipelajari. Kondisi optimum pembuatan nanofiber polisulfon diperoleh dengan konsentrasi 23 %, jarak 12 cm, tegangan 25 kV, dan laju alir 0,05 mL/min dengan ukuran diameter serat rata-rata 762,927 nm. Nanofiber yang terbentuk dilapisi dengan FeOOH untuk meningkatkan kapasitas penyerapannya terhadap ion Cu2+. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan kondisi optimum untuk pemisahan ion Cu2+ menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yaitu waktu kontak 2 jam, pH 6, bobot adsorben 25 mg, dan konsentrasi Cu2+10 mg/L dengan kapasitas penyerapan 9,79 mg/g, sedangkan untuk nanofiber polisulfon kapasitas penyerapan 8,34 mg/g. Pola penyerapan Cu2+ untuk kedua jenis adsorben lebih sesuai dengan pola isoterm Freundlich 
Penggunaan Limbah Logam Tembaga yang Didaur Ulang untuk Antibakteri dan Degradasi Metil Merah Secara Fotolisis Ariyetti, Ariyetti; Nasir, Muhammad; Safni, Safni; Darajat, Syukri
Jurnal Katalisator Vol 4, No 1 (2019): KATALISATOR
Publisher : LLDIKTI Wilayah X

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1229.878 KB) | DOI: 10.22216/jk.v4i1.3663

Abstract

Metil merah merupakan salah satu zat warna golongan azo yang sering digunakan dalam industri dan laboratorium. Penggunaan metil merah dapat menimbulkan efek terhadap kesehatan dan lingkungan. Oleh sebab itu dilakukan metode fotodegradasi dengan menggunakan semikonduktor dan radiasi sinar tampak. Semikonduktor yang digunakan yaitu berbahan dasar tembaga sulfat hidrat dan perak nitrat. Prekusor tembaga sulfat hidrat dibuat dari pengolahan limbah logam tembaga hasil pemotongan tembaga yang ada di bengkel Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) Bandung. Bahan semikonduktor juga memiliki kemampuan dalam menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri. Hasil optimum yang didapatkan dalam proses fotodegradasi dan antibakteri merupakan gabungan antara kedua prekusor tembaga sulfat hidrat dan perak nitrat dengan bantuan penyinaran. Kemampuan dalam menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri didapatkan persentase kematian 100 % untuk masing-masing bakteri, yaitu Escherichia coli dan Staphylococcus aureus. Aktifitas fotokatalitiknya dengan konsentrasi semikonduktor 10 ppm untuk mendegradasi zat warna metil merah 5 ppm, selama 23 jam, dimana persentase degradasi yang didapatkan dengan penyinaran lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan tanpa penyinaran. Pengaruh pH larutan terhadap degradasi metil merah yaitu optimum pada pH 12 (basa).Methyl red is one of the azo group dyes that is often used in industry and laboratories. The use of methyl red can have an effect on health and the environment. Therefore photodegradation method is done by using semiconductor and visible light radiation. The semiconductor used is based on copper sulfate hydrate and silver nitrate. The copper sulphate hydrate precursor is made from the processing of copper-cut copper metal waste in the workshop of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) in Bandung. Semiconductor materials also have the ability to inhibit bacterial growth. The optimum results obtained in the photodegradation and antibacterial process are a combination of both copper sulfate hydrate precursor and silver nitrate with the help of irradiation. The ability to inhibit bacterial growth obtained 100% mortality for each bacterium, namely Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Photocatalytic activity with 10 ppm semiconductor concentration to degrade methyl red dye 5 ppm, for 23 hours, where the percentage of degradation obtained by irradiation is higher than without irradiation. The effect of pH of the solution on the degradation of methyl red is optimum at pH 12 (base).
Penggunaan ZnO/Zeolit Sebagai Katalis Dalam Degradasi Tartrazin Secara Ozonolisis Zilfa, Zilfa; Safni, Safni; Rahmi, Febi
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 12, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i1.387

Abstract

An investigation on modification of natural zeolite with ZnO for the degradation of tartrazine. In this study, ZnO as a semiconductor is modified into a natural zeolite as support to form ZnO/zeolite that can increase the efficiency degradation of tartrazine. Further, the formed catalyst was added to tartrazine by determining the variation in ozonolysis time, the amount of addition of the catalyst, and the addition of a catalyst time. The results of degradation were determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometer at 424 nm. The result showed that the percentage of degradation obtained on each catalyst in the degradation. The resulted percent degradation of 20 ml of tartrazine at concentration of 15 mg/L using 20 mg ZnO/zeolite was 56.80%, while using 0.77 mg ZnO was 42.25%, and with the addition of 19.23 mg of Zeolite was 31.18%, all of that condition was proceeded by 40 minutes of ozonolysis. Thus, the result indicates that the ZnO/zeolite catalyst can increase percentages of tartrazine degradation by ozonolysis. It is known that the catalyst ZnO/zeolite is very effective in increasing the degradation of tartrazine. Analysis of tartrazine compounds using fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) after degradation changes in wavenumber indicates that there is a breaking of the bonds of tartrazine compounds. Characterization of ZnO/zeolite catalyst using FTIR, X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), in each spectrum there was no shift, indicating that there is no change in ZnO/zeolite structure
Degradation of Imidacloprid Residues on Unripe Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) by AOPs and Its Analysis using Spectrophotometer and HPLC Olinovela, Trisna; Jumiaty, Hazanita; Safni, Safni; Syukri, Syukri
Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 24, No 7 (2021): Volume 24 Issue 7 Year 2021
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jksa.24.7.268-275

Abstract

Imidacloprid is an insecticide-active ingredient used by farmers to kill and control insects. Imidacloprid residue can be found in unripe tomatoes. Consuming unripe tomatoes contaminated with imidacloprid can cause human health problems such as cancer, chronic kidney disease, neurological disorders, and reproductive issues. In this study, imidacloprid pesticide residues on unripe tomatoes were degraded by the Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) method, namely ozonolysis, sonolysis, and sonozolysis at various processing times (5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 minutes) in 50 g sample mass and 100 mL water volume. The changes in imidacloprid concentration before and after degradation were measured using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer and HPLC. The results of imidacloprid residue degradation by sonolysis was 66.99%, ozonolysis was 74.87%, and sonozolysis was 66.00%. The degradation kinetics of the imidacloprid residue was then studied. Kinetic study of all AOPs methods found that imidacloprid degradation followed a first-order kinetic model. The kinetics data showed that ozonolysis degradation is faster than sonolysis and sonozolysis, with a half-life (t1/2) of 16.90 minutes.